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Uhlan Regiment #1

Uhlan Regiment #2

Uhlan Regiment #3

Uhlan Regiment #4

 

Austrian Cavalry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: the Uhlans

By Istvan Nagy

The Uhlans were Polish lancers. The traditionally Polish light cavalry appeared in the Imperial Army first in the middle of the 17th century only for a short period. After more than a century, in 1772 part of Poland came under the Habsburg Emperor. The first uhlan unit, the „Uhlan Pulk” was raised in 1784 with 600 men for use  against the rebellion in the Netherlands. That year the unit was made part of the regular armyand consolidated in two divisions and renamed „Uhlan Freicorps”. Next year a third division was added.

In 1785, the Corps went to Vienna. The divisions were separated and added to three Chevauxleger Regiments (Lobkowitz, Levenehr, Modena) but remained until the sspring of 1787 in Vienna. In 1786, six new squadrons were raised and six divisions were organised for each Chevauxleger Regiment. In 1790, after the Turkish War, the six divisions were collected and a regular uhlan regiment was formed. It was the first uhlan regiment in the Austrian Army. In 1790 Colonel O’Donell raised a Volunteer Corps in Galizien. It contained two uhlan divisions. These divisions were separated in 1791. With a staff and a newly raised division it  formed the "Uhlan Volunteer Corps" under Major Degelmann. This corps was reorganised in 1798 and the second regular uhlan regiment was formed. In 1801 and 1813, two other regiments were raised.

The regular uhlan regiments had in the 1790s, 1576 men (the squadrons had 168 men).  From 1798 to 1848, the uhlans had the same organisation as the hussars except for some minor changes of the staff.

The main weapons of the Uhlan were the lance, the light sabre, and pistols. The officers did not carried lances. In each squadron there were 16 men armed with carabines.


Uhlan Regiment Number 1

Raised on  1 November 1791 from the Uhlan Divisions of the chevaux-legers regiments Kaiser, Karaiczai, Lobkowitz and Levenehr

Numbering

1791: was not numbered
1798: Uhlan Regiment 1

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1792: Johann v. Mészáros, FML
1797: Maxmilian Graf Merveldt, GM, G.d.C.
1815-1844:: Ernst, Herzog Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, G.d.C.

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1815-1844: Carl Graf Civalart, FML, G.d.C

Colonels (Commandants)

1791: Anton, Frhr. v. Schubirz
1796: Ezechiel v. Mattyásovszky
1798: Achilles v. Brea
1800: Ludwig Graf Wallmoden - Gimborn
1807: Joseph Frhr. v. Bogdan
1809: Ludwig Frhr. v. Wilgenheim
1814-1819: Bartholomäus Graf Alberti de Poja

Recruitment Areas

Galizien

Headquarters during Peacetime

1791: Sáros-Patak, Rosenau
1793-94: Lodi
1798-99: Straubing
1801-05: Pardubitz
1806: Gabel, dann Bischof-Teinitz
1807-09: Klattau
1810: Pardubitz
1811: Baja, Gyöngyös
1812-13: Nagy-Tapocsán
1814-15: Debrecén
1815-1816: St. Floeian

Uhlan Regiment Number 2

Raised in September 1790 from the three Divisions of the O’Donnel Freikorps and renamed the  "Ulanen Freikorps". It was designated after tits commander. In 1798, it was reorganised as a regular uhlan regiment.

Numbering

1798: Uhlan Regiment 2

Commanders of the "Uhlan Freikorps"

1790: Bernhard Frhr.v. Degelmann, Major
1793: Carl Philipp Fürst Schwarzenberg, Oberstlieutenant
1794: Johann Graf v. Keglevich, Oberstlieutenant
1796: Anton Vogl, Oberstlieutenant
1797: Joseph Frhr. v. Motschlitz, Oberstlieutenant

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1798-1800: vacant
1800-20: Carl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, FML, FM

Colonels (Commandants)

1798: Emmanuel Frhr. v. Trach
1800: Moriz Fürst zu Liechtenstein
1805: Ignaz Graf Hardegg
1809: Carl Schmuttermayer
1812: Ferdinand Fürst Kinsky
1813: Carl Frhr. v. Mengen
1820: Franz Chevalier Germain

Recruitment Areas

West-Galizien

Headquarters during Peacetime

1798-99: Jaroslawl
1801: Holleschau
1803-05: Ungarisch-Brod
1806: Reichenau
1807: Nachod-Hohenmaut
1808-09: Saaz
1810: Brandeis
1814: Vienna
1815-1820: Gaja

Uhlan Regiment Number 3

Raised in 1801 from the 1st and 2nd Uhlans, the Kinsky and Savoya Dragoons, and recruits from Krakau

Numbering

1801: Uhlan Regiment 3

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1802-47: Archduke Charles, FM

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1802-06: vacant
1806-17: Philipp Graf Grünne, FML, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1801: Heinrich Bersina v. Siegenthal
1805: Johann Graf Klebelsberg
1809: Heinrich Graf Hardegg
1810: Emanuel Graf Mensdorff - Pouilly
1812-1820: Carl v. Grozkowski

Recruitment Areas

Galizien

Headquarters during Peacetime

1801: Tarnów
1803-05: Gródek
1806: Vienna
1807: St. Georgen
1810: Baja
1812: Pécsvár
1813: Güns
1814-15: Linz
1816-1828: Nagy-Tapolcsán

Uhlan Regiment Number 4

Raised in 1813 (finished in January 1814) from the other three uhlan regiments, the O’Reilly Chevauxlegers, and the Kienmayer Hussars in Gródek.

Numbering

1814: Uhlan Regiment 4

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1813-1835: "Kaiser Franz I" Emperor of the Austrian Empire

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1813-41: Johann, Graf Klebelsberg Frhr. zu Thumburg, FML, G.d.C

Colonels (Commandants)

1813: Stanislaus v. Poradowski
1815-1820: Joseph v. Devay

Recruitment Areas

Eastern Galizia

Headquarters during Peacetime

1814: Gródek
1814-15: Pardubitz
1815-1816: Mailand

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: October 2005

 

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