Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


 

Infantry Regiment Nr. 21

Infantry Regiment Nr. 22

Infantry Regiment Nr. 23

Infantry Regiment Nr. 24

Infantry Regiment Nr. 25

Infantry Regiment Nr. 26

Infantry Regiment Nr. 27

Infantry Regiment Nr. 28

Infantry Regiment Nr. 29

Infantry Regiment Nr. 30

Bibliography

Austrian Infantry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: Line Infantry Regiments Nrs. 21 - 30

By Stephen Millar

Note: Each regiment is listed with its final unit designation of the Napoleonic Wars.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 21 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1778-1808: Infantry Regiment ‘Gemmingen’ Nr. 21 (Gemmingen auf Hornberg und Treschklingen, FZM Siegmund, Freiherr)
1808-1810: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Rohan’ Nr. 21 (Rohan von Guem, Feldmarschalleutnant Viktor-Ludwig, Prinz)
1810-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Albrecht, Graf Gyulai’ Nr. 21 [1] (Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska, Feldmarschalleutnant Albrecht, Graf)

Colonels:

1799-1801: Pitsch, Oberst Johann
1801-1807: Wacquant-Geozelles, Oberst Johann, Freiherr von
1807-1809: Alstern, Oberst Chevalier
1809-1813: Kruse, Oberst Theodor, Chevalier
1813-1815: Muller von Hohenthal, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Freytag, Oberstleutnant
Eggerdefs, Major Benno
Schrockinger von Neudenberg, Major Franz
Czermack, Major Wenzel

Notes:

[1] Three infantry regiments were designated ‘Gyulai’ during the Napoleonic Wars: Nrs. 21 [‘Albrecht, Graf Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska’]; Nr. 32 [‘Samuel, Graf  Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska]; Nr. 60 [‘Ignaz, Graf Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska’].

Infantry Regiment Nr. 22 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1758-1801: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Lacy’ Nr. 22 (Lacy, Feldmarschall Franz-Moritz, Graf) [1]
1801-1802: vacant
1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld’ Nr. 22
(Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld, General der Kavallerie Prinz Friedrich-Josias zu)
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Nassau’ Nr. 22 [2]
(Nassau, Friedrich-Wilhelm, Herzog von)

Colonels:

1799-1800: Lippa, Oberst Guido
1800-1807: Ziennast, Oberst Georg
1807-1809: Vetter von Lilienberg, Oberst Wenzel, Graf
1809-1813: Watzl, Oberst von
1813-1815: Odelga, Oberst Chevalier

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Auracher, Oberstleutnant
Mombach, Major Carl
Zienast, Major Georg

Notes:

[1] Franz-Moritz, Graf Lacy (1725-1801) had been rapidly-promoted through the Austrian army (he rose from Oberst to Feldmarschall in only 15 years).
[2] This regiment is often called “Nassau-Usingen’ (although Friedrich-August only held the title ‘Prinz zu Nassau-Usingen’ until 1806).

Infantry Regiment Nr. 23 (German, later Italian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1790-1802: Infantry Regiment ‘Granduca Fernando III di Toscana’ Nr. 23
(Granduca Fernando III di Toscana) [1]
1802-1805: Infantry Regiment ‘Kurfurst von Salzburg’ Nr. 23
(Ferdinand III, Kurfurst von Salzburg)
1805-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Kurfust von Wurzburg’ Nr. 23 (Ferdinand III, Kurfurst von Wurzburg)
1807-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Grossherzog von Wurzburg’ Nr. 23
(Ferdinand III, Grossherzog von Wurzburg)
1809: disbanded
1814: reformed
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Mauroy’ Nr. 23
(Mauroy de Merville, Feldmarschalleutnant Franz, Freiherr)

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1799: Hohenfeld, Feldzugmeister Otto, Graf
1802: Lattermann, Feldmarschalleutnant Christoph, Freiherr von

Colonels:

1792-1793: Spork, Oberst Johann-Rudolph, Graf
1799-1805: Blankenstein, Oberst Heinrich, Freiherr
1805-1814: Sterndahl, Oberst Ferdinand, Freiherr von
1814-1815: Drohn, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Hohenfeld, Oberstleutnant Otto, Graf
Schwandtner, Major Josef
Rorwitz, Major Franz
Sterndahl, Major Ferdinand, Freiherr von

Notes:

[1] See Line Infantry Regiment ‘Granduca Fernando III di Toscana’ Nr. 7.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 24 (German, later Polish)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1771-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Preiss’ Nr. 24 (Preiss, Feldzugmeister Franz, Freiherr von)
1799-1801: vacant [1]
1801-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst von Auersperg’ Nr. 24
(Auersperg, Feldmarschalleutnant Karl, Furst von) [2]
1806-1808: vacant
1808-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Strauch’ Nr. 24 (Strauch, Generalmajor Freiherr von)

