Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

 

Huusar Regiment #1

Hussar Regiment #2

Hussar Regiment #3

Hussar Regiment #4

Hussar Regiment #5

Hussar Regiment #6

Hussar Regiment #7

Hussar Regiment #8

Hussar Regiment #9

Hussar Regiment #10

Hussar Regiment #11

Hussar Regiment #12

Austrian Cavalry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: the Hussars

By Istvan Nagy

The origins of the Hungarian hussars is from two sides. The first came from the old Hungarian tradition of the light cavalry archers (who raided almost all of Europe in the 10th Century). The other came from the Balkans from the Turkish times of the 15th Century. The hussars were ideal for the skirmish warfare but they were useful on the battlefield too. The first irregular hussars in the Imperial service fought in Western Europe in the middle of the 16th century. In the 17th Century in the Imperial Army there were Croat regiments but these regiments were raised not only in Croatian but in the whole Hungarian Kingdom. Montecuccoli saw these units as an important parts of the army.

The first regular hussar regiment was raised in 1688 and the number of the regiments rose to 9 by 1792. One of these regiments was the only Grenzer Hussar Regiment (the other four Grenzer Hussar Regiments were disbanded in 1775 and 1780).

The Regiments consisted of four divisions in peace and five in war. The eskadron had 202 men. With a 26 men strong staff and the reserve eskadron the regiment’s full strength was 2248 in war. In the war against the Turks, in 1788-1790, the 5th Divisions were not raised.

In 1798, the 5th Divisions were taken from the regiments and two new regiments were raised from these divisions. From the cavalry element of the ”Wurmser Frei-Corps” a new regiment, the Croat-Slavonian Grenzer Hussar Regiment was formed. That year the numbering changed and the hussars received their own numbers.

In early 1801, the Croat-Slavonian Grenz Hussar Regiment was disbanded but a new regiment was formed from the elements of the Hungarian Insurrection (Cumans and Jazyger).

In 1802 the strenght of the eskadron was changed and consisted of 191 men (including 35 men without horses) in peace and 215 (35 without horses) in war. The organisation changed again in 1807. The eskadron had 164 men in peace and 156 in war (8 men were given to the cadre of the Reserve Eskadron). The strength of the regiment in war was 1481 men.

In the 1813-15 campaigns, each regiment formed two volunteer divisions but these were disbanded after the war.


Hussar Regiment Number 1

Raised in 1756

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 1
1798: Hussar Regiment 1

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1756: ”Kaiser Joseph II.” Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Joseph II.
1790: ”Kaiser Leopold II.” Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Leopold II.
1792: ”Kaiser Franz II.” Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
1806-1835: ”Kaiser Franz I.” Emperor of the Austrian Empire

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1767-1824: Ignáz, Gr. Almásy GM, G.d.C

Colonels (Commandants)

1784: J. Mészáros de Szoboszló
1789: P. Frhr. v. Blascovich
1794: F.Nagy v. Felsö-Eör
1798: J. Gr. Keglevich
1799: J. v. Keszler
1805: A. Frhr. v. Graffen
1805: A. Gr. Neipperg
1809: A. Frhr. v. Szent-György
1812: V. v. Jünger
1815-1828: J. v. Legeditsch

Recruitment Areas

1781 from the area of the IR Number 32

Headquarters during Peacetime

1786-1788: Zloczów (Rzeszów for a short period in 1787)
1791-93: Novosielica
1797: Mühldorf in Bayern
1798-99: Möhringen
1801: Zloczów
1803-06: Zolkiew
1808-09: Siedlec
1810-12: Troppau
1814-15: Gródek
1816: Újpécs

Hussar Regiment Number 2

Raised in 1742

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 17
1780: Cavalry Regiment 15
1789: Cavalry Regiment 17
1798: Hussar Regiment 2

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1784: Leopold Alexander, Archduke of Austria and Palatin of Hungary
1795-1847: Joseph Anton, Archduke of Austria and Palatin of Hungary G.d.C, FM

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1784: Michael, Frhr. Splényi v. Miháldy, GM, FML
1809-1823: Daniel Fhr. v. Mecséry, FML

Colonels (Commandants)

1779: Hildebrandt, Anton
1789: Ott von Bátorkéz, Carl
1794: Szent-Kereszty, Andreas, Frhr.
1797: Knesevich, Vincenz, Frhr.
1800: Szabó, Franz, Oberst
1804: Splényi v. Miháldy, Ignaz, Frhr.
1809: Geramb, Leopold Frhr.
1814-1819: Bretfeld zu Kronenburg, Emanuel, Frhr.

