Military Subjects: Battles & Campaigns

 

The 1809 War with Austria: the "Thunder on the Danube" Archives

The Austrian Hauptarmee in Late March

Edited by Jack Gill

 

This additional information on Austrian initial forces is drawn from a summary report dated 20 January 1810. As it is a summary and dated much later than the war (unlike the corps records in the printed volume), in many cases it does not coincide with the official history, especially as regards strength figures. I therefore elected to  present the order of battle and strengths from Krieg 1809 in the published work as  these data represent the thorough researches conducted by the team that assembled the official history; furthermore, I also used more contemporaneous archival sources where available. Recognising the discrepancies, I present the figures below for those who might find this information useful as a starting point for regimental level strengths at the start of the war. In cases where the January 1810 data do not seem to account for detachments or other missing units, I have placed brackets [] around the strengths. Note that for ease of comparison I have maintained the actual order of battle for each corps in this table, but the January 1810 source document shows the notional corps structures with all units at full strengths.[1]

The Archduke Charles of Austria

I Corps: GdK Bellegarde[2]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Staff Dragoons (one wing)

 

-

36

Staff Infantry (one company)

 

-

184

1st Pioneer Division (two companies)

 

-

351

Advance Guard: FML Graf Fresnel

 

Brigade: GM Hardegg

 
 

1st Jäger Battalion

1

968

 

2nd Jäger Battalion

1

852

 

4th Jäger Battalion

1

803

 

Schwarzenberg Uhlans No. 2

4

(see below)

 

1 x 6-pounder battery (nonstandard: 6 x 6-pounders, one howitzer)

Brigade: GM Wintzingerode

 
 

3rd Jäger Battalion

1

964

 

Erzherzog Johann Infantry Regiment No. 35

3

3,745

 

Blankenstein Hussars No. 6

2

(see below)

 

1 x 6-pounder battery (nonstandard: 6 x 6-pounders, one howitzer)

   

Division: FML von Ulm

 

Brigade: GM von Wacquant

 
 

Erzherzog Rainer Infantry Regiment No. 11

3

3,550

 

Vogelsang Infantry Regiment No. 47

3

3,556

 

1 x 6-pounder battery

   

Division: FML von Vogelsang

 

Brigade: GM von Henneberg

 
 

Reuss-Plauen Infantry Regiment No. 17

3

3,719

 

Kolowrat Infantry Regiment No. 36

3

3,632

 

1 x 6-pounder battery

Brigade: GM Wartensleben

 
 

Blankenstein Hussars No. 6

6

(1,150 total)

   

Reserve: GM Nostitz

 
 

Anton Mittrowsky Infantry Regiment No. 10

2

 [3,473]*

 

Erbach Infantry Regiment No. 42

2

[3,608]*

 

4th Erzherzog Karl Legion

1

(in formation)

 

Schwarzenberg Uhlans No. 2

2

(1,120 total)**

 

1 x 3-pounder brigade battery

Artillery Reserve:     

 

-     

858

 

2 x 12-pounder position batteries

 

1 x 6-pounder position battery

 

1 x cavalry battery

Infantry: 28,470

Subtracting one-third each for the missing battalions of A. Mittrowsky and Erbach would give a total infantry strength of 26,111 compared to Krieg 1809: 23,600.

Cavalry: 2,270

Subtracting 130 men each for the missing squadrons of Schwarzenberg would give a total cavalry strength of 2,010; very close to Krieg 1809: 2,100.

Guns: 62

* Strength for all three battalions (one battalion of each regiment was detached in Bohemia).

** Two squadrons were detached in Bohemia.

II Corps: FZM Kolowrat-Krakowsky[3]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Staff Dragoons (one wing)

 

-

56

Staff Infantry (one company)

 

-

223

2nd Pioneer Division

 

-

309

   

Advance Guard: FML Klenau

 
 

7th Jäger Battalion

1    

501[4]

 

Infantry Regiment No. 25 (formerly Zedtwitz)

3

3,641

 

Merveldt Uhlans No. 1

3

 (see below)

 

Riesch Dragoons No. 6

6

753

 

1 x cavalry battery

 

1/2 pioneer company

-

(included above)

