Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

The Austrian Imperial-Royal Army (Kaiserliche-Königliche Heer) 1805 – 1809:

The Lost Districts [1]

By Enrico Acerbi

Austrian Recruitment System

When the foreign mercenaries were not enough to make war, in the 17th century, came into the scene the “standing armies”, changing the recruitment systems. Instead of being hired for explicit military operations, mercenaries were now recruited as permanent elements of armies. So called “standing armies” often required replacements of troopers lost through deaths, illnesses, desertions and discharges in peacetime, and, of course, of those killed in battles. The peacetime attrition for desertion was relatively low, running at approximately from a 6 per cent of total strength each year in Prussia till about 10 per cent in other German armies and Austria. [2] War more than doubled these rates, in particular for Austria during the operations in the Balkans against the Turks. Native fellow citizens, who were not volunteers, had an high rate of desertions in comparison to who chose to make war as a job or for necessity. So many armies continued to enroll foreigners (Ausländer).

Foreign recruitment was part of what was called the “company economy”, a system largely devolved to officers who had to maintain their units in return for fixed costs. So many recruiting parties often clashed over the right to recruit in particular areas, causing friction with the local authorities. Adherence to constitutional propriety was vital for the Habsburgs, who had to preserve a certain German goodwill.

To minimize troubles, the monarchy began, in the early eighteenth century, to entrust its recruitment within the Reich (Reichswerbung) to a general, who coordinated the recruiting areas of different regiments and negotiated with the local princes for authorizations. This system, revised in 1765 and part of a wider reform of Habsburg recruitment, had this requisite:

- the possibility to enroll men from the Habsburg hereditary lands (called Erbländer) assigning each infantry regiment to one of the new created recruitment districts (Werberayons). These districts were almost determined by the administrative and geographical Kreis structure.

A central management was allowed by the organization of a permanent office of the “Reichswerbungs-Direktor” or Director of Recruitment within the Reich in Frankfurt. They also actually offered to the men standardized enlistment agreements (Capitulationen) for several year periods.

This Reichswerbung system was initially intended to provide one third of the German infantry, with the residue coming from the Habsburg inner lands. Surplus recruits were to be sent to other military branches or even to the cavalry, which were otherwise excluded from Reichswerbung, as the higher social prestige and better wages of the “riders” attracted always many native volunteers. The monarchy’s Italian, Netherlandish and Hungarian infantry regiments drew on local fellows, though it was obvious that units stationed in Italy were actually permitted to recruit in the Reich territory.

Till 1806 Austrian recruited in the former Holy Roman Empire territories (das Reich)[3] or their hereditary lands as the Emperor, Kaiser Franz II, was also the Holy Roman Emperor. The Empire was formally dissolved on August 6, 1806 when the last Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (from 1804, Emperor Francis I of Austria) abdicated, following a military defeat by the French under Napoleon (see Treaty of Pressburg). Napoleon reorganised much of the empire into the Confederation of the Rhine, a French satellite. Franz, now only I[4], was forced to abandon the Reichswerbung and to issue new recruitment provisions.

It was so stated to create a sort of National Borders Enlistment system in order to allow the “catching” either of foreigners, either of former Austrian “Roman Empire” citizens, who wanted to serve under the “doubleheaded eagle” banners. This was called the Konfinen-Werbung [5]  and substituted the former enrollment organization.

Now the recruits came from the national inscriptions to the levy lists (Assentierung), from volunteering and from the foreigners (Ausländer).

The old external recruitments were a dangerous, but often lucrative activity for all military personnel. The officers and men sent out to recruit not only received special bonuses, but were outside the routine surveillance of their superiors. The success of their mission depended on finding sufficient men and bringing them safely back to their garrison, with or without the consent of the local authorities. The easiest way was to recruit by establishing a post in an inn and parading through the streets in dashing uniforms, accompanied by attractive women, while bandsmen played trumpets and drums and others swigged mugs of beer and sang army songs. Officers generally stayed well out of the way of such action which was left to trusted NCOs, often with local knowledge, who would bring their recruits across the frontier to where their superiors were waiting, frequently in a coach hired from a nearby imperial city. The system remained the same, otherwise acting immediately at the borders of the Empire, not abroad, and attracting recruits with higher fees than regular enlisted men.

The Austrian Netherlands

The Netherlands had 17 provinces, seven of whom “... renouncing the Spanish Crown, and abjuring the Religion, generated a republic named Heretical Netherlands or United Provinces of Holland; this last name taken from their main province. Other 10 territories formed the Catholic Netherlands, or Flanders, a territory which was mainly Austrian, partially French and partially Dutch.” This told an ancient Encyclopaedia.

Austria ruled on these provinces:

Brabant: divided into Dutch and Austrian. The Dutch Brabant had four Cantons: Bergue-op-Zoom, Breda, Herzogenbusch (Bois-le Duc), Maastricht, on the Liegeois, which was an important place on which Austria claimed some rights. The Austrian Brabant also had 4 cantons: Brusselles, the capital of all Austrian territories, Antwerpen, Mechelen or Malines and Leuween (Lovanium).

Austrian Flanders: divided into 3 parts (Quartiers): Gantz or Ghent, Bruges and Ypres. This territor had two ports at sea: Ostende and Nieuport.

County of Hannonia (Hainaut): with the capital Mons.
County of Namur
County of Artesia (Artois): capital Arras
County of Cambresis: capital Cambrai
County of Liege:
Duchy of Limburg
Duchy of Luxemburg

Austrian Netherlands lasted from 1713 till 1794 when were seized by France (1794-1815). This region comprised most of modern Belgium (except the officially lower Rhinesh  Prince-Bishopric of Liège) and Luxembourg (including the homonymous present Belgian province).

The term more used to indicate the troops coming from those regions was: Wallonien regimenter. To many modern Walloons, Wallonia means "land of the valleys". This could be the real etymology of the word, as the part of Wallonia where Walloon language is traditionally spoken (the provinces of Liege, Namur and Luxembourg) is one of the hilliest region of Europe, and contrasts sharply with the flatness of Flanders.

Till 1794 there were recruited the personnel for regiments n. 9, 30, 38, 55, 58.

The Austrian Northern Italy

In Italy, Austria had recruited, above all, in Lombardy and Milan (former spanish Milanesado) the two historical italian regiments n. 44 (once Belgiojoso) and n. 48 (once Caprara). After Campoformido (1797) and for a short time, Austria recruited in Venetia (reg. n. 63 and n. 46) and Friuli (reg. n. 13). Obviously in 1809 with Eugène de Beauharnais ruling the Italian Kingdom and Bavaria ruling Trento, Austria did not have any italian district for recruitment.

The „Further Austria“ (Vorder-Österreich)

Further Austria or Anterior Austria (German: Vorderösterreich, die Vorlande) was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in Baden and Swabia (south-western Germany), Alsace and in Vorarlberg after the focus of the Habsburgs had moved to Austria.

Further Austria comprised the Sundgau (southern Alsace) and the Breisgau east of the Rhine (including Freiburg im Breisgau after 1368) and included some scattered territories throughout Swabia, the largest being the margravate of Burgau in the area of Augsburg and Ulm. Some territories in Vorarlberg that belonged to the Habsburgs were also considered part of Further Austria. In the Peace of Pressburg of 1805, Further Austria was entirely dissolved and the formerly Habsburg territories were assigned to Bavaria, Baden and Württemberg.

The austro-german soldiers from Breisgau, Ortenau and Nellesburg were always recruited in the IR 41 .

Tirol and the Vorarlberg

Following defeat by Napoleon in 1805, Austria was forced to cede Tirol to the new Kingdom of Bavaria after the Peace of Pressburg. [6] Tirol as a part of Bavaria became a member of the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. The Tiroleans rose up against the Bavarian authority and succeeded twice in defeating Bavarian and French troops trying to retake the country. Austria lost the war of the Fifth Coalition against France, and got even harsher terms in the Treaty of Schönbrunn in 1809. Often glorified as Tirol's national hero, Andreas Hofer, the leader of the Insurgency, was executed in 1810 in Mantua, having lost the final battle against the French and Bavarian forces. Tirol remained divided under Bavarian and Italian authority for another four years before being reunified and returned to Austria following the decisions at the Congress of Vienna in 1814.

Vorarlberg was a part of Further Austria, and parts of the area were ruled by the Counts Montfort of Vorarlberg. However, its recruitment mainly followed the same ways of the Tirolean units. It recruited for the IR 41 of Further Austria and for the Tirolean IR 46, which was disbanded in 1807 in order to raise the Jäger regiment, from which came the idea to form the Feldjäger battalions of 1809.

1809 TYROL REBELLION

CAUTION !! ALL LISTED UNITS BELOW

WERE CONSIDERED AS “REBEL UNITS”

SINCE TIROL WAS UNDER BAVARIAN RULE IN 1808 - 1809

In 1806 was begun the complete subordination of Tirol under a Generalkommissär (in the person of the previous Hofkommissär Count Arco), after the example of the other Bavarian provinces, with the dismantlement of the old regional establishment. It was continued with the abolition of the regional Monasteries and the collection of the taxes by statal organizations from the administration of states or by the Rentämter (tax offices) assigned to the District courts; with the Bavarian constitution, dating from 1st May, 1808, the “Reform” was finished. With the new organisation in Circles (Departments), after the example of the French system of departments, the new names after rivers ruined the people rooted historical traditions in Tirol.

The Highest Authorities choose a national representative office, which had only the right of laws agreement. The privilege of a Circle was essentially the choice (election) of the national representatives, a task by which they knew just fine how to hijack the government.

The name Tirol was cancelled, Inn-, Eisack and the Adige Circles stepped to its place. The Tirol family castle was sold to a private - a business which the people had to feel as very characteristic

The question whether the abolition of the constitution violated the Pressburg’s peace was answered by the research, from the knowledge of the legal historian's Voltolini, in negative sense. Considering the Pressburger regulations, Tirol should come with the same Prärogativen and rights as Bavaria and, “non autrement” - not in a different way - than in the time when Austria possessed it; because of the new constitution Bavaria violated that right and Tirol got a step backwards. Baron Josef von Hormayr put this violation as the main cause of the revolt, and it was also declared by Archduke John in his unambiguously call as a breach of contract.

The Bavarian Kingdom was so divided into 15 Regions (Districts or Kreise) which were created in 1808 with the administration reforms of the Bavarian Minister count Montgelas. He enclosed the former part of austrian Tirol in five Kreise:

1-     Illerkreis (with Vorarlberg)
2-     Innkreis
3-     Eisackkreis
4-     Etschlkreis
5-     Salzburg or Salzachkreis.

The so called Tiroler Landesverteidigung (land defence), therefore, had its own divisions, which (secretly) respected the ancient organization of the Tirol’s inner recruitment. These military division got the name of Contingents (of troopers) or Aufgebote and the land soldiers got the ancient name of “shields of the Fatherland” or Schützen.

The XII Illerkreis had one independent town, Lindau on Bodensee and the following Landsgerichte (territorial Courts or land administrative provinces):

Bregenz - Buchhorn - Dornbirn - Feldkirch - Füssen - Grönenbach - Immenstadt - Inner-Bregenzer-Wald - Kempten - Leutkirch - Lindau - Montafon - Oberdorf (Marktoberdorf) - Obergünzburg - Ravensburg - Reutte (but till 1810 it was part of the Innkreis) - Schongau - Sonnenberg - Sonthofen - Tettnang - Wangen - Weiler

The Tiroler XIII Innkreis had the town of Innsbruck and the Landgerichte of:

Fürstenburg - Glurns - Hall - Imst - Innsbruck - Kitzbühel - Kufstein -Landeck - Rattenberg - Reutte - Schwaz - Silz - Steinach - Stubai - Telfs .

The Tiroler XIV Eisackkreis had the towns of Brixen (now Bressanone, Italy) and Bozen (now Bolzano, Italy) and the Landgerichte:

Bozen - Brixen - Bruneck (Brunico) - Klausen (Chiusa) - Lienz - Meran (Merano) – Sillian.

The Welsch Tirol or Trentino  (XV Etschlkreis) had the town of Trento (Trient) and the Landgerichte of:

Condino - Cles - Malè - Mezzolombardo (Welschmez) - Trient (Trento) - Cavalese - Rovereto (Roveredo) – Civezzano (val Cembra) - Riva - Pergine – Levico.

Finally the Salzachkreis had the capital at Burgshausen and the free town of Salzburg with some Tirolean lands as the Landgerichte (here Pfleggerichte) :

Fügen – Lungau – Pinzgau – Pongau – Zillertal – Matrey.

The 1806 Bavarian Districts and Cantons (Kreise and Vierteln)

I Kreis

Unterinntal and Wipptal

1st Viertel Unterinntal

2nd Viertel Wipptal

II Kreis

Oberinntal

3rd Viertel Oberinntal

4th Viertel Oberer Vintschgau

III Kreis

Etsch, Burggrafenamt, Vinschgau

4th Viertel Unterer Vintschgau

5th Viertel Burggrafenamt

6th Viertel Etschland

IV Kreis

Wipp- and Pustertal

7th Viertel Eisacktal

8th Viertel Pustertal

V Kreis

Trient

 

VI Kreis

Roveredo and Italian Border

9th Viertel Roveredo, Italian Border

VII Kreis

Vorarlberg.

 

In addition part of Salzburg and Carinthian districts.

After 1808

XII Kreis

Illerkeis (Vorarlberg)

 

XIII Kreis

Innkreis (northern Tirol)

 

XIV Kreis

Eisackkreis (southern Tirol)

 

XV Kreis

Etschkreis (Wälschtirol or Italian Tirol

 

During the revolt the Bavarian Administration decided another order for the national defense, on April 1809: only Innkreis, Eisackkreis, Etschkreis, but this lasted a very short time.

More important were the autonomous “rebels” organization or, from 4 June 1809:

the Inntal (Oberkommandant Martin Teimer), the southern Tirol (Oberkommandant Andreas Hofer).

Besides other Tirolean Authorities were committed and so mobilized also:

the Intendant Joseph von Hormayr, the generals Ignaz von Buol and Josef von Schmidt,
the Unterintendanten Karl von Menz, Anton von Roschmann, Phillip von Wörndle,
the K.K. officers Rittmeister Franz von Banizza, Major August von Leiningen, Hauptmann von Stainer.

There were also 16 Defence Commissioners (Defensionskommissäre) linked with the Habsburg throne:

von Reich (Bozen), von Bombardi (Salurn), Joseph von Morandell (Kaltern), Josef von Resch (Fleimstal), Valentin Tschöll and Heinrich von Vintschgau (Meran), Franz Frischmann (Schlanders), Johann M. Senn (Nauders), Ferdinand Fischer (Landeck), Johann Strele (Imst), Augustin von Plawen (Reutte), Johann G. von Dietrich (Lermoos), Anton Aschbacher (Achental), Rupprecht Wintersteller (Kitzbühel), Jakob Sieberer (Kufstein), Johann von Kolb (Lienz), K.K. Hauptmann Friedrich von Daubrawa (Scharnitz).

Archduke John’s and Hofer’s Call to Arms

A Deliberation Act issued by Archduke John, on April 8, 1809 at Villach, ordered the “Call to arms” for the Tirolean people faithful to Vienna and was signed by the commander of the VIII Austrian Corps, Marquis Johann Gabriel von Chasteler and by the Baron Joseph von Hormayr.

The Act was directed to the Tirolean Landstag (Parliament), which proposal was to organize the Miliz-battalions and the Scharfschützen companies, traditionally naming them from their Viertel (Canton) or Landgericht (administrative Court). They had to be ready, armed and supplied having as first task the defence of the communication roads in Tirol. The recruitment and gathering places were to be: Bruneck, Innsbruck, Schwaz, Imst, Glurns, Meran, Bozen, Pergine, Trient, Cles, Tione and Arco.

Every (Landes)schützen or Landsturm [7] company had to have his (Landes) Hauptmann or Capitän. The choice (election) of a captain depended from matters regulated by the same Act. In the meantime the Administrator (Verwalter) of the territorial officers (Landeshauptmannschaft) had to be the K.K. Kämmerer (Treasury), represented by the oldest member of the Lords and of the Knighthood of a secret Council (of Tirol): Count Ignaz von Tannenberg. The territorial Commissioner of these provisions was directly the General Intendant.

In addition, Archduke John stated that: “.. the current regulations were to be brought to everybody's knowledge in every conventional way, had to be announced from the pulpits in the churchs and were to be fulfilled the most exactly possible.” [8]

The Tiroler Schützen[9] in 1809

By the renowned special military constitution of Tirol (Landlibell of 1511, actually valid), the K.K. Schützenkompanien [10] and the Landsturm [11] were available as local troops (regional contingent) with a different employ, while in other Alpine countries of the monarchy. These territorial reserve battalions were not intended, at least, as troops raised in order to help the armed forces in the national defense. They only defended Tirol.

However, in the course of the events, it also came, there, their involvement under the influence of the insurgents (Tiroleans), probably also in the Alpine valleys of Salzburg and in Vorarlberg, and, in lesser part, also in Carinthia (upper Carinthia).

The Landsturm (territorial mass army) was officially organized after an Official Imperial Act (Patent) [12] on October 18, 1805, before the battle of Austerlitz could destroy the Austrian defensive strategy. Initially the Sturm had to be dissimilar from the Schützen or Scharfschützen companies system, having to create its own Landsturm companies. However, since every company had to have its Captain, lacking trained men and officers, the two military realities finished for merge together in many tirolean lands. It was also stated to form larger units under higher officers, called territorial army battalions.

A territorial army battalion (Landwehrbataillon)[13] enclosed a Schützenkompani[14] and six Landsturm companies. These battalions later, also had a number or district designation. They were in theory the biggest tactical unity. However, in the practice this looked in a different way, they also caming to larger composed units. Besides, the Schützenkompanien and the Landsturm could have been also separated one by each other, according to positions temporarily needed.

The Tiroler Schützen used the Stutzen rifles and were well trained in targeted fire exercises. They went periodically to train themselves in shoot-trials in which the best shooters got also prizes. Their best performance (free handed shoots) were for targets far 90 – 180 m (150-300 Schritte [15]). The Massenaufgebot, another name for the Landsturm, disposed of less effective weapons: old muskets with flintstones, old pistols. So their fire volleys were not so dreadful. Few of them also did not have firearms and followed the chiefs with poles, spears, bayonets, large knives and “medieval-like” weapons. They had also some old and unuseful artillery pieces deployed in position batteries for the defence of the mountain passes.

