Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

The Austrian Imperial-Royal Army (Kaiserliche-Königliche Heer) 1805 – 1809:

THE AUSTRIAN IMPERIAL-ROYAL ARMY

INFANTRY

Kaiserliche-Königliche Heer 1805 – 1809

THE REGULAR INFANTRY

Ordered by Recruitment District

By Enrico Acerbi

THE AUSTRIAN IMPERIAL-ROYAL ARMY

 

Inner Österrich or Inner Austria was a term commonly utilized at the times when it existed the VORDER (Outer) ÖSTERREICH, territories in the current Germany and the Vorarlberg. The term was used from the late 14th to the 16th century referring to Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and the Windisch March, the  County of Gorizia, Trieste and assorted smaller Habsburg possessions bordering the area (Pazin, Rijeka, Liburnia, Duino). The Slovenian and Croatian part of the territory (i.e. Istria) had also the name of Illyria.

Carinthia : The Duchy of Carinthia (German: Herzogtum Kärnten; Slovene: Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia. It was part of the Holy Roman Empire from 976 until the dissolution of the Empire in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. The capital city is Klagenfurt, which in Slovenian language is called Celovec. The next important town is Villach (Beljak).

Styria. The Duchy of Styria (German: Herzogtum Steiermark; Slovene: Vojvodina Štajerska; Hungarian: Stájerország) was a duchy located in modern-day southern Austria and northern Slovenia. It was a part of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806 and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. The capital city was and is Graz.

Carniola (Slovenian: Kranjska; German: Krain) is a traditional and historical region of Slovenia. As part of Austria-Hungary, the region was a crown land officially known as the Duchy of Carniola (Vojvodina Kranjska, Herzogtum Krain) until 1918. Its capital was Ljubljana.

Küstenland (Litorale od Coastland)

The  County of Gorizia and Gradisca (German: Grafschaft Görz; Italian: Contea di Gorizia; Slovenian: Goriška grofija) was a  County based around Gorizia in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, current north-eastern Italy.

Imperial free town of Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovene and Croatian: Trst) is a city and port in northeastern Italy very near to the Slovenian border, to the North, East and South. Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste on the Adriatic Sea.

Istria (Croatian, Slovene: Istra, Italian: Istria), formerly Histria (Latin), is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. The peninsula is located at the head of the Adriatic between the Gulf of Trieste and the Bay of Kvarner.

Fiume is the Italian and Hungarian name for the city of Rijeka. However, Rijeka was not part of the  County Modruš-Rijeka, but under the direct administration of Hungary. It was proposed to recruite for the K.K. Marine.

Dalmatia (Spalato-Split) was the main recruitment area for the K.K. Marine After the loss of the Venetian Litorale.

Notes for a K.K. Navy History – 1809 or the Death of an Unuseful Navy


1. Austria entered the Napoleonic Wars with a navy consisting of two gunboats, one based at Trieste and the other at Fiume.

2. This insignificant navy had no role in the Hofkriegsrat’s military plans and was not even mobilized until March 1797. The few vessels of the Danube flotilla (Donauflotille) were more than the whole imperial Navy.

3. in October 1797 the Treaty of Campoformio assigned Venice to Austria. Austria so inherited the remnants of the Venetian navy: ten 74-gun ships of the line, seven frigates, and a large number of galleys. The best ships and most equipment and materials had been taken from Venice’s Arsenal for the French Navy’s use.

4. Austria raised two naval establishments: the "Trieste Navy" consisting of the two early gunboats and commanded by Col. James Ernest von Williams, and the "Venice Navy" commanded by Venetian aristocrat Andrea Querini holding authority only over the Arsenal.

5. in 1799, After a short campaign along the italian coasts and the river Po, Austria acquired three more ship, when Ancona fell to a combined Austrian-Russian force. It seemed that Austrian officers sneaked aboard to raise the red-white-red naval ensign over all the vessels in the harbor Before the Russians could take possession.

6. Till 1801 Austria made poor use of the former Venetian warships, when Archduke Charles took office as "War and Navy Minister" and for the first time the fleet had a powerful patron in Vienna.

Charles authorized a fleet of eight frigates, tasked with protecting Austrian trade as far south as Malta, and appointed "emigre" French royalist officers to command them. Funding shortfalls kept the squadron at three frigates, a corvette and four brigs, but they began to operate against French privateers and North African corsairs.

7. When war returned in 1805, the little Austrian navy could not man all of its ships and only the corvette and two brigs put to sea. France defeated Austria, forcing Vienna to release all its former Venetian territory plus all former Venetian warships in Austrian service. Reduced to three brigs, the Austrian squadron moved to Senj, Dalmatia, a longtime base for Croatian pirates.

8. When war returned again in 1809, the tiny Austrian fleet received direct orders not to challenge the far more powerful French. The Brigade Delphino, ignoring these instructions, captured a French gunboat to give Austria a naval victory in its unique sea battle of the Napoleonic wars. [1]

The Treaty of Schonbrünn handed all of Austria’s coastal lands to the French, temporarily making Austria a land-locked  Country and ending the need for a navy.

Austrian Adriatic  Sea Fleet - Triest, April  23, 1809

GeneralMajor  Count Josef L'Espine

Fleet I – Vs. Dalmatia under command of the Oberstleutnant Nepomuk Maidich

Brig "Dolfino"
Schooner "Indagatore"
Trabaccolo (Trabakel) "Dromedario"
Felucca "Mora"
12 Gunboats and Sloops

Fleet 2 – Vs. Venice under command of the Oberstleutnants Matthias Flanagan

Corvette „Armonia"  (rented by private owners)
Brig "Eolo"
Brig "Pilade" sent on April 22 in an expedition to Sicily
Brig "Oreste"
Trabaccolo "Bravo"
Trabaccolo "Cammello"
Large tartane "Isabella"
8 Gunboats and Sloops

January 1809

Austrian Order of Battle in Inner Austria

Field commander: FML Baron Wilhelm von Kerpen

Graz Platz Brigade  GM Anton von Reisner

Graz – 2nd Artillery Regiment Archduke Maximilian –3 companies
Graz – Artillerie Handlanger – 2 companies

Styrian 1st Graz Division FML  Count Albert Gyulai

Graz Brigade  GM chevalier Peter Marchal de Berelat

Judenburg - IR 45 De Vaux – ( ½ III Battalions 2 Companies see also Salzburg)
Leoben – IR 16 Lusignan - (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)

