You're a little early on the Industrial Revolution. You might want to get hold of the book The Development of Technical Education in France 1500-1850 by Frederick Artz.
From the Preface on page vii:
'The French, in the three and a half centuries between about 1500 and 1850, developed all, or nearly all, the basic forms of modern technical education. And in the course of time, from Russia across Western Europe and the United States to Japan, all countries modeled their technical schools on those of France. So, in the gradual transfer of technical training from an apprenticeship system where one learned a calling on the job to one where one learned much of his technical profession in a school, France played the dominant role.'
Chandler says much the same thing, though not as pointedly, in his book The Art of Warfare in the Age of Marlborough. His comments on Gribeauval are also very interesting:
'...it would not be until the second half of the eighteenth-century that such reforming experts as Gribeauval would revolutionize the employment and organization of the artillery.'-page 142.
'The truly revolutionary improvement in European artillery would date from Gribeauval's great range of comprehensive reforms in the last quarter of the eighteenth century, but considerable preliminary spadework was carried through during the period 1720-50 by a series of more or less enlightened artilleriests and professors, many of them Frenchmen.'-page 188.
'Suffice it to say that there were many contemporaries of Valliere and Belidor working along broadly similar lines towards generally similar conclusions-but that theh France of the last great flowering of l'ancien regime was the most distinguished source of artillery lore and development. THhis supremacy would reach its apogee in the next generation in the work of Jean-Baptiste Vacquette de Gribeauval (1715-1789), the creator of the weapons that underwrote most of Napoleon's great successes...This may not have been quite so true of the first half of the eighteenth century as of the years towards its close, but the seeds of future developments in both theory and material were already burgeoning long before 1745.'-page 193.
You have to look at developments and artillery systems as a whole, not as individual parts and the same is true regarding the development of education systems. The French had the first formal technical educational system in Europe, which everybody copied to one extent or another-certainly the US did with the founding of West Point. You can still see the embryonic French influence there.