In 1809, however, they captured 11 Bavarian guns, 7 Italian and 2 French pieces; they captured more pieces during their victorious campaign against Bavarians.

Officers and Charges

The supreme Charge of the Tirolean Army was the Oberkommandant (Andreas Hofer in 1809). The Commanders (Kommandanten) and vice commanders (Unterkommandanten) led large groups of Schützen battalions or companies; battalions were under Majors and companies under the Hauptleute (the ensemble of the Captains and Lieutenant-Captains).

During the age of the Bishops Principalities in Tirol, the nomination of a Captain (Hauptmann or Capitän-leutnant) of a company could became official only when he had been confirmed by the Prince Bishop, the ruler, who recognized his authority signing the so-called "Patent of Schützen Captain", with which was given to the named Captain faculty “to hire officers and subordinate soldiers choosen by himself for the enlistment of Schützen and for the defence of the Country, with reserve to submit his command to the first (Ober) and to the second (Unter) lieutenants of the company, to whom similar faculty was granted.”

After the Principalities abolitions, in autumn 1802, there will be the Defence Deputations that will ratify the choices of Captains. And when also these provision could not work at all, as in 1809, there will be the communities themselves to elect in public assembly the men responsible of their defence.

Costume or Uniform

The common use of the uniforms for armies began around 1600. Not for Tiroleans, they wore their own popular work suites or costumes. At the time of the first French invasions, in 1796-1797, in order to avoid to be treated as “vicious brigands”, whom Napoleon threatened to execute by shooting if taken prisoners, and in order to be considered part of a regular army, it was prescribed them to issue a light green cockade on the hat, a green collar and green lapels to the sleeves.

The men wore “loden”[16] clothes like a short jacket (Joppe) and short pants (Stoffhose), which commonly could also have been leather pants. To sustain pants they used the suspenders (Stoffhosentrager) and a large belt (Zirm). The loden vest (Wams) was buttoned with numerous golden buttons. The shirt (Pfoat) was almost always white with puff sleeve, normally made of linen, with or without collar. They utilized the “Bulgari” shoes, made by tanned calf and barks of birch tree and willow.

The officers had the same “uniform” of the troopers, but they were the only to wore the “veladino” [17], in slang called “gabbana”, colour light blue with green lapels, half wool pants colour iron or leather pants, white wool socks, “Bulgari” shoes, a vest called “panciotto” and a linen shirt.

At the beginning of 1800 the Governor of Tirol issued the order that “all the Schützen companies had to have a military uniform, with veladino, waistcoat, long pants.” Typical was, moreover, the Schützen large hat adorned of eagle pens, “the queen of the skies” and symbol of liberty, or with vulture or grouse pens, signs of courage.

The basic material of the Tirolean hats was (and still is today) the felt. The felt is an interlacement of animal fibers mainly organized with sheep or rabbit carded wool. From the carded wool by hot aqueous vapor, the heat and the pressure amalgam it in a form that it can be got as a rough sketch of the future hat, so-called "stumpen" (what in German means stub, as it’s similar to a cigar stub).

It can be said that every valley had its own typology of hat but the more frequent pattern of the man hats in the Schützen uniform, were green or black, with wide brims and with an :

1-- conic crown with a large ribbon that surrounded it or
2 -- a truncated and round crown, without the point, called "Knödelhut.

How to use this guide

Since the large quantity of the Tirolean insurgent units raised by the Hofer’s call to arms, I choosed to retain a rigorously geographical structure for the text. When the sources allow to do it, are given exact numbers and names of the Schützen (Landsturm) battalion/companies with the name of their commanders.

When the datas are less detailed the text refers generically on the presence of one or both the tipologies of Tirolean soldiers. When a generic number of companies is quoted their names can be easily found taking the appropriate geographical location.

Tirol was divided (I left the traditional administrative tree) into Districts (Kreise), which were divided into Quarters or Cantons (Vierteln), which contained the sieges of the Administrative Courts (Landgerichte for the countryside and villages, called Pfleggerichte in the territories of the former Bishopric of Salzburg; Stadtgerichte for the towns). Those villages, towns or valleys were also the names of the Schützen companies. You can find them in bold letters. As for example:

Wipptal (valley) Oberes and Unteres

(comprehensive of valleys; Brenner, Pfitschtal, Pflerscher Tal) - Provincial Administrative Court of Steinach, from 1808 XIII Kreis, Provincial Administrative Court of Innsbruck

- after Wagram: Schützen and Landsturm 10 Company (commander Martin Firler, Peter Mayr, Major Joseph Rangger) Landsturm (Joseph Speckbacher)

means that the Provincial Administrative Court of Innsbruck recorded 10CompanySchützen and Landsturm for the Oberswipptal and for the Unterwipptal, which could have been named also Brenner, Pfitschtal, Pflerscher Schützen (and so on).

As for the historical time of 1809 and for a more practical layout here is chosen the same periods-divisions of the other following texts, but with different meanings:

Before Aspern: minor clashes, combats at Ladritscher Brücke, Sterzing, Innsbruck-Wilten, Wörgl, Schwaz, etc. or the first operations in Tirol.

Between Aspern and Wagram: the 2nd and 3rd Bergisel battles and the minor combats of this period.

After Wagram: combats at Sachsenklemme, Pontlatzer Brücke, 4th Bergisel, later clashes in the Salzburg land, Eisacktal, Küchlberg, St. Leonhard im Passeier, Pustertal, etc.

TIROLER AUFGEBOT (the Tirol’s Recruitment Contingent in Summary)

(relatively known also as “the Landesverteidiger, the Tiroler, the Insurgenten, the Landvolk, the Landleute, the Tirol Insurgents, Hofer with his Bunch” while in French sources: “the Bandits, the Mountain dwellers, the furious heap, the undisciplined brute Mass, People from Tirol”).

Before Aspern:

Schützen and Landsturm (commander: Andreas Hofer [18], who was called by Italians the “general Barbon”, the large bearded general). Then Landsturm under supervision of GM Fenner.

- between Aspern and Wagram:

Schützen (regular army K.K. [19] Oberstleutnant Thurn and Taxis, K.K. Hauptmann Taxis)

Schützen and Landsturm (commanders Major Joseph Eisenstecken, K.K. Oberstleutnant Ertel, K.K. Hauptmann Falk, Hauptmann Anton von Gasteiger, father Joachim Haspinger[20], Oberleutnant Anton von Leis, Major Count Mohr, Hauptmann Wolfgang Natterer, K.K. Oberstleutnant von Reissenfels, Major Joseph Speckbacher, Major Joseph Ignaz Straub, Hauptmann Alois Stuffer, Oberstleutnant Taxis, K.K. Major Veyder).

- after Wagram:

several Schützen Company together with Pinzgauern, Pongauern, Zillertalern Jäger, from Salzburg territory, (commanders: Martin Firler, Joachim Haspinger, Joseph Speckbacher, Joseph Ignaz Straub, Jakob Strucker, Anton Wallner, Rupprecht Wintersteller, Hptl. Johann Brunner, Simon Freiseisen, Harasser, Georg Laner, Jakob Margreiter, Martin Nußbaumer, Joseph Praxmarer, Kassian Pucher, K.K. Hauptmann Obertuefler, K.K. Oberleutnant Martersteig, Oberstleutnant Taxis, Hauptmann Taxis)

also Schützen and Landsturm (commanders: Joseph Abenthung; Hauptleute: Georg Bucher, Martin Firler, J. Haspinger, Peter Mayr, Joseph Rangger, Joseph Speckbacher).

See after for geographical recruitment details.

Geographical and Local Military Commands in Tirol 1809

Aufgebot Nördliches Tirol 1806-1809 (Northern Contingent)

From 1808 called XIII Kreis - Inntal

Command XIII Kreis - Inntal

Former I and II Kreis, 1st and 3rd Viertel Unter- and Oberinntal, City and territorial Courts Ehrenberg, Hall, Hörtenberg, Imst, Innsbruck, Kitzbühel, Kufstein, Landeck, Laudegg, Petersberg, Rattenberg, Rottenburg, Schwaz, Freundsberg, Sonnenburg, Thaur.

Provincial Administrative Court (Landgerichte) of Kitzbühel (since January 1809), Kufstein, Rattenberg, Schwaz, Innsbruck, Telfs, Reutte, Landeck

- before Aspern: Landsturm - Schützen and Landsturm (commander Joseph Speckbacher) [21]

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen (Higher commander Major J. Speckbacher, Major Martin Teimer) [22]

- after Wagram: (commanders Martin Firler, Joseph Marberger, Jakob Margreiter)

Landsturm perhaps (Oberkommandanten Major J. Speckbacher, Major M. Teimer, commander Major J. I Straub)

Command Oberinntal (valley) (Oberländer)

II Kreis, 3rd Viertel from 1808 XIII Kreis

Provincial Administrative Court (Landgerichte) of Telfs, Reutte, Landeck

Territorial Courts: Ehrenberg, Hörtenberg, Imst, Landeck, Laudegg, Petersberg.

- before Aspern: commander Martin Teimer

Schützen up to 34 Company [23] (Higher commander M. Teimer, commanders Major J. Marberger, Capitän-leutnant Joseph Hirn, Johann Linser, Johann M. Senn, Joseph Anton Zangerle) - Landsturm perhaps (Higher commander Major M. Teimer, commanders Major Franz Frischmann, Matthias Andreas Purtscher)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Higher commander Major M. Teimer, Major J. Marberger - Schützen and Landsturm (Capitän-leutnant Georg Bucher, Medical Doctor Jäger) - Landsturm (Higher commander Major M. Teimer, Hauptmann Karl Thurnwalder) or maybe (Higher commander Major M. Teimer, Major J. Marberger),

- after Wagram: Schützen (Higher commander Martin Firler, Major J. Marberger, Major Joseph Anton Naus, Hauptmann Peter Baumann, Major Christian Stark, later Higher commander Major J. Speckbacher respectively Johann Wille). Schützen and Landsturm perhaps till 21 Company (Higher commander M. Firler, commander Georg Bucher, Major Joseph Marberger, Major Friedrich von Pemmelburg, Major Christian Stark, Hauptmann Peter Baumann)

Provincial Administrative Court (Landgericht) of Reutte (Reutti)

II Kreis, 3rd Viertel Oberinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis

Elbingenalp, Häselgehr, Höfen, Holzgau, Reutte, Steeg, Weißenbach, with nearby valleys Aschau, Biberwier, Bichlbach, Bichlwang, Ehenbichl, Ehrwald, Hechenbach, Heiterwang, Häselgehr, Holzgau, Hofen, In de Roßschlägen, Lermoos, Nassereith, Plach, Reutte, Thannheim, Wängle, Weißenbach, Zwischenthoren.

Provincial Administrative Court (Landgericht) of Ehrenberg (Reutte) then Provincial Administrative Court of Reutti (Reutte)

- before Aspern: Schützen from 3 up to 24 Company (Higher commander Major Martin Teimer, Unterkommandant Hauptmann Jakob Alois Strele), 4 Company Aschau (Capitän-leutnant Franz Joseph Kerle, Andreas Nauss, Martin Scheiber, Zyrill Sprenger), 9 Company from villages Biberwier, Bichlbach, Ehrwald, Heiterwang, Lermoos (Capitän-leutnant Johann Dietrich, Joseph Hosp, Jäger, Michael Kerber, Gabriel Pfennig, Johann Georg Wille), 7 Company Lechtal (valley) (Capitän-leutnant Peter Bader, Karl Kropf, Joseph Lumpper, Joseph Scharf, Ignaz Scheidle), 3 Company Reutte (Capitän-leutnant Anton Leitensdorfer, Joseph Anton Nigg, Andreas Stockmayr), 3 Company Tannheim, (Capitän-leutnant Peter Bader, Karl Kropf, Joseph Lumper, Joseph Scharf, Ignaz Scheidle)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen 6 Company (commander Major Johann Georg von Dietrich)

- after Wagram: initially Schützen up to 24 Company (Oberkommandant Johann Georg Wille, Major Lorenz Peintner) of which 7 Company initially without place denomination (Capitän-leutnant Michael Kerber, Ignaz Klotz, Carl Mark, Gabriel Pfennig, Benedikt Tauscher, Joseph Weißenbach, Mathias Zobel), Company Aschau (Hauptmann Cyrill Sprenger), Company Berwang (Hauptmann Joseph Ignaz Glätzle), Company Bichlwang (Hauptmann Ignaz Zötz), Company Bieberwier (Hauptmann Joseph Hosp), Company Hechenbach (Hauptmann Anton Sumpert), Company Heiterwang 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Wille), Heiterwang 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Jäger), Heiterwang 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Georg Wille), Company Hofen (Hauptmann Georg Scheiber), 3 companies Reutte: Reutte 1st Schützen Company (Capitän-leutnant Andreas Stockmayr), Reutte 2nd Schützen Company (Capitän-leutnant Anton Leiterstorfer), 3rd Reutte Schützen (Capitän-leutnant Anton Nigg), Wängle 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Andrä Rauss), Wängle 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Cyrill Sprenger), 2 companies Zwischenthoren (Capitän-leutnant Benedikt Tauscher, Matthias Zobel). Later Zwischenthoren (Zwischen Thörlen) had 3 Company Schützen (Capitän-leutnant Alois Dietrich, Johann Nep. von Dietrich, Joseph Hosp), Nesslwängle Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michl Kerber), Ehrwald Schützen Company (Hauptmann Gabriel Pfennig), Lermoos 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann von Dietrich), Lermoos 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alexander von Dietrich), Häselgähr (Hasselgehr) Schützen Company (Hauptmann Carl Kropf then Ignaz Scheidle), Weissenbach Schützen companies (Hauptmann Franz Kärle, Joseph Kärle), Elbigenalp 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Scharf), Elbigenalp 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Carl Mark), Elbigenalp 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Bader), Thannheim 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Benedikt Tauscher), Thannheim 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Mathias Zobl), Thannheim 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Zobl), Company Thannheim ? (Hauptmann Georg Zobel), Holzgau 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Weissenbach), Holzgau 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Martin Scheiber), Holzgau 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Lumper), Biberwier Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Hosp).

Provincial Administrative Court (Landgericht)  of Telfs

II Kreis, 3rd Viertel Oberinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis Inn

Telfs, St Petersberg

Flaurling, Hatting, Inzing, Kematen, Leutasch, Hörtenberg, Mösern, Oberperfuß, Pfaffenhofen, Ranggen, Scharnitz, Seefeld, Reith, Telfs, Zirl, Kühtai, Langenfeld, Mieming (Untermieming), Mieminger Plateau, Mötz, Oetz, Ötztal, Riez, Sautens, Silz, Umhausen, St. Petersberg - Provincial Administrative Court of Hörtenberg or Sankt Petersberg then Telfs

- before Aspern: Schützen (Higher commander Major Martin Teimer, commander Major Joseph Marberger)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen (Higher commander Major M. Teimer, commander Major Joseph Marberger) 2 Company Silz (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Marberger, Michael Staudacher), Company Riez (Hauptmann Johann Schweiggl), 1st Company Flaurling (Hauptmann Thaddäus Kuen), 2nd Company Flaurling (Hauptmann Joseph Matzgeller) later 1st Company (Hauptmann Anton Plattner), 2nd Company (Hauptmann Anton Seeger); 1st Hörtenberger Company (Hauptmann Anton Plattner), 1st Freiwillige Hörtenberger Company (Hauptmann Anton Seeger), Company Pfaffenhofen (Hauptmann Anton Schuester). Landsturm (commander Major Joseph Marberger)

- after Wagram: Schützen with 1st Battalion (Major Joseph Marberger), Telfs Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Plattner), Telfs 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Bonifaz Heiss), Telfs 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Grill), Telfs 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann J. von Breitenberg), Silz Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Marberger), Umhausen 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Marberger), Umhausen 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Marberger), Company Umhausen-Silz (Hauptmann Peter Baumann), Telfser Company of Flaurling (Hauptmann Michael Matzgeller), Zirl 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann M. Niederkircher), Zirl 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Plattner), Company Inzing (Priest Alois Kuen), Mieming Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Staudacher then Tobias Hirn), Flaurling Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Anton Plattner), Seefeld Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Seeger), Reith bei Seefeld Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Hendl), Langenfeld Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Karlinger), Oberperfuss Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jajob Jordan), 3 companies Ötztal (valley) (Higher commander M. Firler), (Capitän-leutnant Peter Baumann, Joseph Holzknecht, Franz Khuen), Ötz 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Kassian Haid), Ötz 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jakob Khuen), Ötz 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Grasmayr then Josef Holzknecht), Ötztal Huben Schützen Company (Hauptmann Leander Kuprian), Sölden Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Rimml), Company Sautens (Hauptmann Joseph Neurauter), St.Petersberg 4th Company (Hauptmann Bonifaz Heiß), Leutasch only 2 Company , Scharnitz Schützen and Landsturm (commander K.K. Hauptmann Friedrich von Daubrawa).

 
Provincial Administrative Court of Landeck

II Kreis, 3rd Viertel Oberinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis

Imst, Kaunertal (valley), Landeck, Laudegg (Laudeck)

Provincial Administrative Court of Landeck, from November 1809 again Imst

Imst, Nassereith, Sauers, Wenns, Wennstal (Pitztal), Fliess, Kappl, Landeck, Stanzertal, Faggen, Fendels, Fliersch, Fiß, Kauns, Kaunerberg, Kaunertal, Ladis, Lins, Paznauntal, Perfuchs, Pfunds, Prutz, Ried, Serfaus, Tösens, Schönwies.

- before Aspern: Schützen (Higher commander Major Martin Teimer, commander Oberschützenmeister Hauptmann Joseph Anton Zangerle)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen from 3 up to 13 Company (Higher commander Martin Teimer) (commanders Major J. G. von Dietrich, Major J. Count Mohr). Landsturm (Higher commander Teimer).

3rd Company Imst, 1st Company Landeck (Hauptmann Franz Konrad), 2nd Landeck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Jäger), 3rd Company Landeck or Fliersch Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christian Stark), 4th Company Landeck (Hauptmann Franz Fasser), Kaunertal Schützen perhaps (commander Oberschützenmeister Joseph Anton Zangerle) - Schützen and Landsturm (commander Jakob Alois von Strele, Hauptmann Deutschmann), 5th Laudegger Company Fiß (Hauptmann Joseph Pritzi).

