Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford Cultural Editions Series), 2nd Edition
Laurent Dubois & John D. Garrigus
Boston : Bedford/St. Martin's, 2017
Edition: Second edition.
Description: xvii, 206 pages : illustrations, maps ; 21 cm.
This volume details the first slave rebellion to have a successful outcome, leading to the establishment of Haiti as a free black republic and paving the way for the emancipation of slaves in the rest of the French Empire and the world. Incited by the French Revolution, the enslaved inhabitants of the French Caribbean began a series of revolts, and in 1791 plantation workers in Haiti, then known as Saint-Domingue, overwhelmed their planter owners and began to take control of the island. They achieved emancipation in 1794, and after successfully opposing Napoleonic forces eight years later, emerged as part of an independent nation in 1804. A broad selection of documents, all newly translated by the authors, is contextualized by a thorough introduction considering the very latest scholarship. Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus clarify for students the complex political, economic, and racial issues surrounding the revolution and its reverberations worldwide. Useful pedagogical tools include maps, illustrations, a chronology, and a selected bibliography.--Publisher description.
PART ONE. INTRODUCTION: Revolution, Emancipation, and Independence. The French Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century ; The Revolution Begins, 1789-1791 ; From Slave Revolution to Emancipation, 1791-1794 ; Defining Emancipation, 1794-1801 ; The Haitian Revolution and the United States ; War and Independence ; The Legacy of the Haitian Revolution -- Major Revolutionary Figures and Groups -- PART TWO. THE DOCUMENTS. The French Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century. 1. Macandal saved!, 1758 ; 2. Prophesies of Slave Revolution, 1771 and 1780 ; 3. Mdric-Louis-Elie Moreau de Saint-Mry, Description&of the French Part of the Island of Saint-Domingue, 1797 -- The Revolution Begins, 17891791. 4. Letters from the Slave Revolt in Martinique, August-September 1789 ; 5. The Free Citizens of Color, Address to the National Assembly, October 22, 1789 ; 6. The National Assembly, Decree of March 8 and Instructions of March 28, 1790 ; 7. Abb Grgoire, Letter to Those Who Love Mankind, October 1790 ; 8. Letters from the Uprising of Vincent Og, October 1790 ; 9. Julien Raimond, Observations on the Origin and Progression of the White Colonists' Prejudice against Men of Color, 1791 ; 10. The National Asssembly, Law on the Colonies, 1791 ; 11. Mortals are Equal, 1791 -- From Slave Revolution to Emancipation, 17911794. 12. Herard Dumesle, Voyage to the North of Haiti, 1824 ; 13. Antoine Dalmas, History of the Revolution of Saint-Domingue, 1814 ; 14. Pierre Mossut, Letter to the Marquis de Gallifet, September 19, 1791 ; 15. Philadelphia General Advertiser, Reports on the Insurrection, October-November 1791 ; 16. Jean-Franois and Biassou, Letters to the Commissioners, December 1791 ; 17. Gros, In the Camps of the Insurgents, 1791 ; 18. Olympe de Gouges, Preface to The Slavery of the Blacks, 1792 ; 19. Jean-Paul Marat, From The Friend of the People, 1792 ; 20. Thomas Clarkson, The True State of the Case, Respecting the Insurrection at St. Domingo, 1792 ; 21. The National Assembly, Law of April 4, 1792 ; 22. Journal Rpublicain de la Guadeloupe, Account of the Slave Revolt, April 24, 1793 ; 23. Fougea, The Armed Nègre, 1792 or 1794 ; 24. Laurent Jolicoeur, Petition, 1793 ; 25.Lgr Flicit Sonthonax, Decree of General Liberty, August 29, 1793 ; 26. Pierre Jean L. Boquet, Plunder of Cap Français, 1793 ; 27. Insurgent Responses to Emancipation, 1793 ; 28. The National Convention, The Abolition of Slavery, February 4, 1794 -- Defining Emancipation, 17941801. 29. Victor Hugues, Proclamations, 1794 ; 30. Geneviève Labothière Secures Her Brother's Freedom, 1796-1801 ; 31. The Plantation Policies of 9tienne Polverel, 1794 ; 32. Jean-Baptiste Belley, The True Colors of the Planters, or the System of the Hotel Massiac, Exposed by Gouli, 1795 ; 33. Anne-Louis Girodet, Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Belley, 1798 ; 34. Toussaint Louverture, A Refutation of Some Assertions in a Speech Pronounced in the Corps Lgislatif& by Vinot Vaublanc, 1797 ; 35. Étienne Laveaux, A Celebration of the Anniversary of Abolition, 1798 -- The Haitian Revolution and the United States. 36. Thomas Jefferson, Letters, 1797-1802 ; 37. Refugees in Charleston, S.C., Petition, October 25, 1799 ; 38. Charles Brockden Brown, St. Domingo, December 1804 -- War and Independence. 39. Toussaint Louverture, From Constitution of the French Colony of Saint-Domingue, 1801 ; 40. Louis Delgrs, Proclamation, 1802 ; 41. General Jean-Franois-Xavier de Mnard, On the Final Stand of Delgrs, 1802 ; 42. Napolon Bonaparte and General Charles-Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc, Letters, 1802-1803 ; 43. Mary Hassal, From Secret History, or the Horrors of St. Domingo, 1808 ; 44. Marie-Rose Masson, Letter to the Marquis de Gallifet, July 27, 1802 ; 45. Brigadier General Pierre Cang, Letter from to Delpech, November 1802 ; 46. The Haitian Declaration of Independence, January 1, 1804 ; 47. The Haitian Constitution, 1805 ; 48. Vodou Songs about Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Since the Nineteenth Century -- Appendixes. A Chronology of Events Related to the Slave Revolution in the Caribbean (16351805) ; Questions for Consideration ; Selected Bibliography ; Index.