Styrian 2nd Graz Division FML Marquis Friedrich Bellegarde

Graz Brigade  GM  Count Hyeronymus Colloredo-Mansfeld

Graz – IR 61 St.Julien - (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)
Graz – IR 27 Strassoldo - (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)

Klagenfurt Brigade  GM Anton von Gajoli

Klagenfurt - IR 26 Hohenlohe-Bartenstein – (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)
Görz (Gorizia) - IR 52 Archduke Franz Carl – (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)
St. Veit – K.K. 9th Feldjäger battalion

Radkersburg Division FML Baron Vinzenz Knezevich von St.Helena

Laibach Brigade  GM Vitalis von Kleinmayrn

Laibach – IR 43 Simbschen – (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)
Pettau – 9th Hussars Frimont – 8 squadrons

Triest Brigade  GM Franz Fenner von Fenneberg

Trieste – IR 13 Reisky – (1st and 2nd Battalions of 6 companies; 3rd Battalion of 4 Companies; Grenadier Division)

Spring 1809

Austrian Resident Units in Inner Austria

Territorial commander (interim): FML Baron Wilhelm von Kerpen
Vice-commander and Landwehrinspektor: FML Baron Guido Ferdinand Lippa von Duba und Kosarczow

Graz territorial Division FML Baron Guido Ferdinand Lippa von Duba und Kosarczow

45146 men, 80 horses

Triest Brigade  GM  Count Alois von Gavassini

Görz – 1st Landwehr Battalion Görz
Tolmein – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Görz
Trieste –1st Landwehr Battalion Stadtmiliz Triest
Trieste – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Territorial Miliz Triest
Pisino – 1st Landwehr Battalion Adelsberg
Lippa – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Adelsberg
Adelsberg – 3rd Landwehr Battalion Adelsberg
Loitsch – 4th Landwehr Battalion Adelsberg

Laibach Brigade  GM Jozsef de Munkácsy

Laibach – 1st Landwehr Battalion Laibach
Radmannsdorf – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Laibach
Laibach – 3rd Landwehr Battalion Laibach
Rudolfswerth (Neustädtl) – 1st Landwehr Battalion Rudolfswerth
Gottschee – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Rudolfswerth
Tschernembl – 3rd Landwehr Battalion Rudolfswerth
Rudolfswerth – 4th Landwehr Battalion Rudolfswerth

Klagenfurt Brigade  GM Franz Fenner von Fenneberg

Villach – 1st Landwehr Battalion Villach
Sachsenburg – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Villach
Klagenfurt – 1st Landwehr Battalion Klagenfurt
Althofen – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Klagenfurt
Lavamünd – 3rd Landwehr Battalion Klagenfurt

Marburg Brigade  GM Ritter Peter von Lutz

Cilli – 1st Landwehr Battalion Cilli
Peilenstein – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Cilli
Marburg –1st Landwehr Battalion Marburg
Pettau – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Marburg

Leoben Brigade  Oberst Auracher

Mürzzuschlag – 1st Landwehr Battalion Bruck
Leoben – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Bruck
Judenburg –1st Landwehr Battalion Judenburg
Rottenmann – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Judenburg

Graz Brigade  GM Baron Ignaz Anton Sebottendorf von der Rose

Graz – 1st Landwehr Battalion Graz
Eggenburg – 2nd Landwehr Battalion Graz
Wilden –3rd Landwehr Battalion Graz
Fürstenfeld – 4th Landwehr Battalion Graz
Hartberg– 5th Landwehr Battalion Graz

Graz Reserve Brigade  FML Baron Guido Ferdinand Lippa von Duba und Kosarczow

Graz – Depot Division 27 Strassoldo – 2 companies
Graz – Depot Division 45 De Vaux – 2 companies
Graz – IR 16 Lusignan – (1st and 2nd Battalions)
Graz – Depot-squadron Frimont Hussars – 1 squadron
Graz – Depot Division Grazer – 2 companies
Bruck – Depot Division Brucker – 2 companies
Judenburg – Depot Division Judenburger – 2 companies
Marburg – Depot Division Marburger – 2 companies
Cilli – Depot Division Cillier – 2 companies
Graz – Grenz Cordon – 3 companies

Laibach Reserve Brigade  FML prince Franz Maria Johann Josef Hermann von Khevenhüller-Metsch

Laibach – Grenz Cordon – 6 companies
Trieste – Depot Division 13 Reisky – 2 companies
Laibach – Depot Division 43 Simbschen – 2 companies
Laibach – Depot Division Laibacher – 2 companies
Rudolfswerth – Depot Division Rudolfswerther – 2 companies
Trieste – Depot Division Triester – 2 companies
Görz – Depot Division Görzer – 2 companies
Adelsberg – Depot Division Adelsberger – 2 companies

Klagenfurt Brigade  GM Anton Vogl (Vogel)

Klagenfurt – Depot Division 26 Hohenlohe – 2 companies
Klagenfurt – Depot Division Klagenfurter – 2 companies
Villach – Depot Division Villacher – 2 companies
Klagenfurt – Grenz Cordon – 3 companies

Austrian Regular Infantry Regiments

Ergänzungsbezirks Kom.

 

Werb-bezirk

Regular Army

 

HQ Recruiting District

Slovenian

Recruitment Area (Kreis)

Infantry Regiment

 

Graz

 

Judenburg

45

Aushilfs-Kreis of Salzburg Regiment

 

Bruck a.d. Mur

 

Graz

27

 

Maribor

Marburg

 

Cilli

Celje

Cilli

16

 

Klagenfurt

Celovec

Klagenfurt

26

 

Beljak

Villach

 

Laibach

Ljubljana

Ober-Krain

43

 

Unter-Krain

 

Trieste

Postojna

Adelsberg

13

also infantry from Istria and Trieste Landwehr

 

Görz und Gradisca

Trst

Stadt Triest

none

K.K. Marine

Mitterburg

Pažin

Istria

Fiume

Rijeka

Fiume

Numbers in bold mean a temporary area of recruitment in order to help the main District to reach the stated strength.

K.K. IR 13 - GM-FML Baron Franz Wenzel Reisky von Dubnitz - 3 battalions

Recruitment: Lower Carniola, Görz. – Depot Company: 2 Brigade  Khevenhüller in Laibach, Division Lippa under Kerpen.      

