Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 2nd Regiment of Life Guards

By Steve Brown

Secondary Title: None

Regimental History:
1658: First troop raised in Bruges as His Majesty's Own Troop of Horse Guards
1658: Third troop formed from exiled Royalists and initially known as The Duke of York's Troop of Horse Guards
1659: Second troop founded as Monck's Life Guards
1661: Fourth troop raised in England
1670: Second troop became Queen's Troop and Third Troop became Duke of York's Troop
1693: First troop of horse grenadier guards formed from the amalgamation of three troops of grenadiers
1702: Second troop of horse grenadier guards raised in Scotland
1788: 25 June – formed from 2nd troop of Horse Guards (which had previously absorbed the 2nd troop of Horse Grenadiers)
1877: 2nd Life Guards
1918: 2nd Life Guards Battalion, Guards Machine Gun Regiment
1921: Amalagamated with 1st Life Guards to form The Life Guards
1993: Part of The Household Cavalry Regiment
Current: The Life Guards, part of The Household Cavalry Regiment

Regimental Colonels 1793-1815:
1788: 25 June - Jeffrey, Lord Amherst, K.B.
1797: 7 August - William, Earl Cathcart, Kt. (until 1843)

Significant Militia Volunteer Intakes: None

Service History

1793: London – Hyde Park Barracks
1794: Hyde Park Barracks
1795: Hyde Park Barracks
1796: Hyde Park Barracks
1797: Hyde Park Barracks
1798: Hyde Park Barracks
1799: Hyde Park Barracks
1800: Hyde Park Barracks
1801: Hyde Park Barracks
1802: Hyde Park Barracks
1803: Hyde Park Barracks
1804: Hyde Park Barracks; October - Windsor
1805: Windsor; June - Wimbledon Common; Windsor
1807: Hyde Park Barracks
1808: Hyde Park Barracks
1809: Hyde Park Barracks
1810: Hyde Park Barracks
1811: Hyde Park Barracks
1812: Hyde Park Barracks; October – 4 troops at Portsmouth; to Portugal; Lisbon; Belem; Luz (remaining 4 troops at Romford)
1813: May – joined Peninsula army; Vittoria; Logrono
1814: Logrono; Pyrenees; Toulouse; April – Bordeaux; July – Boulogne; to Dover; London
1815: Hyde Park Barracks; May – 4 troops to Dover; Ostend; Bruges; Ninove; retreat from Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris (remaining 4 troops at Romford)
1816: January – to England.

Field Officers

Felix BUCKLEY
Born: London 1724
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Life Guards 25 June 1788
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 1st Life Guards June 1788 to June 1805
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 19 February 1779; Major-General 20 November 1782; Lieutenant-General 3 May 1796; General 1 January 1801
Later Service: Governor of Pendennis Castle in 1820
Died: 14 September 1823.

William John ARABIN
Born: Dublin 1750
Regimental Service: Major in 2nd troop Horse Guards 23 May 1782; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 April 1788; supernumerary Lieutenant-Colonel 25 June 1788
Early Service: Commanded insurgent cavalry brigade in Brabant 1788
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 26 February 1795; Major-General 1 January 1798; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1805; General 4 June 1814
Died: 1828.

Charles BARTON
Born: 1760
Regimental Service: Supernumerary Major in 2nd Life Guards 30 January 1790; Major 14 January 1792; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 June 1805
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 2nd Life Guards June 1805 to April 1818
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 26 February 1795; Major-General 29 April 1802; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808
Retired: 14 April 1818
Died: 1819.

Collet MAWHOOD
Regimental Service: Captain in 2nd Life Guards 25 June 1788; Supernumerary Major June 1792
Retired: June 1794.

John HUGHES
Regimental Service: Captain in 2nd Life Guards 7 May 1791; Supernumerary Major 10 June 1794; to Major in 60th Foot 16 February 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 60th Foot 5 November 1798
Early Service: Served in East Indies 1787
Service 1793-1815: Served in North America 1797-1801; on half-pay for health reasons 1801 to 1820
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; Major-General 4 June 1811
Retired: 1820
Died: Donegal 1832.

Francis Slater Rebow
Born: Born Francis Slater in Derbyshire 1770
Relations: Added Rebow surname at marriage
Regimental Service: Major in 60th Foot 1796; Supernumerary Major in 2nd Life Guards 16 February 1797; Major & Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Life Guards 25 September 1799; Supernumerary Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Life Guards 20 August 1807
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1788 to 1796; commanded Household Cavalry brigade in Peninsula January to March 1813
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 October 1809; Major-General 1 January 1812; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825; General 1841
Died: 1845.

Robert BARTON
Born: County Tipperary 1770
Regimental Service: Major in 11th Light Dragoons 17 February 1803; to Major & Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Life Guards 14 June 1805; exchanged to Major in 60th Foot 28 April 1814; on half-pay 25 March 1816
Early Service: Served in Garde Nationale in France 1790
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1794; served at Helder 1799; commanded 2nd Life Guards in Peninsula October to December 1812
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; Major-General 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837
Died: London 17 March 1853.

Hon. George MURRAY
Regimental Service: Captain in 2nd Life Guards 4 March 1800; Major & Lieutenant-Colonel 20 August 1807
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula December 1813 to April 1814
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; Major-General 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-General 1837
Later Service: Principal auditor of the Exchequer in Scotland
Died: 1848.

Richard FITZGERALD
Regimental Service: Brevet Major 25 October 1809; Captain in 2nd Life Guards 18 May 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula March & April 1814
Died: Killed in action at Waterloo.

Hon. Edward Pyndar LYGON
Born: Worcestershire 1786
Relations: 4th son of Earl Beauchamp
Regimental Service: Captain in 2nd Life Guards 15 February 1808; Major & Lieutenant-Colonel 27 April 1815; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 April 1818; Colonel of 13th Light Dragoons 29 January 1845
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula November 1812 to April 1814; commanded 2nd Life Guards in Peninsula 1813; commanded 2nd Life Guards at Waterloo
Staff & General Officer Service: Major-General 10 January 1837; Lieutenant-General 1846
Later Service: Inspector General of Cavalry
Awards & Honours: C.B. 1815
Died: London 11 November 1860.

Sir Emmanuel Felix AGAR, Kt.
Born: London 1781
Regimental Service: Captain in 50th Foot 1812; brevet Major 20 April 1814; Major in 60th Foot April 1814; Major in 2nd Life Guards 28 April 1814
Awards & Honours: MP 1807-1812; Knighted 18 July 1812
Retired: 27 April 1815
Died: 28 August 1866.

William Tyrrell BOYCE
Born: Manchester 1779
Relations: Son of Baron Boston
Regimental Service: Captain in 2nd Life Guards 30 April 1812 (on transfer from 16th Light Dragoons); brevet Major 4 June 1814
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula June 1813 to April 1814; taken prisoner at Waterloo but escaped during the battle
Retired: Exchanged to half-pay of 60th Foot 1817.

Sources, 2nd Regiment of Life Guards

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1818. London: various years.

Bloodline: The Origins and Development of the Regular Formations of the British Army. Gordon, Iain. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military, 2010.

Dalton, Charles. The Waterloo Roll Call. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1904.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington ’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

London Gazette. May 2009.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. May 2009.

Presenting the Household Cavalry. May 2009.

Wikipedia. May 2009. Various pages.


Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2009; updated December 2013

 

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