Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Artillery Companies and the Men Who Led Them – 1793 To 1815: 1st Battalion, Royal Regiment of Artillery

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

None

Regimental History

1757:

1st Battalion formed from 12 existing RA companies

1758:

Augmented to 13 companies

1772:

Reduced to 8 companies

1776:

Augmented to 11 companies

1783:

Reduced to 10 companies.

 
Colonels Commandant

1777:

25 April

James Pattison

1796:

25 April

Anthony Farrington

Colonels en Second / Colonels                                                         

1782:

1 December

Forbes Macbean

1794:

30 August

Philip Martin

1799:

16 July

John Lemoine

1801:

25 December

Robert Lawton

1804:

20 July

Bayley Willington

1808:

1 February

Edward Stehelin

1814:

20 December

Robert Evans

Lieutenant Colonels             

1782:

1 December

John Williamson

1783:

21 November

Thomas Davies

1793:

5 December

William Orchard Huddlestone

1794:  

14 August

Alexander Shand

1796:

25 September

John Ramsey

1799:

16 July

John Henry Yorke

1803:

1 November

George Bowater

1804:

20 July

Henry Shrapnell

1805:

2 March

George William Dixon

1805:

29 December

Hoylett Framingham

1807:

18 June

George Salmon

1812:

17 March

William Dixon       

1814:

20 December

Nathaniel Foy

1815:

3 July

Frederick Walker

Majors                               

1782:

1 December

Vaughan Lloyd

1786:

13 February

Edward Williams

1796:

25 September

Thomas Seward

1800:

12 November

Charles Terrot

1805:

10 April

William Skyring

1808:

1 February

James Viney

1808:

20 June

Alexander Watson

1812:

17 March

John Dyer

1815:

28 October

Robert Pym

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 1st Company

1793:

Woolwich; August – Waterdown; September – Brighton (OC Capt. William Cuppage)

1794:

Woolwich; November – Brighton (OC Capt. John Rogers, died 30 June; then Capt. Wiltshire Wilson)

1795:

Brighton; September – Portsmouth; to West Indies

1796:

February – Barbados; May – San Domingo

1797:

San Domingo (OC Capt. George Frederick Koehler, died 29 December 1800)

1798:

San Domingo; October – Jamaica

1799:

Jamaica; Port Royal

1800:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Thomas Charleton)

1801:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Thomas Franklin)

1802:

Port Royal

1803:

Port Royal

1804:

Port Royal

1805:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Thomas B. P. Hardy, died 27 January 1814)

1806:

Port Royal

1807:

Port Royal

1808:

Port Royal

1809:

Port Royal; June - detachment to San Domingo

1810:

Port Royal

1811:

Port Royal

1812:

Port Royal

1813:

Port Royal

1814:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Sir Henry William Onslow)

1815:

Port Royal

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 2nd Company

1793:

Woolwich; March – to Flanders; Valenciennes; Tournay (OC Capt. Thomas Hosmer, then Capt. Jesse Wright, then Capt. George Glasgow)

1794:

Flanders; retreat to Bremen (OC Capt. James Winter)

1795:

Bremen; April – to England; Woolwich (OC Capt. Henry Shrapnel )

1796:

Woolwich

1797:

Woolwich

1798:

Woolwich

1799:

Woolwich

1800:

Woolwich

1801:

Woolwich

1802:

Woolwich

1803:

Woolwich (OC Capt. Joshua W. Tobin )

1804:

Woolwich

1805:

Woolwich; to Hanover

1806:

Hanover; February - Woolwich

1807:

Woolwich; July – Copenhagen; November – Chatham (OC Capt. John May)

1808:

Woolwich

1809:

Woolwich; February – to Portugal; Lisbon; Talavera

1810:

Almeida

1811:

Portugal

1812:

Badajoz; Salamanca; siege of Burgos

1813:

Vittoria; siege of San Sebastian; Nivelle; Nive

1814:

Toulouse; February – detachment on gun boats at Bayonne; July – to England; Woolwich; September – Chatham; November – Woolwich

1815:

Woolwich (OC Capt. James Lloyd).

