"The Napoleonic nobility enjoyed imposing-sounding titles...but had no privileges, enjoyed no feudal or seigneurial rights, and were subject to the same laws and paid taxes like everyone else. (Admitted, Napoleon dis allow his nobles to create entailed estates, which was a reversion to old regime practice.) Access to the nobility was not by birth, but by imperial appointment, generally offered for distinguished service in the armed forces or state administration- and such posts were not limited to a narrowly defined group..." Sperber, Jonathan. Revolutionary Europe, 1780-1850. Longman, 2000. p. 158
50% of the nobility came from the bourgeoisie and only numbered one-seventh (3,364) of the pre-Revolutionary nobility.