Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


 

Regiment Nr 1

Regiment Nr 2 (Hungarian)

Regiment Nr 3 (German)

Regiment Nr 4 (German)

Infantry Regiment Nr. 5/Garrison Regiment Nr. 1 (German)

Infantry Regiment Nr. 6/Garrison Regiment Nr. 2 (German)

Regiment Nr 7 (German)

Regiment Nr 8 (German)

Infantry Regiment Nr. 9 (Walloon)

Infantry Regiment Nr. 10 (German)

Bibliography

Austrian Infantry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: Line Infantry Regiments Nrs. 1-10

By Stephen Millar

 

Infantry Regiment Nr. 1

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Kaiser Franz II’ Nr. 1 (Kaiser Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor) [1]
1806-1835: Infantry Regiment ‘Kaiser Franz I’ Nr. 1 (Kaiser Franz I, Emperor of Austria)

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1767-1803: Botta d’Adorno, Generalmajor [later Feldmarschall] Jacob, Marquis [2]
1803-1827: Brady, Feldmarschalleutnant [later Feldzugmeister] Thomas, Freiherr von [3]

Colonels:

1789-1794: Rosselmini, Oberst Gerhard, Chevalier
1794-1796: Nimptsch, Oberst Ferdinand, Graf
1796-1799: Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg[-Hoym], Oberst Wilhelm, Prinz [4]
1799-1800: Johnsohn, Oberst Christoph, Chevalier
1800-1807: Kayser, Oberst Nicolaus von
1807-1809: Gredler, Oberst Johann [5]
1809-1815: Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Oberst Gustav, Prinz
1815-1820: Straka, Oberst Franz

Subordinate Officers (1799):

La Marine, Oberstleunant Franz
Gredler, Major Johann
Kaifer, Major Nicolaus

Regimental Grenadier Division:

1779-1798: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 12 and 40
1799-1801: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 7 and 12
1809-1810: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 29 and 38
1810-1813: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 12 and 57

Recruitment Areas:

1781-1808: Olmutz (Moravia)
1808-1817: Olmutz (Moravia) and Sandec (Galicia)

Headquarters:

1781-1817: Prossinitz (Moravia)

Notes:

[1] Kaiser Franz II (12.02.1768-02.10.1835) became Kaiser Franz I of Austria when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved on 06.08.1806.
[2] This officer should not be confused with Joseph, Marquis Botta d’Adorno.
[3] Feldmarschalleutnant Thomas, Freiherr von Brady commanded an infantry division at the Battle of Aspern-Essling (21-22.05.1809).
[4] Oberst Wilhelm, Prinz Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg[-Hoym] (19.04.1771-25.03.1799) was killed at the First Battle of Stockach.
[5] Oberst Johann Gredler was killed at the Battle of Abensburg (19-20.04.1809). 

Infantry Regiment Nr. 2 (Hungarian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1761-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Ferdinand’ Nr. 2 (Ferdinand-Karl, Erzherzog von Osterreich)
1806-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Hiller’ Nr. 2 (Hiller, Feldzugmeister Johann, Freiherr von) [1]
1814-1825: Infantry Regiment ‘Kaiser von Russland’ Nr. 2 (Alexander I, Kaiser von Russland)

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1801: Hiller, Feldmarschalleutnant Johann, Freiherr von
1814: Koller, Feldmarschalleutnant Franz, Freiherr von

Colonels:

1799: Candiani, Oberst Hieronymus
1805-1809: Hessen-Homburg, Oberst Philipp, Prinz zu
1809-1814: Torri, Oberst von
1814-1815: Csorich, Oberst Franz von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Lippe, Oberstleutnant Freiherr
Schmidl, Major
Fuglein, Major

Notes:

[1] Feldzugmeister Johann, Freiherr von Hiller (1754-1819) was commissioned into the Austrian artillery in 1770. He commanded VI Corps at the Battle of Aspern-Essling (1809) then later served in Italy.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 3 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1780-1847: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Karl’ Nr. 3 (Karl-Ludwig-Johann-Josef-Lorenz, Erzherzog von Osterreich) [1]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1792: Staader von Adelsheim, Feldmarschalleutnant Josef, Freiherr von
1809: Weissenwolf, Feldmarschalleutnant Nikolaus, Graf

Colonels:

1799-1800: Beyer von Bucholz, Oberst Josef
1800-1806: Ruffer, Oberst
1806-1809: Steininger, Oberst von
1809-1813: Folseis, Oberst Chevalier
1813-1815: Salis-Zizers, Oberst Rudolf, Graf

