Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Artillery Companies and the Men Who Led Them – 1793 To 1815: 2nd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Artillery

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

None

Regimental History

1757:

2nd Battalion formed from 12 existing RA companies

1758:

Augmented to 13 companies

1759:

Reduced to 10 companies (3 companies used to form 3rd Battalion)

1761:

Augmented to 11 companies

1771:

Reduced to 9 companies (2 companies used to form 4th Battalion)

1776:

Augmented to 11 companies

1793:

10 companies.

 
Colonels Commandant

1781:

3 December

Samuel Cleaveland

1796:

25 September

Ellis Walker

Colonels en Second / Colonels                                                         

1782:

1 December

Benjamin Stehelin

1796:

25 April

John Stewart

1803:

17 May

Edward Stephens

1804:

20 July

William Cuppage

1808:

16 December

Flower M. Sproule

1814:

20 December

Brooke Young

1814:

20 December

John Lemoine

Lieutenant Colonels             

1782:

1 December

Peter Traille

1786:

13 February

Joseph Eyre

1793:

5 December

George Fead

1794:

9 September

Edward Fage

1795:

7 January

Edward Stephens

1798:

17 January

William Cuppage

1799:

16 July

Francis Laye

1803:

9 April

Thomas Judgson

1803:

12 September

Henry Hutton

1804:

20 July

George Cookson

1805:

28 December

Brooke Young

1806:

1 June

George Ramsey

1808:

1 February

John Harris

1814:

20 December

Stephen G. Adye

1815:

16 May

James Hawker

Majors                               

1782:

1 December

John Stewart

1785:

10 July

William Congreve

1796:

9 December

John Henry Yorke

1801:

18 April

Henry T. Thompson

1801:

18 April

James Boag

1804:

20 July

Brooke Young

1808:

1 February

Robert Beevor

1811:

8 May

Charles Eveleigh

1814:

20 December

J W Tobin

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 1st Company

1793:

Gibraltar; October - detachment to Toulon (OC Capt. Charles Abbott, died 8 August 1793; then Capt. James M. Hadden, then Capt James Boag)

1794:

Gibraltar

1795:

Gibraltar

1796:

Gibraltar

1797:

Gibraltar

1798:

Gibraltar; October – detachment to Minorca

1799:

Gibraltar

1800:

Gibraltar; July - Malta

1801:

Malta; June – detachment to Egypt (OC Capt Thomas Charleton)

1802:

Malta

1803:

Malta

1804:

Malta

1805:

Malta; December – to Sicily

1806:

Sicily; July – detachment to Calabria (Maida) (OC Capt. Joseph d’Arcy)

1807:

Sicily- Messina; September – Milazzo; to England

1808:

January – Spithead; February – Woolwich

1809:

Woolwich; February – Chatham; July – Portsmouth; August – Walcheren; December – Portsmouth

1810:

Chatham; to Scotland; October – Leith Fort

1811:

Leith Fort

1812:

Leith Fort; June – Haddington

1813:

Haddington

1814:

Haddington; to Ireland; April – Dublin

1815:

Dublin.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 2nd Company

1793:

Gibraltar; October – Toulon; to Corsica (OC Capt. Edward Stephens)

1794:

Corsica (OC Capt. William Bentham)

1795:

Corsica (OC Capt. William Collier, died 21 July 1796)

1796:

Corsica; November – Elba (OC Capt. Daniel Gahan)

1797:

Elba; April – to Portugal; Lisbon

1798:

Lisbon; November – Minorca

1799:

Minorca

1800:

Minorca; August – to Egypt

1801:

February – Marmorice; March – Egypt; October – Malta; December – Minorca

1802:

Minorca; August – Gibraltar (OC Capt. Robert Wright)

1803:

Gibraltar

1804:

Gibraltar

1805:

Gibraltar

1806:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Patrick Campbell)

1807:

Gibraltar

1808:

Gibraltar

1809:

Gibraltar

1810:

Gibraltar; to Spain; February – Cadiz

1811:

Cadiz; detachment at Barrosa

1812:

Cadiz; February – east coast of Spain

1813:

East coast of Spain

1814:

East coast of Spain; May – Cadiz; August – to England; September – Portsmouth

1815:

Portsmouth.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 3rd Company

1793:

Jamaica - Port Royal (OC Capt Alexander Shand, then Capt. James Butler)

1794:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Edward Stehelin)

1795:

Port Royal

1796:

Port Royal

1797:

Port Royal

1798:

Port Royal

1799:

Port Royal

1800:

Port Royal

1801:

Port Royal (OC Capt. William Dixon)

1802:

Port Royal

1803:

Port Royal

1804:

Port Royal

1805:

Port Royal

1806:

Port Royal

1807:

Port Royal

1808:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Marcus Roe, died 2 August 1810)

1809:

Port Royal; April & June – detachments to San Domingo

1810:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Dugald Campbell)

1811:

Port Royal

1812:

Port Royal

1813:

Port Royal

1814:

Port Royal

1815:

Port Royal; April – to England; May – Woolwich.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 4th Company

1793:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Robert Garstin, then Capt. Henry T. Thompson, died 8 June 1801)

1794:

Gibraltar

1795:

Gibraltar; December - to West Indies

1796:

San Domingo; October – Jamaica

1797:

Jamaica

1798:

Jamaica; December – cadre to England

1799:

Woolwich

1800:

Woolwich; April – to Egypt; July – Minorca; December – Malta

1801:

February – Marmorice; March – Egypt; November – Malta (OC Capt. Ralph Willett Adye)

1802:

Malta

1803:

Malta

1804:

Malta (OC Capt. James Vivion)

1805:

Malta

1806:

Malta

1807:

Malta

1808:

Malta

1809:

Malta

1810:

Malta

1811:

Malta

1812:

Malta

1813:

Malta

1814:

Malta

1815:

Malta (OC Capt. James E Grant).

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 5th Company

1793:

Jamaica – Port Royal (OC Capt. William P. Smith)

1794:

Port Royal

1795:

Port Royal

1796:

Port Royal; February – San Domingo (OC Capt. George Wulffe)

1797:

San Domingo; May – Jamaica (OC Capt. Charles N. Cookson)

1798:

Port Royal

1799:

Port Royal

1800:

Port Royal

1801:

Port Royal

1802:

Port Royal

1803:

Port Royal (OC Capt. William Henry Gardner, then Capt. Alexander Y. Spearman, died 14 July 1808)

1804:

Port Royal

1805:

Port Royal

1806:

Port Royal

1807:

Port Royal

1808:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Nathaniel W Oliver, then Capt. William Lloyd)

1809:

Port Royal; April & June – detachments to San Domingo

1810:

Port Royal

1811:

Port Royal

1812:

Port Royal

1813:

Port Royal

1814:

Port Royal

1815:

Port Royal; July – to England; September – Woolwich (OC Capt. Charles H. Godby).

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 6th Company

1793:

Jamaica – Port Royal (OC Capt. John Ramsey)

1794:

Port Royal (OC Capt. Charles N. Cookson)

1795:

Port Royal

1796:

Port Royal; February – San Domingo

1797:

San Domingo; July - cadre to England; September – Woolwich (OC Capt. George Wulffe)

1798:

Woolwich

1799:

Woolwich (OC Capt. Spencer C. Parry)

1800:

January - Sevenoaks; October – November - Woolwich

1801:

Woolwich; June – Colchester

1802:

Colchester

1803:

Colchester

1804:

Colchester; September – Lexden; November – Colchester

1805:

Colchester (OC Capt. Thomas Francklin)

1806:

Colchester; November – Ipswich

1807:

Ipswich; July – to Copenhagen; October – Harwich; Ipswich (Capt. Robert H. Birch)

1808:

Ipswich (OC Capt. Thomas Paterson)

1809:

Ipswich; August – to Walcheren; October; Ipswich; November – Colchester

1810:

Colchester; April – Ipswich

1811:

Ipswich; August – to Scotland; Leith Fort

1812:

Leith Fort

1813:

Leith Fort

1814:

Leith Fort

1815:

Leith Fort

1819:

31 January – disbanded at Dublin.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 7th Company

1793:

Newfoundland – St John’s (OC Capt. Thomas R. Charleton)

1794:

St John’s

1795:

St John’s

1796:

St John’s

1797:

St John’s

1798:

St John’s

1799:

St John’s (OC Capt. William Cox)

1800:

St John’s

1801:

St John’s

1802:

St John’s

1803:

St John’s

1804:

St John’s

1805:

St John’s (OC Capt. William Millar, then Capt. William Payne)

1806:

St John’s

1807:

St John’s

1808:

St John’s

1809:

St John’s

1810:

St John’s

1811:

St John’s

1812:

St John’s

1813:

St John’s

1814:

St John’s

1815:

St John’s.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 8th Company

1793:

Gibraltar; October – detachment to Toulon (OC Capt. Abraham Whitham)

1794:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Edward Stehelin, then Capt. James Butler, then Capt. Charles Neville)

1795:

Gibraltar

1796:

Gibraltar

1797:

Gibraltar

1798:

Gibraltar

1799:

Gibraltar

1800:

Gibraltar; June – detachment to Malta

1801:

Gibraltar

1802:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Thomas Dodd)

1803:

Gibraltar

1804:

Gibraltar

1805:

Gibraltar

1806:

Gibraltar

1807:

Gibraltar

1808:

Gibraltar

1809:

Gibraltar

1810:

Gibraltar

1811:

Gibraltar; May – detachment to Barrosa

1812:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Abraham Paul, died 3 October 1814)

1813:

Gibraltar

1814:

Gibraltar (OC Capt. Francis A. S. Knox)

1815:

Gibraltar.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 9th Company

1793:

Nova Scotia – Halifax (OC Capt. John Macleod, then Capt. Thomas Desbrisay)

1794:

Halifax

1795:

Halifax

1796:

Halifax

1797:

Halifax

1798:

Halifax

1799:

Halifax (OC Capt. William Robe)

1800:

Halifax (OC Capt. Robert Wright)

1801:

Halifax

1802:

Halifax (OC Capt. Daniel Gahan)

1803:

Halifax; received men from No. 10 Company

1804:

Halifax (OC Capt. George Forster, then Capt. Benjamin Fenwick, died 15 February 1812)

1805:

Halifax

1806:

Halifax

1807:

Halifax

1808:

Halifax

1809:

Halifax

1810:

Halifax

1811:

Halifax

1812:

Halifax (OC Capt. David Story)

1813:

Halifax

1814:

Halifax;  May – Quebec; July – Prescott; August – Kingston

1815:

Kingston; May – Quebec; June – to Belgium; August – Ostend; France; Army of Occupation

1819:

31 January – disbanded at Woolwich.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 10th Company

1793:

New Brunswick – St John (OC Capt. F M Dixon, then Capt. Charles Robison)

1794:

St John; December – Fredericton

1795:

Fredericton; October – St John

1796:

St John; June – Fredericton

1797:

Fredericton

1798:

Fredericton

1799:

Fredericton

1800:

January - St John

1801:

St John

1802:

St John; September – St John

1803:

St John; June – men into No. 9 Company and cadre to England; August – Woolwich; December – Hull (OC Capt. John Dyer)

1804:

Hull (OC Capt; George Desbrisay)

1805:

Hull

1806:

Hull

1807:

Hull

1808:

Hull

1809:

Hull

1810:

Hull

1811:

Hull

1812:

Hull

1813:

Hull

1814:

Hull (OC Capt. Thomas J. Harrison)

1815:

Hull; March – Newcastle.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Duncan, Francis. History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. 2 volumes; London: John Murray, 1879.

Kane, John. List of Officers of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Greenwich: Elizabeth Delahoy, 1815.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2014

 

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