-     after Wagram: Schützen (Higher commander M. Firler, Major Paul Handle, Joseph Marberger), Landeck 1st Schützen Company (Capitän-leutnant Alois von Fischer), Landeck 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Fasser), 3rd Landeck Schützen Company (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Hölzl), 4th Landeck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Falch), 5th Landecker Company Kauns (Hauptmann Johann Schlapp), 6th Landeck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Weisskopf), 7th Landecker Company (Capitän-leutnant Franz Konrad), 10th Landecker Company Perfuchs (Hauptmann Josef Wiessner), 11th Company Landeck (Hauptmann Leonhard Partholl), 7th Company Laudegg (Hauptmann Joseph Schlapp), Ried, Oberinntal Schützen Company (Hauptmann M. Schweighofer), Company Ried (Hauptmann Joseph Anton Zangerle), Imst 1st Miliz Company (Hauptmann Johann Georg Strehle), Imst 2nd Miliz Company (Hauptmann Josef Glätzle) [24], 3rd Imst Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Sprenger), 5th Company Imst (Hauptmann Romanus Bürger), 4th Imst Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Kraft), 6th Company Imst (Hauptmann Anton Praxmarer), Company Pfunds (Hauptmann Alois Rietzler), Paznauntal Schützen (Hauptmann Wendelin Kathrein), Fließ 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Konrad) Fließ 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois von Fischer), Schönwies Schützen Company (Hauptmann Nikolaus Kölle), Prutz 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Falkner), Pruß 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Zangerl), Prutz 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Kraxner), Prutz 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Kurz), Pfunds Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Rietzler then Engelbert Tschott), Fiß Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Pritzi), Zams 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Grissemann), Zams 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Holler), Nassereith Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Nigg).

Landwehr II Battalion (Major Christian Stark): 1st Company (Franz Konrad), 2nd Company (Hauptmann Nikolaus Kölle), 3rd Company (Oberleutnant Joseph Hölzl), 4th Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Nigg), 7th (Andreas von Fischer), 10th Company (Hauptmann Joseph Wiesner), 11th (Hauptmann Leonhard Partholl), 12nd Company (Hauptmann Alois Holer). Schützen and Landsturm (commander Ferdinand Karl Alois Fischer) Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Joseph Schlapp) - Paznauntal Landsturm perhaps (commander Fidelis Jubele).

Command Unterinntal (valley)

I Kreis, I Viertel Unterinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis
Provincial Administrative Court of Kitzbühel, Kufstein, Rattenberg, Schwaz, Innsbruck

City Courts at: Hall, Innsbruck, Kitzbühel, Kufstein, Rattenberg, Landgerichte Kitzbühel, Kufstein, Rattenberg, Rottenburg, Schwaz and Freundsberg, Sonnenburg, Thaur.

- before Aspern: Schützen several Company (Major Joseph Straub, Hauptmann Anton Aschbacher) Landsturm (Oberstleutnant S. von Reissenfels, Major Ignaz Straub). Schützen and Landsturm (commander Ignaz Straub, Major Jakob Sieberer, Capitän-leutnant Jakob Margreiter, Anton Oppacher, Rupert Wintersteller)[25]

perhaps (Higher commander Jakob Sieberer, Joseph Speckbacher, Major Anton Aschbacher, Major Jakob Margreiter, commander Joseph Ignaz Straub, Rupert Wintersteller)

- between Aspern and Wagram: commander Joseph Speckbacher; Schützen and Landsturm (commander Joseph Speckbacher) ; Landsturm (Hauptmann Franz Prem) maybe  (Higher commander Speckbacher, commander Major Jakob Sieberer, Jakob Margreither, Ignaz Straub)

- after Wagram: Higher commander Joseph Speckbacher. Schützen (commander Major Joseph Speckbacher). Schützen and Landsturm perhaps (commander Major Andreas Angerer, Hauptmann Balthasar Bletschacher, Major Jakob Margreiter, Jakob Sieberer, Joseph Speckbacher, Joseph Straub)

Provincial Administrative Court  of Rattenberg

I Kreis, 1st Viertel Unterinntal , from 1808 XIII Kreis

Rattenberg town Stadtgericht and Provincial Administrative Court of I Kreis Unterinntal, 1st Viertel. Provincial Administrative Court of Rattenberg.

Achental (valley), Alpbachtal (valley), Brandenberg, Schranne Breitenbach, Brixlegg, Bruck and Bruckberg, Kundl, Münster, Oberau, Rattenberg, Stumm, Thierbach, Voldepp (Voldöpp), Zimmermoos, Jenbach, Kolsaß, Kolsaßberg, St Margarethen, Rotholz, Schlittersberg, Straß, Vögelsberg, Volders, Voldererberg (Großvolderberg, Kleinvolderberg), Wattens, Wildschönau (Innerwitschenau).

- before Aspern: Schützen (Major Jakob Margreiter) perhaps (Major J. I Straub and Oberstleutnant Samuel von Reissenfels), several Achental Schützen Company (commander Hauptmann Anton Aschbacher), Rottenburg Schützen (Hauptmann Andreas Angerer), Wildschönau perhaps (Major Jakob Margreiter).

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen (commander Joseph Speckbacher) perhaps (commander Major Jakob Margreiter), Achental Schützen perhaps (Hauptmann Anton Aschbacher), Schützen 1 Company Wildschönau (Major Jakob Margreiter).

- after Wagram: Schützen (Hauptleute Joseph Lengauer, later Dengler, Joseph Praxmarer) and maybe (Hauptmann Halfinger), Achental Schützen up to 8 Company (Major Balthasar Bletschacher), Rottenburg Schützen (commander Major Joseph Straub), Wildschönau Schützen (Major Jakob Margreiter), Company Oberau (Hauptmann Georg Hollrieder), 1st Company Thierbach (Hauptmann Matthias Sollerer), Voldepp Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Lengauer), Kundl Schützen Company (Hauptmann M. Margreiter), Brandenberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Nikolaus Halfinger), Breitenbach Schützen Company (Hauptmann Sylvanus Schiechtl), Achental Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Aschbacher, Anton Prantl), Jenbach Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Obermayr), Wattens 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Martin Prechtl), Wattens 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Simon Schmadl), Stumm Schützen Company (Hauptmann Simon Steinböck then Josef Ebster).

Achental Schützen and Landsturm (commander Anton Aschbacher).

Provincial Administrative Court of Kitzbühel

I Kreis, 1st Viertel Unterinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis Inn

Kitzbühel - Kufstein

Provincial Administrative Court of Kufstein, from January 1809 again Provincial Administrative Court of Kitzbühel.

Angath, Fieberbrunn, Jochberg, St Johann, Oberndorf, Kirchdorf, Kitzbühel, Kössen, Pillersee, Reith, Waidring, Kirchbichl, Kufstein, Langkampfen, Söll, Wörgl, Thiersee, Häring, Walchsee, Ebbserberg (Niederndorferberg), Ebbs.

- before Aspern: Kufstein Schützen 6 Company (commander Major Rupert Wintersteller) - Landsturm perhaps (K.K. Oberstleutnant S. von Reissenfels) - perhaps (Kitzbühel  Major Jakob Sieberer - Oberstleutnant Samuel von Reissenfels).

- between Aspern and Wagram: Kufstein Schützen perhaps (commander Hauptmann Joseph Hechenberger) Kitzbühel Schützen (commander Major Jakob Sieberer).

- after Wagram: Schützen (Kufstein commanders Capitän-leutnant Thomas Reischer, Joseph Stitz).

Kufstein Schützen and Landsturm 4 battalions (commander Rupert Wintersteller); Kitzbühel Schützen Company (Hauptmann Thomas Reischer), St.Johann Schützen Company (Hauptmann Martin Geißl), Pillersee Schützen Company (Hauptmann Simon Fiechter then Christian Blattl), Thiersee 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Sieberer), Thiersee 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Hechl), Söll 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann S. Gründhammer then Josef Rainer), Söll 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann B. Niederstrasser), Söll 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Mathias Kaufmann), Ellmau 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Schlechter), Ellmau 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Kaisermann), Kirchbichl 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Leonhard Ager), Kirchbichl 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Widschwendner), Wörgl Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Stöckl), Häring Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Kögl), Angath Schützen Company (Hauptmann Paul Lettenbichler), Reith bei Kitzbühel Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Gruber), Oberndorf bei St.Johann Schützen Company (Hauptmann Georg Muhr), Kirchdorf Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Filzer), Kössen 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Stephan Kendlinger then Michael Hölzlsauer), Kössen 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Kaspar Reitstötter), Walchsee Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Höck), Ebbserberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Wohlfahrtstätter then Vitus Steer), Ebbs Schützen Company (Hauptmann Andrä Pfeiffer), Jochberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Oppacher); Kitzbühel Schützen and Landsturm (commander Major Jakob Sieberer); Kufstein Landsturm (Rupert Wintersteller) maybe also (commander Major R. Wintersteller, Hauptmann Anton Oppacher).

- 3rd Tiroler Scharfschützen (snipers) company (commander Andreas Augustinus Feller).

Provincial Administrative Court of Schwaz

I Kreis, 1st Viertel Unterinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis Inn

Schwaz and Freundsberg

- Provincial Administrative Court of Schwaz

Schwaz, Weer, Weerberg, Vomp, Zinntberg, Pill.

- before Aspern: Schwaz Schützen maybe (Hauptmann Peter Nikolaus Lergetporer)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schwaz Schützen Company Kolsaß-Weer (Hauptmann Franz Premm) maybe (commander Hauptmann Peter Nikolaus Lergetporer)

- after Wagram: Schwaz Schützen (Higher commander Joseph Speckbacher), Schwaz Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Häring), Pill Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Prem). Very few citations for companies of this small district.

Provincial Administrative Court of Innsbruck

I Kreis, 1st Viertel Unterinntal from 1808 XIII Kreis

Hall, Thaur (Taur) and Innsbruck

Gnadenwald (Wald, „auf dem Wald“), Stadt- and Provincial Court, city of  Hall and area around, Innsbruck, area around Innsbruck, Hötting, Mühlau, St.Nikolaus, Pradl, Wilten, Absam, Arzl, Baumkirchen, Fritzens, Gnadenwald (Wald), Heiligkreuz, Terfens, Mils, Thaur.

Provincial Administrative Court of Thaur and Hall, then Provincial Administrative Court of Innsbruck (from November 1809 again Hall for Hall Im Tirol).

Command Innsbruck

- before Aspern: Hall Landsturm perhaps (commander Joseph Ignaz Straub), Thaur Schützen (commander Hauptmann Joseph Posch) Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Franz Ram)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Gnadenwald Schützen Landsturm (Hauptmann Joseph Posch), Hall Schützen (Higher commander J. Speckbacher, Major J. I Straub) combined companies Absam, Hall, Thaur, Hall-und-Umgebung; Hall Schützen and Landsturm (Major J. I Straub), Landsturm Hall (Joseph Speckbacher), Vögelsberg and Wattens (Hauptmann Balthasar Wopfner), Terfens (Hauptmann Anton Lenner), Wald (Hauptmann Joseph Posch), 1 Company Innsbruck (Hauptmann Alois Stuffer); Thaur Schützen (Major J. Ignaz Straub, Hauptmann Joseph Würtemberger) Landsturm Absam, Thaur, Wattens (Hauptmann Balthasar Wopfner).

- after Wagram: Gnadenwald Landsturm 2 Company (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Posch, Franz Ram), 2 Company Innsbruck Schützen (K.K. Hauptmann Martersteig and Oberleutnant Obertuefler), Ambras Innsbruck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Fuchs), Thaur Schützen till 4 Company (Capitän-leutnant Andrä Farbmacher, Franz Grießenböck, Joseph Würtemberger, Alois Schindl, Franz Schiestl), Thaur 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Severin Holzhammer), Thaur 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Kam), Hall Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Seitz), Hall Schützen (commander Hauptmann Fischler), Hall Schützen and Landsturm (commander Joseph Ignaz Straub), Hötting Schützen Company (Hauptmann Wolfgang Natterer).

Command Sonnenburg-Innsbruck

Sonnenburg, Mittelgebirge (south of Innsbruck), Sellrain

Provincial Administrative Court of Sonnenburg, then Provincial Administrative Court of Innsbruck

Aldrans, Ampaß, Amras, Axams, Birgitz, Ellbögen, Fulpmes, Götzens, Hochstraßen, Igls, Kematen, Kreith, Lans, Mieders, Mittelgebirge, Mutters, Natters, Neustift, Patsch, St Peter, Pradl, Rinn, Schönberg, Sellrain, Sellraintal, Sistrans, Stubaital, Telfes, Tulfes, Vill, Völs, Volderwald, Wilten

- before Aspern: Sonnenburg Schützen - Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Michael Pfurtscheller) Landsturm (Hauptmann Michael Pfurscheller), 1st Company Axams (Hauptmann Jakob Zimmermann), 2nd Company Axams (Hauptmann Josef Unterleitner), Company Völs (Hauptmann Joseph Nagele), Stubai Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Michael Pfurtscheller)

- between Aspern and Wagram: Mittelgebirge Landsturm (Hauptmann Georg Bucher), Sonnenburg Schützen (Higher commander J. Speckbacher, commander J. Eisenstecken and J. Straub) – 2 Company Axams (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Unterleitner, Jakob Zimmermann), Company Götzens (Hauptmann Joseph Hörtnagl), Company Mutters (Hauptmann Joseph Mayr), Company Natters (Hauptmann Franz Wieser), 2 Company (Capitän-leutnant Anton Danler and Michael Pfurtscheller), Stubai Schützen (Higher commander Joseph Speckbacher, commander Joseph Eisenstecken, 2 companies  the 1st Stubai (Hauptmann Michael Pfurtscheller), 2nd or Hofgerichts Stubai (Capitän-leutnant Anton Danler) - Sonnenburg Landsturm (commander J. Haspinger).

- after Wagram: perhaps Sellrain (commander Georg Bucher, Capitän-leutnant Joseph Abenthung, Joseph Zimmermann), Sonnenburg Schützen (commander Major Georg Bucher, J. Haspinger, Peter Mayr, Major J. Speckbacher) 1 Company Sonnenburg (Hauptmann Joseph Grubhofer), 1st Company Axams (Hauptmann Jakob Zimmermann), Company Mutters (Hauptmann Joseph Mayr), Company Natters (Hauptmann Franz Wieser), 1 Company (Hauptmann Anton Danler) Company Fulpmes (Hauptmann Michael Pfurtscheller), Company Kreith and Telfes (Hauptmann Sebastian Gleirscher), Company Mieders and Schönberg (Hauptmann Joseph Lener), Company Neustift (Hauptmann Stephan Schönherr), Stubai Schützen (commander Joachim Haspinger, Major Joseph Speckbacher), Stubai Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Danler), Sellrain Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Abenthung), Amras Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Tiefenbrunner), Sonnenburg Schützen and Landsturm (Major Georg Bucher), Sonnenburg Landsturm (commander Major Joseph Rangger, Hauptmann Michael Pfurtscheller) perhaps (commander M. Firler), Stubai Schützen and Landsturm (Major Georg Bucher), Stubai Landsturm (Hauptmann Michael Pfurtscheller).

Command Wipptal-Innsbruck/Steinach
I Kreis, 2nd Viertel Wipptal from 1808 XIII Kreis

Provincial Administrative Court of Steinach then Provincial Administrative Court of Innsbruck.

Gschnitz, Gschnitztal, Navis, Navisertal, Matrei, Obernberg, Obernbergertal, Pfitschtal, Steinach, Vals, Pflerschertal (valley), Schmirntal (valley), Wipptal (valley) Oberes and Unteres with Brenner, Pflerscher Tal,

- before Aspern: Steinach Schützen 2 Company - Steinach Landsturm.

- between Aspern and Wagram: Steinach Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Karl Natter) 2nd Company (Hauptmann Matthias Semrad), 3rd Company (Hauptmann Martin Platzer), 4th Company (Hauptmann Johann Mösl) - Steinach Landsturm 6 Company

- after Wagram: Wipptal Schützen and Landsturm 10 Company (commander Martin Firler, Peter Mayr, Major Joseph Rangger). Pflerschertal Landsturm (Major Joseph Rangger) - Wipptal Landsturm (Joseph Speckbacher) perhaps (commander J. Haspinger).

Command of the Vinschgau (Vintschgau)
III Kreis, 4th Viertel Vinschgau, from 1808 XIII Kreis
Provincial Administrative Court of Glurns and Mals, Schlanders, Fürstenburg and Meran .

- before Aspern: Vinschgau Schützen and Landsturm (Andreas Hofer) maybe (commander Andreas Hofer, Major Franz Frischmann, Augustin von Plawen).

- before Wagram: Vinschgau Schützen (Higher commander Major M. Teimer) –Vinschgau Landsturm perhaps (Major Joseph Count Mohr).

- after Wagram: Vinschgau Schützen (commander J. Haspinger, II Battalion Major J. Count Mohr, III Battalion  commander Michael Mayr) - Vinschgau Landsturm (commander J. Count Mohr). Vinschgau perhaps (commander Mart. Firler, Major Joseph Marberger, Major Joseph Count Mohr, Major Friedrich von Pemmelburg, Major Franz Thalguter, Hauptmann Peter Thalguter).

Provincial Administrative Court of Nauders

II Kreis and 4th Viertel Ober Vinschgau - III Kreis, 4th Viertel Vinschgau from 1808 XIII Kreis
Nauders, Glurns, Mals

Provincial Administrative Courts (Landgerichte) of Schlanders, Glurns und Mals then Provincial Administrative Court of Nauders, former Naudersberg from November 1809 again Glurns.

Agums, Burgeis (Bürgen), Fürstenburg, Glurns, Lichtenberg, Mals, Mariaberg, Prad, Schleis, Schluderns, Stilfs, Tartsch, Taufers, Matsch, Obervinschgau (Oberer Vintschgau), Graun, Haid (St Valentin auf d. Heide), Ischgl, Langtaufers, Nauders, Nauders-Reschen, Paznaun, Paznauntal.

- before Aspern: Obervinschgau Landsturm (commander Matthias August Purtscher), Naudersberg Schützen 1 Company (Hauptmann Gabriel Patscheider) Company Graun (Hauptmann Christian Baldauf), Company Haid (Hauptmann Anton Blaas), Company Glurns-Mals (Capitän-leutnant Josef Hötz).

- between Aspern and Wagram: freiwillige Schützen Glurns and Mals (Hauptmann Joseph Grisch), Landwehr 1st Company Glurns, Mals, Mariaberg, Matsch (Hauptmann Joseph Höß), 3rd Company Glurns, Mals, Marienberg, Matsch (Hauptmann Anton Mini), Company Burgeis (Joseph Jakob Moriggl) maybe (Higher commander M. Teimer). Obervinschgau Landsturm (Higher commander Major Martin Teimer).

