Patriotes ou mercenaires?: Les légions polonaises au service de la France, (1797-1807)
Patriots or mercenaries? The Polish legions in the service of France (1797-1807). The failure of the Kosciuszko uprising (1794) and the third partition of Poland, conducted one year later by Russia, Prussia and Austria, caused the emigration of the uprising’s leaders and the Polish military. Paris became the center of attraction of a large majority of these emigrants who, divided into factions, fought over the favors of the Directory. Most dreamed of a military force capable of resuming the struggle for independence. The Polish legions in the service of France (1797-1807) marked the beginning of the phenomenon of massive service of Polish soldiers under foreign flags.