Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 1st Regiment of Life Guards

By Steve Brown


Secondary Title: None

Regimental History:

1658: First troop raised in Bruges as His Majesty's Own Troop of Horse Guards
1658: Third troop formed from exiled Royalists and initially known as The Duke of York's Troop of Horse Guards
1659: Second troop founded as Monck's Life Guards
1661: Fourth troop raised in England
1693: First troop of horse grenadier guards formed from the amalgamation of three troops of grenadiers
1702: Second troop of horse grenadier guards raised in Scotland
1788: 25 June – formed from 1st troop of Horse Guards (which had previously absorbed the 1st troop of Horse Grenadiers)
1877: 1st Life Guards
1918: 1st Life Guards Battalion, Guards Machine Gun Regiment
1921: Amalagamated with 2nd Life Guards to form The Life Guards
1993: Part of The Household Cavalry Regiment
Current: The Life Guards, part of The Household Cavalry Regiment

Regimental Colonels 1793-1815:

1792: 5 December - Charles, Earl of Harrington (until September 1829)

Significant Militia Volunteer Intakes:

None

Service Histories:

Service History, 1st Regiment of Life Guards

1793: London – Hyde Park Barracks
1794: Hyde Park Barracks
1795: Hyde Park Barracks
1796: Hyde Park Barracks
1797: Hyde Park Barracks
1798: Hyde Park Barracks
1799: Hyde Park Barracks
1800: Hyde Park Barracks
1801: Hyde Park Barracks
1802: Hyde Park Barracks
1803: Hyde Park Barracks
1804: Hyde Park Barracks; October - Windsor
1805: Windsor; June - Wimbledon Common; Windsor
1806: Windsor
1807: Hyde Park Barracks
1808: Hyde Park Barracks
1809: Hyde Park Barracks
1810: Hyde Park Barracks
1811: Hyde Park Barracks
1812: Hyde Park Barracks; October – 4 troops at Portsmouth; to Portugal; Lisbon; Belem; Luz (remaining 4 troops at Romford)
1813: May – joined Peninsula army; Vittoria; Logrono
1814: Logrono; Pyrenees; Toulouse; April – Bordeaux; July – Boulogne; to Dover; London
1815: Hyde Park Barracks; May – 4 troops to Ramsgate; Ostend; Bruges; Ninove; retreat from Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris (remaining 4 troops at Romford)
1816: January – to England.

Field Officers, 1st Regiment of Life Guards

John DROULY
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in Horse Guards 19 April 1788; Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Life Guards 25 June 1788 Service 1793-1815: Commanded 1st Life Guards June 1788 to February 1793 Retired: 4 February 1793.

Thomas ROBERTS
Born: c. 1750
Regimental Service: Major in 1st Life Guards 25 June 1788; Major and Lieutenant-Colonel 11 November 1790; exchanged to 87th Foot 30 April 1794; Colonel of 111th Foot 1 September 1795
Service 1793-1815: On home staff 1804-1805
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 18 June 1798; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805; General 4 June 1814
Died: Brussels 30 November 1824.

Henry READ
Regimental Service: Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 11 April 1788; supernumerary Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Life Guards 25 June 1788; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 February 1793
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 1st Life Guards February 1793 to September 1808
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 26 February 1795; Major-General 1 January 1798; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1805
Retired: October 1808
Died: Rome 1821.

Stephen POYNTZ
Born: Hertfordshire 1755
Regimental Service: Supernumerary Major in 1st Life Guards 25 July 1788; Supernumerary Lieutenant-Colonel 4 February 1793
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Major-General 1 January 1801; rank stationary thereafter
Died: 1837.

William TYNDALE
Regimental Service: Major in 1st Life Guards 30 April 1794 (exchanged from 87th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 3 May 1796; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 13th Foot 2 February 1803
Retired: August 1803.

George MERCER
Regimental Service: Supernumerary Major in 1st Life Guards 4 February 1793; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 3 May 1796
Retired: 16 April 1799.

Sherborne STEWART
Born: London 1759
Regimental Service: Captain in 1st Life Guards 25 June 1788; brevet Major 6 May 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800
Retired: November 1809 (after 21 years a Captain).

James GAMBIER
Born: London 1772
Regimental Service: Captain in 1st Life Guards 27 February 1798; brevet Major 4 April 1799; Supernumerary Major 16 April 1799; 2nd Major 25 September 1799; exchanged to Major in 14th Light Dragoons 14 August 1801
Retired: 25 June 1802.

Terence O’Bryan O’LOGHLIN
Born: Ireland 1764
Regimental Service: Major in 14th Light Dragoons 1799; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1801; Major in 1st Life Guards 14 August 1801 (on exchange from 14th Light Dragoons); Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1808
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1794; commanded 1st Life Guards September 1808 to July 1821; commanded 1st Life Guards in Peninsula January to June 1813; on staff June to October 1813; commanded 1st Cavalry Brigade October 1813 to April 1814
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 1 September 1808; Major-General 1 January 1812; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825
Died: Buckinghamshire 15 August 1843.

Lawrence BRADSHAW
Regimental Service: Major in 13th Foot 11 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1795; to Major & Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Life Guards 2 February 1803
Service 1793-1815: Served in Ireland 1798 and Egypt 1801; served on board of Commissioners of Military Enquiry 1806 to 1812
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 September 1803; Major-General 25 July 1810; rank stationary thereafter
Retired: 1 March 1812.

Francis Slater REBOW
Born: Born Francis Slater in Derbyshire 1770
Relations: Added Rebow surname at marriage
Regimental Service: Major in 60th Foot 1796; Supernumerary Major in 2nd Life Guards 16 February 1797; Major & Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Life Guards 25 September 1799; Supernumerary Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Life Guards 20 August 1807
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1788 to 1796; commanded Household Cavalry brigade in Peninsula January to March 1813
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 October 1809; Major-General 1 January 1812; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825; General 1841
Died: 1845.

Thomas James BIRCH
Born: London 1768
Regimental Service: Captain in 1st Life Guards 15 August 1798; Major & Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1808
Retired: June 1810.

Samuel FERRIOR
Born: Pembrokeshire 1772
Regimental Service: Captain in 1st Life Guards 1 August 1802; Major & Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1809
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 1st Life Guards in Waterloo campaign
Died: Killed in action at Waterloo.

John CAMAC
Born: Lincolnshire 1782
Regimental Service: Captain in 1st Life Guards 2 November 1808 (on transfer from 1st Garrison Battalion); Major & Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1812
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula November 1812 to April 1814; commanded 1st Life Guards in Peninsula June 1813 to April 1814
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 26 April 1815
Retired: 1824
Died: Brussels 9 May 1843.

John BERGER
Regimental Service: Captain in 1st Life Guards 20 May 1813; brevet Major 4 June 1814
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula March & April 1814; served at Waterloo; commanded 1st Life Guards on advance to Paris
Retired: 14 December 1815.

Sources:

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1818. London: various years.

Bloodline: The Origins and Development of the Regular Formations of the British Army. Gordon, Iain. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military, 2010.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington ’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Dalton, Charles. The Waterloo Roll Call. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1904.

London Gazette. May 2009.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. May 2009.

Presenting the Household Cavalry. May 2009. http://householdcavalry.info/index.htm

Wikipedia. May 2009. Various pages.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2009; updated December 2013

 

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