- after Wagram: Obervinschgau Schützen 5 to 9 Company (Major Baron Friedrich von Pemmelburg), 1st Glurns and Mals Schützen (commander Major Baron Friedrich von Pemmelburg), Glurns 2nd Company (Hauptmann Eugen Platzer), Glurns 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Mathias Platzer), Glurns 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Minnig), mixed Glurns and Mals Schützen-Landsturm 2 Company , Naudersberg 5th and 6th Company Ischgl, in the III Battalion  (Major Joseph Anton Naus) 1 Company Naudersberg (Hauptmann Christian Nebl), Ischgl 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Nikolaus Stark), Ischgl 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Wend. Kathrein), Langtaufers Schützen Company (Hauptmann Gabriel Patscheider), Company Nauders - Reschen (Hauptmann Joseph Lechthaler), 2nd Company Reschen (Hauptmann Matthias Lechthaler), 1st Company Burgeis (Hauptmann Peter Frank), 2nd Burgeis Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Moriggl), Mals 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Greil), Mals 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johannes Schguanin), Mals 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Leonhard Florineth), Mals 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jakob Jäger), Mals 5th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Gritsch), Graun Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christian Baldauf then Johann Blaas), Matsch Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Rutzinger), Schluderns Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Schaller). Obervinschgau Landsturm perhaps (Higher commander M. Firler, Major Josef Marberger, Major Baron F. von Pemmelburg) -Glurns and Mals Landwehr 2nd Company (Hauptmann Anton Mini).

Nauders - Former Provincial Administrative Courts of Schlanders

III Kreis, 4th Viertel Vinschgau from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack (Isarco)

Provincial Administrative Courts of Schlanders, then Provincial Administrative Court of Nauders, former Naudersberg.

Kortsch, Laas, Latsch, Martell, Martelltal, Morter, Schlanders, Sonnenberg.

- before Aspern: Schlanders Schützen (Major Franz Frischmann).

Schlanders Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Franz Frischmann attached to GM Fenner).

Schlanders Landsturm (commander Martin Teimer).

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schlanders Schützen 4- 6 Company (Higher commander Martin Teimer, commander Major Franz Frischmann), 1st Company Schlanders (Hauptmann Joseph Spiller), 2nd Company Schlanders (Hauptmann Wiederhofer), Company Kastelbell (Hauptmann Wellenzohn), Company Morter (Hauptmann Freiseisen), Company Tschars.

- after Wagram: Schlanders Schützen 1- 3Company Company Schlanders (commander Major Frischmann, J. Haspinger, J. Speckbacher, Hauptmann Joseph Kaserer), Company Schlanders (Hauptmann Johann Kaßerer), 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Company Latsch (Count Mohr, Capitän-leutnant Joseph Lechner, Anton Verdroß, Johann Oberdörfer), Latsch 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Count Josef Mohr) disbanded, Count Mohr with Andreas Hofer, Latsch 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Verdross), Latsch 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Oberdörfer), 1st and 2nd Company Martell (Hauptmann Silvius Perkmann, Hauptmann Sylvester Perkmann), Schlanders Schützen and Landsturm (commander Franz Frischmann) - Schlanders Landsturm (Hauptmann Johann Kasserer, later Simon Freiseisen), Sonnenberg Landsturm (commander Johann Alber).

Provincial Administrative Court of Meran

III Kreis, 5th Viertel Burggrafenamt from 1808 XIV Kreis

Provincial Administrative Court of Schlanders then Provincial Administrative Court of Meran

Burggrafenamt, Meran, Schenna

Untervinschgau (Unterer Vintschgau), City and Provincial Administrative Court (Stadt- und Landgericht) of Meran, Provincial Administrative Court of Schenna, Algund, Burgstall, Gargazon, Hafling, Kastelbell, Lana, Mais (Ober- and Untermais), Marling, Meran, Naturns, Passeyertal (St Leonhard, St Martin, Moos), Rabland, Partschins, Riffian, Schnals, Dorf Tirol, Tisens, Tschars, Tscherms, Ultental, Vöran, Passeiertal (valley) (Passeyrtal), Schenna (Schönna).

- before Aspern:

Passeiertal Schützen (Andreas Hofer, his Bodyguard) mixed Schützen-Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer) Passeiertal Landsturm (Andreas Hofer); Meran (Higher commander Andreas Hofer, commander Major Valentin Tschöll, Hauptmann Heinrich von Vintschgau), Meraner Schützen 3 Company (Hauptmann Johann Count Stachelburg), 3 Company from Lana (Major Joseph Count Hendl) - Meraner Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer), Meraner Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer, commander Major Franz Frischmann, Major Valentin Tschöll, Hauptmann Heinrich von Vintschgau), Untervinschgau Landsturm, Burggrafenamt Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer).

- between Aspern and Wagram:

Meraner Schützen up to 9 Company (commander J. Haspinger, Major Joseph Glatzl, Count Hendl), Meraner Schützen battalion [Major Count Josef Hendl - 1st Company Algund (Hauptmann Peter Thalguter), 2nd Company Algund (Hauptmann Johann Ladurner), 1st Company Meran (Hauptmann Felix von Gasteiger), 2nd Company Mais (Hauptmann Blasius Trogmann), 2nd Company Meran (Hauptmann Val. Schweiggl), 1st Company Mais (Hauptmann Aschauer von Lichtenthurn)], 2 Company Lana (commander Major Joseph Count Hendl, Hauptmann Georg Laner), 1st and 2nd Company Marling and Tscherms (Capitän-leutnant Joseph von Sagburg, Georg Waldner), Burggrafenamt Schützen perhaps (Major Joseph Glatzl, J. Count Hendl), Untervinschgau Schützen (Augustin von Plawen) - Passeiertal Schützen 2- 5 Company (commander Joseph Ennemoser, Major Joseph Count Hendl, Hauptmann Karl Thurnwalder, Capitän-leutnant Johann Hofer, Georg Laner), Schenna Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Johann Brunner), Schenna 2nd Company (Hauptmann Joseph Innerhofer).

Passeiertal Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer) Passeiertal Landsturm (commander J. Haspinger) - Passeiertal Schützen and Landsturm maybe also (commander Hauptmann Karl Thurnwalder) Meraner Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer - commander Major Joseph Glatzl).

- after Wagram:

Passeiertal Schützen 3 till 16 Company (commanders Joseph Eisenstecken, J. Haspinger, Johann Holzknecht, Hauptmann Peter Kemenater, Peter Mayr, Major Joseph Count Mohr, J. Speckbacher, Capitän-leutnant Augschell, Joseph Struber), Passeier 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Hofer), Passeier 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Andrä Ilmer), Passeier 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Georg Lahner), 6th Company Passeiertal (Oberleutnant Johann Thurnwalder), Montani Schützen Company (Hauptmann Count Josef Mohr), Meraner Schützen from 3 till 23 Company (Oberkommandanten J. Haspinger, J. Speckbacher, commander Major M. Firler, F. Frischmann, Joseph Glatzl, Joseph Count Hendl, V Tschöll), in IV Battalion Vintschgau (commander Hauptmann Franz Thalguter): 1st Company Algund (Hauptmann Peter Thalguter), 2 Ultental companies in the IV Battalion  (Hauptmann Franz Thalguter), Ulten Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Heinz), 1st 2nd 3rd Company Castelbell-Schnals (Capitän-leutnant Martin Platter, Georg Gamper, Michael Gorfer), Tisens Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Mayr), Lana 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Menz), Lana 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Margesin), Schnals Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Rainer).

I Meraner Schützen Battalion (Major Joseph Wenter):

3 companies Algund (Capitän-leutnant Mathias Keuschberger, Anton Prinster, Johann Brunner), 2 companies Mais (Capitän-leutnant Johann Mösl, Johann Spitaler), 3 Company Meran (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Val. Schweiggl, Franz and Peter Thalguter), Company Partschins, (Hauptmann Sebastian Moßmüller), Company Riffian (Hauptmann Johann Pircher).

II Meraner Schützen Battalion (Major Joseph Glatzl):

comp. Meran (Capitän-leutnant Joseph von Auckenthaler, Christian Moser), Company Schenna (Hauptmann Johann Brunner) Company Tirol (Hauptmann Jacob Flarer), Company Naturns (Hauptmann Johann Ladurner), Company Vöran (Hauptmann Michael Reitterer), Company Marling and Tscherms (Hauptmann Josef Götsch), later with IV Meran Battalion  (commander Franz Thalguter) 1 Company Lana (Hauptmann Joseph Margesin), Burggrafenamt Schützen (Major Valentin Tschöll, Joseph Wenter), Schenna Schützen (Hauptmann Johann Brunner) perhaps (commander J. Haspinger, Hauptmann Andrä Ilmer). 

Untervinschgau Landsturm (Major Franz Frischmann, K.K. Major Baron von Göldlin), Meraner Landsturm perhaps (Higher commander Major V Tschöll, Major G. Bucher, Joseph Glatzl, Joseph Count Hendl), Passeiertal Landsturm perhaps 10-12 Company (commander Georg Laner).

mixed Meraner Schützen-Lansturm (commander Major V. Tschöll, Untervinschgau Schützen and Landsturm (Major Count Mohr) - mixed Burggrafenamt Schützen-Landsturm, Passeiertal Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Georg Laner) - Ultental Schützen and Landsturm (commander Hauptmann Peter Thalguter).

Aufgebot östliches TIROL 1806-1809 (Eastern contingent)

IV Kreis, 8th Viertel Pustertal, from 1808 XIV Kreis

Command XIV Kreis Pustertal (valley, today Val Pusteria, Italy)

IV Kreis, 8th Viertel Pustertal from 1808 XIV Kreis Pustertal

Provincial Administrative Courts of Bruneck, Lienz, Sillian

City Courts; Bruneck, Lienz, Territorial Courts: Altrasen, Bruneck, Heimfels, Lienz, Michaelsburg, Schöneck, Taufers, Welsberg.

- before Aspern: commander Phillipp von Wörndle; Pustertal  Schützen 2 Company (K.K. Oberleutnant Anton von Leis of the Styrian Landwehr, Hauptmann Ignaz Theo von Preu); Pustertal  Landsturm (Andreas Hofer, Oberleutnant von Leis) Pustertal  Schützen and Landsturm: perhaps (commander Peter Kemenater, Lechner).

- between Aspern and Wagram: up to 12 Company Schützen (Rittmeister Baron Franz Bannizza, Oberleutnant Anton von Leis, K.K. Hauptmann H. von Welling, Hauptmann Joseph Rainer?) Schützen and Landsturm perhaps (K.K. Hauptmann Steiner).

- after Wagram: commanders J. Haspinger, von Kolb, Major Anton Steger, Phillipp von Wörndle

Schützen from 2 to several Company (commander Johann Baptist Türk, Capitän-leutnant Paul Kemenater, Joseph von Pühler, Unterleutnant student of philosophy Georg Hauger) Pustertal Landsturm (commander Johann von Kolb) Pustertal Schützen and Landsturm perhaps (commander von Kolb, Capitän-leutnant Battig, Major Anton Steger).

Provincial Administrative Court of Lienz

IV Kreis, 8th Viertel Pustertal from 1808 XIV Kreis

Provincial Administrative Court of Lienz.

Aineth, Ainether Tal (valley), Defereggental (valley) (Tefereggen, Teferecken), Iseltal (valley), Katztal (valley) also called Katschtal, Lienz, Virgental

- between Aspern and Wagram: Virgental Schützen (Hauptmann Johann Anreiter).

- after Wagram: Ainether Schützen and Landsturm, Defereggen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Stephan Anreiter) perhaps (Defereggental commander Anton Wallner), perhaps (Iseltal Capitän-leutnant Anton Wallner, Johann Oblasser), Lienz Schützen Company (Hauptmann Andrä Inwinkel), Lienz Schützen companies (Hauptmann von Hibler, Josef Pichler) and Landsturm (commander Johann Maria Nepomuk von Kolb, later Ferdi Anton von Luxheim, then Johann Baptist Türk and Anton Steger, Hauptmann Adam Weber). Lienz Landsturm.

Provincial Administrative Court of Sillian

IV Kreis, 8th Viertel Pustertal from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack

Anras, Innichen, Sexten, Sextener Tal, Sillian, Heimfels, Toblach. 

former Provincial Administrative Court of Heimfels, Provincial Administrative Court of Sillian

- between Aspern and Wagram: Heimfels Schützen and Landsturm.

- after Wagram: Schützen Company Sexten (Hauptmann Joseph Achammer) [26], Sillian Schützen (Hauptmann Stanislav von Hibler), Company Sillian (Capitän-leutnant Paul Hibler, Weber) together with Anras Landsturm (commander Peter Wieland), Anras Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef von Mayr), Toblach Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Aigner), Innichen Sturmmannschaft 1st and 2nd., [27] Anras Landwehr together with Innichen (current San Candido) and Sillian Landsturm (commander Peter Wieland) perhaps (Hauptmann Peter Wieland), Sextener Schützen (Hauptmann Joseph Achammer).

Command XIV Unterpustertal

IV Kreis, 8th Viertel Pustertal, from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack

Provincial Administrative Courts of Bruneck.

Provincial Administrative Court of Bruneck (current Brunico)

IV Kreis, 8th Viertel Pustertal, Unterpustertal from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack

Bruneck (Brunegg, Bruneggen, Brunecken) and Buchenstein

Provincial Administrative Court of Taufers, Bruneck, then Provincial Administrative Court of Bruneck

Ahrntal (valley), Altrasen, Neurasen, Ampezzo ?, Cortina d’Ampezzo, Antholzer Tal (valley), Gadertal (valley), Michaelsburg (Michelsburg, Michaelsberg), St.Lorenzen, Schöneck, Ennenberg, Enneberger Tal, Vintl, Taufers, Thurn, Ahrntal, Sand in Taufers, Tauferer Tal, Uttenheim, Welsberg.

- before Wagram: Schöneck Schützen 6th Company

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen Ampezzo, 2 Bruneck Schützen Company - Bruneck Schützen and Landsturm, Michaelsburg Schützen 1-2 Company (Capitän-leutnant Johann Huber, Oberrauch), Schöneck Schützen 4th Company (Hauptmann Johann Mayr) perhaps (Kurat Georg Lantschner), 1 Company Schützen Taufers respectively Taufers and Uttenheim (Hauptmann Johann Mader) maybe (Capitän-leutnant Jakob Margreiter).

- after Wagram: Oberkommandant in Pustertal (Major Anton Steger) commanded also the 1st and 2nd Brunecker Schützen companies, (Schöneck Higher commander Peter Mayr), 1st Michaelsburg Schützen (Hauptmann Johann Huber), 2nd Michaelsburg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Wenzel), Altrasen Schützen (Hauptmann Thomaser), Unterpustertal-Taufers Schützen and Landsturm (commander Johann Mader), Taufers 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Kofler), Taufers 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Brugnoller),  Schützen Büchenstein 1st and 2nd companies (Hauptmann Johann von Sisti, Josef Hauser), Schützen Ampezzo (Major Josef Hirschstein), perhaps (Antholzer commander Engelberger), 1 Schützen Company of Thurn am Gader, Thurn Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Solderer), 1st Enneberger Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Solderer), 2nd Enneberger Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz da Punt), 3rd Enneberger Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Pisching), 4th Enneberger Schützen Company (Hauptmann Pattig), Welsberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz von Leitz), Schöneck 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael von Lutzenberg), Schöneck 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Mayr), Schöneck 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Reed) Schöneck 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Ploner), Aufhofen and St.Georgen Sturmmannschaft. Bruneck and Welsberg Landsturm.

Aufgebot südliches TIROL 1806-1809 (Southern contingent)[28]

III and IV Kreis, 4th Viertel Vintschgau, 5th Burggrafenamt, 6th Etsch (Adige), 7th Eisack (Isarco), from 1808 XIV Kreis Etsch - Trient

- before Aspern: (commander : Andreas Hofer) Schützen

- after Wagram: Schützen (commanders: Joseph von Morandell, Capt. Jakob Torggler then Major Joseph Eisenstecken) - Schützen and Landsturm together (commanders: Joseph von Morandell, Joseph Schweiggl, Anton Thönig, Dal Ponte).

Command XIV Kreis Eisacktal (valley) also (valle Isarco: modern)
IV Kreis, 7th Viertel Eisack from 1808 XIV Kreis
Provincial Administrative Court of Brixen, Klausen

City and Provincial Administrative Court (Landgericht) of Brixen, City and Provincial Administrative Court of Klausen, Territorial Courts: Castelruth, Gufidaun, Rodenegg, Stein am Ritten, Völs and Schenkenberg, Villanders.

- before Aspern: Schützen (commander Peter Mayr) - Schützen and Landsturm.

- between Aspern and Wagram: Schützen and Landsturm (commander Hauptmann Anton von Gasteiger) perhaps (K.K. Hauptmann Baron H. von Welling).

- after Wagram: Landsturm perhaps (commander J. Haspinger, Peter Mayr).

Provincial Administrative Court of Brixen

IV Kreis, 7th Viertel Eisack from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack

Brixen (current=Bressanone)

Provincial Administrative Court of Rodenegg, City and Provincial Administrative Court of Brixen - Albeins, Brixen Town, Pfeffersberg (Mahr, Pinzgen, Tels, Tötschling, Tschötsch), Pfunders, Pfunderer Tal, Schaldern, Schalders, Schalderer Tal, Weitental, Rodeneck (Rodenegg), Kranebit, Meransen, Mühlbach, Natz, Neustift, Ras, Schabs, Valsertal,  Sterzing (Sterzingen) (current= Vipiteno), Mauls, Mittewald, Niederried, Pfluters, Ratschinger Tal, Ridnauntal, Telfes, Trens.

Note: Pfitschtal, Ridnauntal and Ratschinger Tal (valleys) were formally in I Kreis, 2nd Viertel Wipptal with the towns of the Innerpfitsch: St Jakob, Außerpfitsch: Kematen) the former Provincial Administrative Court of Steinach was replaced by the Provincial Administrative Court of Brixen.

- before Aspern: Rodeneck Schützen (Kurat Lantschner) Rodeneck Landsturm (commander Joseph Hormayr) perhaps (Rodeneck Hauptmann Ignaz von Preu), Brixen Landsturm.

