Military Subjects: Battles & Campaigns


Vessels from the Black Sea Fleet

Vessels from the Baltic

Vessels Captured or Purchased

Sources

Russian Naval Forces in the Mediterranean:  1805-1809

By Robert Goetz

Vessels from the Black Sea Fleet

Squadron of Captain-Commodore Aleksandr Andreevich Sorokin (Rear-Admiral December 1805 or January 1806)

-- Sorokin recalled to Russia on arrival of Seniavin, left Corfu with additional vessels not listed and 4 battalions 3 March 1806
-- Vessels listed below were placed under Seniavin’s command (Greig as second in command)

Ship Class Captain Notes Fate

Svyataya Paraskeva

Ship-of-the-Line -74

I.O. Saltanov
(1802-1809)

Arrived at Corfu with troop transports 26 June 1804
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809

Asiya

Ship-of-the-Line -66

G.G. Belli
(1804-1807)

E.D. Borotsy
(1807-1809)

Arrived at Corfu with troop transports 26 July 1804
February-September 1807 at Corfu

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809

Mikhail

 

Frigate -50

M.E. Snaksarev
(1804-1809)

Arrived at Corfu with troop transports 3 August 1804
Adriatic Operations February 1806-September 1807

At Trieste December 1807
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809

Grigorii Velikiya Armenii

 

Frigate -50

F.P. Sarandinaki
(1804-1806)

Arrived at Corfu as a troop transport 13 September 1804
Used as transport 1805 to January 1806
Used as floating hospital on Corfu [1806]- 1809
Sold 1809 in Corfu

Transferred to French on Corfu October 1809

Svyatoi Mikhail

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

F.P. Lelli
(1804-1807)

Arrived at Corfu as a troop transport late August 1805
Used as transport 1805-6

Sold to French on Corfu, December 1807

Diomid

Corvette -24

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport, Nov06

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809

Kherson

 

Corvette -24

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport, November 1806

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Grigorii

 

Corvette -24

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport 1806?

Fate unknown

Pavel

Corvette -18

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807

Fate unknown

Dnepr

Corvette -18

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Used as transport, November 1806

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Altsinoe

Corvette -18

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807

Fate unknown

Letun

Brig -16

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Aleksandr

 

Brig -16

Lt-Cdr Salti

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Bogoyovlensk

Brig -16

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron

Damaged in action at Tenedos, abandoned and burned 24 June 1807

Orel

 

Brig -16

 

Arrival date not known
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807

Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809

Vessels from Baltic Fleet

Squadron of Captain-Commodore Alexei Samuelovich Greig (promoted to Rear Admiral January 1806)

-- Departed Kronstadt 25 October 1804     At Portsmouth for 6 weeks, Gibraltar 7 January 1805     
-- Arrived Corfu 23 January 1805

Ship

Class

Captain

Notes

Fate

Svyataya Elena

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

I.T. Bychenskii (1804-1808)

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Retvizan

 

Ship-of-the-Line -64

A.S. Greig (1798-1806) M.M. Rtitshev (1806-1808)

Formerly Swedish Rattvisan - taken 23 June 1790 at Vyborg
Greig’s flagship, 1804-1808
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Venus

Frigate -50

R.I. Elfinston (1804-1805)
E.F. Razvozov (1806-1807)
K.I. Andreyanov (11.1807)

Formerly Swedish Venus (F. af Chapman frigate) - taken 21 May 1789 at Christianfjord
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November
Left Lisbon 21 November
At Palermo December 1807
Sold to Kingdom of Naples 27 December 1807
Renamed Venere, sold for breakup 1814

Avtroil

 

Frigate -32

 

Adriatic Operations February 1806- February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

 

Squadron of Rear Admiral Seniavin (promoted to Vice Admiral January 1806) Departed Kronstadt 22 September 1805

--Departed Kronstadt 22 September 1805  
-- At Portsmouth 21 October – 28 November, Gibraltar 26 December 1805, Cagliari 10-19 January 1806, Messina 23-28 January 1806
-- Arrived at Corfu 30 January 1806

Ship

Class

Captain

Notes

Fate

Selafail

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

P.M. Rozhnov (1805-1808)

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Yaroslav

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

F.K. Mitkov (1805-1809)

Seniavin’s flagship, 1805 - 1806
Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Left at Lisbon as unseaworthy, sailed to Portsmouth 1809 after repairs
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Moskva

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

E.P. Gettsen
(1803-1809)

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 14 October 1807, damaged in storm
At Porto Ferrajo (Elba) 29 October 1807 to April 1808
Sailed to Toulon April 1808
Sold to France at Toulon 9 October 1809

Uriil

Ship-of-the-Line -80

M.T. Bychenskii (1805-1810)

