Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 10th Light Dragoons (Hussars)

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

The Prince of Wales’ Own; 1807 – Hussars; 1811 – The Prince of Wales’ Own Royal

Regimental History

1715:

Raised in Hertfordshire by Colonel Humphrey Gore

 
Colonels

1780:

2 November

Sir William Augustus Pitt, K.B.

1796:

18 July

HRH George Augustus Frederick, Prince of Wales (until 1820)

Colonel-Commandant

1793:

29 January

HRH George Augustus Frederick, Prince of Wales

Stations and Combats

1793:

Evesham; August – Brighton and Shoreham; October – Chichester

1794:

Chichester; June - Brighton; October – Croydon; Windsor, Hounslow and Hampton Court on King’s Duty

1795:

Coastal Duty (HQ at Dorchester)

1796:

Coastal Duty (HQ at Dorchester)

1797:

Coastal Duty (HQ at Dorchester)

1798:

Coastal Duty (HQ at Dorchester); July – Canterbury

1799:

Canterbury; August – Hounslow Heath; September – Staines; Barham Downs; October – to Ramsgate for foreign service; orders countermanded

1800:

Guildford

1801:

Guildford; June - Windsor, Hounslow and Hampton Court on King’s Duty

1802:

Windsor and Hounslow; August – Brighton

1803:

Brighton; one troop permitted to dress as hussars; 40 men armed with Baker Rifle

1804:

Brighton; augmented from 8 to 10 troops; November – Blatchington, Rye, Eastbourne and Bexhill

1805:

Blatchington, Rye, Eastbourne and Bexhill; September – Romford; received approval to convert to hussars

1806:

Romford

1807:

Romford; ordered to grow mongol moustaches; June – converted to hussars; July – Ipswich; October – Rushmere Heath; Ipswich

1808:

Ipswich; June – Hounslow Heath; August – Brighton; October – 8 troops to Portsmouth; to Spain; Corunna; Sahagun; Majorga; Benevente

1809:

Corunna; shot 540 horses; to England; Southampton; Brighton; October - Romford

1810:

Hounslow; April – London; Brighton

1811:

Brighton; March – added ‘Royal’ to title; June – Hounslow Heath; Brighton

1812:

Brighton; August – Hounslow Heath in new uniforms; October – 4 troops to Knightsbridge for court duty

1813:

4 troops at York, 6 troops at Guildford, then Portsmouth; to Portugal; February – Lisbon; Morales; Hormoza; Vittoria; Pyrenees; Pampeluna; Ocouraye; augmented from 10 to 12 troops; May – depot troops to Brighton

1814:

Cambo; Orthez; Tarbes; March – remount squadron arrived from England; Toulouse; June – to Boulogne; Portsmouth; Brighton; Romford; July – reduced from 12 to 8 troops

1815:

Romford, Hornchurch and Ilford; March – London (Corn Law riots); April – 6 troops to Ramsgate, depot at Brighton; to Belgium; Ostend; Genappe; WATERLOO; Paris; Army of Occupation

1816:

January – Calais; to England; Brighton.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col William Newton

Major in 10th Light Dragoons 22 May 1782; Lieutenant-Colonel 10 May 1786; commanded 10th Light Dragoons 1786 to 1793; retired retaining rank 4 December 1793.

Lt Col William Cartwright

Major in 10th Light Dragoons 10 May 1786; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 December 1793; commanded 10th Light Dragoons 1793 to 1802; brevet Colonel 15 September 1796; subsequently Major-General 29 April 1802; Colonel of 23rd Light Dragoons 13 September 1804; Colonel of 3rd Dragoon guards 18 November 87; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; General 12 August 1819; died February 1827.

Lt Col William Henry Pitt

Major in 10th Light Dragoons 4 December 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; retired 1795.

Maj John Slade

Born Taunton 1762; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 9 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Light Dragoons 29 April 1795; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 18 October 1798; brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; Brigadier-General on staff 1804; commanded Hussar Brigade in Peninsula October 1808 to January 1809; subsequently Major-General 25 October 1809; commanded cavalry brigade in Peninsula September 1809 to April 1814; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; Colonel of 5th Dragoon Guards 30 July 1831; General 10 January 1837; died Taunton August 1859.

Maj Henry Linely Templer

Major in 10th Light Dragoons 1 March 1794; retired 4 June 1796.

Lt Col George Leigh

Son of General Charles Leigh; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 4 June 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel 26 September 1799; commanded 10th Light Dragoons 1802 to 1808; retired 3 May 1810.

Lt Col John Kinsey

Major in 1st Dragoons 6 June 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 1 June 1797; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Light Dragoons 18 October 1798; retired 25 October 1798.