- between Aspern and Wagram: Brixen Schützen (Higher commander J. Haspinger), Brixen Schützen (Hauptman Roman von Walter),  2nd Pfeffersberger Company (Hauptmann Peter Mayr), Company Schalders, Company Schabs (Hauptmann Paul Kemenater), Pfeffersberg Schützen 1 Company (commander Peter Mayr), 1 combined Scharfschüzten Company Michelsburg, Rodenegg, Schöneck  (Ignaz von Preu), Schützen Company St Lorenzen, Michaelsburg, Rodeneck, Schöneck (Capitän-leutnant Johann Mayr, Oberrauch, Ignaz von Preu), Sterzing Schützen (Higher commander Peter Mayr), Company Mauls (Hauptmann Georg Hatzl), Company Sterzing (Hauptmann Sparber), Company Trens (Hauptmann Anton Zigau), Brixen Schützen and Landsturm (Andreas Hofer).

- after Wagram: Brixen Schützen (Higher commander Peter Mayr, Hauptmann Alois Solderer, Hauptmann Martin Schenk), Brixen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Gitzl), Pfeffersberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Mayr), 1 Company together with Velthurns (Hauptmann P. Mayr), Rodeneck Schützen (commander Kurat Georg Lantschner), Kematen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Thomas Plankensteiner), Sterzing Schützen from 1 till 17 Company , Company Sterzing (commander Anton Steger, Hauptmann Georg Hatzl), Mühlbach Schützen (Hauptmann Georg Augschell).

Brixen Landsturm (commander Peter Mayr) perhaps all Schützen under (Higher commander J. Haspinger), Innerpfitsch Landsturm (Major Joseph Rangger), Rodeneck Landsturm perhaps (Kurat Georg Lantschner, Hauptmann Peter Kemenater), Valser Tal Landsturm maybe (Higher commander J. Speckbacher).

Provincial Administrative Court of Klausen (current= Chiusa)

IV Kreis  7th Viertel Eisack from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack

Provincial Administrative Court of Gufidaun then Provincial Administrative Court of Klausen .

Malgreyen, Grödnertal (valley) (current= val Gardena), (St Christina, St Jakob, St Ulrich), Albeins, Gufidaun, Lajen, Malgreyen (Albions, Freims, Grießbruck, Lüsen, Außer- Ober- Unter Layener Ried), Nafen, Teis, Villnöss, Waidbruck, Kastelruth (Castelruth, Kastelrutt), Wolkenstein, Klausen, Latzfons, Velthurns, Verdings, Völs am Schlern, Barbian, Villanders.

- before Aspern: perhaps (Klausener Higher commander Peter Mayr) Company Latzfons (commander Joachim Haspinger), Company Klausen (Hauptmann Anton Kelz), Villanders commander J. Haspinger, Schützen (J. Haspinger).

- between Aspern and Wagram: Klausen Schützen (commander Major Anton Gasteiger, J. Haspinger, Major J. Glatzl), Company Stadt Klausen (Hauptmann Anton Kelz), Company Latzfons (commander J. Haspinger), Company Velthurns (Hauptmann Johann Kerschbaumer), 1 Company Völs (Hauptmann Michael Rott), Company Villnöss (Hauptmann Peter Aichholzer), Company Gufidaun, Nafen, Theis or Gufidaun 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Thuille), Gufidaun 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz von Fenner), Company Lajen (Hauptmann Joseph Ueberbacher), 1 Company Schützen Gröden (Hauptmann Franz Pineider) and Gröden Landsturm, 2 Company Malgreyer Schützen (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Erlacher, Franz Kleber), Landsturm 1st Company Malgreyen: Albions, Freims, Grießbruck, Lüsen (Hauptmann Franz Kleber), 2nd Company Malgreyen: Außer- Ober- Unter-Layener Ried (Hauptmann Joseph Erlacher), (Kastelruth Higher commander Peter Mayr, commander Major J. Glatzl, Hauptmann Alois Stuffer) - Kastelruth Schützen 5-10 Company 1 Company (Hauptmann Joseph Ploner), Villanders Schützen (Hauptmann Anton von Gasteiger), 1st Company Barbian and Villanders (Hauptmann Andreas von Gasteiger), 2nd Company Villanders (Hauptmann Joseph Gasser), Kastelruth Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander Andreas Hofer) Kastelruth Landsturm 2 Company (commander of both Hauptmann Franz Krimseisen), Klausen Schütze n and Landsturm (Oberkommandant Andreas Hofer) perhaps (commander Hauptmann Anton von Gasteiger).

- after Wagram: Gufidaun 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Thuille), Gufidaun 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz von Fenner), Schützen Company of Gröden, Kastelruth, Schützen 2 Company (Higher commander Peter Mayr), Gröden Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Pineider), 1st and 2nd Kastelruth Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Kriemseisen, Friedrich Kriemseisen), Klausen Schützen and Landsturm (Major Andreas Gasteiger), Völs am Schlern Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Neulichedl), Wolkenstein Sturmmannschaft, Villanders Schützen company (Hauptmann Dr. Sebastian Mayrhofer, later Joseph Gasser), then Villander Schützen battalion (Oberkommandant Dr. Sebastian Josef Mayrhofer): Villanders 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Erlacher), Villanders 2nd Company (Hauptmann Josef Gasser), Villanders 3rd Company (Hauptmann Jakob Mehlhofer), Villanders 4th Company (Hauptmann Christof Wenter), Lajen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Überbacher), Villnöß Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Aichholzer), Latzfons Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ploner), Velthurns Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Kerschbauer).

Klausen Landsturm perhaps (commander J. Haspinger), Kastelruth Landsturm (Higher commander Peter Mayr), Villanders Landsturm (J. Haspinger) perhaps (Hauptmann Dr S. Mayrhofer, later Johann M. N. von Kolb).

Former Command XV Kreis Etschtal (valley) (Etschländer) also (current Val d’Adige or val Lagarina)

Provincial Administrative Court of Bozen (Botzen, Italian= Bolzano)

III Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch from 1808 XIV Kreis Eisack
Provincial Administrative Court of Bozen

Provincial Administrative Courts of Deutschnofen, Bozen.

Altenburg (Eppan), Eppan (St Michael, St Pauls), Belfort, Bozen and Gries, Jenesien, Karneid, Tiers, Enn and Caldiff, Kaltern and Laimburg, Salurn and Unterfennberg, Sarnthein or Sarntal, Pens, Pensertal, Margreid, Tramin, Eggental (valley), Aldein, Deutschnofen, Montan, Neumarkt, Kurtatsch, Neuhaus, Mölten, Terlan, Ritten, Stein.

- before Aspern: Bozner Schützen (commander Hauptmann Franz Gasser), Bozner Schützen up to 13 Company Bozen Stadt 2 Company (Capitän-leutnant Franz Gasser, von Reich), Company Jenesien (Hauptmann Joseph Wiederhofer), 2nd Company Karneid (Hauptmann Joseph Vieider), Company Tiers (Hauptmann Johann Robatscher) and Landsturm 13 comp, Kaltern and Laimburg 3 Company , Ritten Schützen (Hauptmann Christian Stofler) perhaps (Ritten Hauptmann Franz Lang vulgo Köbel), Penser Schützen (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Oberrauch, Johann Zöggele), Stein am Ritten Schützen (Hauptmann Christian Stofler) perhaps (Hauptmann Franz Lang vulgo Köbel), 1 Company Traminer (Hauptmann Franz Prener); Sarntal Landsturm (Andreas Hofer), Bozner Schützen and Landsturm (commander Andreas Hofer), Altemburger-Enn Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander Hauptmann Joseph von Morandell).

- between Aspern and Wagram: Neuhaus 4 Company (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Karneider, Johann Wiederhofer, Ulrich Ramoser, Johann Robatscher), Ritten Schützen 1 Company (Hauptmann Johann Zagler), Stein am Ritten Schützen 1 Company (Hauptmann Johann Zagler), Sarnthein Penser Schützen Company (commander Hauptmann Anton von Gasteiger, Hauptmann Joseph Oberrauch), Sarnthein Penser Schützen and Landsturm Company (Hauptmann Joseph Zöggele) perhaps (Hauptmann Anton von Gasteiger).

- after Wagram: Bozner Schützen (commander Major Franz Frischmann, Major Anton Count Mohr) Company Jenesien (Hauptmann Joseph Wiederhofer), Company Jenesien-Tiers (Hauptmann Jakob Taber vulgo Willele), Company Jenesien-Terlan (Hauptmann Ulrich Ramoser), Terlan Schützen Company (Hauptmann Friedrich Christanell), Jenesien Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef von Martin), Deutschnofen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Thaler), Ritten Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christofer Staffler), Ritten Schützen (Hauptmann Anton Mayr) maybe (commander Peter Mayr), Karneid Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Neulichedl), Eppan Schützen-Landsturm battalion (Hauptmann Josef Schwarz – 448 men), 1st Eppan Schützen Company (Hauptmann Carl Flor), 2nd Eppan Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Gruber), Tramin 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Joseph Sparapani), Tramin 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Romani?), Tramin 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Tappeiner?), Tiers Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Prentner), Kaltern 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann A. von Wohlgemuth), Kaltern 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Karl von Schaßer), Kaltern 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann von Schaßer), Kaltern 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jakob Ampach), Neumarkt 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Carl von Mackowitz), Neumarkt 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Zeni), Neumarkt 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Siller), Neumarkt 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Carl von Hafner), Neumarkt 5th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Friedrich Tiefenthaler) Neumarkt 6th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz von Wieser), Neuhaus Schützen (commander Peter Mayr), Salurn Schützen (Hauptmann Johann von Campi), Sarnthein Penser Schützen Company (J. Haspinger, J. Speckbacher, Capitän-leutnant Martin Nußbaumer, Joseph Oberrauch), Stein am Ritten Schützen (Hauptmann Anton Mayr) perhaps (commander Peter Mayr), Kurtatsch 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Terzer), Kurtatsch 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann I. von Manfroni), Kurtatsch 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Terzer), Aldein Schützen Company (Hauptmann Matzgeller), Mölten Schützen Company (Hauptmann Innerhofer), Ritten Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Mayr).

Penser Landsturm (Major Joseph Zöggele), Penser Schützen and Landsturm (commander Joseph Speckbacher) perhaps (commander Peter Mayr, Major Zöggele); Bozner Schützen and Landsturm (commander von Reich) maybe (Higher commander Peter Mayr), perhaps (Bozner Higher commander Joseph Speckbacher, commander Franz Thalguter, Jakob Torggler), perhaps (Eggental commander Peter Mayr), Kaltern and Laimburg Schützen and Landwehr (commander Joseph von Morandell), Salurn Schützen and Landsturm (commander von Bombardi).

Aufgebot Welschtirol [29] 1806-1809 (Italian language region Trentino contingent)

V Kreis, Trient, VI Kreis, 9th Viertel, Roveredo, italian (wälsche) Borders
From 1808 XV Kreis Etsch Welschtirol

In the 1809 fights the losses of the whole Welschtirol were 969. Of these, 331 belonged to the Bozen Kreis, 51 to  Trento and 20 to Rovereto. The number of the wounded survivors and the great invalids is not known.

VI Kreis, Roveredo
Provincial Administrative Court of Tione
VI Kreis, 9th Viertel, Roveredo from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Former Provincial Administrative Courts of Lodron, Stenico, Tione, Condino

Condino (Chiesetal), Judikarien, Lodron,Veltlin (Italian: Valtellina) (Albosaggia, Cajolo, Montagna, town north of Chiavenna), currently in Italy.

Provincial Administrative Court of Riva (lake of Garda)
VI Kreis, 9th Viertel, Roveredo from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Gardasee, Arco, Penede, Riva (Reif) and Tenno

Stadtgericht and Prätur Riva, Former Provincial Administrative Court of Tenno.

Provincial Administrative Court of Roveredo
VI Kreis, 9th Viertel Roveredo from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Castelcorno, Castellano, Folgaria (Villgreit-Vielgereuth), Nomi, Beseno (on the Adige), Roveredo (Rovereto)

Provincial Administrative Court of Roveredo.

Provincial Administrative Court of Levico – Pergine
V Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch-Trient then VI Kreis, 9th Viertel Roveredo from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Val Sugana, Caldonazzo, Castelalto (near Telve), Ivano, San Pietro, Levico, Pergine, Val Tesino, Telvana.

Roveredo Viertel Schützen

- before Aspern: perhaps (Valtellina commander Rudolph Count Parravicini) Valtellina Schützen and Landsturm:

- between Aspern and Wagram: Levico Schützen (commander Angelo von Negrelli)

- after Wagram: (Judikarien Schützen commander Hauptmann Bernardino Dal Ponte).

Strigno Schützen battalion (Val Sugana) (commander Barone Major Girolamo Ceschi – 1st Company Hauptmann Antonio Danielli,  2nd Company Hauptmann Battista Fiorentini, 3rd Company Hauptmann Nicolò Danielli, 4th Company Hauptmann Giovanni Zorghellini, 5th Company Hauptmann Antonio Barzatti).

Pieve Tesino 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Giovanni Rippa), Pieve Tesino 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Giuseppe Jetter), Pieve Tesino 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Antonio Gicelle), Pieve Tesino 4thSchützen Company (Hauptmann Vincenzo Zorghellini), Castel Tesino 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Francesco Loschi), Castel Tesino 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Tomaso Branno), Cinte Tesino 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Theodor Ceccato), Borgo (Valsugana) Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alfonso Lotter), Castelnuovo Schützen Company (Hauptmann Giuseppe Floriani), Telve and Castelalto 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Francesco Sartorelli), Telve and Castelalto 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Giacomo Strossio), Telve and Castelalto 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Giuseppe Paterno), Pergine 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Morelli), Pergine 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Banal).

V Kreis, Trient (Trento)

Provincial Administrative Court of Cles

V Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch-Trient from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Belfort- Solenni, (Nonsberg) = Altspaur; Etschtal, Spaur (Sporo), Castelfondo, Flavon, Nonstal (Val di Non), Nonsberg and Cles.

Provincial Administrative Court of Malé
V Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch-Trient from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Rabbi, Malé, Sulzberg (Val di Sole),

Former Provincial Administrative Court of Rabbi,then Provincial Administrative Court of Malé.

Provincial Administrative Court of Cavalese
V Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch-Trient from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Cavalese, Fleimstal (valley) current: val di Fiemme, Fassatal or Evas Tal (current: val di Fassa), Primöhr (current: Primiero).

Provincial Administrative Court  of Civezzano
V Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch-Trient from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Civezzano, Segonzano, Cembratal (valley) current: val di Cembra, Gresta, Königsberg.

Former Provincial Administrative Court of Königsberg and V Kreis then Provincial Administrative Court of Segonzano, Civezzano.

Note: Gresta (Cembratal) was under the VI Kreis, 9th Viertel Roveredo, but from 1808 to the Provincial Administrative Court of Civezzano.

Provincial Administrative Court of Wälschmetz (Mezzolombardo)
V Kreis, 6th Viertel Etsch-Trient from 1808 XV Kreis Etsch

Mezzocorona (Kronmetz), Mezzolombardo (Wälschmetz), Lavis, Königsberg (Wälschmichael, Etsch), Zambana and Fai (Etschtal).

Viertel Etsch-Trient Schützen

- before Aspern: Schützen and Landsturm (Süd Tirol commanders: Hauptmann Bernardino Dal Ponte [30], then Joseph von Morandell), commanders (Major Joseph Eisenstecken, Major Count Mohr, Sebastiano Garbini, Scartazzini). Primiero Freiwillige Schützen company (Hauptmann Alois von Savoi), Malé Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Malanotte); Malé Landsturm (GM Baron Franz von Fenner), Nonstal Schützen and Landsturm (commander GM Baron Franz von Fenner, Jakob von Steffenelli, Major Johann Count Arz) ; Nonstal Landsturm (GM von Fenner) perhaps (Count Arz).

- between Aspern and Wagram: several Company Schützen at Fiera di Primiero (commander Kasimir von Bosio), Malé Landsturm (GM von Fenner), Nonstal Landsturm (GM von Fenner).

- after Wagram: (Malé Higher commander Joseph Eisenstecken), perhaps (Nonstal Higher commander Joseph Eisenstecken), (Primiero commander Joseph von Ress). Fassatal 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Antonio Rizzi), Fassatal 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Sylvester Rossi).

Primiero (Primör) Freiwilliges Schützen battalion (commander Major Kasimir von Bosio) (1st Company Hauptmann Franz von Bosio, 2nd Company Hauptmann Alois von Savoi, 3rd Company Hauptmann Franz Zorzi, 4th Company Hauptmann Giorgio Luigi Piazza, 5th Company Hauptmann Count Josef Welsberg – fought at Bassano, Feltre, Belluno and Primiero). [31]

Fleimstal commander Major Josef von Retz, Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Delugini „Scario“ after Johann de Coradini von Kastello), Cavalese (Hauptmann Johann Vetta), Predazzo (Hauptmann Jakob Morandini then Dr. Franz de Rizzoli), Moena (Hauptmann Lorenzo Chiochetti).

Territorial Volunteers outside Tirol

Aufgebot Vorarlberg 1806-1809 (Vorarlberg contingent)

Vogteiämter Bludenz, Bregenz, Feldkirch

from 1808 XII Kreis Vorarlberg – Iller

Before Aspern: Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander : Major Martin Teimer, commander Major Riedmüller)

- between Aspern and Wagram: 8 Schützen battalions (Higher commander Dr. Anton Schneider); Landsturm (Higher commander Dr. Anton Schneider); Schützen and Landsturm (Higher commander Dr. Schneider, commanders: Bernhard Riedmiller, Joseph Christian Müller) [32]

Command XII Kreis Vorarlberg – Iller
VII Kreis Vorarlberg, from 1808 XII Kreis Iller
Provincial Administrative Courts of Schruns (Montafon), Bregenz, Feldkirch, Bezau (Inner Bregenzer Wald), Nüziders, Füssen

(Vogteigerichte = district courts) Bludenz, Bregenz , Dornbirn (Dornbüren), Feldkirch, Hoheneck, Hohenembs, Inner Bregenzer Wald, Rankweil and Sulz, Vils.

- between Aspern and Wagram: 1 Company Schützen Feldkirch (capt.Walser).

- after Wagram: various Schützen.

Aufgebot Kärnten 1806-1809 (Carinthian contingent)

Aufgebot Ober-Kärnten 1806-1809 (Upper Carinthia contingent)

Oberdrauburg, Obervellach, Drautal (valley), maybe Spittal

- between Aspern and Wagram: Oberkärnten commander (K.K. Major Anton Count Triangi) perhaps 1 Battalion Oberdrauburg  (Major Triangi).

- after Wagram: Schützen (Oberkommandant - Higher commander Johann Baptist Türk); Landsturm idem; in Drautal perhaps (commander Anton Wallner).