Krain

Adelsberg

13

Küstenland

Görz-Trieste-Istria

Depot Kader

Trieste – Görz - Monfalcone

 

Commander: oberst

Carl von Fölseis

 Count Weichard Gallenberg

- Before Aspern: with 3465 men and 73 in 3 battalions it was in the Brigade Kleinmayr, Div Gorupp, IX Corps FML Ignaz Graf Gyulai. In February von Fölseis became generalMajor and Gallenberg was the new commander. In April the Staff gathered in Trieste and the Regiment was assigned to the Brigade Gavassini, left Hauptkolonne Knesevich. At Sacile the Regiment and the Simbschen infantry were in the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps. [2]. At 5 PM hours Gyulai sent ahead the Reisky with the Oguliner, under GM Marziani [3], to attack Sacile and Vigonovo. On May 1 it received the general retreat order. After a week the Brigade Kalnássy deployed behind the Piave (Simbschen at S.Michele and Reisky at Tezze). The Regiment received the attack of the French Brigade  Abbé, but resisted till at the moment of the general retreat. They lost the rest of the Brigade  following the main column of Archduke Johann. The Regiment lost 40 men dead, 205 missing and 506 prisoners mainly wounded. On May 11 it came to a violent skirmish at San Daniele. There 1000 men and the colonel Gallenberg were made prisoners. The remnants of the Regiment, under the provisional command of Oberstlieutenant Andreas Kurz, marched to Ospedaletto. On May 12 the fought at Venzone (other 66 men missing). On May 14 they took position at Tarvis, in the Division Albert Gyulai and Brigade GM Gajoli. During the resistance at the Tarvis pass they lost other 500 men. The Reisky continued to retreat till Graz (May 20) and Papa near Raab.

- After Wagram: The exhausted Regiment was sent to Carlstädt in order to be reorganized, Brigade Khevenhüller, Res. Troops im the South. When the FML Knezevich deployed his Division at Gospic, the Reisky (July 13) moved south and marched to Grašac, After reaching the main column. During these moves it integrated squads of dalmatian volunteers. On July 20 it attacked Ostrovica by night and at the month’s end the Regiment was employed in the blockade of Zara (today Zadar) and San Nicolò. Then came the armistice. Total losses were scary : 2261 men (184 dead, 180 missing and 1897 prisoners). The so called "Friuli Regiment" was disbanded at Messendorf by Graz, in February 1810 After the peace.

K.K. IR 16 – FML-FZM Marquis Franz Lusignan – 3 Battalions

Recruitment: Styria, Cillier District

Before Aspern: Reserve Division Lippa and Reserve Companies in Graz. [4]

Styria

Cilli

16

Depot Kader

Leoben, Marburg

 

Commander: oberst

Joseph Ruiz de Rosas

Oberstleutnant Hermann Dominik Ertel, ritter von Krelau

- Before Aspern: Brigade Marchal, Division Albert Gyulai, VIII Corps, then Brigade Buol (2 Companies Corps Chasteler). On April 24 the Regiment fought at Volano and Murazzo.

Later 3 battalions Brigade Marchal, Corps Chasteler, detached Gruppe Leiningen (2 Companies of 3rd battalion). The 2nd Battalion was engaged severely at Wörgl and Söll, near Kufstein, by the Bavarians and was then surrounded and taken prisoner. The 1st and the 3rd Battalions were attached to the Brigade Marchal, Division Albert Gyulai, VIII Corps; some companies were also with Brigade Fenner Corps Chasteler then, Gruppe Ertel, Corps Chasteler and Brigade Schmidt, Corps Chasteler (3 Companies)

- Between Aspern and Wagram: 2 companies with Gruppe Ertel, also in the Gruppe Reissenfels, and in the detached Brigade Buol with 1 more battalion detached to the Division Jellačić. At Raab it was in the Jellačić Reserve, Brigade GM Gajoli, with the two Battalions ordered to defend Szabadhégy. Later 10 Companies with the Brigade Lutz, Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria, sent to defend the Pressburg bridgehead.

- After Wagram: at Pressburg with the detached Brigade Bianchi then 1 battalion  Brigade Buol and 1 battalion Division Jellačić.

K.K. IR 26 – FML Fürst Ludwig Hohenlohe Bartenstein – 3 battalions

Recruitment: Carinthia, Galicia ?? - 2 depot companies Brigade Vogl in Klagenfurt, Division Lippa under Kerpen. depot companies Brigade de Best, Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria.

Carinthia

Klagenfurt

26

Depot Kader

Klagenfurt

 

Commander: oberst

Franz von Mumb

 Count Christian Leiningen Westerburg

- Before Aspern: 3 Battalions Brigade Marchal, Division Albert Gyulai, VIII Corps later Brigade Marchal – always in Tyrol, temporarily also in battalion detachments (Brigade Buol, Fenner, detached Gruppe Leiningen or Regiment’s avant-garde), but always under Corps Chasteler, 2 Companies Brigade Vogl in Klagenfurt (Depot).On 21 April Oberstleutnant Leiningen passed the Adige fighting at Lavis, near Trento,which he reached the followinf day. At Volano, April 24, FML Chasteler attacked at the head of one of its Battalions.

- Between Aspern and Wagram: Brigade Buol, Corps Chasteler while 1 battalion was detached with the Gruppe Leiningen. By June 9 the remnant 1 ½ Battalions led by Chasteler reached at Gonobitz the IX Corps Gyulai and fought at Klagenfurt where three companies were taken prisoner. [5] In the meanwhile Leiningen, with his battalion (2nd), wathed the South Tyrol and marched to Bassano (June 3), then returning to Trento where, After the French attack of June 6, recovered his troops in the Trento’s castle (the Buon Consiglio). Rescue by the Tyrol’s insurgents, Leiningen left Trent and battered the Italians (French) at Rovereto and Ala (June 9).

- After Wagram: 1 battalion had been detached with Brigade Buol in order to defend the Inn valley.

K.K. IR 27 – FML  Count Leopold Strassoldo – 3 Battalions

Recruitment: Styria. - Initially: 2 depot companies Brigade and Division Lippa in Graz under Kerpen - Before Aspern: Reserve Division in Graz Corps Kerpen, or Corps Lippa - Between Aspern and Wagram: in Graz garrison of the Schlossberg

Styria

Graz - Marburg

27 - 45

Bruck - Judenburg

Depot Kader

Graz

 

Commander: oberst

Peter (Ignaz) Marchal de Perclat

from February Count Anton Lamezan-Salins

- Before Aspern: 3 Battalions Brigade Colloredo, Division Albert Gyulai, VIII Corps then Brigade and Division Colloredo, VIII Corps. Colonel Marchal becom a GM left the Regiment giving the command to colonel Lamezan-Salins, which now led 72 officer and 3202 men.