Recruitment Areas

Transylvania

Headquarters during Peacetime

1787-88: Nagy-Enyed
1790-93: Schässburg
1798: Inner-Österreich
1801-05: Nagy-Enyed
1806: Pettau
1807: Radkersburg
1808-09: Reps
1810: Nagy-Enyed
1812-13: Suczawa
1814-15: Trier
1816-1831: Nagy-Enyed

Hussar Regiment Number 3

Raised in 1702

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 32
1780: Cavalry Regiment 26
1789: Cavalry Regiment 32
1798: Hussar Regiment 3

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1768: Emerich, Gr. Esterházy, GM, G.d.C.
1792-94: vacant (Esterházy)
1794-1850: Ferdinand Carl d´Este, Erzherzog FML, FM

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1794: Rudolph Ritter v. Otto, FML, G.d.C
1811: vacant
1814-1829: Adam Albert Gr. Neipperg, FML

Colonels (Commandants)

1784: Stephan, Gr. Keglewich
1790: Paul Dévay
1794: Ladislaus Frhr.v. Szent-Kereszty
1797: Franz Frhr. v. Löpper
1801: Johann v. Andrássy
1804: Peter Frhr. Vécsey v. Hajnácskeö
1809: Ferdinand, Prinz zu Sachsen-Coburg
1810: Stephan Frhr. v. Wesselényi
1813-1820: Joseph v. Gosztonyi

Recruitment Areas

1781: Ofen

Headquarters during Peacetime

1785: Reichstadt
1790: Gabel
1792: Pardubitz
1798: Sigmaringen, Böhmen
1801: Moór
1804-05: Radkersburg
1806: Troppau, Gabel
1807: Jitschin
1808-09: Troppau
1810: Sáros-Patak
1812-13: Christianopol
1814-15: Troppau
1820: Vincenza

Hussar Regiment Number 4

Raised in 1733

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 34
1780: Cavalry Regiment 28
1789: Cavalry Regiment 34
1798: Hussar Regiment 4

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1773: Martin Frhr. v. Graeven, GM - FML
1791: Siegbert, Frhr. Vécsey v. Hajnácskeö, FML
1803-1829: Friedrich Erbprinz zu Hessen-Homburg, (1820 Landgraf) FML, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1788: Carl Frhr. v. Poutet
1790: Joseph v. Spiegelberg
1796: Johann Skaritza
1798: Paul Gr. Esterházy
1800: Carl Johann v. Tevalle (interim)
1801: Timotheus v. Kerekes
1801: Franz, Gr. Kinsky
1804: Johann Frhr. v. Mohr
1808: Severin v. Kisielewsky
1809: Gustav, Prinz zu Hessen-Homburg
1813: Raban Frhr. v. Spiegel
1813-1825: Joseph Frhr. Simony Vitézvár (he was called the bravest hussar ever)

Recruitment Areas

1781: Fünfkirchen (Pécs)

Headquarters during Peacetime

1779-88: Esseg
1790: Horodenka
1791-93: Zloczów
1798: Wasserburg
1801: Janowice
1803-05: Radom
1806: Stassów, Mährisch-Ostrau
1807-09: Konskie
1810-12: Zolkiow
1814-15: Rohatyn
1816-1817: Wien

Hussar Regiment Number 5

Raised on the 28th April 1798 in Warasdin from the 3rd Majors Divisions of the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th Hussars

Numbering

1798: Hussar Regiment 5

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1798-01: vacant
1801: Carl Ott Frhr. v. Bártokéz, FML
1809: Joseph, Gr. Radetzky v. Radetz, FML
1814-1830: Georg, Prinzregent of England, from 1820 George IV, King of England

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1814-30: Joseph, Gr. Radetzky v. Radetz, GM, G.d.C

Colonels (Commandants)

1798: Anton Frhr. v. Révay
1800: Andreas, Frhr. v. Szörényi
1808: Wilhelm v. Fulda
1809: Ludwig Boros v. Rákos
1812: Anton Gundaker Gr. Starhemberg
1813: Adolph v. Prohaska
1815-1818: Matthias v. Gavenda

Recruitment Areas

1781: Oedenburg

Headquarters during Peacetime

1798-99: Warasdin
1801-05: Conegliano
1806: Güns, Oedenburg
1808-09: Esseg
1810: Warasdin, Kanizsa
1811-13: Esseg
1814-15: Bologna
1815: Crema
1816-1818: Cremona