Brigade: GM Crenneville

 
 

8th Jäger Battalion

1

838

 

2nd Erzherzog Karl Legion

1

889

 

Merveldt Uhlans No. 1

5

 (1,301 total)

 

1 x cavalry battery

   

Division: FML von Brady

 

1/2 pioneer company

 

(included above)

Brigade: GM Buresch von Greiffenbach

 
 

Zach Infantry Regiment No. 15

3

3,302

 

Josef Colloredo Infantry Regiment No. 57

2

[3,643]*

 

1 x 6-pounder brigade battery

Brigade: GM von Wied-Runkel

 
 

Infantry Regiment No. 18 (formerly Stuart)

2

[3,699]*

Cavalry Brigade: GM Rottermund (attached)

 
 

Erzherzog Johann Dragoons No. 1

3

(see below)

   

Division: FML Weber von Treuenfels

 

Brigade: GM Fölseis

 
 

Frelich Infantry Regiment No. 28

3

3,617

 

Froon Infantry Regiment No. 54

3

3,624

 

Erzherzog Johann Dragoons No. 1

3

(748 total)

 

1 x 6-pounder brigade battery

Artillery Reserve:

 

-

994

 

2 x 12-pounder Position Batteries

 

1 and 1/2 6-pounder position batteries

 

1 x 6-pounder brigade battery

 

1 x 3-pounder brigade battery

Infantry: 23,754

Subtracting approximately 1,200 each for III/Stuart and III/J. Colloredo gives 21,419, close to the 20,811 (for 6 April) as published in the book.

Cavalry: 2,802 as compared to 2,610 (as of 6 April) in the book.

Guns: 65

* Strength for all three battalions (one battalion of each regiment was detached).

III Corps: FML Hohenzollern-Hechingen[5]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Staff Dragoons (one wing)

 

-

33

Staff Infantry (one company)

 

-

166

3rd Pioneer Division

 

-

301

Advance Guard: FML von Vukassovich

 

Brigade: GM Moritz Liechtenstein

 
 

1st Erzherzog Karl Legion

1/2

 [1,118]**

 

Erzherzog Ferdinand Hussars No. 3

4    

 (see below)

 

1 x cavalry battery

Brigade: GM Pfanzelter

 
 

Peterwardein Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 9

2    

2,378

   

Division: FML Lusignan

 

Brigade: GM von Kayser

 
 

Schröder Infantry Regiment No. 7

3*  

[3,408]

 

Wenzel Colloredo Infantry Regiment No. 56

3*  

[3,038]

Brigade: GM Thierry

 
 

Kaiser Infantry Regiment No. 1

3*  

[3,023]

 

Lindenau Infantry Regiment No. 29

3*  

[3,348]

   

Division: FML St. Julien

 

Brigade: GM Alois Liechtenstein

 
 

Manfredini Infantry Regiment No. 12

3*

[3,142]

 

Würzburg Infantry Regiment No. 23

2

[2,426]§

Brigade: GM von Bieber

 
 

Kaunitz Infantry Regiment No. 20

3*

[2,487]

 

Württemberg Infantry Regiment No. 38

2

[2,941]§

 

Erzherzog Ferdinand Hussars No. 3

4    

(1,067 total)

Artillery:     

 

-

1,356

 

3 x 12-pounder position batteries

 

3 x 6-pounder position batteries

 

4 x 6-pounder brigade batteries

 

2 x 3-pounder brigade batteries

 

1 x cavalry battery

Infantry: 27,309 as compared to 22,679 (as of 16 April) in the book.

Cavalry: 1,067 as compared to 1,048 (as of 16 April) in the book.

Guns: 96

*  Figures gives full strengths, but the third battalions of these regiments only had four companies at the start of the war.

** Figure gives full strength, but only half of 1st Erzherzog Karl Legion was present (498 men) on 10 April.

§ Figures gives full strengths, but third battalions of Würzburg and Württemberg were still en route to the army.