April 16 battle of Fontanafredda (Sacile): the Colloredo Brigade  was sent to support Frimont at Porcia. The battle was bloody and the Regiment lost: 258 dead, 599 wounded, 51 missing.

April 28 battle for the Alpone bridge: the Regiment gathered at Soave and a large patrol was attacked near a bridge on the stream Alpone. The 3rd Battalion (Oberstlieutenant Riebenfeld) made some actions and reconnaissances towards Costegiola, Cazzano and Illasi (12 dead and 25 wounded on April 29). The same day the 1st and 2nd Battalions took position at Soave where they were attacked by French: losses 46 dead, 65 wounded, 6 made prisoners and 11 missing.

On April 30 the 3rd Battalion together with  the 2nd Banal attacked monte Bastia and skirmish at Montecchio minore losing 12 dead and 27 wounded. The following attack against the castle of Illasi, near Verona, was repulsed by the Bonfanti Brigade ; the Battalions lost 29 dead, 115 wounded and 117 were made prisoners. Then came the general retreat order.

On May 8 it defended the Piave crossing fighting at La Priula and, then, it marched with the army rear guard. On May 11 fought at San Daniele and the following day at Venzone where it lost 11 dead and 49 wounded. After the wounds suffered by GM Colloredo the Brigade  was now led by Lamezan-Salins. The Regiment reached Tarvis and deployed at the left wing towards Flitsch (Plezzo) where, on May 17, it was attacked. The losse were heavy: 144 dead, 236 wounded, 141 missing and 164 prisoners. During the following retreat the 3rd Battalion (Major Schlitter) lost the contact and marched separately.

- Between Aspern and Wagram: On May 24 they gathered again together at Radkersburg. On June 1 the Depot Division left Graz and joined the Regiment in order to reinforce the 1st battalion. The day 12 it marched to St. Martin near Raab with Brigade  GM Lutz, Division FML Colloredo-Mannsfeld. They deployed left of Szabadhégy in battle order. On June 14 the French attacked the Regiment’s line. At Raab, later during the battle, the first 3 companies were detached with the 2nd Graz Landwehr Battalion Hummel in order to defend the Estate at Kis-Megyer. The losses were: 161 dead, 277 wounded, 197 prisoners, 131 missing.

The Regiment recovered to the Komorn fortress and bridgehead. From the former three Battalions they were be able to raise only a single unit plus a Division from the 3rd battalion. The strength of the Strassoldo was now 33 officers, 803 men. By June 23 they were assigned to the defense of the Pressburg bridgehead, which was attacked by the French from June 30 till 7 July.

- After Wagram: On day 11 they had to leave the bridgehead but a renewed French attack blocked the 2nd company of the combined Strassoldo battalion (Brigade Bianchi). The Depot Division defended the Graz castle’s hill. On August 18 died the Owner  Count Leopold Strassoldo (in December the Regiment will be assigned to Marquis Chasteler de Courcelles).

K.K. IR 43 – FML-FZM Baron Joseph Simbschen – 3 battalions

Recruitment: Krain – Depot Company: 2 Brigade Khevenhüller in Laibach, Division Lippa under Kerpen. After the peace it was disbanded at Vordernberg on February 1810.

Krain

Oberkrain

43

Unterkrain

Depot Kader

Laibach

 

Commander: oberst

Franz Bardarini von Kieselstein

 

- Before Aspern: considered the „National" Regiment of Carniola (today Slovenia) it began the campaign with the Brigade Kleinmayr, Division Gorupp, IX Corps Ignaz Gyulai. Later was enclosed in the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps . On May 8 it did fight at the Piave battle in the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps (see also above IR 13 for details). On May 10 it defended the river Tagliamento passage. Later 2 Companies were assigned to the Gruppe Dumontet (Ljubljana), IX Corps,[6] and other 2 Companies to the Brigade Khevenhüller, Reserve Troops in the South .

- Between Aspern and Wagram: fought at Graz with 1 and ½ Battalions with the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps. Later it was reorganized in the Brigade Bardarini (its commander), IX Corps.

The Inner-Austrian Landwehr Infantry

Innerösterreichische Landwehr

Landwehr 1809 Order of Battle

Commander: FML von Lippa.

1st Brigade  GM  Count Gavassini

Trieste - 2 battalions
Adelsberg - 4 battalions
Görz – 2 battalions

2nd Brigade  GM von Munkácsy

Laibach - 3 battalions
Neustädtl - 1 battalion

3rd Brigade  GM  Ritter von Fenner

Villach - 2 battalions
Klagenfurt - 3 battalions

4th Brigade  Oberst von Auracher

Judenburg - 2 battalions
Bruck an der Mur – 2 battalions  

5th Brigade  GM von Lutz

Cilli - 2 battalions
Marburg - 2 battalions

6th Brigade  GM Baron von Sebottendorf

Graz - 5 battalions

Reserve Troops

Commander: FML von Lippa

Strassoldo-Infantry - 2 depot companies
de Vaux- Infantry  - 2 depot companies
Lusignan- Infantry - 2 depot companies
Frimont-Husaren - 1 depot squadron
Grazer Landwehr  - 2 depot companies
Brucker Landwehr  - 2 depot companies
Judenburger Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Marburger Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Cillier Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Grenzkordon - 3 companies

GM  Graf Khevenhüller in Laibach

Reisky-Infantry  - 2 depot companies
Simbschen-Infantry  - 2 depot companies
Laibacher Landwehr  - 2 depot companies
Neustädtler Landwehr  - 2 depot companies
Adelsberger Landwehr  - 2 depot companies
Görzer Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Triester Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Grenzkordon - 6 companies

GM  Vogl in Klagenfurt

Hohenlohe . Bartenstein-Infantry- 2 depot companies
Klagenfurter Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Villacher Landwehr - 2 depot companies
Grenzkordon - 3 companies

Many of its units will be part of the later Division FML Jellačić de Buzim

Carinthian Landwehr – Kärntnerische Landwehr

Organisation:

1. Circle of Klagenfurt (Klagenfurter Kreis - 3 battalions)

2. Circle of Villach (Villacher Kreis - 2 battalions)

- Before Aspern: the 7 Battalions of the carinthian and styrian Landwehr were with the Corps Chasteler (4 in the Brigade von Buol). At Raab in the Brigade  GM Legisfeld, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

 

 

Circle of Klagenfurt

3 battalions in the Brigade Fenner in Klagenfurt, 2 depot companies in the Brigade Vogl in Klagenfurt, Division Lippa under Kerpen.