Hussar Regiment Number 6

Raised in 1734

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 16
1780: Cavalry Regiment 14
1789: Cavalry Regiment 16
1798: Hussar Regiment 6

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1768: Andreas, Gr. Hadik v. Futak, G.d.C. - FM
1791: Ernst, Gr. Blankenstein, FML - G.d.C
1814-1864: Kronprinz Wilhelm, from 1817 Wilhelm I. King of Württemberg

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1814-16: Ernst, Gr. Blankenstein, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1789: Carl, Gr. Hadik v. Futak
1794: Sigmund, Frhr. v. Szent-Kereszty
1797: Anton Vogl
1800: Joseph v. Prohaska
1805: Ferdinand, Gr. Wartensleben
1809: Vincenz v. Gillert
1812-1819: Georg, Frh. v. Wieland

Recruitment Areas

1781: Grosswardein (the original Hungarian Nagyvárad, today Oradea)

Headquarters during Peacetime

1784-90: Troppau
1791-92: in Austrian Netherlands (Brüssel)
1798-99: Troppau
1801: Reichstadt
1802-05: Brandeis
1806: Klattau
1807: Nagy-Tapolcsán
1808-09: Gabel
1810-12: Rzeszów
1814-15: Stanislaus
1815-1818: Altkirchen in Elsass

Hussar Regiment Number 7

Raised on the 28th April 1798 in Verőce from the 3rd Majors Divisions of the 3rd, 4th, 6th and 10th Hussars

Numbering

1798: Hussar Regiment 7

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1798-1801: vacant
1801-1836: Johannes Fürst Liechtenstein, FML, FM.

Colonels (Commandants)

1798: Carl Frhr. v. Schauroth
1801: Joseph v. Mesko
1807: Franz v. Vlasits
1813-1823: Ferdinand Gr. Zichy

Recruitment Areas

Fünfkirchen (Pécs)

Headquarters during Peacetime

1798: Verőcze, Wolfsberg in Krain
1801: Görz, Troppau
1802-05: Bochnia
1806: St.Georgen (Pressburg), Mölk
1807: Wien
1808-10: Ungarisch-Brod, Grosswardein
1811-12: Békéscsaba, Zloczów
1814-15: Turin, Cremona
1815-1816: Lambach

Hussar Regiment Number 8

Raised in 1696

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 30
1780: Cavalry Regiment 24
1789: Cavalry Regiment 30
1798: Hussar Regiment 8

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1775: Dagobert Sigmund Gr. Wurmser, FML, FM
1799: Friedrich August Gr. Nauendorf, FML
1802-1828: Michael Frhr. v. Kienmayer, FML, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1784: Adam Boros
1790: Friedrich Gr. Nauendorf
1793: Franz Frhr. v. Wachenheim
1795: Johann Gr. Klenau
1797: Emanuel Frhr.v. Schustekh
1800: Timotheus Kerekes
1801: Joseph Tevalle
1802: Timotheus Kerekes (he was from 1801 to 1802 the commandant of the 4th Vécsey Hussars)
1808: August Frhr. v. Vécsey
1809: Franz Gr. Bánffy
1809: Franz Bubna v. Warlich
1812-1820: Philipp Frhr. v. Lilien

Recruitment Areas

1781: Pressburg

Headquarters during Peacetime

1785-88: Tarnów
1791-92: Troppau
1797: Steiermark
1798-99: Rovigo
1801-05: Tarnopol
1806: Bochnia, Krakau
1807: Troppau
1808: Nagy-Tapolcsán, Wien
1810-12: Horodenka
1814-15: Zolków
1816-1817: Bochnia, Szász-Régen

Hussar Regiment Number 9

Raised in 1688

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 11
1780: Cavalry Regiment 9
1789: Cavalry Regiment 11
1798: Hussar Regiment 9

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1783: Johann Nepomuk Gr. Erdődy de Monyorókerek FML G.d.C
1806-1832: Johann Gr. Frimont von Palota, Fürst von Antrodocco, GM, G.d.C

Colonels (Commandants)

1784: Michael Fabri
1788: Ladislaus Frhr. v. Kosztolányi
1793: Carl Christoph v. Piacsek
1797: Franz Frhr. v. Stephaics
1801: Constantin v. Ettinghausen
1808: Georg Frhr. v. Wrede
1809: Friedrich v. Bretschneider
1815-1829: Anton Frhr. v. Callot