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 3rd Company

1793:

Woolwich; August – Waterdown; September – Brighton (OC Capt. Thomas Blomefield, then Capt. Charles Terrot)

1794:

Brighton; June - Woolwich; November – Brighton; November - Portsmouth

1795:

Portsmouth

1796:

Portsmouth

1797:

Portsmouth; detachment on bomb ketches

1798:

Portsmouth

1799:

Portsmouth; July – Woolwich; August – Holland; November - Portsmouth

1800:

Portsmouth (OC Capt. John Quayle)

1801:

Portsmouth; July - Madeira

1802:

Madeira; February - Port Royal, Jamaica

1803:

Port Royal

1804:

Port Royal

1805:

Port Royal

1806:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Henry Deacon)

1807:

Port Royal (OC Capt. James Armstrong)

1808:

Port Royal

1809:

Port Royal; June - detachment to San Domingo

1810:

Port Royal

1811:

Port Royal

1812:

Port Royal

1813:

Port Royal

1814:

Port Royal

1815:

Port Royal

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 4th Company

1793:

Woolwich (OC Capt. Jesse Wright, then Capt. Thomas Hosmer )

1794:

Woolwich; June – Warley; December – Woolwich

1795:

Woolwich; August – Portsmouth; October – Isle d’Yeu (OC Capt. Archibald Robertson, died 4 April 1802)

1796:

Portsmouth; March – to Cape of Good Hope; August – Cape Town

1797:

Cape Town

1798:

Cape Town

1799:

Cape Town

1800:

Cape Town

1801:

Cape Town

1802:

Cape Town (OC Capt. Robert Lawson, died 23 July 1802; then Capt. Thomas Downman)

1803:

Cape Town; May – Portsmouth; Hilsea; Woolwich; Chatham

1804:

Chatham; March – Canterbury; Coxheath; Woolwich; detachment on bomb ketches (OC Capt. Henry M. Farrington)

1805:

Woolwich

1806:

Woolwich; July – Leith

1807:

Leith

1808:

Leith

1809:

Leith

1810:

Leith

1811:

Leith; June – Haddington

1812:

Haddington; June – Leith

1813:

Leith

1814:

Dublin; March – to Nova Scotia; July – detachment to Maine; Halifax; October – New Brunswick

1815:

New Brunswick.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 5th Company

1793:

Woolwich; March – Hythe; May – Woolwich; May – Flanders; siege of Valenciennes; Lincelles (OC Capt. James Winter)

1794:

Flanders – Cambrai; Ostend; Tournay; retreat to Bremen (OC Capt. William Borthwick)

1795:

Bremen; December – to England

1796:

Woolwich

1797:

Woolwich; June – Gravesend; August – Colchester; detachments on bomb ketches

1798:

Colchester

1799:

Colchester

1800:

Colchester; November – Lisbon

1801:

February – Marmorice; March – Egypt; Alexandria; October – Malta

1802:

Gibraltar; March – Woolwich (OC Capt. George Bulteel Fisher)

1803:

Woolwich; July – Tynemouth (OC Capt. George Scott, then Capt. Charles Baynes; then Capt. Turtliff Boger)

1804:

Tynemouth

1805:

Tynemouth

1806:

Tynemouth; November – Newcastle

1807:

Newcastle

1808:

Newcastle

1809:

Newcastle

1810:

Newcastle

1811:

Newcastle

1812:

Newcastle

1813:

Newcastle

1814:

Newcastle (OC Capt. Stephen Kirby)

1815:

Newcastle; June – Woolwich (OC Capt. William Lloyd).

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 6th Company

1793:

Woolwich (OC Capt. John Smith)

1794:

Woolwich; July – Warley; December – Yarmouth

1795:

Yarmouth (OC Capt. George Scott)

1796:

Yarmouth; May – Woolwich; September – Gibraltar (OC Capt. Richard King, died 8 February 1802)

1797:

Gibraltar

1798:

Gibraltar

1799:

Gibraltar

1800:

Gibraltar

1801:

Gibraltar

1802:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Francis Rey)

1803:

Gibraltar

1804:

Gibraltar

1805:

Gibraltar

1806:

Gibraltar

1807:

Gibraltar

1808:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Charles H. Godby)

1809:

Gibraltar

1810:

Gibraltar

1811:

Gibraltar; March - detachment at Barrosa

1812:

Gibraltar

1813:

Gibraltar

1814:

Gibraltar

1815:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Stephen Kirby).