1st Battalion Klagenfurt - Major  Count Franz Ursenbeck

Before Aspern in the Brigade Buol, Corps Chasteler

2nd Battalion Althofen - Major Anton von Leiss

Before Aspern in the Corps Chasteler then in the Brigade Fenner.

3rd Battalion Lavamünd - Major  Count Douglas Dietrichstein

Before Aspern and from Aspern till Wagram: in the Brigade Buol, Corps Chasteler or in the Brigade Fenner .

 

 

Circle of Villach

2 battalions in the Brigade Fenner In Klagenfurt, 2 depot companies in the Brigade Vogl in Klagenfurt, Division Lippa under Kerpen.

1st Battalion Villach - Major  Count Johann Sardagna

Before Aspern: Brigade Fenner, Corps Chasteler later in the group Lodron then in the corps Reissenfels and finally in the Brigade Marchal.

2nd Battalion Sachsenburg - Major  Count Hieronymus Maria Lodron

later under Major  Count Anton La Motte

Before Aspern: in the Corps Chasteler, it was disbanded. Reorganized in June-July under the Army of Inner Austria.


 

Landwehr of Styria - Steiermärkische Landwehr

Organization:

1. Circle of Bruck (Brucker Kreis - 2 battalions)
2. Circle of Cillj (Cillier Kreis - 2 battalions)
3. Circle of Graz (Grazer Kreis - 5 Battalions)
4. Circle of Judenburg (Judenburger Kreis - 2 battalions)
5. Circle of Marburg (Marburger Kreis - 2 battalions)

Circle of Bruck (Brucker)

1st Battalion Mürzzuschlag - Major Franz von Stransky

- Before Aspern: with the Brigade Auracher, Corps Chasteler later with the autonomous Division Jellačić.

- till Wagram: with the Division Jellačić, Army of Inner Austria.

2nd Battalion Leoben – Major Ignaz von Gollnhofer

- Before Aspern: in the Brigade Auracher, Corps Chasteler then with the Brigade Fenner.

- till Wagram: with the Division Jellačić, Army of Inner Austria.

- After Wagram: was raised the 1st combined Steiermärkisches Landwehr Battalion from the 1st Battalion Mürzzuschlag and the remnants [7] of the 2nd Bn. Leoben.

The "Brucker" as a group:

- Initially 2 battalionswith the Brigade Auracher in Leoben, 2 depot companies with the Brigade Lippa in Graz, Division Lippa under Kerpen then:

- Before Aspern: with the Corps Chasteler - 1 battalion with the Brigade Auracher, Corps Chasteler and also 3 more companies with the Brigade Auracher, Corps Lippa –2 more companies in the Reserve Truppen Lippa , then 1 battalion with the Brigade Fenner, Corps Chasteler. Finally 1 battalion with the Brigade Marchal, Corps Chasteler.

- till Wagram: 1 battalion with the Army of Inner Austria - 1/3 battalion with the Division Jellačić, Army of Inner Austria. At Raab in the Brigade  GM Legisfeld, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

Circle of Cillj (today Celje – Slovenia) Cillier

1st Battalion Cilli - Major Johann Nepomuk Schmelzern

- from Aspern till Wagram: At the time of St.Michael battle (May 15) with Brigade GM Lutz, Division FML. Albert Gyulai. Then with the Division Jellačić, Army of Inner Austria. At Raab in the Brigade  GM Gajoli, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

2nd Battalion Peilenstein - Major Baron Franz Leuzendorf

- Before Aspern: At the time of St.Michael battle (May 15) with Brigade GM Lutz, Division FML. Albert Gyulai. Then with Jellačić (autonomous)

The Cillier as a group:

2 battalions with the Brigade Lutz in Marburg, 2 depot companies with the Brigade Lippa in Graz, Division Lippa under Kerpen.

- Before Aspern: with Kerpen (Reserve of Inner Austria)

with the Brigade Lutz, Corps Lippa 2 battalions
with the Reserve "Truppen" Lippa 2 companies

- Before Wagram: 2/3 battalion with the der Army of Inner Austria - 1 battalion with the Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria.

Circle of Graz (Grazer)

1st Battalion Graz, Stadt Major  Count Hrzan

then Major Sigmund Mahlern von Mahlenstein

- Before Aspern: with the IX Corps, Army of Inner Austria. depot companies in Graz.

- Before Wagram: in Graz later with the Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria

- After Wagram: in Graz

2nd Battalion Eggenburg - Oberstlieutenant Johann Ludwig Hummel

- Before Wagram: with the Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria. At Raab with Brigade  GM Lutz, Division FML  Colloredo-Mannsfeld. Later, during the battle, it was detached with one battalion Strassoldo infantry in order to defend the Szabadhégy bridge (detachment Oberst  Count von Salins).

3rd Battalion Wilden - Major Cäsar von Viola

then Major Ignaz Lescynsky

- Before Wagram: in Graz then with the Army of Inner Austria. depot companies in Graz.

- After Wagram: disbanded, its remnants to the 2nd Marburger battalion.

4th Battalions Fürstenfeld - Major Conte Joseph Zenone

- Before Aspern: with the Army of Inner Austria

- Before Wagram: Brigade Best, Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria. At Raab in the Brigade  GM Gajoli, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

5th Battalions Hartberg - Major Baron Joseph Kottulinsky

- Before Aspern Brigade Best, Division Colloredo, Army of Inner Austria

- Before Wagram: At Raab in the Brigade  GM Gajoli, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

The Grazer as a group: 5 Battalions with the Brigade Sebottendorf, 2 depot companies with the Brigade Lippa in Graz, Division Lippa under Kerpen

- Before Aspern: with the Brigade Sebottendorf, Corps Lippa 5 Battalions and with the Reserve Truppen Lippa 2 companies. At the time of St.Michael battle (May 15) all five battalionswere with the Brigade GM Sebottendorf by Mobiles Korps bei Villach: Division FML Frimont.

