Napoleon Series Archive 2015

Black Terror & Revolutionary Boxing

Black Terror: Bill Richmondís Revolutionary Boxing

This article explores the rise of Bill Richmond, who became the first American prizefighter and black sports star in Regency England. It moves beyond racial and sociological explanations for the success of Richmond by investigating an unexplored combative legacy inherited from Angola that thrived among the enslaved communities in Black Atlantic. These combat traditions may help to contextualize Richmondís evasion skills, which were at the center of his success and boxing legacy.