Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Artillery Companies and the Men Who Led Them – 1793 To 1815: 7th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Artillery

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

None

Regimental History

1801:

1 April - Created from the Royal Irish Artillery – 4 companies in West Indies and 2 companies in Ireland retained; other 4 companies came from the reduced remnants of the remaining 14 companies.

 
Colonels Commandant

1801:

18 April

John Stratton

1803:

17 May

Sir John Stewart

1807:

13 January

Orlando Manley

1808:

16 December

Edward Stephens

1815:

3 July

John Smith

Colonels en Second / Colonels

1801:

18 April

Orlando Manley

1804:

20 July

Thomas Trotter

1807:

13 January

William Bentham

1814:

14 February

Philip Riou

1814:

20 December

George William Dixon

Lieutenant Colonels             

1801:

18 April

Thomas Trotter

1801:

18 April

Thomas R Charleton

1801:

18 April

Edward Howorth

1801:

25 December

George Glasgow

1804:

20 July

William Borthwick

1804:

20 July

William Mudge

1805:

28 June

R Hamilton

1809:

30 April

Edward W Pritchard

1814:

20 December

F V Worsley

Majors                               

1801:

18 April

James Boag

1805:

10 March

John Lemoine

1807:

18 June

E W Pritchard

1808:

1 February

James Viney

1808:

1 February

Charles Waller

1809:

30 April

Charles Gold

1813:

17 December

Henry Philliott

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 1st Company

1801:

Transferred from RIA in West Indies; West Indies garrisons (OC Capt. George Lindsay)

1802:

West Indies garrisons

1803:

St Vincent; August – Grenada

1804:

Grenada; February – St Lucia; April – detachment to Surinam; September – Barbados; October – Grenada (OC Capt. Edmund Curry, then Capt. Sir Howard Douglas, then Capt. Richard Secker Brough)

1805:

Grenada; February – Surinam

1806:

Surinam

1807:

Barbados

1808:

Barbados

1809:

Barbados; January – detachment to Martinique; February – Martinique; Fort Desaix; April – Barbados

1810:

Barbados; January – detachment to Guadeloupe

1811:

Barbados

1812:

Barbados; March – men to other 7th Battalion companies and cadre to England; June - Woolwich (CO Capt. George Forster)

1813:

Woolwich

1814:

Woolwich

1815:

Woolwich.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 2nd Company

1801:

Transferred from RIA at Dublin; June – Cork (OC Capt. Robert Thornhill)

1802:

Cork

1803:

Cork; September – Bandon

1804:

Bandon

1805:

Bandon

1806:

Bandon

1807:

Bandon; November – Cork; to Madeira

1808:

Madeira; August – to Portugal; Lisbon; with Moore’s army

1809:

Retreat to Corunna; to England; Plymouth; February – Chatham; to Ireland; September – Dublin

1810:

Dublin; October – Enniskillen (OC Capt. Blaney T. Walsh)

1811:

Enniskillen; April – Longford

1812:

Longford

1813:

Longford

1814:

Longford

1815:

Longford; June – Belfast.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 3rd Company

1801:

Transferred from RIA at Dublin; June – Londonderry (OC Capt. Oliver Jackson)

1802:

Charlemont

1803:

Charlemont; May – Londonderry

1804:

Londonderry (OC Capt. Charles H. Fitzmayer)

1805:

Londonderry; October – Enniskillen

1806:

Enniskillen

1807:

Enniskillen

1808:

Enniskillen

1809:

Enniskillen

1810:

Enniskillen; October – Cork; to West Indies; November - Barbados

1811:

Barbados

1812:

Barbados

1813:

Barbados

1814:

Barbados

1815:

Barbados; July – detachments to Martinique and Guadeloupe.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 4th Company

1801:

July – formed at Belfast (OC Capt. Edward Pritchard)

1802:

Belfast; June – Carrickfergus

1803:

Carrickfergus; October - Belfast

1804:

Belfast

1805:

Belfast

1806:

Belfast

1807:

Belfast; September – Dublin (OC Capt. Blaney T. Walsh)

1808:

Dublin; May – Longford; August – Fermoy; September – Cork; to Spain; advance from Corunna (OC Capt. Adam Wall)

1809:

Retreat to Corunna; Corunna; to England; Plymouth; February – Chatham; to Ireland; September – Cork

1810:

Ballincolig

1811:

Ballincolig

1812:

Ballincolig

1813:

Ballincolig

1814:

Ballincolig

1815:

Ballincolig; June – Cork; to Belgium; June – Ostend; reduced fortresses in north of France; Paris.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 5th Company

1801:

July – formed at Limerick (OC Capt. Lucius O’Brien)

1802:

Limerick; October – Cork (OC Capt Alexander Duncan)

1803:

Cork; November – Dublin (OC Capt. Frederick Walker)

1804:

Dublin; March – Loughrea; August – Curragh; September – Athlone

1805:

Athlone; August – Curragh; October – Athlone

1806:

Dublin

1807:

Dublin; September – Belfast

1808:

Belfast (OC Capt. Thomas Masson)

1809:

Belfast

1810:

Belfast; to West Indies; November – Barbados

1811:

Barbados (OC Capt. Alexander Tulloh)

1812:

Barbados

1813:

Barbados

1814:

Barbados

1815:

Barbados; July – detachments to Martinique and Guadeloupe.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 6th Company

1801:

July – formed at Galway (OC Capt. James Gilbert, died 27 February 1804)

1802:

Galway; May – Athlone; June – Dublin

1803:

Dublin; June – Clonmel

1804:

Clonmel (OC Capt. Charles F. Napier, then Capt. Charles D. Sillery, died 30 September 1809)

1805:

Clonmel; October – Longford

1806:

Athlone; August – Castlebar

1807:

Castlebar

1808:

Castlebar; October – Fermoy; December – Cork; to England; Plymouth

1809:

Plymouth; to Portugal; Lisbon; Vouga River; Redouda Egrega; passage of the Douro; Talavera (OC Capt. George Thompson, died 26 November 1814)

1810:

Busaco; Sobral; Foz d’Arouce

1811:

Fuentes d’Onoro

1812:

Spain; August – east coast of Spain

1813:

East coast of Spain; Castalla; siege of Tarragona; blockade of Barcelona

1814:

East coast of Spain; to England; August – Plymouth; October – Guernsey (OC Capt. John Briscoe)

1815:

Guernsey.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 7th Company

1801:

Transferred from RIA in West Indies; West Indies garrisons (OC Capt. Stanwell Benson, died 23 March 1801, then Capt. Thomas Dodd)

1802:

West Indies garrisons; April – Surinam; November – Barbados (OC Capt. Charles Neville)

1803:

Barbados; June – detachment to St Lucia and Tobago (OC Capt. Henry Phillott, then Capt. Charles Gold)

1804:

Barbados; April – detachment to Surinam

1805:

San Domingo; May – Barbados and various islands

1806:

Barbados and various islands

1807:

Barbados and various islands

1808:

Barbados and various islands

1809:

Barbados and various islands; February – Martinique; Fort Desaix (OC Capt. John A. Clement)

1810:

Martinique; January – detachment to Guadeloupe; April – Barbados

1811:

Barbados; March – men to other 7th Battalion companies and cadre to England; June - Woolwich

1812:

Woolwich

1813:

Woolwich

1814:

Woolwich; October – Jersey; Elizabeth Castle

1815:

Jersey

1819:

31 January – disbanded at Woolwich.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 8th (Battle-Axe) Company

1801:

July – formed at Kilkenny (OC Capt. James Viney)

1802:

Kilkenny; July – Dublin

1803:

Dublin

1804:

Dublin

1805:

Dublin

1806:

Dublin

1807:

Dublin

1808:

Dublin; to Nova Scotia; June – Halifax; to West Indies; December – Barbados (OC Capt. Richard Dyas, then Capt. William Stewart, died 23 January 1809)

1809:

Martinique; March – to Nova Scotia; April - Halifax (OC Capt. Richard J. J.  Lacey, then Capt. James P. St Clair)

1810:

Halifax

1811:

Halifax

1812:

Halifax

1813:

Halifax; June – Quebec; July – Kingston

1814:

Kingston; August – York; Fort Erie; September – Niagara; Chippawa

1815:

Niagara; June – Kingston; July – Prescott; December – Kingston.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 9th Company

1801:

Transferred from RIA in West Indies; West Indies garrisons (OC Capt. Richard W. Unett)

1802:

West Indies garrisons; October - Barbados

1803:

Barbados; June – detachment to St Lucia and Tobago (OC Capt. Gother Mann, died 4 December 1804)

1804:

St Lucia; February – Grenada; April – detachment to Surinam; October – Antigua (OC Capt. James Power)

1805:

Antigua; April – St Kitts

1806:

St Kitts and various islands; May – Barbados and various islands

1807:

Barbados and various islands

1808:

Barbados and various islands

1809:

Barbados; January – detachment to Martinique; February – Martinique; Fort Desaix

1810:

Martinique; January – detachment to Guadeloupe; April - Barbados

1811:

Barbados; to England; June - Woolwich

1812:

Woolwich; October - Portsmouth

1813:

Portsmouth

1814:

Portsmouth

1815:

Portsmouth; August - detachment to St Helena.

Stations, Combats & Commanders – 10th Company

1801:

Transferred from RIA in West Indies; West Indies garrisons (OC Capt. Charles Waller)

1802:

West Indies garrisons; October – St Kitts

1803:

St Kitts; November - Barbados

1804:

Barbados; March – San Domingo; April – detachment to Surinam

1805:

San Domingo; July - Barbados and various islands

1806:

Barbados and various islands

1807:

Barbados and various islands

1808:

Barbados and various islands (OC Capt. Richard W. Unett)

1809:

Barbados; January – detachment to Martinique; February – Martinique; Fort Desaix

1810:

Martinique; January – detachment to Guadeloupe; April - Barbados (OC Capt. William Cleeve)

1811:

Barbados

1812:

Barbados

1813:

Barbados

1814:

Barbados

1815:

Barbados; July – detachments to Martinique and Guadeloupe

1819:

31 January – disbanded at Woolwich.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Duncan, Francis. History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. 2 volumes; London: John Murray, 1879.

Kane, John. List of Officers of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Greenwich: Elizabeth Delahoy, 1815.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2014

 

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