. ‘On the other hand, when the Spanish plundering had made the peasants rise in arms, Wellington issued a proclamation requiring them either to join Soult's army or stay at home, otherwise he would burn villages and hang the inhabitants. 'Thus," says Napier, "notwithstanding the outcries against the French for this system of repressing the partida warfare in Spain, it was considered by the English general justifiable and necessary.”’ Glenn, Garrard. The Army and the Law. Columbia University Press, 1918. p.75.
“Lindau does not write about strategy or tactics, but of things that concern the lowest ranks – staying alive and where his next meal would come from. He was a master forager and he could find something to eat in the midst of a starving army. Much of his story is about how evaded and out-witted various patrols, sergeants, officers, and local farmers in his quest to find something to eat. He was quite unapologetic about his activities and took pride in his looting farmers and cheating inn-keepers. A theme that runs through the book is that his sergeants and officers knew what he was doing and that as long as he shared his stash with his fellow soldiers and them, they turned a blind eye to his activities.” Review of “Waterloo Hero” – Napoleon Series, Bob Burnham
“Adopting their usual military strong-arm response to such threats, the British initially sent out columns of redcoats to engage in punitive raids on villages thought to be sympathetic to Dhooniah….The redcoats, sent out to ‘restore tranquillity’ in rebellious localities, usually by wanton torching of villages and stealing of livestock, tried to instill in the inhabitants an ‘apprehension of their own safety.’ …Such was the situation encountered by Lieutenant-Colonel J. Montressor, an officer commanding the punitive expedition against the fortress and town of Arrakerry and its surrounding villages. After setting the villages alight…” Davies, Huw. Wellington’s Wars. Yale, 2012. p.25
Wellington orders for Capt. Campbell, 27 Aug. 1799, “There is a place called Ey Goor, at the distance of about four or five coss from Munserabad, which is -the residence of the Rajah. You will be pleased to destroy it, and hang all persons either in it or Munserabad that you may find in arms.”
Wellington, orders to the officer commanding a company at Simoga, Sept. 1799, “If he refuse to give you possession, you must attack the fort and take it by escalade, if you should deem it practicable to get at it; and having got into it, hang the killadar and all persons whom you may find there in arms.”
Wellington to Lt.-Col. Tolfrey, 22 March 1800, “You will be joined at Ooscotta by the infantry above mentioned, to be encamped at Munserabad, and you will immediately attack the people at Ey Goor: you will burn that place, and you will hang all the people that you may find in arms, or that you may have reason to know have been so…”
“Towards the end of the month [May 1800] Mr. Webbe secretary to the Government of Madras, wrote to Wellesley: “You are to pursue Dhundia Waugh wherever you may find him, and to hang him on the first tree. For this purpose you will receive immediate authority to enter the Mahratta frontier.” Forrest, George W. Sepoy Generals: Wellington to Roberts. p.43.
Wellington to Lt.-Col. Montresor, 4 May 1800, “It is very desirable that whenever you find a village deserted you should burn it, and wherever a man is in arms he should be put to death….In destroying Arrekeery it will be desirable to open the jungle as much as possible, and burn every habitation it contains.”
Wellington to Maj. Munro, 7 Aug. 1800, “The durbash [translator] there ought to be hanged, for having made any difficulties in collecting rice to be stored.”
Wellington to Major Palmer, 19 Aug. 1800, “I despatched orders to Mungush Rao last night to hang the commanding officer of peons, the chiefs of the tappall, and their myrmidons, guilty of delivering over to the enemy the aumildar of Soonda.”
Wellington to Lieut. Col Bowser, 13 Sept. 1800, “Among the other measures taken to detain me was that of giving me guides who, at the end of two miles, swore they did not know the road, and would not show it, till they were threatened that they should be hanged.”
Wellington to Col. Sartorius, 18 Sept 1800, “A hint might be given to him that I am in the habit of hanging those whom I find living under the protection of the Company and dealing treacherously towards their interests, I spare neither rank nor riches…”
Wellington, 12 Sept. 1803, “They have some Pindars in my neighbourhood now, who have done us but little mischief themselves, but they have set the village peoples a-going and these have attacked our supplies, but a gallows or two will remedy that evil.” (Bennell, Anthony S. (ed), Maratha War Papers of Arthur Wellesley. Stroud, UK: Army Records Soc., 1998. p.276)
Deputy Adjunct-General to Major Palmer, 24 October 1803, “…the Honourable Major-General Wellesley…may assure all such as who may behave in such a pusillanimous manner as to pay money to this army, that the General will hang them up before their own town gates.”
Wellington to Maj. Malcolm 7 Sept. 1804, “However, as it is, the destruction of the band is complete, but I wished to hang some of their chiefs, pour encourager les autres.”
Wellington to Marshal Beresford, 28 Jan. 1814 “You may also give the person you will send to understand, that if I have further reason to complain of these or any other villages, I will act towards them as the French did towards the towns and villages in Spain and Portugal; that is, I will totally destroy them, and hang up all the people belonging to them that I shall find. Let the rest of the people of Biddary be detained till we see what effect my letter produces.”