Circle of Judenburg (Judenburger)

1st Battalion Judenburg - Major Baron Tartler

then Major Baron Franz Werner

- Before Aspern: Brigade Auracher, Corps Chasteler then with the Division Jellačić (autonomous)

- Before Wagram: with the Division Jellačić. At Raab in the Brigade  GM Sebottendorf, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

2nd Battalion Rottenmann - Major Johann Nepomuk Schiffer

- Before Aspern: with the VIII Corps, disbanded at the May end, remnants merged with the 1st battalion

- Before Wagram: 1st and 2nd battalionswere merged (1/2 battalions) and remained with the Division Jellačić, Army of Inner Austria.

Judenburger as a group: 2 battalions with the Brigade Auracher in Leoben, 2 depot companies with Lippa in Graz, Division Lippa under Kerpen

- Before Aspern: with the Brigade Auracher, Corps Lippa 2 battalions and later with the Reserve "Truppen" Lippa, 2 companies.

- Before Wagram: with the Division Colloredo or Frimont, Army of Inner Austria

Circle of Marburg (today Maribor Slovenia) Marburger

1st Battalion Marburg - Major  Count Alois Khuenburg

- Before Aspern: with the main Reserve for the borders defence. At the time of St.Michael battle (May 15) with Brigade GM Lutz, Division FML. Albert Gyulai.

2nd Battalion Pettau - Major Heinrich Spormacher

then Major Ignaz Leszinsky (After Wagram: Battalions Schenkel)

- Before Aspern: with the main Reserve at Klagenfurt later with the Brigade GM Lutz,Division Albert Gyulai, VIII Corps . The two Battalions were merged Before the battle of Aspern.

- Before Wagram: again raised in Pettau and with Raab.

As a group: 2 battalions with the Brigade Lutz in Marburg, 2 depot companies with the Brigade Lippa in Graz, Division Lippa under Kerpen and then with the Brigade Lutz, Corps Lippa, 2 battalions finally with the Res. Truppen Lippa 2 companies.

Landwehr of Carniola – Istria – Gorizia and Coastlands

(Krain-Küstenländische - Istrische) Landwehr

Organisation:

1. Circle of Adelsberg (Postojna) (Adelsberger Kreis - 4 battalions)
2. Circle of Görz (Görzer Kreis - 2 battalions)
3. Circle of Ljubljana (Laibacher Kreis - 3 battalions)
4. Circle of Neustädtl (Neustädtler Kreis - 4 battalions)
5. Circle of Trieste – Free Port of Trieste (Triester Kreis - 2 battalions)

Circle of Adelsberg (Postojna) Adelsberger

4 battalions with the Brigade Gavassini in Trieste, 2 depot companies with the Brigade Khevenhüller in Laibach (Ljubljana), Division Lippa under Kerpen.

1st Battalion Mitterburg (Pisino) - Major Emerich Pisino de Villa de Castella

then Hauptmann Carl von Schiwitzhoffen

- Before Aspern: with the Army of Inner Austria. At the time of St.Michael battle (May 15) with Brigade GM Lutz, Division FML. Albert Gyulai, then in Croatia.

2nd Battalion Lippa - Major de Pretier

then Major Baron Joseph Lazarini

It was with the der Army of Inner Austria then at Fiume

3rd Battalion Adelsberg - Major Baron Joseph Lazarini

disbanded before Aspern.

4th battalion Loitsch - Major Luxetich von Lichtenfeld

- Before Aspern: practically destroyed on the battlefields.

No other available data upon the single Battalions The whole group:

- Before Aspern: with the Brigade Kálnássy, IX. Corps

with the Brigade Gavassini, 2nd Hauptkolonne Knesevich (4 battalions)

with the Brigade Gavassini, Corps Lippa, Army of Inner Austria (4 battalions)

with the Brigade Khevenhüller, Reserve troops in the South 2 companies.

then with the detached brig.Tommasich, Army of Inner Austria.

- Between Aspern and Wagram: 4 battalions with the IX Corps. At Raab in the Brigade  GM Sebottendorf, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

Circle of Görz or Gorizia (Görzer)

2 battalions with the Brigade Gavassini in Trieste, Division Lippa under Kerpen .

1st Battalion Görz – Major  Count Peter Coronini-Cronberg

- Before Aspern: with the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps then with the Brigade Gavassini, IX Corps.

2nd Battalion Tolmein - Major Elias von Bubanovich

- Before Aspern: at Prewald and Obtschina, then with the Brigade Gavassini, IX Corps. In June was in Croatia .

As a group: before Aspern 4 companies with the Brigade Dumontet, IX Corps. After were with the Brigade Gyurkovich, 2nd Hauptkolonne Knesevich and also in the Brigade Gavassini, Corps Lippa, Army of Inner Austria (2 battalions). Later they were with the Brigade Khevenhüller, Reserve troops in South with 2 companies Finally the 2 battalions were deployed along the Isonzo river. Before Wagram 2 battalions with the IX Corps.

Circle of Laibach (Laibacher)

1st  battalion Laibach – Major  Count Joseph Thurn von Bleyburg

- Before Aspern: At the time of St.Michael battle (May 15) with Brigade GM Lutz, Division FML. Albert Gyulai. Then was with the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps . Before Wagram in Croatia.

2nd Battalion Radmannsdorf - Major Vitalis von Pasquali

- Before Aspern: It was surprised at Ljubljana and made prisoner on „parole".

3rd Battalion practically not raised (disbanded Before the war) – under Millautz ??

Laibacher as a group:

2 battalions with the Brigade Munkácsy in Laibach, 2 Depotkomp. with the Brigade Khevenhüller in Laibach, Division Lippa under Kerpen.

- Before Aspern: 2 battalions with the Brigade Munkácsy, 2nd Hauptkolonne Knesevich, Army of Inner Austria. One battalion was on watch along the Isonzo river but was also part of the Brigade Munkácsy, Corps Lippa, (2 battalions) Then 2 companies were with the Brigade Khevenhüller, Reserve troops in South.

- Before Wagram: the 2 battalions with the IX Corps.

Circle of Neustädtl (Neustädtler)

1st Unterkrainer battalion Neustädtl - Oberstleutnant Friedrich von Reuttenberg

then Hauptmann Franz Xaver von Langer

- Before Aspern: at Sachsenburg as garrison (till the end of May). Then returned to Neustädtl. In June, when Du Montet occupied Laibach, it reached the Du Montet Streifskorps. After the armistice marched till Szamobor (Croatia) . There the main part of the battalion deserted.

