Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Artillery Companies and the Men Who Led Them – 1793 To 1815: Royal Irish Regiment of Artillery

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

None

Regimental History

1755:

Raised in Dublin by a RA detachment sent from Woolwich

1760:

Augmented to 4 companies

1778:

Augmented to 6 companies

1793:

Augmented to 10 companies

1794:

Augmented to 12 companies

1795:

Augmented to 20 companies

1801:

Reduced to 10 companies and transferred to Royal Artillery as 7th Battalion.

Colonels in Chief

1773:

2 June

Charles, Marquis of Drogheda

1797:

29 July

Henry Lawes, Earl of Carhampton

1800:

29 August

Hon. Thomas Pakenham

Colonels en Second                                                  

1789:

12 October

Henry, Earl of Carhampton

1797:

25 April

Hon. Thomas Pakenham

1800:

22 October

Marcus Beresford

Colonels Commandant

1783:

1 October

John Stratton

1795:

20 May

Richard Bettesworth

Colonels

1795:

20 March

William Brady

1795:

20 March

Lucius Barber

1800:

31 May

John Pratt

Lieutenant Colonels             

1783:

1 October

Richard Bettesworth

1793:

16 December

William Brady

1793:

16 December

Lucius Barber

1793:

16 December

John Pratt

1795:

20 May

William Wright

1795:

20 May

John Daniel Arabin

1795:  

20 May

William Buchanan

1795:

20 May

Charles Moore

1795:

20 May

Richard Legge

1797:

1 October

John Bourchier

1800:

13 March

Joseph Walker

1800:

31 May

Henry Sneyd

1800:

24 July

Hugh Swayne

Majors                               

1783:

1 October

William Brady

1794:

16 December

John Pratt

1794:

16 December

Joseph Shewbridge

1795:

20 May

John Bourchier

1795:

20 May

Joseph Walker

1800:

1 October

Henry Sneyd

1800:

31 May

Robert Stewart

1800:

24 July

Alexander Armstrong

Stations, Combats & Commanders

1793:

Various garrisons in Ireland; August – augmented by 4 companies; 2 companies from Waterford to West Indies; November – additional company from Cork to West Indies

1794:

January – 2 companies from Waterford to Flanders; June – additional company from Dublin to Flanders; June – 100 men to Moira’s force at Southampton; regiment augmented by 2 companies; 8 additional companies ordered formed; West Indies companies on Martinique, Guadeloupe and St Lucia.

1795:

May – regiment formed into two battalions; July – 3 companies from continent returned; September – 2 additional companies to West Indies

1796:

December – detachment sent to Bantry Bay

1797:

June – drafts sent to West Indies; November – Corps of Drivers raised

1798:

January – 1 company in England; May – Irish Rebellion; detachment captured near Wexford; June – Vinegar Hill; Castlebar; Ballinamuck

1799:

November – draft to West Indies

1800:

January – draft to West Indies

1801:

1 January – Act of Union; April – regiment reduced to 10 companies and placed on British establishment as 7th Battalion, Royal Artillery.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1801. London: various years.

Crooks, Major J. J. History of the Royal Irish Regiment of Artillery. Dublin: Browne and Nolan Limited, 1914.

Kane, John. List of Officers of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Greenwich: Elizabeth Delahoy, 1815.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2014

 

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