The 1809 War with Austria: the "Thunder on the Danube" Archives
French at Raab (October 2008)
Edited by Jack Gill
Introduction. The following is provided for readers of the Napoleon Series site as part of the discussion (begun in September 2008) concerning orders of battle and strengths at the Battle of Raab (now Györ) on 14 June 1809. These data represents the current state of my research into the Hungarian campaign as part of the work for 1809 Thunder on the Danube: Napoleon’s Defeat of the Habsburgs.
Army Of Italy
1. All strength figures include officers and men, and only represent those “presens sous les armes” (i.e., those actually with the unit, not detached, in hospital, etc.). The number detached was often substantial, especially with the light cavalry.
2. Structure shown is the army’s “official” order of battle as of 25 May. See below for the actual organization on the battlefield at Raab.
3. The 25 May report apparently deducted casualties from the Battle of St. Michael (25 May).
4. Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of battalions/squadrons. Note that these change in many cases, particularly as regimental strengths dropped during the war.
Initial Organization for the Battle of Raab
(Colbert and Jacquinot)
Seras and Durutte
Approaching the battlefield (arrives late afternoon)
 Sources (except Badeners and Montbrun as noted): “Situation Sommaire” for the Army of Italy, dated 25 May 1809 in Livret de Situation, 1 June 1809, Archives de la Guerre, Service historique de la armée de terre, Grande Armée/Armée d’Allemagne, C2/675; “Situation Sommaire” for the Army of Italy, dated 25 June 1809, C2/509.
 Under Sahuc. III and IV/22nd Légère; not clear which battalion was counted in the 25 May report.
 The number of battalions here is probably a scribe’s error.
 Under Sahuc.
 Only the 1st Battalion fought at Raab, the 2nd Battalion reached Raab on the evening of 14 June. Source: S. Addobbati, Il Reggimento Reale Dalamata (Zara, 1899).
 With Grand Park.
 This was the 2nd Battalion.
 Source: Information from 1 June report in the Archives de la Guerre, Service historique de la armée de terre, Grande Armée/Armée d’Allemagne, carton C2/510.
 Four companies detached with IV Corps as baggage guard on Lobau Island.
 Jean Jacques Pelet, Mémoires sur la Guerre de 1809 (Paris, 1826), vol. IV gives this brigade a total strength of 1,769 on 1 June.
 Pelet (vol. IV) gives this brigade a total strength of 1,566 on 1 June.
 Guillaume de Vaudoncourt, Histoire Politique et Militaire du Prince Eugéne Napoléon (Paris, 1828); and Vignolle, Armée d’Italie: Journal historique de la Campagne de 1809, Archives de la Guerre, Service historique de la armée de terre, Manuscript MR 734.
Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2008
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