Battle of Mount Kitta (also called Kitta Mount) 16th May 1809.
By Paul Latham
During the war with
Hearing of this movement, the Austrian High Command sent a small force
to stop Marmont and recapture Dalmatia for
On 16 May, Marmont’s march towards the
However the French held a significant advantage in artillery and Marmont, as a former artillery officer, had collected a battery of 78 guns. He opened this battery and directed its assault on the hill. With the infantry pinned down for the moment, Marmont sent forward the 11th Legere supported by his own guard of around 300 Chasseurs-a-Cheval into the valley. The Bosnian irregular cavalry was dispersed and pushed out of the valley whilst the infantry fell back with them, pressed hard by the 11th Legere. With Stoichewich focus moved to watch what was happening in the valley, Marmont ordered the 23d and the 8th Legere to storm the Mount. The Austrians were surprised by this movement and were pushed out of their defensive positions and back into the valley. The 11th Legere had been withdrawn from the valley and was ordered by Marmont to take position on the reverse slope of the Mount and conceal itself.
Stoichewich knew that
In this action, the Austrian losses are 3,000 killed, wounded and taken prisoner with many of the retreating forces abandoning their arms to make better their escape through the mountain passes.
The French forces only sustain light casualties and Marmont continued
his push to the
Fisher, Todd. The Napoleonic Wars: Empires Fight Back 1808-1812
Memoires du Marechal Marmont, Duc de Raguse, De 1792 A 1841
Note: The 12 British and 3 Portuguese batteries had 6 guns each for a total of 90 guns.
Source: The Dickson Manuscript Vol. 5 Cambridge : Ken Trotman; 1991. Pp 860; 919-920Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2001
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