Military Subjects: Battles & Campaigns


Eylau: Precis Des Travaux de la Grande Armée

Treaty between Russia and Mecklenbourg: October 25, 1806

One remembers that last year a Russian corps of troops, under the command of the Tolstoy General, crossed the country of Mecklenbourg, without either of the two avenues through Mecklenbourg-Strelitz and Schewrin being opposed as a violation of their neutrality, even by simple protests.  It is now known that the duke of Meklenbourg-Schewrin had entered in an arrangement with the court of Russia to regulate, in a friendly way, all which was related to the passage of the Russian troops in his States, and the payment of the deliveries, which were to be made to them.  Here textual provisions of the treaty which was negotiated and signed for this purpose, October 25, 1806(sic), by Mr. the baron d’Alopens, in the name of H. M. the emperor of the Russies, and by the minister of H. A. S. duke of Mecklenbourg-Schwerin. 

ART.  Ist.  According to the constitution of the country of Mecklenbourg, one will name commissaries for the march, and one will join with him deputies of the Order-Equestrian and States, to regulate with the Russian Generals the roads, the days of march and the places where the troops will spend the night. 

II.  The passage will be done as possible as quickly, and the troops will make three to four miles daily.  Every three days, there will be stop.

III.  All that the Russian troops’ commandants will need, will require it to be delivered through a payment; but no arbitrary requisition will be made. 

IV.  The wagons will only make one day moves, and the loaded ones will not be forced to go further against their will.

V.  The subjects that inhabit the country of Mecklenbourg will not address the officers, the warrant officers or the detached privates, for their payment; but the goods or the receipts for all that will be delivered to them, will be given by the heads of the Russian troops, according to the payment that will be made by the commissaries of H. M. the emperor of Russia.

VI.  The following prices were agreed upon:

1o.  For the food of a warrant officer, soldier or servant, 8 shillings in parts of ⅔ per day. 

2o.  For the oats, measures from Rostock, 1 rey. 16 sch.

3o.  For one hundred pounds of hay, 2 rey. in ⅔.

4o.  Sixty bales of straw, in 10 pounds a bundle, 2 rey.

5o.  A measurement of chopped straw, 3 rey.

6o.  For a work cart of four horses, 3 rey. per day.

7o.  For a messenger on horse, 24 b. per mile. 

8o.  For a messenger on foot, 12 schillings per mile.  (the rey. is worth 4 liv. 16 sols in France.) 

VII.  The officers and the commissaries will pay themselves, at whatever reasonable price, which they will spend.  If the payment would be refused, the commissary is the guarantee. 

VIII.  If there were sickened among the train of troops for which one would ask another food, one will pay separately.

IX.  All materials employed, and all the expenditure made to consolidate the bridges necessary for the transport of large artillery, will be paid after being taxed beforehand.  It will be the same for all the damage caused in the campaign through the fault of the troops. 

X.  As soon as the passage of the Russian troops is carried out, or makes a liquidation of all that is mentioned above, the payment will be done in cash against receipt, in Schwerin, by the commissaries of the emperor of Russia, with those who will be named for this purpose, in new parts of ⅔, or in gold, the golden Louis at 4 reydalles 32b. 

Have faith of what, we, ministers of H. M. the emperor of Russia and H. A. the duke of Mecklenbourg-Schwerin, signed the present articles, and sealed them with our usual stamp. 

Given at Schwerin, October 25, 1805.

Signed, the baron D’ALOPEUS,

And the count of BASSEWITZ.



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