Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 5th Dragoon Guards

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Princess Charlotte of Wales’

Regimental History

1685:

Formed as cuirassiers from six independent troops of Horse raised by the Earl of Shrewsbury during the Duke of Monmouth Rebellion

Colonels

1789: 

27 August

John Douglas

1790:

18 November

Thomas Bland

1816:

18 October

Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg

Stations and Combats

1793:

Ireland – Dublin; September – Cork; to Flanders

1794:

Flanders; Prémont; Landrecies; Le Cateau; Tournay; retreat to Bremen

1795:

Bremen; Weser; November – to England; December – North Shields

1796:

Canterbury; October – to Ireland; Cork; December - Bantry Bay

1797:

Cork; April – Carlow; Curragh; October – Dublin

1798:

Dublin; Irish Rebellion; Prosperous; Arklow; Ballycarnew; Gorey; Vinegar Hill; White Hills; Ballinamuck

1799:

February – Ballinrobe; September – ordered to Helder, countermanded; Liverpool; Hereford & Gloucester

1800:

Hereford & Gloucester; May – Bath; June – Windsor; November – Romford

1801:

Romford; June – Worcester & Gloucester; Worcester

1802:

Worcester; 2 troops disbanded; August – Worcester & Newcastle; October – Newcastle; Kendal; Durham

1803:

Newcastle; Durham; June – Newcastle; augmented by 2 troops

1804:

Newcastle; April – Edinburgh; named Princess Charlotte of Wales’ Regiment of Dragoon Guards

1805:

Edinburgh; June - to Ireland; August - Curragh

1806:

Dublin

1807:

Dublin; May – Cork; Limerick; Bandon; Fermoy; July – Ballinrobe; October – Croom

1808:

Limerick; June – Dublin; Clonmel; September – to England; October – Dorchester

1809:

Dorchester; September – Ipswich; Norwich

1810:

April – Hyde Park review; Colchester

1811:

Wimbledon; Chichester; August – 6 troops to Portsmouth, 4 troops in Canterbury; 6 troops to Portugal; Lisbon; Thomar

1812:

Badajoz; Llerena; SALAMANCA; Albe de Tormes; Madrid; Burgos; Goes

1813:

Viride; VITTORIA; Estella; Guérena

1814:

Guérena; Tarbes; TOULOUSE; Bourdeaux; Boulogne; July – Dover; troops reunited at Canterbury; reduced by 2 troops; October - Ipswich

1815:

Ipswich; April – Nottingham; Coventry; Northampton; Leicester; July – York; Sheffield; Leeds; Huddersfield; Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Hon. Robert Taylo(u)r

Born Ireland 1760; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 31 July 1790; Lieutenant-Colonel 28 February 1792; commanded 5th Dragoon Guards 1792 to 1798; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Brigadier-General in Irish Rebellion 1798; subsequently Major-General 1 January 1801; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; General 12 August 1819; died May 1839.

Major Thomas Pakenham Vandeleur

Born Ireland 1770; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 31 December 1792 (on transfer from 7th Dragoon Guards); exchanged to 8th Dragoons 4 May 1793.

Lt Col John Ormsby Vandeleur

Born Ireland 1763; Major in 8th Dragoons 1793; exchanged to Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 4 May 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; commanded 5th Dragoon Guards 1798 to 1804; brevet Colonel 1 January 1798; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 8th Dragoons 30 June 1804; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1811; served in Peninsula September 1811 to April 1814; commanded at brigade in Waterloo campaign; Lieutenant-General 19 July 1821; General 28 June 1838; died Dublin 1849.

(Note: JO Vandeleur’s biography in Phillipart is partly incorrect as it is a mixture of the above two men; Army lists confirm that it was TP Vandeleur who went to the cape and India in 1802 whilst JO Vandeleur served with the 5DG in England until 1804, exchanging into the 8LD that year to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his cousin TP Vandeleur in India).

Major William Sherlock

Major in 4th Dragoon Guards 1 March 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; retired June 1801.

Major Charles Craven

Born 1769; served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 17 May 1796; to half-pay of Loyal Dublin Regiment 30 May 1800; subsequently brevet Colonel 4 June 1811; Major-General 4 June 1814; Lieutenant-General 22 July 1830; died Walsall 1850.

Major Thomas Goldie

Major in 5th Dragoons 17 February 1798; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 20 May 1799; to Major in 9th Dragoons same day.

Lt Col Hon. Sir William Ponsonby, K.C.B.

Born Cork 1775; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 1 March 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel 28 February 1803; commanded 5th Dragoon Guards 1804 to 1812; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; served in Peninsula from September 1811, commanded cavalry brigades in Peninsula June 1812 to January 1814; also April 1814; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; commanded Union Brigade and killed at Waterloo.

Major John Armstrong

Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 4 June 1801; retired April 1802.

Major William Jones

Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 28 April 1802; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 October 1809; served in Peninsula September to November 1811; retired December 1811.

Major Loftus William Otway

Born Ireland 1775; served in Ireland 1798; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 24 February 1803; to Major in 81st Foot 23 June 1804; served in Peninsula December 1808 to July 1810; attached to Portuguese Army August 1810 to July 1813; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837; died London 1854.

Major Henry Raleigh Knight

Major in 81st Foot 9 July 1803; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; exchanged to Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 23 June 1804; to Major in 56th Foot 25 July 1805; subsequently brevet Colonel4 June 1811; Major-General 4 June 1814.

Major William Brooke

Born 1770; Major in 96th Foot 13 December 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Major in 56th Foot 5 January 1805; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 25 July 1805; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; served in Peninsula as officer in charge of courts-martial at Lisbon September 1812 to April 1814; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825; died Bath 1843.

Lt Col Serjeantson Prescott, C.B.

Born London 1784, son of General Robert Prescott; served in Peninsula September 1811 to December 1812; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 26 December 1811; again in Peninsula April 1813 to April 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; commanded 5th Dragoon Guards 1813 to 1816; died June 1816.

Major Arthur Helsham Gordon

Served in Peninsula September 1811 to June 1813; ADC to Major-General Ponsonby November 1812 to May 1813; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 8 April 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 8 February 1816.

Major William Irwin

Served in Peninsula September 1811 to April 1814; Major in 5th Dragoon Guards 4 June 1813.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Fifth, or Princess Charlotte of Wales’ Regiment Of Dragoon Guards. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1838.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. June 2011.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. June 2011.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2011

 

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