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Pfanzelter, Oberstleutnant Josef
Haultepenne, Major Carl, Freiherr
Ruffer, Major Josef

Notes:

[1] Archduke Karl (one of several younger brothers of Kaiser Franz I) was promoted to the rank of Feldmarschall in 1796. He died in Vienna on 30 April 1847.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 4 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1804: Infantry Regiment ‘Deutschmeister’ Nr. 4 (Maximillian, Erzherzog [Kurfurst von Koln])
1804-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Deutschmeister’ Nr. 4 (Anton-Viktor-Joseph-Johann-Raimund, Erzherzog von Osterreich) [1]
1814-1835: Infantry Regiment ‘Hoch und Deutschmeister’ Nr. 4 (Anton-Viktor-Joseph-Johann-Raimund, Erzherzog von Osterreich)

Colonels:

1799: Brixen, Oberst Carl
1805-1809: Engelhardt, Oberst Freiherr von
1809-1813: Klopstein, Oberst von
1813-1815: Erdmann, Oberst Freiherr von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Kirchner, Oberstleutnant Friedrich
Urraca, Oberstleutnant Josef, Freiherr
Zucchary, Major Joachim
Margo, Major Ludwig

Notes:

[1] Archduke Anton, one of several younger brothers of Kaiser Franz I, held the rank of Feldzugmeister. He died on 2 April 1835 in Vienna.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 5/Garrison Regiment Nr. 1 (German)

Regimental Designation:

1766-1808: Garrison Regiment Nr. 1 [1] (no colonels-in-chief appointed)

Colonels:

1798: Dalquen, Oberst Franz

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Overdam, Major Peter
Rousseau, Major Friedrich

Notes:

[1] Garrison Regiment Nr. 1 was disbanded in 1808 and the regimental designation “Nr. 5” remained vacant for the remainder of the Napoleonic Wars.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 6/Garrison Regiment Nr. 2 (German)

Regimental Designation:

1775-1808: Garrison Regiment Nr. 2 [1] (no colonels-in-chief appointed)

Colonels:

1799: Sturioni, Oberst Josef
1803: Starimski von Pittkau, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Bifitz, Oberstleutnant Estimius
Schauvenberg, Major Carl, Freiherr

Notes:

[1] Garrison Regiment Nr. 2 was disbanded in 1808 and the regimental designation “Nr. 6” remained vacant for the remainder of the Napoleonic Wars.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 7 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1783-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Schroder’ Nr. 7 (Schroder, Feldmarschalleutnant Carl-Friedrich, Freiherr von)
1809-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Grossherzog von Wurzburg’ Nr. 7 (Grossherzog Ferdinand III von Wurzburg) [1]
1814-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Granduca di Toscana’ Nr. 7 (Granduca Fernando III di Toscana)

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1809: Lattermann, Feldmarschalleutnant Christoph, Freiherr von

Colonels:

1799: Mosel, Oberst Johann
1805-1809: Drechsel, Oberst Anton, Freiherr von
1809-1811: Mayer von Heldensfeld, Oberst Anton
1811-1813: Herzogenburg, Oberst Freiherr von
1813-1815: Demontant, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Oberstleutnant Wilhelm, Furst von
Lindererl, Major Anton
Morwitz, Major Florian

Notes:

[1] Archduke Ferdinand, another younger brother of Kaiser Franz I, was given several titles during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He was created ‘Granduca Fernando III di Toscana’ when his father became Holy Roman Emperor on 21 July 1790. Forced into exile after the French Army occupied Tuscany in 1799 and 1800, Ferdinand received the titles ‘Kurfurst von Salzburg’ (1802) and ‘Kurfurst of Wurzburg’ (1805) as compensation. After Tuscany was directly united with the French Empire in 1807 – Napoleon made his oldest sister Eliza Bacciochi its Grand-Duchess – Ferdinand was created ‘Grossherzog Ferdinand III von Wurzburg’. He was reinstated in Tuscany by the Congress of Vienna in 1814.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 8 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Huff’ Nr. 8 (Huff, Feldmarschalleutnant Carl, Freiherr von)
1799-1801: vacant
1801-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Ludwig’ Nr. 8 (Ludwig-Josef, Erzherzog von Osterreich) [1]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1801: Minkwitz, Feldmarschalleutnant Freiherr von

Colonels:

1799-1800: Schrockinger von Neudenberg, Oberst
1800-1806: Schiaffinatti, Oberst Conte
1806-1809: Swinburne, Oberst Robert, Freiherr von [2]
1809-1813: Furstenwarther, Oberst Freiherr von
1813-1814: Sagburg von Helbersdorf, Oberst
1814-1815: Giesl von Gieslingen, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Neni, Oberstleutnant Freiherr
Knapp, Oberstleutnant
Koferitz, Major
Motschlitz, Major Max, Freiherr

Notes:

[1] Archduke Ludwig-Josef, another younger brother of Kaiser Franz I, held the rank of Feldmarschall. He died on 21 December 1864 in Vienna.
[2] Robert, Freiherr von Swinburne was born in York, England in 1766 (some sources say 17 July 1763). Swinburne began his 55-year military career at age 16 in Infantry Regiment Nr. 59. Promoted to Oberst in 1806 and to Generalmajor in 1809 (after the Battle of Aspern-Essling), his final post was as Governor of Milan with the rank of Feldmarschalleutnant. He died in Innsbruck on 20 January 1849.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 9 (Walloon)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1798: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Clerfayt’ Nr. 9 (Clerfayt, Feldmarschall Francois-Sebastien-Charles-Joseph de Croix, Graf) [1]
1798-1802: vacant
1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Czartoryski’ (Czartoryski-Sangusco, Furst)

Colonels:

1799: Lamarselle, Oberst de
1805-1808: Wouvremanns, Oberst
1808-1809: Wattlet, Oberst Wenzel, Freiherr von
1809-1813: Mac-Elligot, Oberst Freiherr von
1813-1815: Kolb von Frankenfeld, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Spangen, Oberstleutnant Carl, Freiherr
Wouwremanns, Major
Rofenhayn, Major

Notes:

[1] Francois-Sebastien-Charles-Joseph de Croix, Graf Clerfayt (1733-1798) was a Walloon officer who had extensive service during the pre-Napoleonic War period. It is unclear if Clerfayt held the rank of Feldmarschall – although one source said he was promoted to this grade around the year 1795. He is not listed with other Feldmarschalls of this period (Alexandr Vasilievich, Prince Suvarov; Dagobert-Sigmund, Graf von Wurmser; Archduke Karl-Ludwig).

Infantry Regiment Nr. 10 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Keuhll’ Nr. 10 (Keuhll, Feldmarschalleutnant Carl, Freiherr von)
1799-1802: vacant
1802-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Markgraf von Ansbach und Bayreuth’ Nr. 10
(Ansbach und Bayreuth, Generalmajor Christian-Friedrich-Carl, Markgraf von)
1806-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Mittrowski’ Nr. 10
(Mittrowski, Feldmarschalleutnant Anton, Freiherr von)
1809-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Reisky von Dubnitz’ Nr. 10
(Reisky von Dubnitz, Feldmarschalleutnant Wenzel-Josef, Freiherr)

Colonels:

1799-1800: Beulwitz, Oberst Ferdinand, Freiherr
1800-1807: Buresch von Grafenbach, Oberst Wenzel
1807-1809: Vaux, Obersterst Josef de
1809-1813: Weigl von Lowenwarth, Oberst Josef [1]
1813-1815: Wertich von Adesfeld, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Buresch von Grafenbach, Oberstleutnant Wenzel
Casati, Major Josef
Vaux, Major Josef de

Notes:

[1] Josef Weigl von Lowenwarth was later promoted to Generalmajor and received the Military Order of Maria Theresa. He commanded an infantry brigade at the Battle of Leipzig (1813).

 

Bibliography

http://napoleon-series.org/
http://www.ishipress.com/royalfam/pafg14.htm#1620C
http://www.kuk-wehrmacht.de/
http://www.histofig.com/
http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/
http://www.napitalia.org.uk/eng/ausuni.shtml
http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/SUD/inf-reg1800.html
http://www.napoleonguide.com/infantry_austface.htm
http://www.kaunitz-rietberg.novy-jicin.cz/english/militaria/regt_numbering.htm
http://www.histoire-empire.org/
http://www.thepeerage.com/
http://www.militairbibliothek.de/html/oesterr_generale.html
http://www.napoleon-online.de/
http://web2.airmail.net/napoleon/
www.hr/darko/etf/jel_fran.htm

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2004; Updated April 2005

Organization Index | More on Austrian Infantry Regiments ]



Search the Series

© Copyright 1995-2005, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]