Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


 

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 11

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 12

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 13

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 14

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 15

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 16

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 17

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 18

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 19

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 20

Bibliography

Austrian Infantry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: Line Infantry Regiments Nrs. 11 - 20

By Stephen Millar

Note: Each regiment is listed with its final unit designation of the Napoleonic Wars.

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 11 (German)

Regimental designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Michael, Graf Wallis’ Nr. 11
(Wallis von Karighmain, Michael-Johann, Graf)
1799-1801: vacant
1801-1853: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Ranier’ Nr. 11
(Ranier-Josef-Johann, Erzherzog von Osterreich, [later Feldzugmeister]) [1]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1801: Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky, Feldzugmeister Vinzenz-Maria, Graf von [2]

Colonels:

1799: Strauch, Oberst Gottfried
1803-1809: Dolle, Oberst von
1809-1812: Fabre, Oberst von
1812-1813: Piret de Bihain, Oberst Freiherr von
1813-1815: Leiningen zu Westerburg, Oberst August, Graf

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Weissenwolf, Oberstleutnant Nicolaus, Graf
Molitor, Major
Barth, Major

Notes:

[1] Archduke Ranier-Josef-Johann (1783-1853) was a younger brother of Franz I of Austria. He was made Viceroy of Lombardy in 1818.
[2] Feldzugmeister Vinzenz-Maria, Graf von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky (1750-1824) was awarded the Order of Maria Theresa in 1790 and again in 1801.

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 12 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Marchese Manfredini’ Nr. 12
(Manfredini, Feldmarchalleutnant Federigo, Marchese)
1809-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst zu Liechtenstein’ Nr. 12
(Liechtenstein, Generalmajor Alois, Furst zu) [1]

Colonels:

1799: Reisinger, Oberst Maximillian
1805-1809: Liechtenstein, Oberst Alois, Furst zu
1809-1813: Winzian, Oberst Timotheus von
1813-1814: Lass, Oberst
1814-1815: Reising von Reisinger, Oberst Freiherr

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Sinzendorf, Oberstleutnant Rudolf, Graf
Weigeld, Oberstleutnant
Callenberg, Major Carl, Graf
Bojakowsky, Major Franz, Freiherr

Notes:

[1] There is some question as to whether Alois, Furst zu Liechtenstein was actually colonel-in-chief of this regiment. In the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, two brothers held the title of Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein: Alois I (1759-1805) and Johann I (1760-1836). Johann I’s son Alois – later Alois II – was born in 1796 and was therefore unlikely to have been a Colonel in 1805 (or a Generalmajor and colonel-in-chief four years later). As no other relatives during the same time-period had the name ‘Alois,’ it seems the colonel-in-chief may have been Johann I – a highly-experienced cavalry general serving in the Austrian Army.

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 13 (German, later Italian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1786-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Reisky’ Nr. 13 (Reisky von Dubnitz, Feldmarschalleutnant Wenzel-Josef, Freiherr)
1809: disbanded
1814: reformed
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Wimpffen’ Nr. 13  (Wimpffen, Feldmarschalleutnant Maximilian, Freiherr von) [1]

Colonels:

1799: Brigido, Oberst Freiherr
1799: Dedovich, Oberst Josef
1805-1809: Folseis, Oberst von
1809-1814: Gallenberg, Oberst Graf
1814-1815: Cometti, Oberst
1815-1815: Hamar de Libois, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Brea, Oberstleutnant
Polster, Major
Morzin, Major Graf

Notes:

[1] Maximilian, Freiherr von Wimpffen (1770-1854) had been Archduke Karl-Ludwig’s chief-of-staff during the Wagram Campaign in 1809. In 1813-1814, he held a divisional command.

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 14 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1788-1811: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Klebeck’ Nr. 14
(Klebeck, Feldzugmeister Wilhelm, Freiherr von) [1]
1811-1831: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Rudoph’ Nr. 14
(Rudolph-Johann-Josef, Erzherzog von Osterreich, Oberst) [2]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1811: Radivojevich, Feldmarschalleutnant Paul, Freiherr von

Colonels:

1794: Lusignan, Oberst Franz-Josef
1799-1800: Kottulinsky, Oberst Franz, Freiherr
1800-1807: Marziani di Sacile, Oberst
1807-1809: Best, Oberst Albert de
1809-1814: Steinmann, Oberst von
1814-1815: Puteany, Oberst Chevalier von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Rupp, Oberstleutnant Josef
Fiquelmont, Major Josef, Graf
Froeauff, Major Peter

Notes:

[1] Several sources refer to this regiment at the beginning of the Revolutionary War as Line Infantry Regiment ‘[Prinz zu] Oranien’ Nr. 14 (with colonels-in-chief in the order ‘Oranien-Klebeck-Rudolph’). There were several members of the House of Orange in Austrian service – including Generalmajor Friedrich-Wilhelm-Georg, Prinz zu Oranien und Nassau-Dietz (1774-1799) – but Klebeck is most commonly cited as colonel-in-chief in the 1790’s [also see Infantry Regiment Nr. 15 below].
[2] Archduke Rudolph-Johann-Josef (1788-1831) was a younger brother of Franz I of Austria.