Strength given for ‘missing’ EH Ferdinand Hussars No. 3:  8 squadrons 1,067 men

IV Corps: FML von Rosenberg[6]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Staff Dragoons (one wing)

 

[not yet formed]

Staff Infantry (one company)

 

-

162

4th Pioneer Division

 

-

337

Advance Guard: GM von Stutterheim

 
 

Erzherzog Ludwig Infantry Regiment No. 8

3

2,638

 

Stipsicz Hussars No. 10

4

(see below)

 

1 x cavalry battery

   

Division: FML Somariva

 

Brigade: GM Neustädter

 
 

Czartoryski Infantry Regiment No. 9

2

[3,174]§

 

Reuss-Greitz Infantry Regiment No. 55

2

[3,221]§

 

Stipsicz Hussars, No. 10

3

(1,024 total)**

 

Vincent Chevaulegers, No. 4

8

1,137

   

Division: FML Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein

 

Brigade: GM von Riese

 
 

Koburg Infantry Regiment No. 22

3*

[2,803]

 

Bellegarde Infantry Regiment No. 44

2

[2,583]§

 

Chasteler Infantry Regiment No. 46

2

[3,259]§

Brigade: GM Vécsey

 
 

5th Jäger Battalion

1

880

 

6th Jäger Battalion

1

385

 

Rohan Infantry Regiment No. 21

3

3,641

 

Klenau Chevaulegers No. 5

8

1,299

Artillery:     

 

-

1,124

 

2 x 12-pounder position batteries

 

1 x 6-pounder position battery

 

3 x 6-pounder brigade batteries

 

1 x 3-pounder brigade battery

 

1 x cavalry battery

Infantry: 22,584 as compared to 18,029 (from Krieg 1809).

Cavalry: 3,460 as compared to 3,162 (from Krieg 1809).

Guns: 62

* III/Koburg infantry only had four companies at the start of the war.

**  One squadron detached.

§ Figures gives full strengths, but third battalions were still en route to the army.

Strengths given for ‘missing’ units:

 

bns / sqdns

present under arms

J. Mittrowsky Infantry Regiment No. 40

3

2,763

Deutsch-Banat Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 12

2

2,642

Wallisch-Illyria Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 13

2

2,442

 

V Corps: FML Archduke Ludwig[7]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Staff Dragoons (one wing)

 

[not yet formed]

Staff Infantry (one company)

 

104

5th Pioneer Division

 

236

Advance Guard: GM Radetzky

 
 

Gradiska Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 8

2

2,352

 

Erzherzog Karl Uhlans No. 3

2

(see below)

 

Kienmayer Hussars No. 8

2

(see below)

 

Pioneers              

(included above)

 

1 x cavalry battery

   

Division: FML von Lindenau

 

Brigade: GM von Mayer

 
 

Erzherzog Karl Infantry Regiment No. 3

3

2,904

 

Stain Infantry Regiment No. 50

2

[2,633]§

Brigade: Oberst Hessen-Homburg

 
 

Hiller Infantry Regiment No. 2

3

2,814

 

Sztaray Infantry Regiment No. 33

3

2,599

   

Division: FML Reuss-Plauen

 

Brigade: GM von Bianchi

 
 

Duka Infantry Regiment No. 39

3

1,937

 

Gyulai Infantry Regiment No. 60

3

2,391

Brigade: Oberst Fröhauff

 
 

Beaulieu Infantry Regiment No. 58

2

[2,087]§

   

Division: FML von Schustekh

 

Brigade: GM Mesko de Felsö-Kubinyi

 
 

Brod Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 7

2

2,462

 

Erzherzog Karl Uhlans No. 3

6

(1,114 total)

 

Kienmayer Hussars No. 8

6

(1,104 total)

Artillery:     

 

-

921

 

2 x 12-pounder position batteries

 

2 x 6-pounder position batteries

 

3 x 6-pounder brigade batteries

 

1 x 3-pounder brigade batteries

 

1 x cavalry battery

Infantry: 22,179 as compared to 21,592 (as of 12 April) in the book.

Cavalry: 2,218 as compared to 2,251 (as of 12 April) in the book.

Guns: 68

§ Figures gives full strengths, but third battalions were still en route to the army.