Aufgebot Salzburg 1806-1809 (Salzburg contingent)

(Alpine valleys of Salzburg: Brixental, Pongau, Pinzgau, Zillertal)

Salzburger Bergtäler „Salzburger Highlanders“

(Brixental, Pinzgau, Pongau, Zillertal). (Pfleggerichte : Ordinary Administrative Courts : Fügen, Gastein, Goldegg, Großarl, St Johann i. Pöngau, Lofer, Mittersill, Saalfelden, Radstadt, Taxenbach-Rauris, Werfen, Windisch-Matrei (Matrei in Osttirol), Zell am See, Zell am Ziller.

- before Aspern: commander : General Kommissär Joseph von Pichl, Schützen 10 Company (K.K. Oberleutnant Rauchenbichler) Landsturm 6 Company (K.K. Oberleutnant Rauchenbichler)

- after Wagram: (commander J. Haspinger).

Brixentaler

Pfleggericht Brixen im Tal

- after Wagram: Brixental Schützen (commander Georg Angerer, Max Michl) perhaps (commander Carl von Metz).

Pongauer

Pfleggerichte: Pongau, Gastein, Goldegg, Grossarl, St Johann, Radstadt, Werf, Radstadt.

- before Aspern: Pongauer Schützen and Landsturm (commander Major Jakob Sieberer, Capitän-leutnant Joseph Struber, Anton Wallner).

- between Aspern and Wagram: Pongauer Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Anton Wallner)

- after Wagram: Pongauer Schützen (commander Haspinger, Speckbacher, Capitän-leutnant Anton Wallner, Ramischeg, Seidl, Jakob Strucker, K.K. Hauptmann Martersteig), 1st Pongauer Company Werfen (Capitän-Major Joseph Struber), 2nd Company St. Johann-Grossarl (Capitän-leutnant Ignaz Kettner, then Peter Sieberer), Company Goldegg (Hauptmann Posch), Company Goldegg-Taxenbach (Hauptmann Anton Frauensteiner), Company Radstadt (Carl von Metz and Hauptmann Anton Steger) Company Gastein-Goldegg-St Johann (Hauptmann Paul Kapeller), 2 Company (Capitän-leutnant Ramischeg, Seidl), St. Johann Schützen and Landsturm (Hauptmann Joseph Sieberer). Pongauer Schützen and Landsturm (commander J. Haspinger and J. Speckbacher, Joseph Strucker) perhaps (Higher commander J. Haspinger, commander J. Speckbacher, commander Hauptmann Georg Laner, Major Joseph Struber, Anton Wallner), Oberpongau Landsturm (commander Carl von Metz, Hauptmann Anton Steger).

Pinzgauer

Pfleggerichte Lofer, Mittersill, Saalfelden, Taxenbach-Rauris, Zell am See, Pinzgau, Hopfgarten, Lofer (Lofers, Lover), Mittersill, Matrei in Osttirol (Windisch Matrey). 

- before Aspern: Pinzgauer Schützen - Schützen and Landsturm (commander Hauptmann Anton Wallner) perhaps (K.K. Hauptmann Heumann, K.K. Oberleutnant Anton von Leis), Schützen 2nd Company Saalfelden (Hauptmann Johann Panzl); Saalfelden Schützen 3 Company (2 Company Saalfelden Landwehr)

- between Aspern and Wagram: perhaps (Pinzgauer commander Hauptmann Anton Wallner, Capitän-leutnant Christian Blattl, Johann Panzl) Scharfschützen Pillersee (Capitän-leutnant Christian Blattl). [33]

- after Wagram: Pinzgauer Schützen (commander Ignaz Kettner); Pinzgauer Landsturm (commander Ignaz Kettner); Pinzgauer Schützen and Landsturm (commander J. Haspinger, Joseph Speckbacher, Anton Wallner); Saalfelden Schützen Company (Capitän-leutnant Joseph Keil, Christian Koller, Johann Pfeffer), 1 Taxenbach and Rauris Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Schernthaler) with Goldegg 1 Company (Hauptmann Anton Frauensteiner), Windisch Matrey Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Schmitzberger) perhaps (Windisch Matrey commander Anton Wallner).

- before Aspern up to after Wagram: Schützen 1 Company Lofer, 2 Company (and 2 Company Landsturm) Mittersill (J. Haspinger), Schützen Taxenbach and Rauris 1 Company (also Landsturm 1 Company ), Schützen Zell am See 3 Company (also 2 Landsturm Company ).

Zillertaler

Pfleggerichte: Tuxer Tal, Stumm, Uderns, Zell, Zell-Dux, Zillertal, Zillertal-Finsing, Fügen, Fügenberg, Hartberg, Kapfing, Kleinboden.

- between Aspern and Wagram: Zillertaler Schützen and Landsturm (commander Hauptmann Spieß).

- after Wagram: Zillertaler Schützen (commander Major Jakob Margreiter); 1 Company Zell Schützen (Hauptmann Franz Geißler) ; freiw. Company Fügen- Hartberg (Hauptmann Joseph Kreitner), Company Fügenerberg (Hauptmann Veit Steiner), Fügen 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Sebastian Zemmer), Fügen 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Ritzl), Company Uderns (Hauptmann Thomas Penz) Zillertaler Schützen and Landsturm perhaps (Oberkommandanten J. Haspinger, J. Speckbacher, commander Siard Haser, Joseph Zöggeler), Zell am Ziller 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Standl) at the Kufstein pulver Depot, Zell am Ziller 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johannes Straßer), Zell am Ziller 3rd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Cajetan Kröll), Zell am Ziller 4th Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Holaus), Uderns Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Standl).

Austrian Invasion Order of Battle in Tirol 1809

Oberdrauburg in Ober-Kärnten (Carinthia) April 8, 1809

Detached Corps FML Marquis Johann Gabriel Chasteler de Courcelles (1763 - 1825)

General-Staff:

Aide-de-corps GM Adjutant Baron Franz Karl Veyder-Mahlberg (Vejder, Veider - 1775-1830), major Leopold (Josef) Ritter von Lebzeltern (1783-1836) campaign reporter, Major Czorich (Chorich) von Monte Creto.

Aides-brigadiers: Graf (Count) Ignaz Brandis, Oberst then GM Baron Joseph Schmidt (Schmiedt - 1750-1810) commander of the IR 53 Johann Jellachich, Baron Zach avant-garde commander, Major Lanotte Streifkorps commander, Landwehr Oberst Auracher.

Engineers: Oberstleutnant Bonomo.

Corps artillery: (1-4 guns, 5 howitzers, 2 field pieces 6 pdr, 1 cavalry battery 3 pdr)

Brig. Buol 9 guns (3 bavarian 6 pdr. guns – 2 pieces  3 pdr. – 3 pieces  6 pdr. - 4 pieces 3 pdr. - 1 Bergkanone or mountain gun)

Brig. Fenner (2 guns 3 pdr. - half Battery 6 pdr.)

Brig. Marschall (8 guns - half Brig. Battery  and 1 Position Battery - 2 guns 3 pdr.)

Brig. Schmidt (4 pieces  3 pdr.)

attached at and with Göldlin 3 pdr gun – at Leiningen: 1 gun, 2 howitzers, 2 pieces 3 pdr. - attached at and with Reissenfels 4 bavarian 6 pdr - 2 howitzers - 6 pdr 2 guns - attached at and with Seppenburg 3 cavalry guns, 2 pieces  3 pdr - attached at and with Frimerson 1 gun (3 pdr) – attached at and with Taxis 1 gun 3 pdr, 1 piece 6 pdr and 2 guns.

Brigade GM baron Franz Philipp Fenner von Fenneberg (1762-1824)

horse artillery: 3 pieces  6 pdr (cavalry artillery half-battery)

at the beginning: Brig. Landwehr of the Div. Lippa under Kerpen in Inner Austria, then Brigade with Chasteler:

1st Column: IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26,(1 Bn), Feldjäger battalion Nr. 9 (2 Company ), Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2 (1 Wing), 1 gun (6 pdr.), 1 Howitzer.

2nd Column: IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26 (3 Company ), Landwehr Klagenfurt (3 Bns), Landwehr Villach (2 Bns).

Later was formed by: IR Lusignan (3 Bns), Feldjäger battalion Nr. 9 (2 Company ), Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2 (1 ½ Sqn), Landwehr Judenburg (2 Bns), Landwehr Villach (1 Bn), Landwehr Klagenfurt (3 Bns).

More later: IR Franz Karl Nr. 52 (1 Bn), IR Johann Jellachich Nr. 53 (2 Bns), 2nd Banal Grenzer Rgt. Nr. 11 (1 Bn), 2 companies of the Innerösterreich Freiwillige Battalion (volunteers of Inner Austria), II Bn Landwehr Bruck, 1 Bn Landwehr Klagenfurt, 1 Bn Landwehr Villach, ½ Sqn. Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2, 3 pieces 3 pdr. Also after with: I Bn I.R. Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, Feldjäger battalion Nr. 9, Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2 (1 Sqn), half cavalry battery of the Tiroler Landsturm.

- after Wagram: Division of the Armée of Innerösterreich.

K.K. Feldjäger Bn n. 9 ”Kärnten” Jägers

Commander: Major-Oberstleutnant  Baron Carl Göldlin von Tieffenau

Recruitment: (Carinthia, Styria) Inner Austria.

Depot: Villach (Upper Carinthia). 

- before Aspern: was at St.Veit (in Krain) (Brig. GM Anton von Gajoli, Klagenfurt – Div. FML marquis Friedrich von Bellegarde, Graz). Later Brig. Wetzl, Div. Albert Gyulai, then Frimont, VIII Corps later Brig. Wetzl, Div. Frimont, VIII Corps. Attached to the Corps Chasteler in the Brig. Fenner and in detail:

3 Company Brig. Buol  - Chasteler

2 Company Brig. Fenner - Chasteler

3 Company Brig. Marschal - Chasteler

later 1 Company with Taxis

Its Depot company was with  the Brig. Ignaz Hardegg (detached).

- between Aspern and Wagram: 2nd, 3rd, 5th and part of the 6th Company with the Brig. Buol in Tirol.

1 Detachment with Brig. Lutz, Div. Jellachich, Armée of Innerösterreich (army of Inner Austria) then to the Staff of the Armée of Innerösterreich.

- at Wagram: Brig. Eckhart, Div. Frimont, Armée of Innerösterreich.

- after Wagram: Brig. Buol (autonomous).

Landwehr Villach – 2 battalions

2 Depotkomp. in the brig. Vogl at Klagenfurt, Div. Lippa under Kerpen

1st battalion Villach – Major Count Johann Sardagna

- before Aspern: brig. Fenner, Corps Chasteler later in the Lodron then in the Reissenfels and finally in the brig. Marschal

2nd battalion Sachsenburg - Major Count Hieronymus Maria Lodron,

later Major Count Anton La Motte

- before Aspern: in the Corps Chasteler, then disbanded. Reorganized in June-July under the Army of Inner Austria.

Landwehr Klagenfurt – 3 battalions

2 Depot Company in the brig. Vogl at Klagenfurt, Div. Lippa under Kerpen.

1st battalion Klagenfurt - Major Count Franz Ursenbeck

before Aspern in the brig. Buol, Corps Chasteler

2nd battalion Althofen - Major Anton von Leiss

before Aspern in the Corps Chasteler then in the brig. Fenner.

3rd battalion Lavamünd - Major Count Douglas Dietrichstein

before Aspern and from Aspern till Wagram: in the brig. Buol, Corps Chasteler – then in the brig. Fenner

Landwehr Judenburg – 2 battalions

1st battalion Judenburg – Major Baron Tartler then Major Baron Franz Werner

- before Aspern: brig. (4th) Auracher, Corps Chasteler then with the Div. Jellachich (autonomous)

- before Wagram: with the Div. Jellachich

2nd battalion Rottenmann - Major Johann Nepomuk Schiffer

- before Aspern: with the VIII Corps, disbanded at the May end, Remnants to the 1st Bn.

- before Wagram: I and II Bns.were merged (half Bn) and remained with Div. Jellachich, Armée of Innerösterreich.

As a group: 2 Bns. with the brig. Auracher in Leoben, 2 Depot Company with Lippa in Graz, Div. Lippa under Kerpen

- before Wagram: with the Div. Colloredo or Frimont, Armée of Innerösterreich.

Landwehr Bruck – 2 battalions

1st battalion Mürzzuschlag - Major Franz von Stransky

- before Aspern: with the brig. Auracher, Corps Chasteler later with the autonomous Div. Jellachich.

- till Wagram: with the Div. Jellachich, Armée of Innerösterreich.

2nd battalion Leoben – Major Ignaz von Gollnhofer

- before Aspern: brig. Auracher, Corps Chasteler then with the brig. Fenner

- till Wagram: with the Div. Jellachich, Armée of Innerösterreich.

after Wagram: was raised the 1st Combined Styrian Landwehr battalion from the 1st Bn. Mürzzuschlag and the remnants [34] of the 2nd Leoben.

As a group:

- Initially 2 Bat with the brig. Auracher in Leoben, 2 Depot Company with the brig. Lippa in Graz, Div. Lippa under Kerpen then

- before Aspern: with the Corps Chasteler - 1 Bn with the brig. Auracher, Corps Chasteler and also 3 Bns with the brig. Auracher, Corps Lippa – other 2 Company with the Reserve Truppen Lippa , then 1 Bn with the brig. Fenner, Corps Chasteler. Finally 1 Bn with the brig. Marschal, Corps Chasteler .

- till Wagram: 1 Bn. with the der Armée of Innerösterreich – one third of battalion with the Div. Jellachich, Armée of Innerösterreich.

K.K. Chevaulégers Nr. 2 Prinz Friedrich Xaver Hohenzollern-Hechingen – 3 Sqns.

Was with the 8th Corps in Italy. 2 divisions went in Tirol with Chasteler. The 1st Major’s division - 2 Sqns. remained in Dalmatia. The Oberst-division was in Italy under the regiment commander baron von Ludwigsdorff, who was severely wounded at Pordenone, during the avant-garde combat at Rorai Grande. The 2nd Major’s division, under Major Lachowski, fought at Sacile. Later was sent to Tirol as reinforcement, remained with Chasteler and covered his retreat in Carinthia, fighting at St. Veit and Klagenfurt. In middle of June the regiment re-united under the army of Archduke John at Pápa.

The squadrons in Tirol were, partially, employed at Laditscher Brücke and at Volano, later in North-Tirol. An half squadron fought the May 28 battle of Bergisel. After the retreat of the Chasteler corps, in Tirol, one squadron remained in South Tirol fighting near Trento. Rittmeister Banizza was also the District-commander there.

The part of the regiment sent to North Tirol fought at Murnau, saving the Schützen column of Major Teimer from a complete disaster. The Vorarlberg Detachment under Rittmeister Baron von Esch was taken prisoner at Neumarkt in Oberpfalz, after the attempt to escape through Bavaria and Bohemia.

Depot Kadre:

Pecsvár

 

 Commander:

baron Leopold von Ludwigsdorff

Theophil von Zechmeister (vice)

 2nd Colonel:

Theophil von Zechmeister

Franz von Müller

Oberstlieutenant:

Matthias Löderer

 

1st Majore:

Anton Lachowski

 

2nd Majore:

baron Peter Gasser

Nikolaus Henrion

Recruitment: districts of Silesia and Moravia. From 1809 partially recruited in Bohemia too. 1 Depot (Res.) Sqn. Brig. Daniel in Ödenburg, under Alvinczy.

- before Aspern: 3 Sqns. Corps Chasteler and 2 Sqns. Brig. Buol with half Sqn under Brig. Fenner. Then 3 Sqns. Brig. Fenner and Marschal, Corps Chasteler – then again 3 Sqns. only in the Brig. Marschal, Corps Chasteler.

Later: 3 ½ Sqns. Brig. Schmidt, 1 Sqn. Marchal-Volkmann and 1 Sqn with Stojcevich in Dalmatia, half Sqn at Seppenburg under Taxis; then half Sqn with Teimer.

Re-united 8 Sqns. Brig. Wetzl, Div. Frimont, VIII. Corps.

Wrede speaks also: around 2 div. to Fenner and Marschal, 2 div. in Dalmatia. Finally 4 Sqns. with Colloredo, Fulda, Schmidt, Stojevich, Volkmann, Armée of Innerösterreich.

- before Wagram: 3 Sqns. Brig. Buol, Corps Chasteler also 1 Sqn Brig. Stojcevich in Dalmatia. Later reunited with the Brig. Bésan, Div. Frimont, Armée of Innerösterreich.

- after Wagram: Brig. Bésan, Div. Frimont, Armée of Innerösterreich. Parts with the Gruppe Taxis and Major Teimer in Tirol

Brigade GM baron Peter Ignaz Marschal von Perclat (1764 - 1823)

His true name was : Ignace-Pierre Baron Marchal de Perclat (born Blâmont / Lorraine)

From Inner Austria army: IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26, IR Lusignan Nr. 16,

Later Brig. detached from the  Armée of Innerösterreich, IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26, IR Lusignan Nr. 16, Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2

Later: Brig. of the detached Corps Chasteler, IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, Feldjäger battalion Nr. 9, Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2, Villacher Landwehr (1 Bn), Brucker Landwehr (1 Bn),

also Brig. detached Corps Chasteler, 2 Bns. of the IR Hohenlohe Bartenstein Nr. 26, 1 Bn of the IR Johann Jellachich Nr. 53, 4 Company of the 2nd Banal Grenzers, 1 Sqns. Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2, 2 guns 3 pdr. 1 howitzer.

Brig. detached Corps Chasteler, IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26 (2 Bns), IR Lusignan Nr. 16 (1 Bn). Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2 (2 Sqns.), 1 Position Battery, I and II Bns. Landwehr Villach .

position artillery: 6 pieces  6 pdr.

brigade artillery: 8 pieces  de 3 pdr.

K.K. IR 26 – FML Fürst Ludwig Hohenlohe–Bartestein – 3 battalions

- before Aspern: 3 Bns. Brig. Marschal, Div. Albert Gyulai, VIII. Korps but later was detached in Tirol with Chasteler: Brig. Marschal or single battalions to Brig. Buol, Fenner, detached Group Leiningen, while 2 Company remained with the Brig. Vogl at Klagenfurt.

- before Wagram: Brig. Buol, corps Chasteler 1 Bat. to the detached Gruppe Leiningen. The Depotkomp. Brig. de Best, Div. Colloredo, Armée of Innerösterr.

