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Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

 

 

Dragoon Regiment #1

Dragoon Regiment #2

Dragoon Regiment #3

Dragoon Regiment #4

Dragoon Regiment #5

Dragoon Regiment #6

 

Austrian Cavalry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: the Dragoons

By Istvan Nagy


The Dragoons were born in the 30 years war as mounted infantry. In the 18th Cntury they became heavy cavalry but lighter that the kurassier s („middle weight cavalry”).

From 1768, they carried carabines, heavy sword and pistols.

In 1768 there were 10 dragoon Regiments. From 1773 –1775, three regiments were converted to chevauxlegers, one was disbanded, while the kurassier regiment  was converted to a dragoon regiment. In 1779 and 1791, two more regiments were converted to chevauxleger. In 1792 the army had 6 Dragoon Regiments. In 1798, when the cavalry was reformed, the role of the dragoons changed. The 6 dragoon regiments and the 7 chevauxleger regiments were converted to light dragoons and two regiments were formed (one form the reorganised staff dragoons and one from French and Imperial contingents). Altought the name was changed now in 1798 to dragoons the regiments were conunted as German light cavalry. There were 15 dragoon regiments.

In 1801-1802, their organisation was changed once again.  Six regiments were converted to chevauxlegers and 4 were disbanded, while and one kurassier  regiment was converted to dragoons.
From 1802 to 1848, the army had only 6 dragoon regiments.

In 1792, the dragoon regiments had three divisions and consisted of 1439 men during wartime. The staff had 15 men in peace and 18 men in war. The eskadrons had 183 men in peace and 203 men in war. In times of war, the reserve eskadron was raised to 203 men.

In 1788, a chevauxleger division was formed and added as a 4th (2nd Major) Division with 203 men per Eskadron. These Divisions were disbanded in 1791. In 1802 the regiments added 2nd Major Divisions. In 1806, theese Divisions were disbanded. The eskadron had 148 men and the staff had 34 men. Theese numbers slighly varied in the wars between 1809 and 1815 but the organisation and the overall strenght were unchanged.

Dragoon Regiment Number 1

Raised in 1682. The regiment was originally a kurassier  regiment and it was converted to dragoons in 1779.

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 26
1780: Cavalry Regiment 20
1789: Cavalry Regiment 26
1798: Light Dragoon Regiment 3
1801: Dragoon Regiment 1

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1785: Joseph Anton, Archduke of von Toscana, Oberst
1795-1837: Johann Baptist, Archduke of Austria, FM

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1785: Carl Frhr. von Lilien, FML, G.d.C.
1810- 27: Emanuel Frhr. Schustekh von Herve, FML

Colonels (Commandants)

1785: Heinrich Graf Bellegarde
1793: Franz Frhr. von Bueren
1796: Carl Graf de La Motte
1799 Joseph Graf Gavre
1802: Sebastian Frhr. Speth von Zwiefalten
1805: Johann Belloute de Watters
1805: Ludwig Ritter von Hentzy
1806: Johann Belloute de Watters
1809: Johann von Szombathely
1812: Johann von Stück
1815-1824: Johann Frhr. von Schuster

Recruitment Areas

1781: Innerösterreich (Steiermark and Kärnten)

Headquarters Location during Peacetime

1781: Derecske
1786-88: Böszörmény
1789: Gyöngyös
1790: Zolkiew
1791-92: Keszthely
1798: Kuttenberg
1799: Vorarlberg
1801-05: Rzeszów
1808: Keszthely
1807: Pápa
1808-09: Vienna
1810: Debreczin
1811: Deés
1812-13: Jaworów
1814-15: Törökszentmiklós, Szászrégen, Vaskoutz (Bukowina)
1816-1817: Vienna, Bochnia

Dragoon Regiment Number 2

Raised in 1701

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 39
1780: Cavalry Regiment 32
1789: Cavalry Regiment 37
1798: Light Dragoon Regiment 7
1801: Dragoon Regiment 2

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1781: Christian Prinz zu Waldeck, Oberst, G.d.C.
1798-1801: vacant
1801-1817: Maxmilian Joseph, König von Bayern

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1814: Friedrich Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, FML.
1815-49: Ignaz Frhr. v. Lederer, FML, FM

Colonels (Commandants)

1783: Joseph Frhr. v. Montgelas, Oberstlieutenant-Oberst
1789: Friedrich Carl Prinz Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
1795: Alexander Prinz Württemberg
1797: Johann v. Motzen
1797: Franz Weissmann v. Weissenstein
1800: Ferdinand Frhr. v. Wintzingerode
1802: Johann Nepomuk Frhr. v. Hager zu Altensteig
1808: Emerich v. Bésán
1812-1816: Friedrich Wilhelm Gr. Schlotheim

Recruitment Areas

1781: Bohemia
1807: Ober-and Nieder-Österreich

Headquarters Location during Peacetime

1779: Saaz
1787-88: Vienna
1790: Mikulibce-Zolkiew
1791-92: Báth
1798-99: Voder-Österreich
1801-05: Horodenka
1806: Groß-Kanizsa
1807: Vienna
1805-09: Keszthely
1810: Pécsvár
1812-13: Maria-Theresiopel
1814: Verona
1815-1817: Ehrstein (Elsass)

Dragoon Regiment Number 3

Raised in 1688

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 38
1780: Cavalry Regiment 31
1789: Cavalry Regiment 38
1798: Light Dragoon Regiment 8
1801: Dragoon Regiment 3

