The Campaign in Italy: 1796 - 1797
These tours look at Napoleon's Campaign in Italy - where his reputation
A little known battle, that about which Napoleon simply remarked,
"My nobility dates from Montenotte."
Millesimo and Cosseria: 13
At dawn on 13 April 1796, Augereau's French division stormed over
the Bormida River bridge at Millesimo
Dego: 13 April 1796
The village of Dego was taken by Masséna's Advance Guard on 14 April
1796 in a hard fight against Argenteau's Austro-Sardinian force.
Mondovi: 20 - 21 April 1796
Sérurier's attack and defense of this village.
Lodi: 10 May 1796
The "Bridge of Lodi" a special place in the mystique of the
Brescia: 30 July 1796
A major French logistical point that was captured by the Austrians
in a surprise maneuvers.
Lonato: 31 July and 3 August
The site of numerous battles of the campaign.
Castiglione: 3 August 1796
The site of numerous battles of the campaign.
Castiglione: 5 August 1796
The second battle.
Arcole: 15 - 17 November 1796
A strategic French victory fought under almost impossible tactical
Mantova: 1796 - 1797
Mantua, the greatest of the four fortresses that dominated the area
between the Alps and the Po, was the key to control of northeastern
Italy and was bitterly disputed by the French and Austrians between
4 June 1796 and 2 February 1797.
Rivoli: 14 - 15 January 1797
In the final attempt to relieve besieged Mantua, 28,000 Austrians
under d’Alvintzi advanced down the Adige Valley, confident of overwhelming
Joubert’s Division of 10,000, while smaller columns struck at Verona
and Legnano from the east.
The Battlefield of Austerlitz
The Battle of Austerlitz, 2 December 1805, was regarded by
many (including the Emperor himself) as the most brilliant victory of
Napoleon and the Grande Armée.
The Peninsular War
- Portugal 17 August 1808
The first clash between British and French forces during the
Portugal 21 August 1808
The battle that destroyed French hopes to hold Portugal in
- Spain 30 November 1808
One of the legends that have come out of the Napoleonic Wars
is the charge of the Polish Light Horse Regiment of the Imperial Guard
at Somosierra, Spain on 30 November 1808. The affair in itself was relatively
insignificant and would be forgotten by most, except for the valor of
the troops involved.
of the Bridge at Alcantara - Spain 14 May 1809
One of the many acts that soured relations between the British
and the Spanish during the Peninsula War was the destruction of the
Roman Bridge at Alcantara.
Battle of Oporto 1809 (The Crossing of the Douro)
Wellington on the offensive in the Spring, 1809.
Barba del Puerco
- Spain March - July 1810
Barba del Puerco was the site of numerous skirmishes between
the British Light Division and French troops operating around Ciudad
Rodrigo in 1810.
- Spain 12 July 1810
Fort Concepcion was a Spanish star shaped fort built along
the Portuguese border that was destroyed by the British to keep it from
falling into French hands in 1810. The haunting ruins of the fort still
Action on the River Coa
- Portugal 24 July, 1810
The British Light Division, deployed with its back to an impassable
river, fought a desperate battle for survival against the overwhelming
numbers of French veterans of Marshal Ney.
of Almeida - Portugal 24 July - 28 August 1810
Taking Almeida was the first step in the French invasion of
Powell, Vic & Colin Jones
The Combat of Sabugal
- Portugal 11 Apri1811
The battle that forced the French out of Portugal
The Battle of Arroyos
dos Molinos - Spain 28 October 1811
In western Estremadura, British forces, under the command
of General Hill, surprised and destroyed a large French force led by
at Freineda, Portugal
During the winters of 1811-1812 and 1812-1813, Wellington's headquarters
was in a small Portuguese village about 25 kilometers from the Spanish
border fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo.
in Freineda, Portugal
A tour of the inside of the building that served as the headquarters
The Seige of Ciudad
Rodrigo - Spain 8 - 19 January, 1812
The British siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812 spelled
the beginning of the end of French rule in Spain.
The Destruction of
the Bridge at Almaraz - Spain 18 - 19 May 1812
The raid on the French bridgehead at Almaraz was key to the
British successes in Central Spain in 1812.
Jones, Colin & Powell, Vic
- Spain 23 July 1812
"The boldest charge of cavalry in the whole war" -
The Combat of the Ordal Cross
- Spain 13 September 1813
A small Anglo-Spanish force operated along the eastern coast of Spain
in hopes of preventing Marshal Suchet from assisting the French forces
fighting Wellington in north central Spain. On the heights of the
Ordal Cross, a vicious struggle occurred and the French soundly defeated
the British and the Spanish -- making it one of the few British defeats
during the Peninsula War.
Powell, Vic and the PNS
Napoleon’s Last Offensive in Spain:
Spain 1 September 1813
A small but bloody action.
The Battlefield of Borodino
On 7 September, the largest battle of the campaign of 1812
was fought on the banks of the Koloch river, just 115 kilometers from
The Campaign of the Hundred Days
A tour of the battlefield that was the site of Napoleon's final victory!
One of the first features in the Napoleon Series was the Waterloo
Virtual Tour. Here you can find all of the major sites, plus many
of the minor monuments and memorials. See the campaign description
of the Hundred
Days in Battles & Campaigns for additional information.
at the Turn of the 19th Century
A comparison of some of the landmarks on the battlefield in 1900
to what is there today.