Line Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Zach’ Nr. 15 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Oranien’ Nr. 15 (Oranien und Nassau-Dietz, Generalmajor Friedrich-Wilhelm-Georg, Prinz zu)
1799-1801: vacant
1801: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Riese’ Nr. 15 (Riese, Feldmarschalleutnant Karl, Freiherr von)
1806-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Zach’ Nr. 15 (Zach, Feldmarschalleutnant Anton, Freiherr von) [1]

Colonels:

1799-1800: Retz, Oberst Anton
1800-1806: Grill, Oberst
1806-1813: Carpe von Carpenstein, Oberst
1813-1814: Sommer von Sommerfeld, Oberst
1814-1815: Stika von Passeka, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Furtenburg, Oberstleutnant Franz, Freiherr
Quittzow, Major Carl, Freiherr

Notes:

[1] Generalmajor Anton, Freiherr von Zach had been Feldzugmeister Michael-Friedrich-Benedikt, Freiherr von Melas’ chief-of-staff at the Battle of Marengo (14 June 1800). He was captured – along with 2,000 soldiers – when GdB Francois-Etienne Kellermann’s cavalry charged the flank of the main Austrian pursuit column.

Line Infantry Regiment ‘Marquis Lusignan’ Nr. 16 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1778-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Terzi’ Nr. 16 (Terzi, Feldmarschalleutnent Ludwig, Freiherr)
1799-1802: vacant
1802-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Rudolph’ Nr. 16 (Rudolph-Johann-Josef, Erherzog von Osterreich, Oberst)
1806-1832: Infantry Regiment ‘Marquis Lusignan’ Nr. 16 (Lusignan, Feldmarschalleutnant Franz-Josef, Marquis) [1]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1802: Lusignan, Feldmarschalleutnant Franz-Josef, Marquis

Colonels:

1799: Stadler, Oberst Ignaz
1805-1806: Strassoldo, Oberst Graf
1806-1809: Ruiz de Rosas, Oberst Chevalier
1809-1814: Ertel von Krehlau, Oberst Chevalier
1814-1815: Trautmann, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Concin, Oberstleutnant Josef
Strasaldo, Major Moriz, Graf
Klenau, Major Wenzel, Graf

Notes:

[1] Franz-Josef, Marquis Lusignan (1753-1832) was badly wounded at Hausen (19 April 1809). He retired a month later, having reached the rank of Feldzugmeister.

 

Line Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Reuss zu Plauen’ Nr. 17 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1796: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Hohenlohe’ Nr. 17
(Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Kirchberg, Feldzugmeister Friedrich-Wilhelm, Furst)
1796-1801: vacant
1801-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Reuss’ Nr. 17 (Reuss zu Plauen, Feldmarschalleutnant Heinrich XV, Prinz) [1]

Colonels:

1799: Riera, Oberst Carl
1804-1809: Wied-Runkel, Oberst Prinz zu
1809-1811: Oberdorf, Oberst Freiherr von
1811-1812: Gallenberg, Oberst Graf
1812-1815: Soldner von Soldenhof, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Sommerfeld, Oberstleutnant Ignaz
Urraca, Major Johann, Freiherr
Pachner von Eggensdorf, Major Gottfried

Notes:

[1] In the Saxon Reuss family, almost all male children were named ‘Heinrich’. The family’s senior line was Reuss zu Greiz (with Reuss zu Gera, Reuss zu Schleiz, Reuss zu Lobenstein, Reuss von Ebersdorf and Reuss zu Kostritz forming the junior line). A number of sources refer to the senior line as ‘Reuss-Greitz’ or ‘Reuss-Graitz’.