Depot Kadre:

Klagenfurt

 

 Commander:

Oberst Franz von Mumb

 

 2nd Colonel:

Graf Christian Leiningen Westerburg

 

Recruitment: districts of Carinthia and Galicia. 2 Depot Company Brig Vogl in Klagenfurt, Div,Lippa under Kerpen

K.K. IR 16 – FZM Marquis Franz Lusignan [35] – 3 battalions

- before Aspern: Brig. Marschal, Div. Albert Gyulai, VIII Korps, then Brig. Buol (2 Company Corps Chasteler) - 3 Bns. Brig. Marschal, Corps Chasteler, and then to the detached Gruppe Leiningen (2 Company of III Bn)

Later Brig. Marschal, Div. Albert Gyulai, VIII. Korps

then Brig. Fenner Corps Chasteler and then Gruppe Ertel, Corps Chasteler

Later Brig. Schmidt, Corps Chasteler (3 Company )

- before Wagram: 2 Bns. Gruppe Ertel, also Gruppe Reissenfels, detached Brig. Buol while 1 battalion was with the detached Div. Jellachich. Finally 10 Company Brig. Lutz, Div. Colloredo, Armée of Innerösterreich 

- after Wagram: to the detached Brig. Bianchi then 2 Bns. Brig. Buol and 1 Bn Div. Jellachich with 2 Company to the Gruppe Taxis

Depot Kadre:

Leoben

 

Commander:

Oberst Joseph Ruiz de Rosas

Obstltn. Hermann Dominik Ritter von Ertel von Krelau (already before Aspern

2nd Colonel:

   

Recruitment: districts of Styria (Cillj Kreis), Galicia. Res. Company in Graz.

GM baron Joseph Ignaz Buol zu Bärenberg (1749 - 1817) – originally with V Corps

Hofkommissär, North Tirol commander, campaign reporter

- before Aspern: Brig. Div. Lindenau, V Corps, IR Hiller Nr. 2, IR Sztáray Nr. 33, 1 Brigade battery 6 pdr, 1 Position battery 6 pdr.

Brigade of the Corps Chasteler:

IR Lusignan Nr. 16, (3 Company and 1 Bn), IR Devaux Nr. 45 (4 Company ), Salzburger Jäger (2 Company ), Chevaulegers Rgt. Hohenzollern Nr. 2, (2 Sqn), Artillery (3 pieces 6 pdr., 4 pieces 3 pdr.), later detached in Tirol

As autonomous unit:

IR Devaux Nr. 45, IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26 (1 Bn), Feldjäger battalion Nr. 9 (1 Company ), Salzburger Jäger (2 Company ), Landwehr Bn Klagenfurt, Chevauleger Rgt Hohenzollern Nr. 2 (1 ½ Sqn), Chevauleger Rgt O’ Reilly Nr 3 (half Sqn) or IR Devaux Nr. 45 (4 Company ), IR Lusignan Nr. 16, (2 Company ), 4 Company Salzburger Jäger, 2 Company Feldjäger battalion Nr. 9, 2 Sqns. Chevauleger Rgt Hohenzollern Nr. 2, 3 bavarian guns 6 pdr. 3 pdr. (2 guns) 1 Bergkanone (mountain gun).

Avant-garde baron von Zach

Vanguard of the detached Corps Chasteler, 3 Company IR Devaux Nr. 45, 1 Company of the 3rd Feldjäger battalion, half Sqn Chevauleger Rgt Hohenzollern, 1 Company Salzburger Landwehr.

Gruppe Ertel - Oberstleutnant Hermann Dominik Ritter von Ertel von Krelau

Autonomous group of the corps Chasteler, IR Lusignan Nr. 16 (1 Bn), Landsturm Fleimstal, later autonomous

unit of the Brig. Buol, 3rd battalion IR Lusignan Nr. 16, 2nd battalion Landwehr Bruck, 2 Schützen companies Gadertal and St. Lorenzen

- before Wagram: part of the Tiroler Aufgebot, 1 Bn IR Lusignan Nr. 16, 1 Company Salzburger Jäger, 40 Chevau-légers, 3 guns.

Gruppe Oberstleutnant Samuel von Reissenfels

Autonomous unit detached from Jellachich division to Chasteler:  4 Company IR Devaux Nr. 45, 1 Wing Chevaulegers Rgt. O’ Reilly Nr. 3.

- before Wagram: 400 men of the IR Lusignan Nr. 16, 1 Company Salzburger Jäger, 20 Chevaulégers, 2 guns and more 400 men IR Devaux Nr. 45, 60 Jäger, 40 Chevaulégers, 2 guns 3 pdr.

Later: IR Hohenlohe-Bartenstein Nr. 26, IR Devaux Nr. 45, 1 wing Chevaulégers Rgt Hohenzollern Nr. 2, 1 Company Salzburger Jäger, 2 guns 3 pdr, 10 Company Schützen and Landsturm,

then 4 Company IR. Devaux Nr. 45, 1 Abteilung Feldjäger (probably of the 9th Bn), half Sqn Chevaulégers Rgt Hohenzollern, 1 platoon Salzburger Jäger, 2 guns 3 pdr, 19 Company Tiroler Schützen, 12-16 Company Landsturm.

Gruppe Oberstleutnant Maximilian Joseph Fürst von Thurn und Taxis (at Salzburg’s service)

Called « lopsided Taxis » he was a former K.K. Hauptmann of the Austrian army.

Between Aspern and Wagram: 6 Company detached from Jellachich to Chasteler, IR Devaux Nr. 45 (3 Company ), Salzburger Jäger (2 Company ), or IR Devaux Nr. 45 (2 Company ), Chevaulégers Rgt O’Reilly Nr. 3 (half Sqn), Salzburger Jäger (2 Company ).

Before Wagram: 2 Company IR Lusignan, 1 Company Salzburger Jäger, 10 Company Tiroler Schützen, 1 wing Chevaulégers, 12 guns.

Example of a Tirolean Army Order of Battle[36]

During the revolt there were many clashes between Tiroleans (and Austrians) and Bavarian-French troops. The hill of Innsbuck, berg Isel or Bergisel, witnessed to four rough battles: First Bergisel battle (April 12, 1809), Second Bergisel (May 29, 1809), Third Bergisel (August 13, 1809) and finally Fourth Bergisel (November 1, 1809). Here is  the Tirolean Order of Battle of the August’s third clash.

Supreme Commander: Andreas Hofer, the “Sandwirth”

Adjutanten: Josef Ennemoser (Passeier), Mathias Purtscher (Schlanders), Balthasar Leiter (Algund)

Right Wing (Paschberg and Ambras)

Right Wing commander: Major Josef Speckbacher – total 4309 men

deployed on Paschberg

Sector commander: Valentin Tschöll (Mais), vice commander Josef Anton Wenter (Meran)

Algund Schützen 1st – 2nd – 3rd Company (Hauptmann Peter Thalguter, Mathias Keuschberger, Johann Brunner)
Meran Schützen 1st – 2nd Company (Hauptmann von Meitinger and Josef von Auckenthaler)
Vöran Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Michael Reiterer)total around 2500 men
Riffian Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Johann Pircher)
Partschins Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Sebastian Moosmüller)
Mais Schützen 1st 2nd Company (Hauptmann Leopold Nägele and Johann Spitaler)
Schönna Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Johann Brunner)
Tirol (Meran) Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jakob Flarer)
Naturns Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Johann Ladurner) total around 2500 men
Igls Schützen Company (Hauptmann Paul Hilder) (100 men)
Patsch Schützen Company (Hauptmann Georg Lienzberger) (100 men)
Schützen Company Rinn, Tulfes and Ampaß under direct Speckbacher’s command (around 300 men).

deployed on Ambras hills

Sector commander: Andrä Angerer (Volders)

Volders Schützen Company (Hauptmann Andrä Angerer) (139 men)
Schwaz Schützen Company (Hauptmann Thomas Mayr von Zintberg) (100 men)
Thaur 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Andrä Farbmacher) (121 men)
Ambras-Pradl Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Fuchs) (100 men)
Thaur 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Württenberger) (119 men)
Sturmmannschaft Rinn, Tulfes, Sistrans, Lans battalion  (Hauptmann Josef Rangger) (1000 men)
Sarntal Landsturm Company (Hauptmann Josef Zoggele) (100 men)
Schlanders 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Simon Freiseisen) (130 men)

Center

Right Column

Right Column commander: Peter Mayr, vice commander Peter Kemenater – 3679 men

deployed at Buchhof on Bergisel

St.Leonhard im Passeier 1st Company (Hauptmann Johann Hofer) (350 men)
St.Leonhard im Passeier 2nd Company (Hauptmann Andrä Ilmer) (340 men)
St.Martin im Passeier 1st Company (Hauptmann Georg Lahner) (333 men)

deployed on Bergisel

Pfeffersberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Mayr) (100 men)
Vilnoß Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Aichholzer) (153 men)
Lajen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Überbacher) (230 men)
Gröden Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Pineider) (103 men)
Griesbruck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz von Fenner) (97 men)
Villanders 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Erlacher) (141 men)
Villanders 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Gasser) (142 men)
Barbian 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christoph Wenter) (119 men)
Barbian 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jakob Mehlhofer) (119 men)
Albeins Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Egger) (100 men)
Neuhaus Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef von Campi) (113 men)
Brixen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Gitzl) (100 men)
Schabs Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Kemenater) (100 men)
Mauls Schützen Company (Hauptmann Georg Hatzl) (100 men)
Fulpmes Schützen Company (Hauptmann M. Pfurtscheller, commander of the Stubai Schützen) (101 men)
Neustift Schützen Company (Hauptmann Stephan Schönherr) (178 men)
Telfes Schützen Company (Hauptmann Sebastian Gleirscher) (73 men)
Mieders Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Lener) (87 men)
Sturmmannschaft Pflersch, Pfitsch, Brenner, Steinach  (around 500 men)

Left Column

Left Column commander: Father Joachim Haspinger, vice commander Dr. Sebastian Mayrhofer – 2303 men

deployed on Natters’ hill in front of the Plumesköpfl

1st Sector commander: Count Josef Mohr

Latsch Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Josef Lechner) (116  men)
Latsch Schützen 2nd Company (Hauptmann  Josef Verdross ) (123 men)
Latsch Schützen 3rd Company (Hauptmann Johann Oberdörfer) (172 men)
Martell Schützen Company (Hauptmann Sylvester Perkmann) (76  men)
Schlanders 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Kasserer) (125 men)
Glurns Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Matthäus Platzer) (158  men)
Glurns Schützen 2nd Company (Hauptmann Anton Minig) (135 men)

2nd Sector commander: Michael Mayr

Kastelbell Schützen Company (Hauptmann Martin Plattner) (100 men)
Schnals Schützen 1st Company (Hauptmann Georg Gamper) (100 men)
Schnals Schützen 2nd Company (Hauptmann Michael Gorfer) (100 men)

deployed on Natters’ hills

Sector commander: Franz Thalguter

Partschins Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Thalguter) (100 men)
Meran Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Prünster) (100 men)
Lana Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Margesin) (95 men)
Mölten Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Schätzer) (97 men)
Kastelruth Schützen Company (Hauptmann Simon Pfaffstaller) (60 men)
Gufidaun Schützen Company (Hauptmann Dr. Sebastian Josef Mayrhofer) (100 men)
Ritten Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Mayr) (100 men)
Enneberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Solderer) (137 men)
Sarntal Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Oberrauch) (100 men)
Wolkenstein Sturmmannschaft (209 men)

Left Wing (in front of Gallwiese and Husslhof)

Left Wing commander: Major Georg Bucher; Adjutant: Ignaz Tiefenbrunner  – total 729 men

Axams Schützen Company (Hauptmann Wolfgang Natter) (100 men)
Völs Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Nagele) (110 men)
Oberperfuß Schützen Company (Hauptmann Jakob Jordan) (157 men)
Hötting-Innsbruck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Schlumpf) (130 men)

Subsector commander: Josef Abenthung (Götzens)

Götzens Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Abenthung) (90 men)
Mutters Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Mayr) (100 men)
Natters Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Wieser) (42 men)

Rearguard Reserve (Zirl and Kranebitten) or Left Bank of Inn River

after the battle advancing towards Hötting

Sector commander: Martin Firler – total 4050 men

Flaurling Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Matzgeller) (133 men)
Imst Schützen Company (Hauptmann unknown) (97 men)
Mieming-Barwies Schützen Company (Hauptmann Michael Staudacher) (188 men)
Längenfeld Schützen Company (Hauptmann Angelus Griesser) (58 men)
Ötz-Pipurg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Khuen) (128 men)
Ötz-Habicher Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Neurauter) (114 men)
Sautens Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Holzknecht) (162 men)
Umhausen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Peter Baumann) (152 men)
Ötz-Tumpen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Ignaz Beiter) (93 men)
Landeck Schützen Company (Hauptmann Leonhard Partholl) (161 men)
Fließ 1st Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois von Fischer (112 men)
Fließ 2nd Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christian Stark) (177 men)
Fiß Schützen Company (Hauptmann Franz Konrad) (96 men)
Kauns Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Schlapp) (159 men)
Landeck Sturmmannschaft (665 men)
Langtaufers Schützen Company (Hauptmann Gabriel Patscheider) (104 men)
Reschen Schützen Company (Hauptmann Mathias Lechthaler) (128 men)
Graun Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christian Baldauf) (109 men)
Haid Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Blaas) (170 men)
Naudererberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Christian Nebl) (168 men)

Subsector commander: Von Pemelburg (Mals)

Schleiß Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Agathle) (70 men)
Tartsch Schützen Company (Hauptmann Alois Hellrigl) (86 men)
Lichtenberg Schützen Company (Hauptmann Johann Patigler) (85 men)
Schluderns Schützen Company (Hauptmann Anton Schaller) (135 men)
Taufers Schützen Company (Hauptmann Josef Schgör) (94 men)

The total of the Tirolean manpower had to be around 15000/16000 men. These numbers came from the record of the Statthalterei-Archive of Innsbruck and from the attached standing lists. It is not known, however, if other Schützen companies took part at that battle. The opponents of the Tirolean Hofer’s army were around 13090 men, 1500 cavalry troopers and 45 guns.

Notes:

[1] Were the territories lost during the French Revolutionary Wars. Many Austrian officers and soldiers came from these former Imperial Circles (Kreise) either for familiar traditions, either to serve under the old rulers.

[2] Wilson, Peter H. ,“The politics of military recruitment in eighteenth-century Germany”, The English Historical Review, June 01, 2002, Oxford University Press 2003.

[3] The territories and dominion of the Holy Roman Empire in terms of present-day states comprised Germany (except Southern Schleswig), Austria (except Burgenland), the Czech Republic, Switzerland and Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Slovenia (except Prekmurje), besides significant parts of eastern France (mainly Artois, Alsace, Franche-Comté, Savoie and Lorraine), northern Italy (mainly Lombardy, Piedmont, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, and South Tyrol), and western Poland (mainly Silesia, Pomerania, and Neumark).

[4] As for precision, Emperor Francis had still enough territories to manage. This were his titles after having renounced to be the Holy Roman Emperor: "We, Francis the First, by the grace of God Emperor of Austria; King of Jerusalem, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia and Lodomeria; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Lorraine, Salzburg, Würzburg, Franconia, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola; Grand Duke of Cracow; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia; Duke of Sandomir, Masovia, Lublin, Upper and Lower Silesia, Auschwitz and Zator, Teschen and Friule; Prince of Berchtesgaden and Mergentheim; Princely Count of Habsburg, Gorizia and Gradisca and of the Tirol; and Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria". No more Italy, however.

[5] The old fashioned term "Konfinen" meant merely borders and since the decline of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 the Austrian army was forced to abandon the recruitment within the different countries of the Reich (this was only a right of the Holy Roman Empire), the so called Reichswerbung (HQ in Frankfurt, commanded by an Austrian general). So from 1806 they started the so called “Konfinen-Werbung” (border recruitment) on the borders of the Austrian Empire to the German countries. From that time every German (which of course was a foreigner = Ausländer), who wanted to serve the Austrian army, has to come to the Austrian borders, where he was recruited by the new (?) raised recruitment offices. The other way for a foreigner (Ausländer) to serve the Austrian army was to enter the army during his (maybe holiday) stay in one of the Austrian countries. These two ways existed for a foreigner to enter the Austrian army.

Courtesy of Leopold Kudma (Napoleon Series)

[6] From AA.VV. Der Sammler für Geschichte und Statistik von Tirol, vierter band, Wagnerisches Schriften, Innsbruck 1809.

[7] The Landsturm (German language for "National Storm") were irregular military forces, mainly not trained Volunteers, former veterans too older to serve also in the Landwehr or too young, called in the case of an invasion of the Tirol.  They promised  a hard resistance "by any means" against the Napoleonic- Bavarian invasion.

[8] Archduke John’s regulations in Hormayr Joseph zu Hortenburg (Baron of), John (Archduke of Austria), Land Tirol und der Tirolerkrieg von 1809, Volume 1 of Geschichte Andreas Hofer's, Sandwirth aus Passeyr, Oberanführers der Tiroler im Kriege von 1809: Durchgehends aus Originalquellen, aus den militairischen Operationsplaner, sowie aus den Papieren des Freiherrn von Hormayr, Hofer's, Speckbacher's, Wörndle's, Eisenstecken's, Ennemoser's, Sieberer's, Aschbacher's, Wallner's, der Gebrüder Thalguter, des Kapuziners Joachim Haspinger's und vieler anderer, F.A. Brockhaus, Vienna 1845.

[9] While the Landsturm was even equipped with pikes, improvised weapons and morningstars, Schützen had their own rifles, but no bayonets. They executed the close combat with the rifle butt. As clothing and uniform all they carried the rural national costume. In North Tirol they raised 170 companies, divided between the territory courts and partly from municipalities. A company had a strength of 100 - 200 men. The South Tirol raised almost the same number. In the Tirolean campaigns the Tirol raised around 36.000 Schützen and 40.000 men for the Landsturm. From 1796 till 1813 Tirol lost more than 2000 men dead.

[10] Schützen and Landsturm companies had: 1 Hauptmann or Capitän-leutnant, 1 Oberleutnant, 1 Unterleutnant, 1 Fähnrich, 2 Feldwebel and 12 Corporale, 2 Zimmerleute, 2 Tambours and 150-180 men (the Schützen had few manpower, 120-150 men). Every man had, in addition to his firearm, an hooked pole similar to the modern mountain staffs, which was used to walk among the rocks.

[11] The Imperial Regulations of 1799 and 1802 agreed the following provisions:

now the country militia (Landmiliz) was named Zuzugs - und Landesverteidigungsmannschaft (National Defense Team). The old arrangement of the Landmilizregimenter were abandoned. These Regiments had two battalions of 6 companies.

As well was also issued an Instruction for the regional defenders, called Tiroler Landesschützen.

