Military Subjects: Battles & Campaigns

The 1809 War with Austria: the "Thunder on the Danube" Archives

French at Raab (October 2008)

Edited by Jack Gill

Introduction. The following is provided for readers of the Napoleon Series site as part of the discussion (begun in September 2008) concerning orders of battle and strengths at the Battle of Raab (now Györ) on 14 June 1809. These data represents the current state of my research into the Hungarian campaign as part of the work for 1809 Thunder on the Danube: Napoleon’s Defeat of the Habsburgs.

Army Of Italy[1]

Notes:

1. All strength figures include officers and men, and only represent those “presens sous les armes” (i.e., those actually with the unit, not detached, in hospital, etc.). The number detached was often substantial, especially with the light cavalry.

2. Structure shown is the army’s “official” order of battle as of 25 May. See below for the actual organization on the battlefield at Raab.

3. The 25 May report apparently deducted casualties from the Battle of St. Michael (25 May).

4. Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of battalions/squadrons. Note that these change in many cases, particularly as regimental strengths dropped during the war.

 

25 May

25 June

Center (GD Grenier)

 
 

Seras

 
 

1 Légère (1)

702

534

IV/35 de Ligne

964

556

53 de Ligne

2,211 (4)

1,569 (3)

IV/42 de Ligne (1)

665

435

106 de Ligne

2,255 (4)

1,384 (3)

9 Chasseurs

707 (4)

384 (3) [2]

Durutte

 
 

22 Légère

684 (1)

(detached—910) [3]

23 Légère

1,622 (4)

1,246 (3)

III and IV/60 de Ligne (2)

724

494

62nd de Ligne

2,612 (3)

1,796 (4)[4]

102nd de Ligne (3)

2,101

1,675

6th Chasseurs (4)

488

415[5]

     

Left Wing (GD Baraguey d’Hilliers)

 
 

Severoli

 
 

1st Italian Line (3)

2,030

1,196

IV/2nd Italian Line (1)

618

450

II and IV/3rd Italian Line (2)

?

633

II/7th Italian Line (1)

705

379

Dalmatian Regt

466 (1)

904 (2)[6]

112th de Ligne (3)

1,782

1,088

Napoleone Dragoo ns (1)

259

68[7]

Rusca [detached to south]

 
 

Other

 
 

Pachtod

 
 

III and IV/8th Légère (2)

1,083

1,062

1st de Ligne

1,792 (4)

1,398 (3)

52nd de Ligne

2,069 (4)

1,755 (3)

 
 
 

Light Cavalry (Sahuc)

 
 

8th Chasseurs (4)

796

634

25th Chasseurs

484 (4)

418 (3)

 
 
 

1st Dragoon Division (Guérin)

 
 

7th Dragoons (4)

630

502

30th Dragoons (4)

808

634

Queen’s Dragoons (4)

637

477

 
 
 

2nd Dragoon Division (Pully)

 
 

23rd Dragoons

538 (4)

502 (3)

28th Dragoons (3)

383

241

29th Dragoons

549 (4)

392 (3)

 
 
 

Royal Guard

 
 

Honor Guards

182

142

Royal Velites (1)[8]

575

576

Line Infantry of the Guard (2)

753

753

Guard Dragoons (2)

339

324

 
 
 

Attached to headquarters

 
 

IV/24th Dragoons (1)

192

195

 
 
 

GD Lauriston’s Detachment

 
 

Baden Brigade (GM von Harrant)[9]

 
 

Jäger Battalion von Lingg -- 463

 
 

1st Infantry Regiment Großherzog -- 975[10]

 
 

2nd Infantry Regiment Erbgroßherzog -- 1,399

 
 

Horse artillery half-battery -- 103

 
 
 
 
 

GB Colbert’s Light Cavalry Brigade[11]

 
 

9th Hussars

?

600 (4)

7th Chasseurs-à-Cheval

?

555 (4)

20th Chasseurs-à-Cheval

?

604 (4)

 
 
 

GD Montbrun

 
 

GB Jacquinot[12]

 
 

7th Hussars

?

703 (4)

1st Chasseurs-à-Cheval

?

396 (4)

2nd Chasseurs-à-Cheval

?

310 (4)

Initial Organization for the Battle of Raab[13]

Right Wing

Montbrun (Colbert and Jacquinot)
Grouchy

Center

Grenier: Seras and Durutte
Baraguey d’Hilliers: Severoli and Pacthod

Left Wing

Sahuc
Pully
Baden Brigade

Reserve

Royal Guard

Approaching the battlefield (arrives late afternoon)

Lamarque

Notes:

[1] Sources (except Badeners and Montbrun as noted): “Situation Sommaire” for the Army of Italy, dated 25 May 1809 in Livret de Situation, 1 June 1809, Archives de la Guerre, Service historique de la armée de terre, Grande Armée/Armée d’Allemagne, C2/675; “Situation Sommaire” for the Army of Italy, dated 25 June 1809, C2/509.

[2] Under Sahuc.

[3] III and IV/22nd Légère; not clear which battalion was counted in the 25 May report.

[4] The number of battalions here is probably a scribe’s error.

[5] Under Sahuc.

[6] Only the 1st Battalion fought at Raab, the 2nd Battalion reached Raab on the evening of 14 June. Source: S. Addobbati, Il Reggimento Reale Dalamata (Zara, 1899).

[7] With Grand Park.

[8] This was the 2nd Battalion.

[9] Source: Information from 1 June report in the Archives de la Guerre, Service historique de la armée de terre, Grande Armée/Armée d’Allemagne, carton C2/510.

[10] Four companies detached with IV Corps as baggage guard on Lobau Island.

[11] Jean Jacques Pelet, Mémoires sur la Guerre de 1809 (Paris, 1826), vol. IV gives this brigade a total strength of 1,769 on 1 June.

[12] Pelet (vol. IV) gives this brigade a total strength of 1,566 on 1 June.

[13] Guillaume de Vaudoncourt, Histoire Politique et Militaire du Prince Eugéne Napoléon (Paris, 1828); and Vignolle, Armée d’Italie: Journal historique de la Campagne de 1809, Archives de la Guerre, Service historique de la armée de terre, Manuscript MR 734.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2008

 

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