VI Corps: FML von Hiller[8]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Staff Dragoons (one wing)

 

-

29

Staff Infantry (one company)

 

-

126

6th Pioneer Division

 

247

   

Advance Guard: GM von Nordmann

 
 

Warasdin-St. Georg Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 6

2

2,317

 

Liechtenstein Hussars No. 7

4

(see below)

 

1 x cavalry battery

   

Division: FML von Kottulinsky

 

Brigade: GM Hohenfeld

 
 

Klebek Infantry Regiment No. 14

3

3,726

 

Jordis Infantry Regiment No. 59

3

3,779

   

Division: FML von Vincent

 

Brigade: GM Weissenwolf

 
 

Deutschmeister Infantry Regiment No. 4

3

2,685

 

Kerpen Infantry Regiment No. 49

3

3,486

Brigade: GM Hoffmeister von Hoffeneck

 
 

Benjovszky Infantry Regiment No. 31

3

2,144

 

Splényi Infantry Regiment No. 51

3

2,093

 

Rosenberg Chevaulegers No. 6

8

1,175

 

Liechtenstein Hussars No. 7

4

(1,027 total)

   

Artillery:

 
 

3 x 12-pounder position batteries

 

3 x 6-pounder position batteries

 

3 x 6-pounder brigade batteries

 

1 x 3-pounder brigade battery

 

1 x cavalry battery

   

Detached Division: FML Jellacic

 

Advance Guard: GM  von Provenchères

 
 

Warasdin-Kreuz Grenz Infantry Regiment No. 5

2

2,489

 

O’Reilly Chevaulegers No. 3

8

1,047

Brigade: GM von Ettingshausen

 
 

Esterhazy Infantry Regiment No. 32

3

2,525

 

de Vaux Infantry Regiment No. 45

3

3,279

 

1 x 6-pounder brigade battery

 

1 x 3-pounder brigade battery

Infantry (including Jellacic): 28,523

Cavalry (including Jellacic): 3,249

Guns (including Jellacic): 96

I Reserve Corps: GdK Liechtenstein[9]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Division: FML Hessen-Homburg

 

Grenadier Brigade: GM Rohan

 
 

Mayblümel Grenadier Battalion (8, 22, 60)

1

819

 

Leiningen Grenadier Battalion (25, 35, 54)

1

824

 

Hohenlohe Grenadier Battalion (1, 29, 38)

1

824

 

Hauger Grenadier Battalion (40, 44, 46)

1

791

 

Cappy Grenadier Battalion (12, 20, 23)

1

822

 

Peccaduc* Grenadier Battalion (9, 55, 56)

1

794

 

Weiniawsky Grenadier Battalion (10, 11, 47)

1

827

 

Nissel Grenadier Battalion (15, 28, 57)

1

842

 

Stark Grenadier Battalion (7, 18, 21)

1

820

 

Georgy Grenadier Battalion (17, 36, 42)

1

812

 

Bissingen Grenadier Battalion (3, 50, 58)

1

808

 

Hahn Grenadier Battalion (2, 33, 39)

1

789

Brigade: GM von Siegenthal

 
 

Erzherzog Franz Cuirassiers, No. 2

6

754

 

Herzog Albert Cuirassiers, No. 3

6

698

Brigade: GM von Lederer

 
 

Kronprinz Erzherzog Ferdinand Cuirassiers, No. 4

6

762

 

Hohenzollern Cuirassiers, No. 8

6

705

Artillery      

 

-

322

 

2 x 6-pounder brigade batteries

 

3 x cavalry batteries

Infantry: 9,772 as compared to 11,619 in the book.

Cavalry: 2,919 as compared to 2,750 in the book.

Guns: 34

* Listed at ‘Le Grand’.

II Reserve Corps: FML Kienmayer[10]

   

bns / sqdns

present under arms

Grenadier Brigade: GM d’Aspre

 
 

Puteany Grenadier Battalion (14, 45, 59)

1

659

 

Brzezinski Grenadier Battalion (24, 30, 41)

1

714

 

Scovaud Grenadier Battalion (4, 49, 63)

1

679

 

Kirchenbetter Grenadier Battalion (34, 37, 48)

1

658

 

Scharlach Grenadier Battalion (31, 32, 51)

1

630

Brigade: GM von Schneller

 
 

Kaiser Cuirassiers, No. 1

6

639

 

Cuirassier Regiment No. 6 (formerly Gottesheim)

6

754

Brigade: GM von Clary

 
 

Knesevich Dragoons No. 3

6

689

 

Levenehr Dragoons No. 4

6

738

Artillery      

 

-

[not listed]

 

1 x 6-pounder brigade battery

 

2 x cavalry batteries

Infantry: 3,340 as compared to 3,870 (as of 10 April) in the book.

