Exmouth was co-operating with a Dutch squadron, presumably these also benefited by being allowed to approach closely to the Algerine defences. It was hardly a British-only operation and it had the support of many local governments, such as that of the Two Sicilies, who had suffered from Algerine depredations. The Dey was certainly not caught napping by events, he had about 8,000 troops in the city and many times that number concentrated in its vicinity. He also had placed thousands of troops in small boats in the harbour, his intention was to allow the fleet to come into position, engage with his batteries at close range and then overwhelm the ships nearest the harbour entrance by boarding from the boats. Shore batteries, behind stone fortifications and with steady gun-platforms, were universally considered to have distinct advantage over contemporary wooden ships. That the French did much the same as Exmouth a couple of decades later, and took the city and region over completely by conquest, following a three year blockade, is surely not a morally superior event; more effective, perhaps but not morally superior.