Recruitment Areas

1781: Veszprém, later Esseg

Headquarters during Peacetime

1787-88: Bukowina
1791-93: Esseg
1797-99: Pettau
1801-05: Esseg
1806: Esseg
1808-09: Pettau
1810: Radkersburg
1811: Nagy-Kanizsa
1812: Hódmezővásárhely
1813: Ziolkiew
1814: Mailand
1815:-21 Lodz

Hussar Regiment Number 10

Raised in 1741

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 35
1780: Cavalry Regiment 29
1789: Cavalry Regiment 35
1798: Hussar Regiment 10

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1773: Vincenz Frhr. v. Barcó, FML, G.d.C.
1797: Johann Frhr. v. Mészáros, FML, G.d.C.
1802: Joseph Frhr. Stipsicz v. Ternova, FML
1814-40: Friedrich Wilhelm III., King of Prussia

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1814-31: Joseph Frhr. Stipsicz von Ternova, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1788: Samuel Kepiro
1790: Tobias Quietowsky
1793: Michael Frhr. v. Kienmayer
1794: Joseph Edler Levachich v. Latischlowitz
1796: Johann Gr. Keglevich
1798: Johann Gr. Schauroth
1798: Daniel Frhr. v Mecséry
1800: Andreas v. Schneller
1808: Franz Frhr. v. Frelich
1809: Anton Gundaker Gr. Starhemberg
1811: Maxmilian v. Paumgarten
1812-1820: Franz v. Genczy

Recruitment Areas

1781: Kaschau

Headquarters during Peacetime

1779-87: Tarnopol
1790-92: Tarnopol
1798-99: Teschen
1801: Werschetz
1803-05: Újpécs
1806: Saatz
1807: Ungarisch-Brod
1808-09: Wien
1810: Újpécs
1811: Veszprém
1813: Újpécs
1814-15: Mailand
1815-1818: Enisheim (Elsass)

Hussar Regiment Number 11

Raised in 1762 as Székely (Székler) Grenz Hussar Regiment

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 47 (?45)
1780: ?
1789: ?
1798: Hussar Regiment 11

Colonels-in-Chiefs

As grenzer regiment it did not acolonels-in-chief and it was designated as "Székely (Székler)” Hussars

Colonels (Commandants)

1786: Johann Schulz v. Leichtenthal
1793: Georg Gr. Nemes
1793: Joseph Borra, Oberstlieutenant-Oberst
1797: Joseph v. Barbaczy
1801: Gabriel Geringer v. Oedenburg
1808: Martin Frhr. v. Rakovsky
1812-1820: Ernst v. Fickweiler

Recruitment Areas

As Grenzer Regiment reCavalry Regiment uited from the whole Székely Territory of Transylvania. In 1770 some areas were added from the reCavalry Regiment uitment area of the dissolved Wallachian Grenz Dragoon Regiment.

Headquarters during Peacetime

The permanent station was Sepsiszentgyörgy.

Hussar Regiment Number 12

Raised in 1800 as a part of the Hungarian Insurrection in the Districts of the Jazyger, Cumans and Hayduken. In that year it was reassigned as a Regular Hussar Regiment. The Colonel-in-Chief was always the Hungarian Palatin.

Numbering

1802 Hussar Regiment 12 (This number was assigned between 1798 and 1801 to the Croatian-Slavonian Grenz Hussar Regiment but it was dissolved in 1801)

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1800-1847: Joseph Anton, Archduke of Austria and Palatin of Ungarn

Colonels (Commandants)

1800: Gabriel v. Hertelendy
1808: Joseph v. Csanády
1809: Alexander v. Illésy
1815-1828: Ignaz Gr. Hoditz und Wolframitz

Recruitment Areas

District of Jazyger and Cumans

Headquarters during Peacetime

1800: Szt. Martón (Couty of Raab), Bruck a. d. L.
1801: St. Georgen (Pressburg)
1802: Nagy-Tapolcsán
1804-5: Neutra
1806: Nagy-Tapolcsán
1807: Rzeszów
1808-09: Zolkiew-Rohatyn
1809: Rzeszów
1810: Stanislau, Kecskemét, Nagy-Körös
1811: Wien
1812-13: Rohatyn
1814-15: Kecskemét
1815-1821: Gyöngyös

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2005

 

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