Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 4th Dragoon Guards

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Royal Irish

Regimental History

1685:

Formed as cuirassiers from six independent troops of Horse raised by the Earl of Arran during the Duke of Monmouth Rebellion

 
Colonels

1778: 

2 April

George Warde

1803:

12 March

Miles Staveley

1814:

3 August

Sir Henry Fane, G.C.B.

Stations and Combats

1793:

Ireland – Carlow; augmented to 334 NCO + men; August – Dublin; October – to England; Nottingham

1794:

Nottingham; augmented to 504 men in 9 troops

1795:

Nottingham; Liverpool; December - to Ireland; Dublin; Belturbet

1796:

Belturbet; augmented to 612 men

1797:

Belturbet; August – Curragh; October – Maryborough; Mount Mellick; Ballinakill

1798:

Maryborough; Irish Rebellion; Naas; Prosperous; Carlow; Gorey; Ovidstown; Goff’s Bridge; Arklow; Vinegar Hill; Maryborough; Gore’s Bridge; Kildare; Maryborough

1799:

Maryborough; February – Dublin; August – Liverpool; Northampton

1800:

Northampton; augmented to 850 men in 10 troops; February – to Scotland; Hamilton; Edinburgh; August – Hamilton; Perth

1801:

Edinburgh (Piershill)

1802:

Edinburgh; reduced to 550 men in 8 troops; August – to Ireland; Donaghadee; Belturbet; Longford; Enniskillen

1803:

Enniskillen; augmented to 670 men; April – Longford; Phillipstown

1804:

March – Dublin; to England; Liverpool; Exeter; Truro; Totnes; Honiton; December – augmented to 714 men

1805:

Devon & Cornwall; May – Canterbury; augmented to 769 men; December – to Scotland

1806:

February – Edinburgh; Hamilton; Glasgow; to England; Manchester; Liverpool; Chester; augmented to 904 men

1807:

Manchester; July – HQ in Birmingham, 2 troops in Nottingham, troops in Manchester, Liverpool, Chester, Warrington, Coventry

1808:

May – Manchester weaver riots; Rochdale riots

1809:

Manchester; Leicester

1810:

York; Leeds; Sheffield; Newcastle; Beverley; 4 troops suppressing coal riots in Northumberland & Durham

1811:

Northumberland & Durham; June – Radipole; July – augmented to 800 men; 6 troops to Portsmouth, 4 troops in Canterbury; 6 troops to Portugal; Lisbon; Fundâo

1812:

Ciudad Rodrigo; Badajoz; Llerena; Madrid; Brozas; received new uniforms and helmets

1813:

March – ordered home; horses given to 3rd Dragoon Guards and 1st Dragoons; Lisbon; Portsmouth; Hilsea; reunited with 4 home troops; June – Portsmouth; Hull; York

1814:

York; Sheffield; Newcastle; Durham; May – Edinburgh; Haddington; reduced to 545 men in 8 troops; August – to Ireland; Portpatrick; Donaghadee; Belturbet; Longford; Enniskillen; Sligo; Mullingar; augmented by 128 men

1815:

Belturbet; April – Tullamore.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Hon. Henry Fulk Greville

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 24 March 1790; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoon Guards 6 October 1790; resigned March 1793.

Lt Col Edward Willey

Major in 12th Light Dragoons 30 July 1791 (on transfer from 6th Dragoon Guards); Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoon Guards 31 March 1793; commanded 4th Dragoon Guards 1793 to 1795; retired August 1795.

Lt Col John Michell

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards October 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 24 August 1795; to Lieutenant-Colonel in half-pay of 30th Light Dragoons 31 December 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 18th Light Dragoons 29 September 1799; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 14th Light Dragoons 5 December 1799; Brigadier-General on staff in Ireland 1804; subsequently Major-General 25 October 1809; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; General 10 January 1837; died April 1844.

Lt Col Henry Fane

Born Lincolnshire 1778; Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 24 August 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoon Guards 1 June 1797; commanded 4th Dragoon Guards 1797 to 1804; served in Irish Rebellion 1798; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Dragoon Guards 25 December 1804; brevet Colonel 1 January 1805; subsequently Major-General 25 July 1810; commanded a cavalry brigade in the Peninsula August to December 1810; and again May 1813 to April 1814; Lieutenant-General 12 August 1819; Commander-in-Chief East Indies 1 February 1835; General 10 January 1837; died aboard ship on way home from India 1840.

Lt Col James Thewles

Major in O’Donnell’s Regiment 6 June 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 24 September 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 30th Light Dragoons 26 November 1794; exchanged to 4th Dragoon Guards 31 December 1795; commanded 4th Dragoon Guards 1795 to 1797; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; Brigadier-General on staff 1807; subsequently Major-General 25 April 1808; died 6 November 1811.

Major James Leatham

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 1 January 1797; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; retired May 1804; died Forfarshire May 1841.

Major Denis Pack

Born Kilkenny Ireland 1772; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served at Quiberon 1795; Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 25 August 1798 (on transfer from 5th Dragoon Guards); served in Irish Rebellion 1798; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 71st Foot 6 December 1800; served at Cape of Good Hope 1805; served in South America 1806; Brigadier-General in Peninsula 7 July 1810; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; commanded brigade and wounded at Waterloo 1815; died London 1823.

Major Hanmer George Warrington

Born Cheshire 1776; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; sent by Duke of York to organise Spanish cavalry against the French; Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 6 December 1800 (on transfer from 2nd Dragoon Guards); retired 13 May 1802; Consul-General at Tripoli 1815; died Patras Greece 1847.

Major Christopher Farwell

Born Devon 1775; Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 13 May 1802; retired 16 July 1807.

Major John French

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards May 1804; exchanged to 81st Foot 28 August 1804.

Lt Col Henry Teesdale

Major in 1st Dragoon Guards 10 January 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 September 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoon Guards 29 December 1804; commanded 4th Dragoon Guards 1804 to 1809; retired 16 February 1809.

Major Robert Ross

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 16 July 1807; served in Peninsula August 1811 to February 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 15 May 1823; brevet Colonel 22 July 1830; exchanged to half-pay 1831; died Lanarkshire December 1835.

Major Henry Moore

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 16 February 1809; died Cornwall December 1810.

Lt Col Francis Sherlock

Born Ireland 1779; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served at Cape of Good Hope 1801 to 1803; Major in 8th Dragoons 4 June 1801; exchanged to 81st Foot 14 July 1804; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Dragoon Guards 16 February 1809; commanded 4th Dragoon Guards 1809 to 1815; served in Peninsula August 1811 to April 1813; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; retired 15 May 1823; died Nottinghamshire January 1848.

Major William Ogilvie

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 27 December 1810; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 August 1819; exchanged to 11th Foot 24 October 1822; retired 8 April 1826.

Captain George Smith

Captain in 4th Dragoon Guards 2 November 1802; Brevet Major 25 April 1808; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 December 1814; retired 1 December 1814; died Lancashire 1822.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Fourth, or Royal Irish Regiment Of Dragoon Guards. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1837.

Smith, Henry Stooks. An Alphabetical List of Officers of the Fourth (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards from 1800 to 1856. London; Longman Brown Green Longmans & Roberts, 1856.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website.August 2010.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. August 2010.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2011

 

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