2nd Battalion Gottschee - Major Franz von Borwitz

then Major Joseph Albrecht

- Before Aspern: at Prewald - After Wagram: disbanded

3rd Battalion Tschernembl - Major Dabrovich

then Major Franz Scherer

- Before Aspern: with the VIII Corps with garrison tasks.

4th battalion not completely raised - Hauptmann Millautz ?? or Major Baron Carl von Obermayer ?

- other possible commanders Baron Obernberg ? or Major Vitali. ??

Neustädtler as a group:

- Before Aspern: 4 battalions at Prewald then to the build up of the fortress of Laibach also with the Brigade Kálnássy, IX Corps . As for other sources: with the Brigade Munkácsy, 2nd Hauptkolonne Knesevich, Army of Inner Austria and also with the Brigade Munkácsy, Corps Lippa (all 4 battalions). Later committed with the Brigade Khevenhüller, Reserve troops in the South, 2 companies. After Aspern 3 battalions with the IX Corps - After Wagram: in Krain (Krajna).

Note: Rudolfswerther Kreis = Neustädtler Kreis

Free City of Trieste

Trieste City Volunteers or Thurnsche (Thurn’s) Jäger see also Triester Freikorps [8]

Trieste Free-Corps or Triester Freikorps = Triester freiwillige Jägerkorps

Recruitment: practically it was the Landwehr of Trieste, but recruited by volunteering. The depot companies were 2 with the Brigade Khevenhüller in Laibach, Division Lippa under Kerpen.

On June 28, 1808 the archduke Johann and the Inner Austria commissioner  Count Franz Saurau came in Trieste in order to organize the defense on the new borders After the Pressburg treaty. The citizens were liberated from military duties providing they raise some Landwehr units, which had the task to protect the traffic from sea to the territory (supplies, ammunitions etc.).

The basic uniform of this new Cordon soldiers was:

light grey trousers (in summer also like current "bermuda" pants), green coat with red facings, golden buttons and round hats with red-white-red cockade (similar to that of Krain). The men were recruited in the Trieste’s territory and the officers were assigned by the Governor. The Cordon battalion was ready in March 1809. The pay was 10 Kreuzer per day.

Citizen Paul Hammer launched a private subscription which granted to soldiers an utter 5 Gulden (Fl.) fee per month. Major  Count Paul Brigido, son of the former Trieste’s Governor, was the first commander; then followed Major  Count Raimund Thurn, as commander of the territorialmiliz.

1st Battalion Triester Stadtmiliz or battalion Triester Freikorps – Major  Count Paul Brigido also called City Jäger. The 1st Battalion under Brigido gathered itself in the Lazareth barracks by March 26.

Before Aspern: battalion Brigido reached the army in Friuli (a fusilier battalion with 2 Jäger companies); they went with Brigade Gavassini, IX Corps Gyulai. The Triester Corps (3 Battalions under Brigido) were, on May 16, at Prewald. The following day the were attacked by the French of Broussier. The Triester lost 182 men and lots of wounded. The fact alarmed the city while the French approched from Opicina. With the French occupation the Trieste garrison (2000 men) was made prisoner and sent to France. On June 3 the French general Schilt ordered to give all weapons, austrian badges to the Police. On June 25 at Neustadtl and Rann the three Trieste Battalions were disbanded but Thurn decided to continue the fight. See After.

2nd Battalion Triester Territorialmiliz or 2nd Bn. Triester Freikorps – Major  Count Raimund Thurn also called Thurn’s (Thurnsche) Jäger. In March the 2nd Battalion under Thurn gathered near Prosecco.

Before Aspern: part of the battalion was committed, under the military governor Major Baron von Cazzan, for the seizing of Capodistria (together with the 3rd hungarian battalion of the town and some cavalry). The operation was concluded in April with the support of a British frigate from the sea. Later a second Miliz battalion was raised, always under Thurn, and followed Brigido in Friuli with Brigade Gavassini, IX Corps Gyulai. The Triester task force (3 battalions) had task to defend Palmanova and Medea. The Thurn’s Battalions then reached the lower Krain till June 25, when the 3 battalions were disbanded. Otherwise it was allowed to  Count Thurn to raise a volunteer Jäger battalion and to march with them towards Styria. Under FML Gyulai at Graz (June 25) 2 companies fought in the Avant-Garde GM Splényi.

3rd Battalion Triester Territorialmiliz raised in March 1809 under  Count Thurn. Disbanded June 25.

Triester Jäger-Freikorps (2 compagnies)

Volunteer Battalion of Merchants and Noblemen.

Summary

Lands

 

Summary of the Landwehr units on 1809 year (by Lubomír Uhlíř)

Circles – regional Districts

Number of Battalions

 
 

Styria

 

Graz

5

 

Judenburg

2

 

Marburg

2

 

Bruck

2

 

Cilli

2

 

Total

13

 
 

Carinthia

 

Klagenfurt

3

 

Villach

2

 

Total

5

 
 

Carniola

Krain und Küstenland

Laibach

3

Oberkrain had the whole Bezirk Kranj (Krainburg), and part of the Bezirk Ljubljana (Laibach). Unterkrain was the southern part of the Bezirk Ljubljana (Laibach), cities of: Novo mesto (Rudolfswert), Kočevje (Gottschee), Krško (Gurkfeld), Postojna (Adelsberg).

Görz

2[9]

 

Adelsberg

4

 

Neustädtl

4

 

Trieste

2[10]

 

Total

15

 

1809 – Volunteers Units of Inner Austria  

Free Corps of Dalmatia (Dalmatiner Freikorps) – Major Michael Ugarovich

Never in battles. Group of dalmatian volunteers did fight at Gospic.

Volunteers of Inner Austria (Innerösterreichische Freibataillone)

Volunteers from Kärnten, Steiermark, Krain-Küstenland

1st Battalion Graz und Bruck – Major Chevalier Nikolaus Fitzgerald

-  Before Aspern: split with Chasteler

- Before Wagram: part with Kerpen part with Plunquet At Raab battle with Division FML  Colloredo-Mannsfeld, Brigade  GM Marziani.