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 7th Company

1793:

Woolwich; September – Brighton; November – Woolwich (OC Capt. Caroline F. Scott, died 21 September 1794)

1794:

Woolwich; July – Warley (OC Capt. George Bowater)

1795:

Woolwich; July – Warley

1796:

Warley; June – Woolwich; July – Brentwood

1797:

Brentwood

1798:

Brentwood

1799:

Brentwood; June – Warley; September – Woolwich; October – to Holland; Helder

1800:

Purfleet; July – Woolwich

1801:

Woolwich

1802:

Woolwich; March – Leith; November – Perth (OC Capt. Andrew Schalch)

1803:

Perth; September – Leith; December – Perth (OC Capt. Percy Drummond, then Capt. Benjamin Fenwick)

1804:

Leith; March – Perth; September – Leith (OC Capt. George Forster)

1805:

Leith; September – Leith Links; December – Leith

1806:

Leith; April – Haddington

1807:

Haddington

1808:

Haddington

1809:

Haddington; September – to Ireland; Dublin

1810:

Dublin; February – Limerick

1811:

Limerick

1812:

Limerick (OC Capt. Richard S. Brough)

1813:

Limerick; October – Ballincollig; Cork; December – to West Indies; Barbados

1814:

Barbados

1815:

Barbados; July – detachments to Martinique and Guadeloupe.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 8th Company

1793:

Woolwich; February – Brighton; May – Woolwich; June – to Flanders (OC Capt. George Wilson)

1794:

Flanders; retreat to Bremen

1795:

Bremen; April – to England; Woolwich

1796:

Woolwich; May – Tower of London

1797:

Tower of London

1798:

Tower of London

1799:

Tower of London (OC Capt. John Lemoine)

1800:

Tower of London; April – Woolwich; July – Minorca; December – Malta

1801:

Marmorice; March – Egypt; October – Malta

1802:

Gibraltar; February – Woolwich; September – Chatham

1803:

Chatham; April – Colchester; August – Ipswich

1804:

Ipswich; September – Lexden; November – Ipswich

1805:

Ipswich; May – Colchester (OC Capt. Oliver Fry, then Capt. Charles Egan)

1806:

Colchester; July – Danbury (OC Capt. James P. Cockburn)

1807:

Danbury; August – Copenhagen; November – Colchester

1808:

Colchester; December – Norwich

1809:

Norwich; August – Colchester; October – Norwich

1810:

Norwich

1811:

Norwich

1812:

Norwich

1813:

Norwich

1814:

Norwich; detachment at Ipswich; December – Colchester

1815:

Colchester

1817:

1 March – disbanded at Colchester.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 9th Company

1793:

Woolwich; December – Brighton (OC Capt. William Grant)

1794:

Brighton (OC Capt. John Arbuthnot, died 27 October 1796)

1795:

Brighton; October – Woolwich; to West Indies

1796:

April – Barbados; May – St Lucia (OC Capt. Lawrence H. Newton)

1797:

St Lucia

1798:

St Lucia; July – Trinidad

1799:

Trinidad

1800:

Trinidad

1801:

Trinidad

1802:

Trinidad; July – San Domingo

1803:

San Domingo (OC Capt. John Sheldrake)

1804:

Barbados; detachments on other islands and in Surinam (OC Capt. Charles Keane, died 14 January 1813)

1805:

Barbados; detachment on San Domingo

1806:

Barbados; detachments on other islands

1807:

Barbados; detachments on other islands

1808:

Barbados; detachments on other islands

1809:

Barbados; detachment on Martinique

1810:

Martinique

1811:

Barbados

1812:

Barbados

1813:

Barbados (OC Capt. Edward C Whinyates, then Capt. William Norman Ramsay)

1814:

Barbados (OC Capt. George Jenkinson)

1815:

Barbados; July – detachments to Martinique and Guadeloupe (OC Capt. Henry Light)

1819:

31 January – disbanded at Woolwich.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 10th Company

1793:

Woolwich; August – Landguard Fort; November – Woolwich (OC Capt. John D. Goll)

1794:

Woolwich; July – Warley Common; December – Woolwich

1795:

Woolwich; July – Hopton; October – Yarmouth (OC Capt. William Mudge)

1796:

Yarmouth; September – Lowestoft; November – Beccles

1797:

Beccles; July – Colchester

1798:

Colchester

1799:

Colchester

1800:

Colchester

1801:

Colchester

1802:

Colchester; December – Woolwich

1803:

Woolwich; July – Hull (OC Capt. William M. Leake)

1804:

Hull

1805:

Hull; December – Woolwich

1806:

January – Hanover; February – Woolwich; April – Leith (OC Capt. John Dyer)

1807:

Leith

1808:

Leith

1809:

Leith

1810:

Leith; October – Haddington

1811:

Haddington; June – Leith; August - to Ireland; Athlone

1812:

Athlone; July – Dublin (OC Capt. Richard Jones)

1813:

Dublin

1814:

Dublin

1815:

Dublin; June – Cork; to Belgium; Ostend; Paris; Army of Occupation

1819:

31 January – disbanded at Woolwich.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Duncan, Francis. History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. 2 volumes; London: John Murray, 1879.

Kane, John. List of Officers of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Greenwich: Elizabeth Delahoy, 1815.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2013

 

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