“Slaughter every man, woman, and child (including babes suckling at the breast)” were the orders given by Governor Robert Brownrigg (1759 – 1833), British Governor of Ceylon from 1813 - 1820, to Maj. Gen. Hay MacDowell in 1818 in the Uva Province (Badulla and Moneragala districts). The British massacred the male population of Uva above the age of 18 years. All those who participated in the uprising were condemned as “traitors” and their properties confiscated by the government under the notification. The British burned the villages, killed all cattle and other animals, destroyed the grain stores and cut down their coconut, jak and breadfruit trees. The total casualties are estimated at over 10,000 dead. Their lands and properties were to be confiscated by the Crown. In reward Brownrigg was promoted to the rank of full General in 1819 and left Ceylon in 1820.