2nd Battalion Salzburger Jäger (see After)

3rd Battalion Klagenfurt – Major  Count Anton Triangi

- Before Wagram: with the Brigade Schmidt

- After Wagram: idem and then with von Buol

4th battalion Laibach – Major Baron Joseph Dumontet

- Before Aspern: with IX Corps . Major Dumontet (Du Montet) organized a special Streifscorps with which he captured the capital town Laibach in June. Then it was assigned to him the title of Commander of the Observation Corps in Krain.

Free Corps of Istria (Istrier Freikorps)

- ??? no mention.

Free Corps Luxheim (Freikorps Erzherzog Johann Freiwilige) commander Baron Ferdinand Luxheim.

- After Wagram: in Pustertal (East Tyrol)

Salzburger Jäger or 2nd Innerösterreichisches Freibataillon


- Owner: Archduke Johann of Austria (see also Salzburg)

- Commander: Major Baron Paul Thurn-und-Taxis

- Before Aspern:

2 companies in the Brigade Buol, Chasteler then 2 companies in the Brigade Fenner, Chasteler

2 companies in the detached Division Jellačić

3 companies with Taxis, Bartholdy

4 companies with Martin Teimer insurgents.

- at Aspern: 4 companies with Chasteler

- Between Aspern and Wagram: with the detached Brigade Buol then in the Group Reissenfels – with Hauptmann Taxis - 1 companies with Oberstleutnant Taxis - 1 companies with Teimer and also in Vorarlberg with Camichel . At Raab in the Brigade  GM Sebottendorf, Division FML Franz Jellačić.

- at Wagram: 2 companies in the Brigade Eckhart, Division Frimont, Army of Inner Austria.

- After Wagram: Brigade Buol, Chasteler.

Trieste’s Volunteer  Battalion of Merchants and Noblemen.

(Kaufleute und Patrizier Corps) Had mainly port control duties. During the first days of the new French (Italian Kingdom) occupation the most important traders and merchants of Trieste, around 30 citizens, were sent (arrested) at Palmanova fortress in Friuli. The Landwehr was then disbanded.

Notes

[1] As a possible Austrian sea-victory Robert Goetz told this:

"There is also the little action of Porto Quieto, but there the Austrians had a little help from their friends.

23 March 1797: The French army marches into Trieste and the Austrian Trieste flotilla (the 14-gun shebeks/xebecs Coloredo and Henrici plus 12 x 3-gun gunboats) under the command of Captain Simpson put to sea, escorting approx. 40 merchantmen that were evacuating artillery and stores from Trieste. 20 miles south of Trieste they encountered a French squadron - Brune (22), Bonaparte (8), Liberateur d'Italie (8), Corse (10) and two storeships under the command of Captain Sibille. Simpson put into the Venetian harbor of Porto Quieto, forming his flotilla in line across the harbor mouth. The French closed for the attack and the opposing forces exchanged "hot fire", but the Venetian SoL Eolo (70) which just happened to be in the harbor brought her broadside to bear and drove off the French. The convoy was then able to proceed unmolested. Without the Eolo it's hard to say what may have happened. Simpson had more guns, but Sibille had the bigger vessels.

That's about the closest to Austrian naval victory I can come up, and it hardly matches the glory of the Delphino! "

[2] Other source put the regiment with the Oguliner still with GM Gavassini but the official history tells the Reinskt was with GM Kálnássy. Mandel Fryderyk, Geschichte des k. u. k. Infanterie-Regiments Guidobald Graf von Starhemberg Nr. 13. Krakau: 1893.

[3] There the Generalmajor Franz Marziani got, as award, the surname "von Sacile".

[4] Letter from FZM Kerpen to Archduke John: " .... Major Hacker is no more in Graz. The command of the Schlossberg garrison is now assigned to Hauptmann Mayer von Rystel which has 800 men from the Lusignan and Strassoldo Depots and from Landwehr depot units."

Hans von Zwiedineck-Südenhorst, Die Geschichte des Krieges von 1809 in Steiermark: Regesten und Actenstücke aus dem Nachlasse das Herzogs Johann im Gräflichen Meran'schen Archive zu Graz, Leylam , Graz 1892.       

[5] The return of Marquis Chasteler from Tyrol was very difficult. On June 9 he wrote to the Archduke John from Weitenstein: "Today I am at Weitenstein with 3 Bns. Johann Jellacic infantry, 2 Bns. Hohenlohe Bartenstein, 1 weak battalion Archduke Franz Karl, 3 Comp. of Banat, 5 sqns. Hohenzollern Chevaulégers, 1 Bn. Carinthian Landwehr, 1 Bn. Stirian Landwehr, the 9th Jäger, 2 pieces of 6 pdrs., 5 guns of 3 pdrs. and 1 howitzer."

Zwiedineck-Südenhorst op.cit. pag. 21.

[6] In Lower Carniola (Unterkrain) was raised a special Group (Streifcorps) led by Baron Du Montet (Dumontet), commander of the 4th battalion of Inner Austria Volunters. It was left behind when Gyulai retreated inside Croatia. The Group was formed by 2 Comp. of Simbschen regiment, six companies of Croatian Landwehr, the 4th Inner Austria Volunteers (people from Gorizia, Trieste and Carniola) and 1 squadron of Frimont hussars. At the time Ljubljana had a French seizing garrison of 1200 men and 200 cavalrymen in the castle.  On June 27 Du Montet attacked. The town was assaulted by four columns: the main of Du Montet and another, from an opposite direction, by Hauptmann Ballerini at the city gates. A third column (Hauptmann Colson) was launched against the Carlstädt bridge and finally a 4th column (Hauptmann Francolini) entered the walls along the river Laibach by boats.

August Dimitz, Geschichte Krains: Vom regierungsantritte Leopold I. (1657) bis auf das ende der französischen herrschaft in Illyrien (1813) Band 4 Von der ältesten Zeit bis auf das Jahr 1813. Mit besonderer Rücksicht auf Culturentwicklung, Verlag I. v. Kleinmayr & F. Bamberg, 1876.

[7] The term "remnants" here relates above all upon losses by desertion, instead of men lost on battlefields.

[8] Löwenthal, I., Geschichte der Stadt Triest, Band 2, Verlag Lloyd, 1859.

[9] Residents never organized a third battalion

[10] The battalions were known as Triester Volunteers Jäger or (Triestes Freijäger-Corps). The 1st battalion originated from the Trieste town milice (Stadt-Miliz). The 2nd battalion from the territorial milice (Territorial-Miliz) and were also called as Thurn Jäger.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2010

 

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