Napoleon Series Archive 2015

Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181

The third rank did fire mostly in the air, even in the feux de deux rangs, where the third rank should swop with the second rank, they didn't do it, but prefered to fire in the air, causing damage at long range fire.

A statement by Général Fririon on feu de peloton. cited in, J. Collin: 'La tactique et la discipline dans les armées de la révolution.' p. XVII [1902]
'Le premier rang doit mettre genou à terre: eh bien! je ne l' ai pas vu faire une seule fois. Dans les combats, les hommes, échauffés par l'action, font toujours le feu libre ou de billebaude. Le premier rang tire debout, le deuxième de même; et que font les hommes du troisième rang? Recevant les coups comme les autres, est - il possible alors de rendre nos Français impassibles? Le bruit, la fumée, les blessés, etc......
bref, les hommes, ayant des armes qui resteraient inutiles, tirent aussi; mais pour ne pas nuire à leurs chefs de file, ils tirent en l' air et n' ont fait que du bruit. Dans le feu de deux rangs, nous avons l' expérience que les hommes de troisième rang, dans leur indomptable impétuosité, ne s' astreignent pas à la complication des mouvements exigés, de passer l' arme au deuxième rang; ils tirent aussi comme dans l' autre feu et font le même effet.'
I translate this as.....
'The front rank has to put their knee on the ground: well! I have not seen it done a single time. In combat, men, in the heat of the action, always fire independently. The front rank fires while standing, the second similarly; and what do the men of the third rank do? Being shot at like everyone else, is it possible then for our Frenchmen to stay impassive? The noise, the smoke, the wounded, etc. .....
In brief, men, having weapons that are not being used, also begin firing; but so as not to harm to their file leaders, they fire into the air and do nothing but make noise. With feu de deux rangs, we have the experience that men of third rank, in their indomitable impetuosity, do not carry out the required complicated movement, to pass the weapon to the second rank; they fire as before and produce the same effect.'

I share the sentiments that the fire of the third rank cause that much damage, in case performed as described above.

The feux de deux rangs, ended very quickly in a fire at will.

There was a big discussion of the advoctes of three versus those of two ranks.

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French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-1814
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
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Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
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Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
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Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Reference
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
*NM* Great stuff; thank you *NM*
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
An Interesting Quotation...
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
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Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
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Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
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Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181
Re: French infantry in 3 or in 2 ranks in 1813-181