Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 1st Dragoons

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Royal

Regimental History

1662:

21 October – raised as ‘The Tangier Horse’

Colonels

1764: 

9 May

Henry, Earl of Pembroke

1794:

26 January

Philip Goldsworthy

1801:

7 January

Thomas Garth (until 1829)

Stations and Combats

1793:

June – 4 troops to Flanders; Ostend; Camp Caesar; Dunkirk; Cateau

1794:

Cateau; siege of Landrecies; Villers-en-Cauchie; Tournay; 2 troops in England – Salisbury, Weymouth, Dorchester

1795:

4 troops in Bremen; to England

1796:

January – regiment reunited at Dorchester; July – Barham Downs; Canterbury

1797:

Canterbury; October – Birmingham; Coventry

1798:

Coventry; July – Exeter; Taunton

1799:

Taunton; Radipole (Weymouth); November – Salisbury

1800:

Salisbury; July – Swinley Common; Croydon; Epsom; 1 squadron on coast duty in Sussex

1801:

Epsom; May – Canterbury; on anti-smuggler duty

1802:

March – reduced from 10 to 8 troops; July – Trowbridge riots; October – Exeter; Taunton

1803:

April – Radipole; Wareham; July – Arundel; Chichester; 2 troops added

1804:

April – Ipswich; Woodbridge; November – Colchester

1805:

Colchester; April – York; Newcastle on Tyne; Birmingham

1806:

January – Woodbridge; March – Edinburgh

1807:

January – to Ireland; Dundalk

1808:

Dundalk; June – Dublin

1809:

Cork; April – Clonmel; August – Cork; 8 troops to Portugal

1810:

January – Santarem; Torres Novas; Niza; Alverea; Frexadas; Bussaco; Pombal

1811:

Redinha; Casal Nova; Sernadilla; Alverca; Sabugal; Fuentes d’Onoro; received draft from home; Aldea de Ponte; reduced from 8 to 6 troops; El Bodon

1812:

Ciudad Rodrigo; Alamarez; Lleira; Maguilla

1813:

Alcantara; received horses from 4th Dragoons; Alba de Tormes; Vittoria

1814:

Bayonne; Toulouse; July – Calais; to England - Dover; Richmond; Bristol; reunited with depot troops; reduced from 8 to 6 troops; December - Exeter

1815:

Truro; Taunton; Exeter; April – Canterbury; May – Ramsgate; to Belgium – Ostend; WATERLOO; Paris; Rouen

1816:

January – to England.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Philip Goldsworthy

Born London 1737; served in the Seven Years War; Major in 1st Dragoons 4 May 1776; Lieutenant-Colonel 18 April 1779; commanded 1st Dragoons 1779 to 1793; brevet Colonel 20 October 1784; Equerry to King George 1788; subsequently Major-General 20 December 1793; Colonel of 1st Dragoons 28 January 1794; Lieutenant-General 26 June 1799; died London January 1801.

Major Henry Hassard

Major in 1st Dragoons 1 May 1779; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 November 1790; retired March 1794.

Lt Col Thomas Garth

Born 1744; served in the Seven Years War; Major in 2nd Dragoons Guards 5 June 1789; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 8 October 1790; Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Dragoons Guards 1792; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 28 January 1794; commanded 1st Dragoons in Flanders 1794; brevet Colonel 26 February 1795; Colonel of Sussex Fencible Cavalry June 1799; subsequently Major-General 7 January 1801; Colonel of 1st Dragoons 7 January 1801; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1805; General 4 June 1814; died November 1829.

Major William Spencer

Major in 1st Dragoons 18 May 1794; to Lieutenant-Colonel 17th Light Dragoons 6 June 1795.

Lt Col William Payne

Born 1759; Major in 1st Dragoons 9 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1794; to Lieutenant-Colonel 17th Light Dragoons 2 September 1796; subsequently Major-General 1 January 1805; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811; Baronet 8 December 1812; took –Gallwey surname 1812; died 1831.  

Lt Col Charles Dobson

Major in 1st Dragoons 9 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 September 1796; retired June 1797.

Lt Col John Kinsey

Major in 1st Dragoons 6 June 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 June 1797; exchanged to 10th Light Dragoons 18 October 1798.

Major Charles Sigismund de Cerjat

Born Lincolnshire 1772; Major in 1st Dragoons 2 September 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; retired May 1807; died Switzerland February 1848.

Major Thomas Norton Wyndham

Born Wiltshire 1774; Major in 1st Dragoons 21 July 1797; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; brevet Colonel 4 June 1811; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1814; Lieutenant-General 22 July 1830; died Rome March 1839.

Lt Col John Slade

Born Somerset 1762; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 9 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 10th Light Dragoons 29 April 1795; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 18 October 1798; commanded 1st Dragoons 1798 to 1804; brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; Brigadier-General on staff 1804; commanded hussar brigade in Peninsula October 1808 to January 1809; subsequently Major-General 25 October 1809; commanded a cavalry brigade in Peninsula September 1809 to April 1814; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; General 10 January 1837; died Taunton August 1859.

Lt Col Hon. George de Grey

Born London 1776; Major in 25th Light Dragoons 25 May 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 3 May 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 6 June 1799 (on transfer from 25th Light Dragoons); brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; commanded 1st Dragoons in Peninsula September 1809 to May 1810; commanded a cavalry brigade in Peninsula May 1810 to December 1811; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1811; Lieutenant-General 19 July 1821; died in a house fire 1831.

Major Richard Purefoy Jervoise

Born Wiltshire 1778; Major in 1st Dragoons 21 May 1807; served in Peninsula September 1809 to September 1811; again in Peninsula May to September 1811; died of illness in Portugal 17 September 1811.

Lt Col Arthur Benjamin Clifton, C.B.

Born Nottingham 1771; Major in 3rd Dragoons Guards 17 December 1803; served in Peninsula with 3rd Dragoon Guards May 1809 to November 1810; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoons 22 November 1810; commanded 1st Dragoons in Peninsula December 1810 to March 1814; commanded cavalry brigade in Peninsula March to April 1814; commanded 2nd Cavalry Brigade at Waterloo after Ponsonby’s death; subsequently Major-General 22 July 1830; Lieutenant-General 23 November 1841; Colonel of 1st Dragoons 30 August 1842; General 20 June 1854; died June 1869.

Major Philip Dorville, C.B.

Born Fulham 1774; served in Peninsula 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula September 1809 to May 1813; Major in 1st Dragoons 17 October 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; commanded 1st Dragoons at Waterloo after Clifton succeeded to brigade; retired on half-pay 8 March 1827; died Malvern November 1847.

Major Charles Purvis

Born Suffolk 1777; served in Peninsula September 1809 to November 1811; Major in 1st Dragoons 7 May 1812; again in Peninsula May 1813 to April 1814; exchanged to half-pay of Canadian Fencibles 1818; died November 1859.

Captain Charles Edward Radclyffe

Captain in 1st Dragoons 1 December 1804; wounded at Waterloo; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; on half-pay 1820; died February 1827.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

De Ainslie, General. Historical Record Of The First of Royal Regiment of Dragoons. London: Chapman & Hall, 1887. 

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814.  London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website.August 2010.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. August 2010.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2011

 

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