Napoleon Series Archive 2009

Re: Howitzers and Canister
In Response To: Re: Howitzers and Canister ()

Canister is an anti-personnel round. It is constructed of iron balls, sometimes (depending on the country of origin) in two sizes, both of iron balls so that they do not melt when fired. Experiments by the French (which can be found in DeScheel's artillery treatise based on Gribeauval's work) with lead musket balls failed because the lead would melt and the desired dispersal effect of the balls was not achieved. The canister body is construced of tin so that the round would rupture in the gun tube upon firing. The base and top of the canister were or iron.

The firing of the piece is what ruptured the canister in the gun tube and the balls did, in fact, bounce along the inside of the gun tube on the way out. The firing of canister gave the piece the effect of a large shotgun and the dispersal of the balls was in a cone shape starting at the muzzle of the piece. A richochet effect for the individual balls of the canister could be achieved on hard ground. Cansiter could also be double-shotted (two rounds and only one powder charge) for close-in emergencies. The canister did not have any internal firing mechanism or fuse. The canister was ruptured by the effect of the charge being ignited inside the gun tube.

This process is outlined quite well using three references:

-DeScheel's Treatise on Artillery translated by Jonathan Williams and edited by Donald E. Graves. DeScheel published his treatise in 1777 and it was translated for US use in 1800.
-A Course of Instruction of Ordnance and Gunnery by JG Benton, published in 1862.
-The Artillerist's Manual by John Gibbon published in 1863.

If you would like specific passages from these volumes as they relate to canister and its functioning, let me know and I'll post them.

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Howitzers
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Re: Howitzers - for Kevin to answer
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Ere wie ere toekomt
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Case Shot
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Prussian Ordnance and Artillery
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Prussian Ordnance not of the 7YW
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Line or Guard Artillery
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French artillery tactical doctrine
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French Artillery Commanders and Tactica
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Materials by Hermann von Müller.
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Arrows in the Quiver
Friedland, 1807 by Maj. A. F. Becke, RA.
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absence of evidence is not evidence of absence
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The British gunner by J. Morton Spearman.
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The Null Hypothesis
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Cannister and Hail Shot
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Quote from De Scheel (1800)
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Different constructions of cannister
Canister
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Which particular design???
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Sources
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M1765 Cannister from De Scheel
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Trick Phrase. :\
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System AnXI
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French Artillery of 1824
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M1775 Garrison Guns
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Asked and Answered...
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Superiority?????
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Techology changes over 50 years
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So 25 is better than 20 interesting *NM*
Conundrums...
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Quoting from Adye 1801
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Things melt especially when heated.
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Problems of translation
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Thank you for this summary.
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White metal = tinned iron
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Dollezcek (1872)
Things melt especially when heated. *LINK*
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French Experimental Design
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Guard infantry operated in 8 pelotons
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Forming square from column
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Ducking a Canister Can
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Spherical Case [Shrapnell]
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Kartätschkugeln *LINK*
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Light and Heavy Cannister
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Canister = basket
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On the Use of Field Artillery on Service.
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Spherical Case [Shrapnell]
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