Colonels:

1799-1801: Weidenfeld, Oberst Carl
1801-1807: Trauttenberg, Oberst Leopold, Freiherr
1807-1811: Tittelsbach von Tigersburg, Oberst
1811-1814: Reisenfelds, Oberst von
1814-1815: Salomon, Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Legisfeld, Oberstleutnant Ignaz, Freiherr
Marziani, Major Franz
Trauttenberg, Major Leopold, Freiherr

Notes:

[1] When a regiment had no current colonel-in-chief, it was designated ‘vacant + the surname of the previous colonel-in-chief’ (in 1799, this regiment would be designated Infantry Regiment ‘vacant Freiherr von Preiss’ Nr. 24).
[2] Feldmarschalleutnant Karl, Furst von Auersperg (1750-1822) was stripped of his rank after the 1805 Campaign for allowing the Grande Armee to capture the Tabor bridge over the Danube near Vienna (the Viennese subsequently nicknamed him ‘Brucken-Karl’). He was reinstated by Kaiser Franz I after the Napoleonic Wars.

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 25 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1783-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Brechainville’ Nr. 25 (Brechainville, Feldmarschalleutnant Ludwig, Graf)
1799-1801: vacant
1801-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Spork’ Nr. 25 (Spork, Feldmarschalleutnant Johann-Rudolph, Graf) [1]
1806-1808: vacant
1808-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Zedtwitz’ Nr. 25 (Zedtwitz, Feldmarschalleutnant Johann-Franz, Graf)
1809-1810: vacant
1810-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr de Vaux’ Nr. 25 (Vaux, Feldmarschalleutnant Thiery, Freiherr de)

Colonels:

1799: Pasqualetti, Oberst Carl
1805-1807: Ulbrecht, Oberst
1807-1809: Kurz von Traubenstein, Oberst
1809-1811: Quallenberg, Oberst von
1811-1813: Chiesa, Oberst Conte
1813-1815: Feuchtersleben, Oberst Freiherr von
1815-1815: Fischer Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Ulbrecht, Oberstleutnant Emanuel
Schnitt, Major Rudolf
Wronowsky, Major Carl

Notes:

[1] Johann-Rudolph, Graf Spork (1755-1806) fought against the Turks and later served in Germany and in the Netherlands. He was promoted to Generalmajor in 1793 and to Feldmarschalleutnant in 1797.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 26 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief

1790-1800: Infantry Regiment ‘Schroder’ Nr. 26 (Schroder von Lilienhoff, Feldzugmeister Wilhelm, Freiherr)
1800-1803: vacant
1803-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Hohenlohe’ Nr. 26 (Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, Feldzugmeister Ludwig, Furst zu)
1814-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Wilhelm, Prinz von Oranien-Nassau’ Nr. 26 (Wilhelm, Prinz von Oranien-Nassau)
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Konig von Niederlande’ Nr. 26 (Wilhelm I, Konig der Niederlande) [1]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1814: Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, Feldzugmeister Ludwig, Furst zu

Colonels:

1799-1800: Avemann-Letta, Oberst Adolph
1800-1806: Rupp, Oberst
1806-1809: Mumb, Oberst von
1809-1811: Leiningen zu Westerburg, Oberst Graf
1811-1812: Urban, Oberst von
1812-1813: Gober, Oberst von
1813-1815: Kurz von Traubenfeld, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Schiaffinati, Oberstleutnant
Klein, Major
Riese, Major

Notes:

[1] Wilhelm, Prinz von Oranien-Nassau (1772-1843) was crowned King of the Netherlands on 16 March 1815. His son, the future King Wilhelm II, was a corps commander in the Duke of Wellington’s Anglo-Allied army during the Waterloo Campaign.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 27 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1761-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Strassoldo’ Nr. 27 [1] (Strassoldo, Feldmarschalleutnant Leopold, Graf)
1809-1825: Infantry Regiment ‘Marquis de Chasteler’ Nr. 27 Chasteler de Courcelles, Feldmarschalleutnant Johann-Gabriel, Marquis de) [2]

Colonels:

1799: Zschock, Oberst Otto
1804-1809: Marschall von Perelat, Oberst Chevalier
1809-1813: Lamezan-Salins, Oberst Graf
1813-1815: Paumgarten, Oberst Johann, Freiherr von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Vinchant, Oberstleutnant
Culotz, Major Christophe
Kruse, Major Theodor, Chevalier

Notes:

[1] Graffer’s ‘Oesterreichischer Militar-Almamach’ lists 1761 as the start date of Graf Strassoldo’s term as colonel-in-chief; other sources list 1791.
[2] Johann-Gabriel, Marquis de Chasteler de Courcelles (1763-1825) had previously been the colonel-in-chief of the Tyroler Feld-Jager-Regiment [Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 64]. He was promoted to Feldzugmeister in 1813.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 28 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1779-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Wartensleben’ Nr. 28 (Wartensleben, Feldzugmeister Ludwig-Wilhelm, Graf)
1799-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Frelich’ Nr. 28 (Frelich, Feldmarschalleutnant Freiherr von) [1]
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Kutschera’ Nr. 28 (Kutschera [Kucera], Feldmarschalleutnant Johann, Freiherr von)

Colonels:

1799: Eder von Hartenstein, Oberst Franz
1804-1809: Thiery, Oberst Ludwig von
1809-1813: Mecsery de Tsoor, Oberst  Johann-Karl, Freiherr [2]
1813-1815: Hauger, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Candiani, Oberstleutnant Paul
Reinwald von Waldeck, Major Josef
Thiery, Major Ludwig

Notes:

[1] Graffer’s ‘Oesterreichischer Militar-Almamach’ lists Graf Wartensleben as colonel-in-chief in 1799.
[2] Oberst Johann-Karl, Freiherr Mecsery de Tsoor was later promoted to Generalmajor and commanded an infantry brigade at the Battle of Leipzig (1813).

Infantry Regiment Nr. 29 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1791-1803: Infantry Regiment ‘Oliver, Graf Wallis’ Nr. 29 (Wallis von Karighmain, Feldmarschalleutnant Oliver, Graf) [1]
1803-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Lindenau’ Nr. 29 (Lindenau, Feldmarschalleutnant Karl-Friedrich, Freiherr von)

Colonels:

1799: Hirschligau, Oberst Wilhelm
1805-1809: Hammer, Oberst von
1809-1813: Pfluger von Lindenfels, Oberst Philipp
1813-1815: Nennel, Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Croll von Herzberg, Oberstleutnant Carl
Tegethoff, Oberstleutnant Josef
Luconedi, Major Franz

Notes:

[1] Feldmarshalleutnant Oliver, Graf Wallis von Karighmain assumed command of the Austrian ‘Army of Lombardy’ in Piedmont in 1795. He was promoted to Feldzugmeister, but later replaced by Feldzugmeister Jean de Beaulieu.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 30 (Walloon)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1770-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst de Ligne’ Nr. 30 (Lamoral, Feldmarschalleutnant Charles-Joseph, Prince de Ligne) [1]
1814-1815: vacant
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Nugent’ Nr. 30
(Nugent von Westmeath, Feldmarschalleutnant Laval, Graf) [2]

Colonels:

1799-1801: Husmanns, Oberst August
1801-1807: Dallwich, Oberst van
1807-1809: Fusco de Matalony, Oberst Graf
1809-1813: Meys, Oberst de
1813-1815: Mumthe von Heldenfels, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Genimide Mole, Oberstleutnant Theodor, Graf
Ligne, Major Louis, Prince de
Vandalich, Major Johann

Notes:

[1] Charles-Joseph Lamoral, Prince de Ligne (1735-1814) was born in Hainaut in the Austrian Netherlands. He held a number of high military and diplomatic posts during his lifetime (he was promoted to Feldmarschall in 1809 – four years before Karl-Philipp, Furst zu Schwartzenburg). Some sources lists Lamoral’s term as colonel-in-chief beginning in 1771.
[2] Feldmarschalleutnant Laval, Graf Nugent von Westmeath (1777-1862) was born in Ballynacor, Ireland. There were several families of Irish decent in Austrian service [see Infantry Regiments Nrs. 11 and 29 above].

 

Bibliography

http://www.histofig.com/
http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/
http://www.napitalia.org.uk/eng/ausuni.shtml http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/SUD/inf-reg1800.html
http://www.napoleonguide.com/infantry_austface.htm
http://www.histoire-empire.org/
http://www.thepeerage.com/
http://www.militairbibliothek.de/html/oesterr_generale.html
http://www.napoleon-online.de/
http://napoleon-series.org/
http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.w/w748546.htm
http://www.onb.ac.at/sammlungen/bildarchiv/siteseeing/oranien/suche.html
http://mdz2.bib-bvb.de/~ndb/ndbsuche.html?inpAutor=Janko,%20Wilhelm%20Edler%20von
http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00036742&tree=LEO
http://www.historydata.com/
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~walsh/austria.html

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2005; Updated April 2005

 

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