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1740: Carl Eugen Landprinz (1744 regierender Herzog) Württemberg - Stuttgart, Obrist
1793: Ludwig Eugen Herzog Württemberg
1795: Friedrich Wilhelm Carl Erbprinz (1797 Herzog, 1803 Kurfürst, 1806 König)
1809-1832: Vincenz Frhr. Knesevich von St. Helena, FML, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1784: Wilhelm Frhr. von Haan
1789: Ferdinand Frhr. von Ritschan (Rziezan) Oberstlieutenant - Oberst
1796: Marcus Frhr. von Frossard
1797: Johann Frhr. Festenberg von Hassenwein
1800: Johann Frhr. von Wodniansky
1805: Wenzel Frhr. von Ollenhausen
1810: Carl Graf Giucciardi
1810: Joseph von Haecht
1813-1823: Jakob Oláh de Nánás

Recruitment Areas

1781: Moravia and Silezia (from 1766 also from the area Württemberg owned by the Colonel-in-Chief) (1817 Bohemia; 1830 Galizien)

Headquarters Location during Peacetime

1786: Újpécs
1793-97: Nagy Enyed, Csákány
1798-99: Fünfkirchen, Pécsvárad
1801: Nyiregyháza
1802: Maria Theresiopel
1803-05: Vienna
1806: Ujpécs
1808-09: Sárvár
1810: Grosswardein, Szász Régen
1812-13: Fratautz (Bukowina) Suczawa
1814-15: Simmern (Pfalz)
1815-1816: Landau

Dragoon Regiment Number 4

Raised in 1733. The regiment was originally a dragoon regiment but it was converted to chevauxlegers in 1773. In 1798 the regiment was converted to light dragoons and in 1801 to dragoons.

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 19
1780: Cavalry Regiment 17
1789: Cavalry Regiment 19
1798: Light Dragoon Regiment 7
1801: Dragoon Regiment 4

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1783: Franz Frhr. v. Levenehr, GM, FML
1813: Leopold, Erbgrossherzog von Würzburg, Erzherzog, Oberst
1814-1848: Leopold Erbgrossherzog of Toscana, Erzherzog
1824: Leopold II, Grossherzog von Toscana, GM, G.d.C.

2nd Colonels-in-Chief

1813-25: Ferdinand Graf Bubna von Littitz, FML

Colonels (Commandants)

1786: Carl Frhr. v. Aufsess, Oberst
1789: Michael Kienmayer, Oberst
1793: Johann Frhr. v. Hildebrand, Oberst
1796: Joseph Zinn, Oberst
1800: Franz Graf Tige, Oberst
1806: Anton Graf Hardegg, Oberst
1809: Georg v. Hirsch, Oberst
1814-1826: Franz v. Zarczynski, Oberst

Recruitment Areas

1781: Ober- und Niederösterreich
1802-30: Moravia

Headquarters Location during Peacetime

1779-87: Ost-Galizien
1790-99: in Friaul
1802: Bursztyn
1803-05: Brzezany
1806: Pécsvár
1808: Neusatz
1810-13: Maria-Theresiopel
1814-15: Pécsvár
1816-1818: Neapel

Dragoon Regiment Number 5

Raised in 1682

Numbering

1769: Cavalry Regiment 9
1780: Cavalry Regiment 7
1789: Cavalry Regiment 9
1798: Light Dragoon Regiment 15
1801: Dragoon Regiment 5

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1781: Ferdinand Graf Tige, GM, G.d.C.
1811-15: vacant
1815-1847: Johann Friedrich Frhr. von Mohr, FML, G.d.C

Colonels (Commandants)

1781: Joseph Leonardo
1789: Franz Janota von Janthal
1793: Carl Graf Bey
1797: Marcus Frhr. von Frossard
1797: Malachias Hermann
1805: Carl Graf Aichelburg
1809: Franz Frhr. von Gabelkoven
1815-1818: Franz Graf Chorinsky

Recruitment Areas

1781: Ober - und Niederösterreich

Headquarters Location during Peacetime

1779-88: Szászrégen
1791: Szászrégen
1794: Chelm (Galizien)
1796: Rajowice
1798-1804: Reps
1804-05: Vienna
1806: Moór, Jenikau (Bohemia)
1807-08 Moór
1809: Iharos-Berény
1810-13: Reps
1814-15: Vicenza
1815-1831: Reps

Dragoon Regiment Number 6

Raised in 1798 from the chevauleger divisions of the two karabinier regiments, one division of the French emigrant Regiment „Royal Allemand” and the Empire troops Anhalt-Zerbst (one eskadron) at Amstetten as a kurassier regiment. In 1801, the regiment was converted to dragoon regiment.

Numbering

1798: Kurassier Regiment 6
1801: Dragoon Regiment 6

Colonels-in-Chiefs

1798-99: vacant
1799: Michael Frhr. von Melas, G.d.C.
1806-1822: Johann Graf Riesch, FML, G.d.C.

Colonels (Commandants)

1798: Ignaz Eggermann, Oberst
1800: Leopold Frhr. von Strachwitz, Oberst
1807: Franz Frhr. von Fröhlich, Oberst
1808: Heinrich Frhr. von Scheither, Oberst
1813: Wilhelm von Kronenberg. Oberst
1813: Heinrich Graf Hardegg, Oberst
1814-1827: Friedrich Frhr. von Wangen, Oberst

Recruitment Areas

1798: Bohemia
1817: Moravia

Headquarters Location during Peacetime

1798: Aschbach
1799: Vienna
1801: Szegedin
1802-05: Grosswardein
1806: Nagy Enyed
1807: Leipnik
1808: Krakau, Nikolsburg
1809: Caslau
1809-12: Rohatyn
1814-15: Moór
1816-1818: Bischweiler in Elsass

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2005

 

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