Fighting Napoleon: Guerrillas, Bandits, and Adventurers in Spain, 1808-1814. Charles J. Esdaile. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ., May 2004. $40.00. 352 pp. 10 illus., 2 maps.
"This book investigates for the first time the irregular Spanish forces and their role in resisting Napoleon. Delving deeply into previously untapped archival resources, Esdaile arrives at an entirely new view of the Spanish guerrillas. He shows that the Spanish war against Napoleon was something other than the great popular crusade of legend, that many guerrilla were not armed civilians acting spontaneously and that guerrillas were more often driven by personal motives than high-minded ideology."
I wish Esdaile had dealt more with this aspect in his Peninsular War volume and less of the usual history.