Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 6th Dragoons

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Enniskillen (Inniskilling)

Regimental History

1689:

Raised in Enniskillen by Sir Albert Cunningham

Colonels

1778:

2 April

James Johnston

1797:

15 December

George Augustus, Earl of Pembroke K.G. (until 1827)

Stations and Combats

1793:

York; June – Blackwall; to Flanders; Ostend; Bruges; Valenciennes; Dunkirk (dismounted); Rexpoede; Menin; Droengen

1794:

Oudenarde; Cateau; Vaux; Landrecies; April - Bloces; Cateau; Courtrai; May - Tournai; Mauvines; Nijmegen; line of Waal

1795:

Retreat to Bremen; May – Weser; July – Delmenhorst; November – to England; Yarmouth & South Shields

1796:

Norwich; September – Ipswich

1797:

Ipswich; September – Romford

1798:

Romford; June – Windsor; Uxbridge

1799:

Uxbridge; December – Birmingham

1800:

Birmingham; August – Bristol

1801:

Bristol; June - Exeter

1802:

Exeter; reduced to 8 troops; October – Nottingham

1803:

Nottingham; August – Birmingham; augmented to 10 troops

1804:

January – Brighton

1805:

Brighton; October – Lewes

1806:

Lewes; March – Shoreham; Ipswich (7 troops) & Colchester (3 troops); June – Bury St Edmunds

1807:

Bury St Edmunds

1808:

Bury St Edmunds; May – Scotland; Haddington (6 troops) & Dunbar (4 troops); October – Piershill

1809:

Piershill & Hamilton; May – Port Patrick; to Ireland; Donaghadee; Dundalk

1810:

Dundalk; June – Dublin

1811:

Dublin; November – Ballinasloe

1812:

Ballinasloe

1813:

Ballinasloe; March – Belturbet; May – Tullamore (troops in Londonderry, Ballinarobe, Ennis, Longford, Loughrea, Roscommon, Phillipstown)

1814:

Enniskillen; May – Dublin; Liverpool; York; June – Nottingham; 1 troop disbanded

1815:

Nottingham; April – Melton Mowbray; Gravesend; 6 troops to Belgium, 3 troops at Ipswich; Ostend; WATERLOO; advance on Paris; Army of Occupation; December – to England

1816:

January - Canterbury; Exeter.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Francis (Augustus Elliott), Lord Heathfield

Born London 1750; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 20 October 1779; Lieutenant-Colonel 23 March 1781; brevet Colonel 4 July 1788; 2nd (and last) Baron Heathfield 1790; subsequently Major-General 20 December 1793; served in Flanders 1793-94; Lieutenant-General 26 June 1799; General 25 April 1808; died 26 January 1813.

Maj Alexander Hart

Major in 6th Dragoons 28 April 1779; commanded 6th Dragoons in Flanders 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel in 11th Light Dragoons 28 February 1794.

Lt Col William Gunn

Lieutenant-Governor of Chester in 1790; Major in 6th Dragoons 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel same day; commanded 6th Dragoons in Flanders 1794-95; retired 26 October 1796.

Lt Col Ralph Bates

Major in 6th Dragoons 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 26 October 1796; retired June 1799.

Maj John Rigby Fletcher

Born 1770; Major in 6th Dragoons 1 March 1794; served in Flanders 1794-95; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1811; Lieutenant-General 19 July 1821; died Preston 12 January 1830.

Lt Col John Prince

Major in 1st Dragoon Guards 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Dragoons 25 March 1795; commanded 6th Dragoons 1795-1813; brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; ADC to King George III 4 June 1804; subsequently Major-General 25 October 1809; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; died September 1824.

Lt Col George Richard Marton

Born Carnforth Lancashire; Major in 6th Dragoons 24 October 1794 (on transfer from 29th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 12 June 1799; retired May 1800; died Capernwray Hall Lancashire 1834.

Maj Campbell Morris

Major in 6th Dragoons 12 June 1799; retired December 1799.

Lt Col Richard O’Donovan

Born Ireland 1768; Major in 6th Dragoons 19 December 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel 2 May 1800; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; Lieutenant-General 27 May 1825; died Ireland November 1829.

Maj Harry Croft

Major in 6th Dragoons 2 May 1800; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; retired 25 March 1809.

Maj Fiennes Sanderson Miller, C.B.

Born Warwickshire 1783; Major in 6th Dragoons 25 May 1809; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; commanded 6th Dragoons at Waterloo after Ponsonby’s death; retired before 1824; died September 1862.

Maj Stephen Stoddart

Born 1763; Major in 6th Dragoons 11 July 1811; died after riding accident at Limerick 12 June 1812.

Maj Robert Ellice

Served at Buenos Aires 1807; Major in 9th Light Dragoons 12 May 1808; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 16 March 1809; Deputy Adjutant-General in Canada 1809-12; Major in 6th Dragoons 25 June 1812 (on transfer from half-pay of 24th Light Dragoons); subsequently Major-General 22 July 1830; Lieutenant-General 23 November 1841; General 20 June 1854; died 18 June 1856.

Lt Col Joseph Muter, C.B.

Born Scotland 1777; Major in 13th Light Dragoons 14 August 1801; served in Peninsula April 1810 to September 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Dragoons 4 June 1813; commanded 6th Dragoons 1813-1815; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; commanded 6th Dragoons at Waterloo; commanded the Union Brigade after the death of Ponsonby; assumed the surname Straton in 1816; subsequently Major-General 27 May 1825; Lieutenant-General 23 June 1838; died 3 October 1840.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Sixth or the Inniskilling Regiment of Dragoons. London: John W. Parker, 1847.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. August 2012. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. August 2012. National Library of Australia.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2012

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