Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


 

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 31

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 32

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 33

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 34

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 35

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 36

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 37

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 38

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 39

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 40

Bibliography

Austrian Infantry Regiments and Their Commanders 1792-1815: Line Infantry Regiments Nrs. 31 - 40

By Stephen Millar

Note: Each regiment is listed with its final unit designation of the Napoleonic Wars.

Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 31 (Hungarian )

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1794: Infantry Regiment ‘Beaulieu’ Nr. 31 (Beaulieu, Feldmarschalleutnant Jean-Pierre de) [1]
1794-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Benjowsky’ Nr. 31 (Benjowsky von Benjow, Feldmarschalleutnant)

Colonels:

1799-1800: Clauwetz de Priont, Oberst Carl, Graf
1800-1806: Fitz-Gibbon, OB von
1806-1809: Splenyi von Mihaldy, OB Freiherr
1809-1809: Hirsch, OB
1809-1814: Senitzet, OB Paul von
1814-1815: Vecsey, OB von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Czeppi, Oberstleutnant
Cfukas, Major
Malcamp de Beaulieu, Major

Notes:

[1] Jean-Pierre de Beaulieu (1725-1819) was later promoted to the rank of Feldzugmeister.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 32 (Hungarian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1773-1802: Infantry Regiment ‘Samuel, Graf Gyulai’ Nr. 32 (Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska, FML Samuel, Graf) [1]
1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Eszterhazy’ Nr. 32 (Eszterhazy von Galantha, Feldzugmeister Miklos, Furst) [2]

Colonels:

1799: Posztrechowsky, Oberst Franz
1805-1806: Bubna von Wahrlich, Oberst
1806-1809: Eckhardt, Oberst Ludwig, Freiherr von
1809-1813: Hirsch, Oberst
1813-1815: Papp de Vizakna, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Pers, Oberstleutnant Ferdinand
Borbelyi, Major Andreas
Bechard, Major Josef

Notes:

[1] Samuel, Graf Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska was the father of Albrecht and Ignaz Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska [see Infantry Regiments Nrs. 21 and 60].
[2] Miklos, Furst Eszterhazy von Galantha (1765-1833) left the Austrian army after reaching the rank of Feldzugmeister.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 33 (Hungarian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1791-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Sztaray’ Nr. 33 (Sztaray, Feldzugmeister Anton, Graf)
1809-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Colloredo-Mansfeld’ Nr. 33 (Colloredo-Mansfeld, Feldmarschalleutnant Hieronymus-Josef-Johann, Graf von)

Colonels:

1799: Kalnassi von Kalnaass, Oberst Johann
1804-1809: Hoffmeister, Oberst
1809-1811: Konig, Oberst Freiherr von
1811-1812: Andrassy, Oberst David von
1812-1815: Retsey von Retsee, Oberst Adam [1]

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Billenberg, Oberstleutnant
Hofmeister, Major
Grimmer, Major
Marcant, Major

Notes:

[1] Oberst Adam Retsey von Retsee was awarded Austria’s Military Order of Maria Theresa and Prussia’s Pour le Merite.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 34 (Hungarian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1794: Infantry Regiment ‘Antal, Furst Eszterhazy’ Nr. 34 (Eszterhazy von Galantha, Antal, Furst)
1794-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Kray’ Nr. 34 (Kray von Krajova, Feldmarschalleutnant Paul, Freiherr) [1]
1799-1804: vacant
1804-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Davidovich’ Nr. 34 (Davidovich, Feldmarschalleutnant Paul, Freiherr von) [2]
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Wied-Runkel’ Nr. 34 (Wied-Runkel, Feldmarschalleutnant Friedrich-Ludwig, Prinz zu)

Colonels:

1799: Bydeskuti von Ipp, Oberst Siegmund, Freiherr
1805-1806: Bechard, Oberst Johann, Freiherr von
1806-1807: Kaszczynski, Oberst
1807-1809: Schmelzern von Wildmansegg, Oberst Johann
1809-1813: Gabelkoven, Oberst Freiherr von
1813-1815: Szinkovich, Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Khevenhuller-Metsch, Oberstleutnant Franz, Graf
Schell von Ehrenschild, Major Johann
Krauss von Lowenfeld, Major Josef

Notes:

[1] Feldmarschalleutnant Paul, Freiherr Kray von Krajova (1735-1804) commanded a corps in 1796. He was promoted to Feldzugmeister in 1799 but later relieved of his field command. Graffer’s ‘Oesterreichscher Militar-Alamach’ does not mention Freiherr Kray von Krajova as a colonel-in-chief of this regiment (it is listed as ‘vacant Antal Eszerhazy’).
[2] Feldmarschalleutnant Paul, Freiherr von Davidovich (1737-1814) served in Italy under Wurmser and Alvinczy. He was promoted to Feldzugmeister in 1807.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 35 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Wenkheim’ Nr. 35 (Wenkheim, Franz-Xavier, Freiherr von)
1799-1803: vacant
1803-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Maximilian’ Nr. 35 (Maximilian-Josef, Erzherzog von Osterreich-Este)
1807-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Rudolph’ Nr. 35 (Rudolph-Johann-Josef, Erherzog von Osterreich, Oberst)
1809-1819: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Mercy’ Nr. 35 (Mercy d’Argenteau, Feldzugmeister Eugene-Guilaume-Alexis, Comte) [1]

Deputy Colonels-in-Chief:

1804-1809: Mercy d’Argenteau, Feldmarschalleutnant Eugene-Guilaume-Alexis, Comte

Colonels:

1799: Ulm, Oberst Josef, Freiherr
1804-1808: Bieber, Oberst von
1808-1813: Schaffer, Oberst von
1813-1814: Giessen von Giessenburg, Oberst
1814-1815: Ruber von Rubersburg, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Teschner, Oberstleutnant Heinrich
Ullerich, Oberstleutnant Franz
Morazin, Major
Richter, Major Josef

Notes: 

[1] Feldmarschalleutnant Eugene-Guilaume-Alexis, Comte Mercy d’Argenteau (1734-1819) was promoted to Feldzugmeister in 1808. He is referred to as ‘Graf Argenteau’ in most German sources.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 36 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst zu Furstenberg’ Nr. 36 (Furstenberg, Feldmarschalleutnant Karl-Aloys, Furst zu) [1]
1799-1801: vacant
1801-1816: Infantry Regiment ‘Kolowrat-Krakowsky’ Nr. 36 (Kolowrat-Krakowsky, Feldzugmeister Johann-Karl, Graf) [2]

Colonels:

1799: Auersperg, Oberst Franz-Xavier, Graf
1805-1807: Novak, Oberst von
1807-1809: Klenau, Oberst Graf
1809-1812: Fischer von See, Oberst
1812-1813: Pausch, Oberst von
1813-1815: Rasquin, Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Thelen, Oberstleutnant Conrad
Dirix de Brug, Major Dominique
Nowack, Major Peter

Notes:

[1] Feldmarschalleutnant Karl-Aloys, Furst zu Furstenberg, was killed at the Battle of Liptingen (25 March 1799).
[2] Feldzugmeister Johann-Karl, Freiherr von Ugezd, Graf Kolowrat-Krakowsky (1748-1816) was promoted to the rank of Feldmarschall on 10 September 1809. For health reasons, he did not participate in the campaigns of 1813-15.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 37 (German) [1]

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1792-1798: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr de Vins’ Nr. 37 (Vins, Feldzugmeister Josef-Nikolaus, Freiherr de) [2]
1798-1803: vacant
1803-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Auffenberg’ Nr. 37 (Auffenberg, Feldmarschalleutnant Franz-Xavier, Freiherr von)
1807-1808: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf von Auersperg’ Nr. 37 (Auersperg, Feldmarschalleutnant Franz-Xavier, Graf von)
1808-1813: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Weidenfeld’ Nr. 37 (Weidenfeld, Feldmarschalleutnant Karl, Freiherr von)
1813-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Mariassy’ Nr. 37 (Mariassy de Markus et Batis-Falva, Feldmarschalleutnant Andreas, Freiherr)

Colonels:

1799: Maythany, Oberst
1804-1809: Munkacsy, Oberst Josef von
1809-1813: Reichlin von Meldegg, Oberst Freiherr von
1813-1815: Gebhardt, Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Haugwitz, Oberstleutnant Jakob, Freiherr
Radovich, Major
Herlich, Major Carl

Notes:

[1] This unit has also been listed in several sources as a Hungarian regiment.
[2] Josef-Nikolaus, Freiherr de Vins (1732-1798) commanded the Austrian ‘Army of Lombardy’ in 1795. He was replaced later that same year by Feldmarshalleutnant Oliver, Graf Wallis von Karighmain. His surname has also been spelled ‘Dewins’in some French-language sources.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 38 (German, later Italian) [1]

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1785-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Wurttemberg’ Nr. 38 (Wurttemberg, Feldmarschalleutnant Ferdinand-August, Herzog von)
1809: disbanded
1814: reformed
1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Prohaska’ Nr. 38 (Prohaska, Feldmarschalleutnant Josef, Freiherr von)

 Colonels:

1799: Rousseau, Oberst Johann
1805-1809: Reinhardt, Oberst von
1809-1809: Piret de Bihain, Oberst Freiherr
1809-1809: Lompret, Oberst de
1814-1814: Ceccopieri, Oberst Conte [acting]
1814-1815: Schreibers, Oberst

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Clauwetz de Priont, Oberstleutnant Graf
Soudain, Major
Collins, Major

Notes:

[1] This unit was one of eight line infantry regiments – Nrs. 13, 23, 38, 43, 45, 46, 50 and 55 – that Kaiser Franz I disbanded after the Austrian defeat in 1809. The colonel-in-chief, Feldmarschalleutnant Ferdinand-August, Herzog von Wurttemberg, was given Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 40 [see below]. This regiment has also been listed in several sources as a Walloon regiment.

Infantry Regiment Nr. 39 (Hungarian)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1787-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Nadasdy’ Nr. 39 (Nadasdy von Nadasd, Feldmarschalleutnant Tamas, Graf)
1799-1803: vacant
1803-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Duka’ Nr. 39 (Duka von Kadar, Feldmarschalleutnant Peter, Freiherr) [1]

Colonels:

1799-1800: Absaltern, Josef-Nepomuk, Freiherr
1800-1806: Pertusy, Oberst Johann von
1806-1809: Schuller, Oberst von
1809-1812: Bakonyi, Oberst Emmerich, Freiherr von
1812-1815: Schuller, Oberst von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Pertusy, Oberstleutnant Johann von
Korherr, Major Josef
Keczer, Major Siegmund

Notes:

[1] Peter, Freiherr Duka von Kadar had been chief-of-staff to Wurmser in northern Italy (1796).

Infantry Regiment Nr. 40 (German)

Regimental Designations and Colonels-in-Chief:

1786-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Mittrowski’ Nr. 40 (Mittrowski, Feldzugmeister Josef, Graf)
1809-1834: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Wurttemberg’ Nr. 40 (Wurttemberg, Feldmarschalleutnant Ferdinand-August, Herzog von) [1]

Colonels:

1799-1801: Kreyfern, Oberst Franz
1801-1807: Buol von Bernburg, Oberst Ignaz, Freiherr
1807-1809: Rheinbach, Oberst Chevalier
1809-1813: Salins-Lamezan, Oberst Graf
1813-1815: Vauthier, Oberst Chevalier von

Subordinate Officers (1799):

Stenzch, Oberstleutnant Georg, Freiherr
Glyckherr von Poltenegg, Major Anton
Buol von Bernburg, Major Ignatz, Freiherr

Notes:

[1] Ferdinand-August, Duke of Wurttemberg (1763-1834) was given this regiment after his previous regiment (Nr. 38) was disbanded in 1809.

Bibliography

http://www.histofig.com/
http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/
http://www.napitalia.org.uk/eng/ausuni.shtml
http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/SUD/inf-reg1800.html http://www.napoleonguide.com/infantry_austface.htm
http://www.histoire-empire.org/
http://www.thepeerage.com/
http://www.militairbibliothek.de/html/oesterr_generale.html
http://www.napoleon-online.de/
http://napoleon-series.org/
http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.w/w748546.htm
http://mdz2.bib-bvb.de/~ndb/ndbsuche.html?inpAutor=Janko,%20Wilhelm%20Edler%20von
http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00036742&tree=LEO
http://www.historydata.com/

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2005; Updated April 2005

 

Organization Index | More on Austrian Infantry Regiments ]



Search the Series

© Copyright 1995-2005, The Napoleon Series, All Rights Reserved.

Top | Home ]