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
Damaged in storm, returned to Corfu
Transferred to French at Trieste, 9 October 1809

Svyatoi Petr

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

I.A. Baratinskii
(1805-1807)

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 14 October 1807, damaged in storm
At Porto Ferrajo (Elba) 29 October 1807 to April 1808
Sailed to Toulon April 1808
Sold to France at Toulon 9 October 1809

Kildyuin

 

Frigate -26

Razvozov
(1805-26.i.06)
D.A. Durnovo
(26.i.06-1808)

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
February-May 1807 with Adriatic Squadron
May-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Feniks

 

Brig -16

 

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Purchased in Portsmouth, October-November 1805
February-May 1807 with Adriatic Squadron May-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Argus

Brig -12

 

Adriatic Operations February 1806-February 1807
Purchased in Portsmouth, October-November 1805

Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809

 

Squadron of Captain-Commodore I.A. Ignatyev  (killed in action with Turks 23 May 1807)

-- Departed Kronstadt on 31 August 1806
-- Arrived at Corfu 2 January 1807

Ship

Class

Captain

Notes

Fate

Rafail

 

Ship-of-the-Line -80

D.A. Lukin (1805-1807) A.T. Bychenskii (1807-1808)

February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Abandoned 1808 in Lisbon (unseaworthy)

Tverdyi

Ship-of-the-Line -74

D.I. Maleev (1806-1808)

Seniavin’s flagship 1807 - 1808
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Moshnyi

 

Ship-of-the-Line -66

B. Krovve (1805-1807)
E.F. Razvozov (1808)

February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Returned to Russia 1813
Burned 1817

Skoryi.

 

Ship-of-the-Line -66

R.P. Shelting (1805-1808)

February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Sold at Portsmouth 1813

Silnyi

 

Ship-of-the-Line -74

I.A. Ignatyev (1806-1807)
D.S. Shishmarev (1807)
A.P. Malgin (1808)

Ignatyev’s flagship 1806-1807
February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron
At Athos, 30 June 1807

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Lisbon 10 November 1807
Surrendered at Lisbon September 1808
Interned at Portsmouth 8 October 1808
Returned to Russia 1813
Burned
1819

Legkii

 

Frigate -44

A.B. Povalishin
(1804-1809)

February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to French in Trieste 1 November 1809

Shpitsbergen

 

Brig - 32

 

February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron

Left Corfu 1 October 1807
At Gibraltar November 1806
At Lisbon 27 November (refused entry to harbor)
At Vigo 7 December
Sold at Vigo in 1812

Flora

Corvette -24

 

February-September 1807 with Aegean Squadron

Fate unknown

Strela

 

Cutter -20

 

February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Ships Captured or Purchased in the Mediterranean

Ship

Class

Captain

Notes

Fate

Sedel-Bakhri

 

Ship-of-the-Line - 80 (90?)

G.G. Belli
(1807-1808)
I.S. Sulmenev
(1808-1809)

Formerly Turkish Sedd-el Bahr - Taken 30 June 1807 at Athos,

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Trieste January 1808
Transferred to Austria [sic] at Trieste, 9 October 1809

Derzkii

Corvette -28

 

Purchased February 1807
Sometimes referred to as a Sloop
February-September 1807 with Adriatic Squadron

Left Corfu 24 December 1807
At Venice January 1808
Transferred to French at Venice October 1809

Gazard

Brig - 16/14

 

Formerly French Hasard – taken 28 February 1806 in cutting out expedition at Cattaro

Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809

Bonasorte

Brig -16

 

Captured from French at Ancona, 1799

Might be the unnamed fourth brig surrendered at Venice October 1809

Zabiaka

Xebec – 14

 

Formerly French Henrich - Captured 2 July 1806

Fate unknown

Tremenda

Half Xebec -2

 

Formerly French Tremendeaux - Captured 2 July 1806

Fate unknown

Sources:

Anderson, R. C.  Naval Wars in the Levant, 1559-1853 Princeton : Princeton University Press; 1952.

Chernyshev, A. A.  Rossiiskii Parusnyi Flot  Moskva :  Voennoe Izdatelystvo; 1997.

Mikhailovsky-Danilevski, A.  Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12  Translated by Alexander Mikaberidze.  West Chester, Ohio : George Nafziger; 2002.

“Sorokin, Aleksandr Andreevich.”  Russkii Biograficheskii Slovar'.  St. Petersburg : Izdanie Imperatorskago; 1896-1918.

Saul, Norman E.  Russia and the Mediterranean, 1797-1807  Chicago :  University of Chicago Press; 1970.

White, D. Fedotoff.  “The Russian Navy in Trieste during the Wars of the Revolution and the Empire.”  American Slavic and East European Review Vol. 6, Issue 3 / 4  (Dec. 1947), 25-41.

 

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