Cavalry: 2,820 (same as in the book).

Guns: 20

Notes

[1] ‘Haupt Stand und Dienst Tabelle der kaiserlich königlich Armee auf Kriegs Fuss mit Ende März 1809’, 20 January 1810, KAFA, Stand- und Diensttabellen, Kart. 3729.

[2] Original sourcing: order of battle and summary strength taken from Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII, XVIII, XXVII; but Krieg does not give regimental strengths.

[3] Original sourcing: basic composition and strength as of 6 April taken from ‘2tes Armee-Corps: Operations-Journal’, KAFA, Operations-Journale der Hauptarmee und Korps, Kart. 1382; supplemented by Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII and XVIII; and Stutterheim, p. XLVIII.  Strength of Zach (three battalions) taken from Rona, 408; the archival reference only lists two battalions at 2,033 men.  Strength of Stuart computed by subtracting that of the 3rd Battalion (1,235 according to Krieg, III, 92-93) from the total of 3,700 in the archival record (which is dated 6 April, thus three days before 3rd Battalion was detached).  Note that this computation for infantry is 279 men less than Krieg, I, Anhang XIII for 10 April (21,090); the source of the discrepancy is not clear, but it is small enough to be explained by changes in the numbers of sick or of small detachments.  The archival and Krieg figures for cavalry are identical.

[4] Binder (I, 286) gives this battalion a strength of 827 (not including officers, musicians, etc. who would account for perhaps another 20 or so) as of 15 April.  It is possible that a filler detachment arrived just before or after hostilities opened to bring the 7th Jägers up to strength.  The battalion’s history (Kandelsdorfer, 26) states that it mustered 952 men when gathered in Bohemia in mid-March.

[5] Original sourcing: basic composition and strength as of 16 April taken from ‘Operations-Journal des 3ten Armee-Corps’, AFA, Operations-Journale der Hauptarmee und Korps, Kart. 1382; supplemented by Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII and XVIII; and Stutterheim, XLVIII.  Note that this computation for infantry is 124 men more than Krieg, I, Anhang XIII for 10 April (22,555); the source of the discrepancy is not clear, but it is small enough to be explained by changes in the numbers of sick or of small detachments.  The archival and Krieg figures for cavalry are identical.  The third battalions of Würzburg and Württemberg reached the Inn on approximately 24 April and were incorporated into Hiller’s command.

[6] Original sourcing: basic composition and strength taken from Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII and XVIII, order of battle supplemented by Stutterheim, XLVIII and Treuenfest, Husaren-Regimentes No. 10, 240-43.  While III/Bellegarde united with its regiment in Bohemia during the retreat, the third battalions of Czartoryski and Chasteler reached the Inn on approximately 24 April and were incorporated into Hiller’s command.  The Reuss-Greitz battalion marched into Moosbach on the 27th and was sent to join Jellacic’s division.

[7] Original sourcing: basic composition and strength as of 12 April taken from ‘Vtes Armee-Corps: dessen Geschichte von der Zusammensetzung angefangen bis zur Auflösung 1809’, AFA, Operations-Journale der Hauptarmee und Korps, Kart. 1383; supplemented by Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII and XVIII; and Stutterheim, XLVIII.  Reaching Braunau on approximately 23 April, III/Beaulieu was incorporated into the regiment during Hiller’s retreat from Bavaria.

[8] Original sourcing: Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII and XVIII.  Regimental strengths for Jellacic were for 2 April from ‘6tes Armee-Corps: Journal über die Operationen der detachierten Division des Bn. Fr. Jellachich’, AFA, Operations-Journale der Hauptarmee und Korps, Kart. 1385.

[9] Original sourcing: Krieg, I, Anhänge XIII and XVIII.

[10] Original sourcing: ibid.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2008

 

Military Index | Battles Index ]


© Copyright 1995-2012, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]