Military Subjects: Battles & Campaigns

Anglo-Allied Army in Flanders and France - 1815:
British Army of Occupation: 30 November 1815

By Ron McGuigan

In a General Order, Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington broke up his Anglo‑Allied Army and formed the British Contingent of the Army Of Occupation in France.  This Army, made up of the different contingents of the Allies, was also to be commanded by the Duke of Wellington.  The British and the Hanoverian Contingents were to come under the personal command of the Duke.

Commander-in-Chief:  Field Marshal 1st Duke of Wellington

Quartermaster-General: Lt General Sir George Murray  (Chief-of-Staff to the Army of  Occupation)

Adjutant-General: Major General Sir Edward Barnes

Commander, Royal Artillery: Brevet Colonel Sir George Wood

Cavalry: Lt General Sir Stapleton Cotton, 1st Baron Combermere

1st Cavalry Brigade: Major General Lord Edward Somerset

1st Dragoon Guards
2nd Dragoon Guards
3rd Dragoons

2nd Cavalry Brigade: Major General Sir Hussey Vivian

7th Hussars
18th Hussars
12th Light Dragoons

3rd Cavalry Brigade: Major General Sir Colquhoun Grant

11th Light Dragoons
13th Light Dragoons
15th Hussars

Infantry: Lt General Sir Rowland Hill, 1st Baron Hill

1st Division: Lt General Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole

1st Brigade: Major General Sir Peregrine Maitland

1st Foot Guards, 3rd Battalion
Coldstream Foot Guards, 2nd Battalion

7th Brigade: Major General Sir James Kempt

7th Foot, 1st Battalion
23rd Foot
43rd Foot, 1st Battalion

8th Brigade: Major General Sir John Lambert

27th Foot, 1st Battalion
40th Foot, 1st Battalion
95th Rifles, 1st Battalion

2nd Division: Lt General Sir Henry Clinton

3rd Brigade: Major General Sir Robert O'Callaghan

3rd Foot, 1st Battalion
39th Foot, 1st Battalion
91st Foot, 1st Battalion

4th Brigade: Major General Sir Denis Pack

4th Foot, 1st Battalion
52nd Foot, 1st Battalion
79th Highlanders, 1st Battalion

6th Brigade: Major General Sir Thomas Bradford

6th Foot, 1st Battalion
29th Foot
71st Foot, 1st Battalion

3rd Division: Lt General Sir Charles Colville

2nd Brigade: Major General Sir Manley Power

1st Foot, 3rd Battalion
57th Foot, 1st Battalion
95th Rifles, 2nd Battalion

5th Brigade: Major General Sir Thomas Brisbane

5th Foot, 1st Battalion
9th Foot, 1st Battalion
21st Foot, 1st Battalion

9th Brigade: Major General Sir John Keane

81st Foot, 1st Battalion
88th Foot, 1st Battalion

Artillery:

G Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
H Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
I Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
Carmichael's Foot Battery
Hutchesson's Foot Battery
Gordon's Foot Battery                        
Rogers's Foot Battery
Holcroft's Foot Battery                        
Unett 's Foot Battery
Hunt's Foot Battery            

Royal Engineers and Royal Sappers and Miners: Lt Colonel John Burgoyne

Attached to Divisions:

1st Division: 8th Company, 2nd Battalion
2nd Division: 1st Company, 3rd Battalion
3rd Division: 4th Company, 2nd Battalion
Pontoon Train:  5th Company, 2nd Battalion
2nd Company, 4th Battalion                                                                                                                                                    

Belgium: Major General Kenneth Mackenzie

By 1 December 1815, the British Regiments garrisoned in Belgium were reported to be marching to leave. They may have remained at Antwerp until after 25 December.

Hanoverian Contingent

General Officer Commanding: Lt General Sir Karl, Graf von Alten

Chief-of-Staff: Major Andreas von Schlutter

Cavalry: Prince Regent's Hussars

Artillery: von Rettberg's Foot Battery

Infantry: Major General Sir James Lyon

1st Brigade: Brevet Colonel Hugh Halkett

Field Battalion Luneburg
Field Battalion Grubenhagen
Field Battalion 1st Duke of York's (Osnabruck)

2nd Brigade: Colonel August Berger

Field Battalion Bremen
Field Battalion Verden
Field Battalion Calenberg

Acknowledgements:

Special Thank You to Michael Tanzer for providing obscure information on the King's German Legion [see his excellent website at www.kgl.de], to Ms. Elizabeth Talbot Rice, formerly of the National Army Museum for her knowledge and understanding, to Hans Boersma and Geert van Uythoven for providing hard to locate information on the Netherlands Army, to the Regimental Headquarters and Regimental Museums of the British Army and Royal Marines, all of whom took the time to answer pesky questions and especially to the late Michael Glover.

Thank You to the Arquivo Historico Militar, Lisboa the Bomann‑Museum Celle, Celle Germany the British High Commission, Ottawa Canada Central Library, London Canada The D. B. Weldon Library University of Western Ontario, London Canada German Embassy Ottawa Canada Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv, Wiesbaden, Germany Koninklijk Nederlands Leger En Wapenmuseum, Leiden and Delft, The Netherlands Koninklijke Landmacht, ‘s‑Gravenhage, The Netherlands The Ministry of Defence, UK Museum Nederlandse Cavalerie, Amersfoort, The Netherlands The Napoleon‑Series.org Discussion Forum the National Army Museum, London UK Nieders’chsisches Hauptstaatsarchiv, Hannover Germany Niedersichsisches Staatsarchiv, Wolfenbittel, Germany Rigsarkivet, Copenhagen Denmark Staatsarchiv Dresden, Dresden Germany Toronto Reference Library, Toronto Canada University of Guelph, Guelph Canada Windsor Public Library, Windsor ON Canada

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2001

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