The District (Bezirk) - and Land Sturm was totally reorganized with the Imperial Regulation of 1805. All fit to military Duty, who were not enrolled into the country militia, from 18 up to 60 years old, were engaged to be part of the Landsturm. This Landsturm, or also " the Sturmmassa", how it was named, was to be organized into companies of 120 - 160 men. The Landsturm choosed officers and NCO officers by itself. Should there were teams who have no rifles, these were to be equipped with spears and morning stars.

This Sturmmassa  received food, but no payments, because it had very short periods of training (only few days with the weapons). When the Tirolean people rose under Andreas Hofer against Bavaria, it mobilized on behalf of Emperors Franz. The Tirol’s Contingent was no more named as country militia (Landmiliz), but received the names of Schützen -, Landesschützen - or Landesverteidigungskompanien.

[12] “Art.1: all City Counselors, Authorities and Town Rulers had to enlist all fit-to-duty men, aged 18-60, in order to avoid any attempt to restore the old local Landmiliz. List had to be compiled with names, original locations and residence, age and profession.

Art. 2: from the total number of virtual soldiers in a stated location, there had to be taken the Sixt part and assigned to the Landsturm service, in order to mantain an opportune number of men at home for works, to grant the civil good order and to grant to the “Land Defenders” all the necessary supplies. This measures had the task to avoid thet men could reach the Sturmmasse directly from the fields or the towns, creating chaos in the organization.

Art. 3: the City Counselors (Stadtmagistrate), the Local Authorities (Ortsobrigkeiten), the Parrish Towns and Common Towns Rulers had to organize them into companies, or with the old term in Rotten or Schaaren, made by 120 – 160 men. No such companies or Sturmrotte had to have lesser numbers of troopers. If a Communal Court (Gericht) did not have numbers enough to form a company, it had to devolve those members to another company of a nearby town or village. Expecially they could form half-companies till a total strength of less than 50 men, attaching it to another composite formation.

Art. 4: every such Compagnierotte or Schaare had to have a Captain (an Hauptmann) or a leader called Sturmanführer, two lieutenants or Unteranführer, and a number of corporals (Korporals) in a proportion of 1 for 15 troopers (Gemeine). All officers (Anführer) had to be directly chosen by local Authorities. 

Art. 5: by the greater towns there could be organized more than one Company and, this Sturmmasse, could be gathered in larger units of 6 companies or more, under the command of two Oberanführer (Majors).

Art. 6: with these instructions the City Counselors (Stadtmagistrate) and the Local Authorities (Ortsobrigkeiten) could organize companies, leaders, NCO and finally troopers. Every captain had to form and to train his company for 14 days and then transfer the lists to the superior Court for records of the local manpower.

Art. 7: every man, recruited by the Circle (Kreis or Bezirk) or by the Canton (Viertel), had the possibility to fail during the attempts to use the firearms assigned to them. So every Weapons-Master of each local armories had to be ready to help the Landssturmer, teaching them the correct use of firearms. In the same time when it could be impossible to supply the Sturm with thousands of firearms, they could refuse the use of the few firearms, of which they had no experience, and could use alternative weapons like long poles, pikes, morningstars, hacks (and so on) or every offensive device which could scare the enemies... This applied also on supplies of shovels, hachs, knives etc.

Art. 8: sometimes, by the territorial principalities or land Defensive-committes (Schutzdeputationen) the Circle or Canton Landsturm could be called to arms and could be split into some or many contingents, with the local Authorities having the task to gather them near the church or in an opportune place (Gerichts=Sammelplatz). This generated the necessity the Authorities had to have the complete records of the local Orders of battle in terms of company men and officers......”

[13] A territorial battalion had its own white-green flag, which had one side with the Imperial eagle and the reverse side with the image of a Saint, Holy Patron of its land. The flag was carried, in the middle of the battalion, by the Fähnrich and the bravest men of the unit.

[14]  The Schützen (shields - defenders) were trained territorial volunteers capable to manage firearms, hunters or farmers of Tirol, which underwent to periodic firearms training. Their origin is commonly referred to an Imperial act of 1511, the Landlibell.

However, around an half century before the so called Landlibell of Emperor Maximilian, in the area of Trento were found sorces of an early existance of the Schützen. By May 20th 1468, the Prince Bishop of Trento, Johannes Hinderbach, wrote to the count Sigismund of Tirol that he was able to have some "Schützen" for the defense of his town in the Castle of the Buonconsiglio (Trento). It was the first time that in a document appeared the word "Schützen".On August 10th, 1487 a lot of communities nera Trento send fighting peasants to help the Bishop in order to stop the Venetian troops at Calliano. On June 24th 1511, the Emperor of Austria Maximilian I of Habsburg undersigned a military convention with the two Prince Bishops of Trento (Trient) and Brixen (Bressanone).

In the text, the so called 1511 Landlibell, the Emperor regulated the irregular troops matter allowing that, in case of  a defensive (only) war or invasion of the Trentino-Tirol’s territory, local rulers was allowed to raise a levy in mass, even till 5-20.000 men, according to the gravity of the danger. They, however, would never have been employed in offensive actions out of their own territorial borders. For the various Tirol’s districts, the central authority of the Prince Bishop or the Government at  Innsbruck decided upon the number of the companies to mobilize.

[15] The actual unit were the Klafter = 6 Füsse (foots)  = 2.5 Schritte (paces); the Schritt (pace) = 2 Wiener Füsse where 1 Wiener Fuss or Schuh (shoe) was 12 Zoll = 31cm (1 Zoll = 2.63cm). So one Austrian pace was arounr 62 cm long.

[16] The word derives from the German “Loden – Lodo” that means rough wool or “plotted raw”. This fabric was drawn by the sheep wool, cut without washing it, spun and pressed in the water with feet. Once dried the cloth withdrew and feltmated acquiring its characteristic impermeability.

[17] Veladino and Gabbana are Italian words from the Trentino. It was a wide and long overcoat, without belt, often with hood and sometimes lined of fur.

[18] Hofer, Andreas, born 22.11.1767 at Saint Leonhard in Passeier (South Tirol), dead 20.2.1810 Mantua (Italy; executed, shot), the symbol and guide of the Tirolean fight in 1809, innkeeper (had the inn " Sandhof" along the Jaufenstrasse in Passeier valley and for this he was commonly named the “Sandwirth”). In 1790 was representative at the Tirolean Landtag, Schützen captain, in 1809 became close to the Archduke John. After the defeat of Austria during the 3rd coalition war (Napoleonic wars) the largest part of Tirol was subordinated in 1805/06 to the Bavaria. When the revolt started, on 9.4.1809, Hofer was chosen as commander by the House of Austria, and in the middle of May won (25. 5. and 29. 5) the Bergisel battles. After the armistice of Znaim, on July 12, he returned again in the Tirol, occupied by the French troops.

Hofer called to arms the Landsturm, won on August 13 at Bergisel and ruled his Countryland, from 15. 8. to 21. 10. After the peace of Schönbrunn (October 14) he tried to continue the struggle, but lost the 4th Bergisel battle on November 1, 1809, and resigned on November 11. Then Hofer fled, was betrayed by Franz Raffl and was arrested on January 28, 1810 hidden in a hut on the Mähderhütte of the Pfandleralm (alpine pasture of the Prantacher Hofs towards St. Martin in Passeier). Was brought in chains to Mantua and court martialled. He was executed after a direct order of Napoleon himself, with Eugene Beauharnais wanting to save his life.

[19] Here the logo K.K. indicates an officer of the regular army detached with the “rebels”.

[20] Johann Simon (father Joachim) Haspinger was born at Gries, Tirol, October 28, 1776; died in the imperial palace of Mirabell, Salzburg, 12 January, 1858. His parents were well-to-do country people, and destined their son for the priesthood. Was later to the university, where he attended medical lectures for a few time but in 1802 joined the Capuchin Order at Eppan, near Bozen, receiving Joachim as his name in religion. Ordained priest on 1 September, 1805.

On the morning of Whit-Sunday Haspinger announced from the pulpit at Klausen Hofers summons to rise, and by midday had formed, at Verdings, a company of picked marksmen and placed himself at their head. In the first battle on Bergisel (28-29 May) he commanded the left wing of the peasant army, operating near Natters. Armed only with his stick, and reckless of danger, hour after hour he led attacks on the well-posted Bavarian troops and their artillery, without pausing to partake of food, until the enemy were dislodged and their battery captured. On the following day he marched victoriously to Innsbruck in company with Hofer, whose urgent representations alone succeeded in prevailing on Haspinger's religious superiors to allow him to remain with the patriotic defenders of the soil.

A little later he played an illustrious part in the contests in the Eisacktal (4-5 August), where his "stone batteries" proved fatal to hundreds of men and horses, and compelled the majority of the enemy to capitulate (the "Saxon ambush"). To "the redbearded Capuchin" (Pater Rothbart) also belongs the chief credit of blocking the way of General Lefebvre, who was advancing from Sterzing, forcing him to withdraw, and inflicting severe losses on his troops during their retreat. For the victory in the second battle on Bergisel (15 August) the Tirolese were again chiefly inflected to Haspinger, who once more led the left wing. Unfortunately, these successes seemed to intoxicate Haspinger, to whom everything now seemed possible, and who proceeded in all earnestness with preparations to carry the war beyond the frontiers, to incite to rebellion the populations of the Austrian Alps, and, if possible, to capture Napoleon and his army. However, after some early successes, his undisciplined followers were dispersed at Hallein. Although no one of calm judgment could have failed to recognize the futility of further prolonging the struggle, Haspinger would not hear of submission, and thus he became the evil genius of Hofer and of many other brave men. Even the adverse issue of the third battle on Bergisel (1 November) did not bend his iron spirit; he took the field for the last time near Klausen, where his levies with indescribable valour vainly strove to prevent the enemy from penetrating to Bozen.

[21] Josef Speckbacher was one of the most know commanders of the Tirolean Insurgency. The Tirolean patriot of 1809, was born at Gnadenwald, near Hall, in the Tirol, 13 July, 1767; and died at Hall, 28 March, 1820. Speckbacher was the son of a peasant and spent his youth in roaming, and he did not learn to read and write until later inlife . At the age of twelve he was a poacher and was often involved in fights with the customs officers. When a little older, he worked in the imperial salt-mines at Hall.

With the entrance of the Austrian army into the Pustertal in the month of April, 1809, began the heroic struggle of the Tirolese. Speckbacher took a prominent part in the three efforts to free the country from the yoke of Napoleon. He showed himself to be not only a daring fighter, but above all a cautious, unterrified strategist. In this year, according to his own diary, he took part in thirty-six battles and skirmishes. On 12 April, 1809, he surprised the city of Hall early in the morning, made the garrison prisoners, and prevented the flight of the French into the valley of the lower Inn. On 31 May he commanded the left wing of the battle of Mount Isel, and fought victoriously near Hall and Volders. He conducted the siege of the castle of Kufstein (23 June-16 July). Here he gave countless proofs of personal courage, built batteries, destroyed the mills and boats, burnt the city, captured the train of provisions, and made his way as a spy into the castle. From 4 Aug. to 11 Aug. he was most of the time the commander in the battles between Sterzing and Franzensfeste against Marshal Lefebvre. He forced the marshal to retire and with Hofer and Haspinger commanded at the famous third battle of Mount Isel (13 and 15 August). After the enemy had been driven away, he and his men forced their way into the mountains of Salzburg, and stimulated there the defence of the country; on 25 Sept. he defeated the allied French and Bavarians at Lofer and with great loss fell back on Reichenhall. On 16 Oct. he was surprised at Melleck by a superior force of the enemy and was obliged to retire; his young son Andreas was taken prisoner, and he himself was severely wounded. At Waidring on 17 Oct. and at Volders on 23 Oct. he was able to maintain himself against the foe, escaped capture once more in a skirmish on 28 Oct., and captured a battalion of the enemy. After the last and unsuccessful fight on Mount Isel on 1 Nov., he wished to continue the struggle, but was obliged to abandon the unequal contest. He was proscribed, and a reward of five hundred florins was offered to anyone who would deliver him alive or dead.

[22] Teimer, Martin Rochus, Baron von Wildau, born 14. 8. 1778 Schlanders (Südtirol), † 27. 9. 1838 Herbersdorf (Gemeinde Allerheiligen near Wildon, Styria), higher officer. Travelled several times to Tirol, as a man close to Archduke John, to prepare the insurgency of 1809, and signed with Andreas Hofer the call to arms. As commander was in northern Tirol and Vintschgau, fought at the 1st and 3rd Bergisel battles, left Tirol in July 1809 with the last Austrian troops.

[23] When the original geographic location is not stated, data give only the number of territorial companies raised. Every Schützen od Landsturm company took its name from the town or valley from wich went its men. So they were identified as: Meran 1st company or (with the German adjective) 1st Meraner company. Laudegger, in example, means company of the town Laudegg and so on.

[24] The Imst Landmiliz was mainly employed at the borders near Reutte. It had also the companies 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th and a Freiwillige Schützen company.

[25] Rupert Wintersteller (born January 25, 1773 at Kirchdorf in Tirol; † August 30, 1832) was a commander of the Tiroler Schützen and a relevant man during the so called „Tirolean Struggle for Liberty“ (Tiroler Freiheitskampfes) in 1809 against Bavaria and Napoleon.

During the great national uprising in winter 1809 in Saint Johann he captured, on April, 12, 180 Bavarians of the occupation forces. He was appointed as Major and District commander of district court Kitzbühel. On May 11, 1809 Bavarian French troops moved, with a strength of 18.000 men under general Wrede, through the pass Strub into Tirol, which was very weakly occupied because of false alarms. The enemy, nevertheless, lost approximatively 1.000 men, dead and wounded. Wintersteller tried to drive back them, but the opponents strength was superior. He had to left the field with his escort and his residence, Kirchdorf, rose in flames.

[26] Josef Achammer (born  August 31, 1762 at Sillian; † January 4, 1810 same place). He was Hauptmann of the 2nd Sillianer Schützenkompanie and led also the Sexten Landsturm. When the Austrian army left alone the Tiroleans, at the beginning of August 1809, French troops under general Rusca penetrated from Carinthia in Tirol and tried to get the centre of the countryland. On the 8th August, 1809 the Lienzer District was defended by the Schützen commanders Antons Steger, Georg Hauger and Adam Weber, as well as Josef Achammer and Markus Hibler against a 20 time superior strength of French and Italians. General Rusca remained therefore at the entry of the Pustertal and was thereby forced to retreat.

On the 2nd or 3rd January, 1810 Josef Achammer was arrested by the French, was send to a martial court and was condemned to death. The quarters of the French supreme commander general Broussier was probably at castle Welsberg. Mrs. Achammer hurried to him to ask mercy for her husband. Broussier should have promised her the pardon. However, this was a lie. The general sent a courier to Sillian. This delivered the order to shoot Achammer immediately. He was executed on 4th January in the district court Sillian. Achammers corpse was hung up at Sillian for 48 hours. Achammer was already dead when his wife returned from Welsberg.

[27] Sturmmannshaft = a company/companies of Landsturm assembled without an own commander.

[28] The “after Wagram” lists cannot gine any exhaustive information upon the disbanded companies. Certainly we know that more companies have departed from Taufers in Pustertal; the standing list of Meran, Bozen and Sterzing are completely lacking, and partially they exist only for Burggrafenamt land.

[29] Much was written about the correct etymo of the term Welsch (Wälsch). German speaking Tiroleans, Austrians and then Austro-hungarians actually called the Italians: die Welschen. That word had a clear derogatory meaning against Italians, dwellers of the South. The adjective Welsch came from the ancient time indicating Romanic, Latin, French but above all Italians. It came from the term Wahle, how the ancient Germans called the southern Latin speaking peoples. This reation with the South part of an inhabited land it’s found also in the words  waalsch – wallonisch – wallonian (Southern Netherlands), but also wahl – Walahâ – Walachian (Southern Military Border and Romania). Generally it had also a metaphoric meaning of poor people, dirty and dark haired .. from the South.

[30] Hauptmann Bernardino Dal Ponte had a great war experience for having fought the 1796-1797 campaigns. The Imperial Commissioner and first political adviser of Andreas Hofer, Baron Josef Hormayr zu Harlenburg, wrote that commander Dal Ponte was “der vorzüglichste an militärischen Einsichten und Bravour”, the best for military skill and bravery. However he made the mistake to self claiming commander of the whole Southern Tirol. He, Italian, was captured by the “friendly” German Schützen at Trento and imprisoned in Innsbruck.

[31] From Hans Schmölzer, Andreas Hofer und seine Kampfgenossen, Verlag Wagner, 1905. Having received Archduke John Proclamation, in Primiero, it was immediately formed a Defence Council under the Mayor Angelo Michele Negrelli. They armed six Schützen companies under Captains Francesco (Franz) Bosio from Canale, Luigi (Alois) Savoi from Sovrapieve, Luigi (Alois) Piazza from Imer, Francesco (Franz) Zorzi from Mezzano, the Count Villabruna of Transacqua and the Count Giuseppe (Josef) Welsperg from Fiera, who was also responsible for recruiting a 18-aged girl Giuseppina Negrelli, who will become the local heroin.

[32] Christian Müller (born in 1775 in Bludenz; dead in 1851 in Bratislava) was landlord and Austrian Schützen Major of the Vorarlberg’s national uprising. In the war of Austria against France in 1809 volunteers and Schützen companies of the Vorarlberg and 3.000 men from the estates of the county also joined to the Austrian troops. Besides, the Vorarlberg, first of all, wanted the end of the Bavarian rule.

Anton Schneider, Landeskommissär of Vorarlberg, the Schützen Majors Bernhard Riedmiller and Christian Müller from Bludenz as well as the chief of Brederis, Siegmund Nachbauer, led the insurgents. Today they are there considered just like Andreas Hofer,  martyrs of the freedom. Christian Müller and the people from Bludenz belonged, in contrast to Anton Schneider, to the hard core of the insurgents.

[33] In 1809 he was appointed as captain of  the Scharfschützen of Pillersee and fought with his company on the Bavarian border and in the Pinzgau where he undertook a daring attack against a Bavarian ammunition depot and could thereby supply the supreme commander for the Tirolean lowland, major Josef Speckbacher, with lead.

[34] The term “remnants” here relates above all upon losses by desertion, instead of men lost on battlefields.

[35]FML Lusignan was severely wounded at Teugen and retired one month later with the promotion to FZM.

[36] Hans Schmölzer, Andreas Hofer und seine Kampfgenossen, Verlag Wagner, 1905.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2010

 

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