Line Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Reuss zu Greiz’ Nr. 18 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1791-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Stuart’ Nr. 18 (Stuart, Feldmarschalleutnant Patrick, Graf)
1809-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf d’Aspre’ Nr. 18 (Aspre von Hoobruck, Feldmarschalleutnant Karl, Graf d’)
1809-1817: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Reuss zu Greiz’ (Reuss zu Greiz, Feldmarschalleutnant Heinrich XIII, Furst) [1]

Colonels:

1799-1801: Weber von Treuenfels, Oberst Franz.
1801-1809: Oberdorf, OB Freiherr von
1809-1813: Grimmer von Riesenburg, OB
1813-1815: Georgy, OB Chevalier

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Dworzeck, Oberstleutnant Anton
Grill, Oberstleutnant Josef
Weber von Treuenfels, Major Xavier
Pruckl, Major

Notes:

[1] Heinrich XIII, Furst Reuss zu Greiz (1747-1817) was a Saxon prince in Austrian service [see Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 17 above].

Line Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Hessen-Homburg’ Nr. 19 (Hungarian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1786-1810: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Alvinczy’ Nr. 19 (Alvinczy von Borberek, Feldmarschalleutnant Josef, Freiherr) [1]
1810-1813: vacant
1813-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Hessen-Homburg’ Nr. 19 (Hessen-Homburg, Generalmajor Philipp, Prinz zu)

Colonels:

1799: Adorian, Oberst Carl
1799: Spannochi, Oberst Lelio, Freiherr
1804-1808: O’Flanagan, Oberst
1808-1812: Seethal, Oberst
1812-1814: Stutterheim, Oberst Franz, Freiherr von
1814-1815: Szent-Ivanyi, Oberst Karl von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Peterfy d’Ikats, Oberstleutnant Carl
Neustadter, Major Johann
O’Flanagan, Major Lucas
Kutschera, Major Johann

Notes:

[1] Josef, Freiherr Alvinczy von Borberek (1735-1810) had commanded the Austrian army at the Battle of Rivoli (14 January 1797). He was promoted to the rank of Feldmarschall in 1808.

Line Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Kaunitz-Rietberg’ Nr. 20 (German, 1792-1815)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1785-1826: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Kaunitz-Rietberg’ Nr. 20(Kaunitz-Rietberg, Feldmarschalleutnant [later Feldzugmeister] Wenzel, Graf)

Colonels:

1781-1792: Riese, Oberst Karl, Freiherr von
1792-1793: Linde von Linden, Oberst Josef
1793-1794: Gortz von Zertin, Oberstleutnant Johann [acting]
1794-1795: Bender, Oberst Joachim, Freiherr von
1795-1795: Frankenbusch, Oberst Prokop, Freiherr von
1795-1800: Richter, Oberst Josef
1800-1805: Murray de Melgum, Oberst Albrecht, Graf
1805-1809: Bresslern von Sternau, Oberst Josef [1]
1809-1814: Luxem, Oberst von
1814-1827: Demuth, Oberst Johann von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Pateck [Patek], Oberleutnant Philip [2]
Neumann, Major Wenzel
Walthor von Waldenau, Major Franz [3]
Muller, Major Franz (1805) [4]

Regimental Grenadier Division:

1779-1797: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 7 and 56
1799-1801: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 22 and 29
1809-1810: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 12 and 26
1810-1818: Formed battalion with divisions from Regiments Nrs. 7 and 56

Recruitment Areas:

1782-1807: Sambor (Galicia)
1807-1817: Troppau (Moravia/Silesia) and Sacz-Jaslo (Galicia)

Headquarters:

1771-1817: Neutitschein

Notes:

[1] Oberst Bresslern von Sternau was killed at Hausen [19.04.1809].
[2] Oberleutnant Pateck was mortally-wounded at the First Battle of Zurich (04.06.1799). He died 13.07.1799.
[3] Wounded at Fussen, Oberstleutnant Walthor von Waldenau died in 1800 in enemy captivity.
[4] Major Muller died in action at Gunzburg in 1805.

 

Bibliography:

http://www.histofig.com/
http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/
http://www.napitalia.org.uk/eng/ausuni.shtml
http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/SUD/inf-reg1800.html
http://www.napoleonguide.com/infantry_austface.htm
http://www.kaunitz-rietberg.novy-jicin.cz/english/militaria/regt_numbering.htm
http://www.histoire-empire.org/
http://www.thepeerage.com/
http://www.militairbibliothek.de/html/oesterr_generale.html
http://www.napoleon-online.de/
http://web2.airmail.net/napoleon/
http://napoleon-series.org/
http://www.wtj.com/articles/marengo/articles_summary/battle.htm
http://www.historydata.com/biographies/lusignan.html
http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.w/w748546.htm
http://www.onb.ac.at/sammlungen/bildarchiv/siteseeing/oranien/suche.html

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2005; updated April 2005

 

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