Lt Col Josiah Cottin

Born 1771; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 29 April 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 October 1798; retired 26 September 1799; died 1843.

Maj Thomas Gooch

Born Suffolk 1767; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 27 October 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 31 July 1801; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoons 22 August 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel in 5th Foot 3 September 1801; retired September 1802; died 1851.

Maj William Fuller

Major in 10th Light Dragoons 26 September 1799; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoon Guards 22 August 1805; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; killed in action at Waterloo.

Maj Henry Seymour

Major in 10th Light Dragoons 31 July 1801; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 23rd Light Dragoons 14 February 1805; served in Peninsula June and August 1809; retired 15 March 1810; died February 1843.

Lt Col Sir George Augustus Quentin, C.B., K.C.H.

Born Gottingen, Hanover 1759; served five years in Hanoverian Garde du Korps; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 14 February 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel 13 October 1808; commanded 10th Light Dragoons in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; ADC to Prince Regent May 1810; commanded 10th Light Dragoons in Peninsula July 1813 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; commanded 10th Light Dragoons and wounded at Waterloo; subsequently Major-General 25 May 1825; Lieutenant-General 28 June 1838; died London 7 December 1851.

Lt Col William Payne

Born 1759; Major in 1st Dragoons 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 1 March 1794; served in Flanders 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 3rd Dragoon Guards 5 October 1796; brevet Colonel 1 January 1798; Brigadier-General in Ireland 1802 to 1805; Major-General 1 January 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Light Dragoons 12 September 1805; to Colonel of 23rd Light Dragoons 18 November 1807; commanded cavalry in Peninsula June 1809 to June 1810; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811; Colonel of 19th Light Dragoons 13 July 1814; Colonel of 12th Light Dragoons 12 January 1815; adopted Gallwey surname 7 March 1814; died 16 April 1831.

Lt Col Charles Palmer

Born Bath 1777; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 22 August 1805: served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 May 1810; ADC to Prince Regent May 1810; again in Peninsula February to April 1813; and again July 1813 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 23rd Light Dragoons November 1814; to half-pay 25 December 1814; subsequently Major-General 27 May 1825; died April 1851.

Maj Lord Charles Somerset Manners, K.C.B.

Born 1780, second son of the fourth Duke of Rutland; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 13 October 1808; served in Peninsula October 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula June 1811 to July 1812; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 23rd Light Dragoons 1 August 1811; Lieutenant-Colonel in 3rd Dragoons 2 July 1812; again in Peninsula August 1812 to April 1814; ADC to Wellington June 1811 to July 1812; commanded cavalry brigade in Peninsula March and April 1814; brevet Colonel and ADC to Prince Regent 6 November 1817; Major-General 27 May 1825; Lieutenant-General 28 June 1838; General 1850; died 1855.

Lt Col Lord Robert Manners, C.B.

Born 1781, third son of fourth Duke of Rutland; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 13 May 1810; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Foot 2 May 1811; again in Peninsula July 1811 to September 1812 as ADC to Wellington; Lieutenant-Colonel in 23rd Light Dragoons 2 July 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Light Dragoons 12 November 1814; served at Waterloo; brevet Colonel 19 July 1821; subsequently Major-General 22 July 1830; Lieutenant-Colonel of 3rd Dragoons 2 June 1825; died 15 November 1835.

Maj George James Robarts, C.B.

Served in Peninsula as DAAG November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 1 August 1811; again in Peninsula February to September 1813; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; to Major in 24th Light Dragoons 2 June 1813; on half pay in 1814; died 1829.

Maj Hon. Frederick Howard

Born Yorkshire 1785, third son of the fifth Earl of Carlisle; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 9 May 1811; again in Peninsula December 1813 to April 1814; killed in action at Waterloo.

Maj Hon. Henry Cecil Lowther

Born Rutland 1790, son of Earl of Lonsdale; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809: again in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 14 April 1814; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 12 November 1814; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 12th Foot 20 April 1817; to half pay; died Rutland December 1867.

Maj Thomas William Taylor, C.B.

Born 1783: served on Java 1811; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 21 September 1815; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; served at Waterloo; brevet Colonel 10 January 1837; Major-General 9 November 1846; Lieutenant-Governor of RMC Sandhurst; Colonel of 17th Lancers 1853; died Devon January 1854.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Tenth or the Prince of Wales’s Own Royal Regiment of Hussars. London: John W. Parker, 1843.

Mollo, John. The Prince’s Dolls; Scandals, Skirmishes and Splendours of the First British Hussars 1793-1815. London: Leo Cooper, 1997.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. April 2013. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. April 2013. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2013

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