Napoleon Series Archive 2009

Spherical Case [Shrapnell]
In Response To: Re: Howitzers ()

Dear Arthur
British Carronades, brass guns, iron guns and howitzers could fire Shrapnell. It was a very effective round if the fuse was properlly cut. Shrapnell of the Napoleonic period suffered from premature ignition due to the friction of the balls. This was cured by Boxer in the 1840s and then the fuse problems in 1852. Interestingly 24-pdr Long Guns could fire 5.5in shells. The larger the Shrapnell Shell the more effective. The 6-pdr Shrapnell was not very effective.

Spherical case was introduced to the RA by Shrapnell although the idea and practice is older. He supposedly thought of this during the siege of Gibraltar when shells were fire from long guns. The Russians with their secret unicorns of the 1750s had a form of this with a bursting charge. It does not seem to have been used by the M1805 Unicorns. Interestingly there was a round for Russian siege mortars with had a bursting charge and musket balls.

The M1768 Saxon Granatstuck fired a spherical case round. The design showed lineage to the pre-7YW designs of the Prussians and the Russian Unicorns. It had a very interesting elevating system.

Shrapnel like shell from howitzers was effective against stationary targets where the range was known but was difficult against a moving target to get the length of the fuse correct.

The French fire shell from Naval guns and this is supposedly a reason for the destruction of their flagship at Trafalgar. The French tested captured Shrapnell in about 1812-13. My colleague Paul will correct me on the date. It was not adopted by the French.

Interestingly, the description of what Shrapnell was still misunderstood into the 1830s.

Stephen

Messages In This Thread

Howitzers
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Re: Howitzers - for Kevin to answer
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Ere wie ere toekomt
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Case Shot
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Prussian Ordnance and Artillery
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Prussian Ordnance not of the 7YW
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Line or Guard Artillery
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French artillery tactical doctrine
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French Artillery Commanders and Tactica
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Doctrine vs Common Practice
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Materials by Hermann von Müller.
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Re: French Artillery Commanders and Tactica *LINK*
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Arrows in the Quiver
Friedland, 1807 by Maj. A. F. Becke, RA.
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absence of evidence is not evidence of absence
Re: French artillery tactical doctrine
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The British gunner by J. Morton Spearman.
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Re: Howitzers and Canister
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The Null Hypothesis
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Cannister and Hail Shot
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Quote from De Scheel (1800)
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Different constructions of cannister
Canister
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Which particular design???
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Sources
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M1765 Cannister from De Scheel
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Trick Phrase. :\
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System AnXI
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French Artillery of 1824
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M1775 Garrison Guns
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Asked and Answered...
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Superiority?????
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Techology changes over 50 years
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So 25 is better than 20 interesting *NM*
Conundrums...
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Quoting from Adye 1801
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Things melt especially when heated.
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Problems of translation
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Thank you for this summary.
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White metal = tinned iron
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Dollezcek (1872)
Things melt especially when heated. *LINK*
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French Experimental Design
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Re: Canister
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Guard infantry operated in 8 pelotons
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Forming square from column
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Ducking a Canister Can
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Re: Quote from De Scheel (1800)
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Re: Cannister and Hail Shot
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Re: Cannister and Hail Shot *LINK*
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Spherical Case [Shrapnell]
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Kartätschkugeln *LINK*
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Light and Heavy Cannister
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Re: Cannister and Hail Shot
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Canister = basket
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On the Use of Field Artillery on Service.
Re: Howitzers
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Spherical Case [Shrapnell]
Re: Howitzers