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Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 4th Dragoons

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Queen’s Own

Regimental History

1685:

17 July – raised in Somerset as Princess Anne of Denmark’s Regiment of Dragoons

Colonels

1788: 

9 March

Lord Howard de Walden

1797:

1 June

Sir Robert Sloper K.B.

1802:

14 August

Guy, Lord Dorchester

1808:

9 November

Francis Lewis Hugonin

Stations and Combats

1793:

Scotland – Inveresk; September – Perth, Hamilton, Ayr, Kilmarnock & Stirling; augmented to nine troops

1794:

Perth, Hamilton, Ayr, Kilmarnock & Stirling

1795:

June – Dunbar & Musselburgh; August – Whitley; October - Newcastle

1796:

Newcastle; September - Birmingham

1797:

Birmingham; October - Ipswich

1798:

Ipswich; October - Stamford

1799:

Stamford; July – Nottingham; September - Birmingham

1800:

Birmingham; April – Manchester; augmented to ten troops

1801:

Manchester; July – Newcastle, Durham & Morpeth

1802:

Newcastle, Durham & Morpeth; September – Canterbury; reduced to eight troops

1803:

Canterbury; October – Brighton & Lewes

1804:

Lewes

1805:

Lewes; March – augmented to ten troops; October – Chichester & Arundel;

1806:

Chichester & Arundel

1807:

Chichester; January – Ipswich; July – Richmond; Canterbury

1808:

Canterbury; December – ordered to Portugal; eight troops to Portsmouth but did not sail; Chichester & Arundel

1809:

Chichester & Arundel; ordered to Portugal; March – eight troops to Portsmouth,  two troops left at Shoreham; April – Lisbon; Abrantes; TALAVERA; Merida – much sickness

1810:

Celerico; Bussaco; Torres Vedras

1811:

Santarem; Los Santos; ALBUERA; Usagre; July – reduced to six troops

1812:

Ciudad Rodrigo; Badajoz; Llerena; SALAMANCA; siege of Burgos

1813:

Burgos; VITTORIA; Pamplona

1814:

St Jean de Luz; Tarbes; TOULOUSE; Boulogne; July – Dover; London; Hounslow Heath; Lichfield; reduced from ten to eight troops; Liverpool; to Ireland - Dublin

1815:

Dublin; February – Carlow; September – Clonmel; November – Cahir.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col James Hugonin

Born Durham 1729, of Swiss Huguenot descent; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoons 22 November 1775; commanded 4th Dragoons 1775 to 1794; brevet Colonel 16 May 1781; subsequently Major-General 28 April 1790; Lieutenant-General 25 July 1810; died Durham April 1817.

Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Lewis Hugonin

Born Yorkshire 1750; Major 4th Dragoons 27 April 1787; Lieutenant-Colonel 24 February 1794; brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; commended 4th Dragoons 1794 to 1803; subsequently Major-General 25 September 1803; on staff of Southern District 1803: Colonel of 4th Dragoons 9 November 1808; Lieutenant-General 25 July 1810; died Hampshire March 1836.

Major John Dalton

Major in 4th Dragoons 24 February 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 3 May 1796; retired October 1801.

Lieutenant-Colonel William Gooch

Major 4th Dragoons 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 2 March 1794; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; retired July 1801.

Major John Wingfield

Major in 4th Dragoons to March 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; retired April 1808.

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Gooch

Born Suffolk 1767; Major in 10th Light Dragoons 27 October 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 31 July 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoons 22 August 1801 (on transfer from 10th Light Dragoons); to Lieutenant-Colonel in 5th Foot 3 September 1801; retired September 1802; died 1851.

Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Robert Edward Henry Somerset

Born Monmouth 1776; served Helder 1799; Major in 28th Light Dragoons 19 November 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel in 5th Dragoons 25 December 1800; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 December 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoons 3 September 1801; brevet Colonel 25 December 1800; commanded 4th Dragoons in Peninsula April 1809 to January 1811; ADC to King 1811; again in Peninsula May 1811 to July 1813; Major-General 4 June 1813; commanded cavalry brigade in Peninsula July 1813 to April 1814; commanded household cavalry brigade at Waterloo 1815; died September 1842.

Lieutenant-Colonel James Charles Dalbiac

Born Berkshire 1776, of French Huguenot descent; Major in 4th Dragoons 15 October 1801; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 November 1808; served in Peninsula April 1809 to October 1809; again in Peninsula September 1810 to September 1811; and again in Peninsula March 1812 to May 1813; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; served in India 1822 to 1824; subsequently Major-General 27 May 1825; Lieutenant-General 28 June 1838; died London 1847.

Major Charles Philip Ainslie

Major in 4th Dragoons 28 April 1808; served in Peninsula April 1809 to February 1811; Deputy Adjutant-General in Sicily 13 February 1811; died Messina 19 November 1811.

Major Burgh Leighton

Born Lancashire 1760; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; Major in 4th Dragoons 25 November 1808; served in Peninsula April 1809 to August 1811; retired October 1811.

Major John George Dalbiac

Born Berkshire 1781; Major in 4th Dragoons 10 October 1811; served in Peninsula May 1809 to October 1811; ADC to General Payne May to September 1809; retired 19 December 1811; died October 1848.

Major James John Hugonin

Born Dorset 1782; ADC to General Hugonin 1809; served in Peninsula April 1809 to January 1811; Major in 4th Dragoons 19 December 1811; again in Peninsula July 1811 to April 1814, commanded 4th Dragoons July 1813 to April 1814; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 January 1819; died Hampshire January 1854.

Major Bohun Shore

Born Derbyshire 1763; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 October 1809; Major in 4th Dragoons 28 February 1812; died Sheffield May 1840.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Fourth or the Queen’s Own Regiment Of Light Dragoons. London: John W. Parker, 1843.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2011.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. April 2012. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. April 2012. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2012

 

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