The reference to Count Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, date of birth 13 January 1763 in Paris is worthy of comment. It is interesting that this man who some seem to put forth as an authority on Russian artillery and tactics in specific does not appear to be a trained artillerist but was a Dragoon in his very junior career. I read a poignant and pertinent article that deserves the attention of the contributors to this thread,. This is an editorial on Langeron's Journal of the 1805 Campaign, Austerlitz. I will quote from the beginning of this article
"Langeron’s personal journals present, over every one of the campaigns he assisted to, a sharp, - though sometimes partial - vision, and a lively account, owing to his interest in details and anecdotes. Particular, indeed, is the condition of this Frenchman, self-considering, and behaving, as a russian general. We lately published his Journal of the 1805 Campaign, in which we find him a caustic writer, less embittered by his old disfavour after the battle, than anxious to pay off post mortem old scores to his former superiors and service-mates.
The portrait gallery of russian generals and Ministers initiating his work is, first of all, a compendium of his contemporaries’ vices and faults, with tough sallies and mortifying anecdotes. The author takes pleasure in quoting the most deshonorable facts, through his affirmation of sticking to the purest truth, - as well as in prejudicing the reader against each one of the generals he is portraying.
Langeron mixes positive and negative features, in order to convince us of one thing : the inability of the russian generals in directing a campaign against Napoleon. (www.odessaglobe.com/english/people/langeron.php)
The French army in the time that Langeron was a 15 year old sous-lieutenant des gardes francaises" in 1778 was well known for its nepotism and aristocratic apartheid with some exceptions to be sure. Many of these young aristocrats were incapable of participating in the onerous study of engineering and artillery at which time in France, were essentially a blended curriculum. It gives me pause to consider here again is the broad brush slopping the French paint all over the Russian history. It is worth considering the tone and tenor of Langeron's journal which may be a manifesto of a middling level dragoon practicing military strategy in particular artillery tactics paid for by Russian blood.