Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 7th Light Dragoons (Hussars)

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

The Queen’s Own; 1807 - Hussars

Regimental History

1690:

Raised in Scotland by the Earl of Eglintoun

Colonels

1779:

21 April

Sir Henry Clinton, K.B.

1795:

26 December

David Dundas

1801:

16 May

Henry William, Lord Paget

Stations and Combats

1793:

Nottingham; augmented to 6 troops; April – 4 troops to Flanders, 2 troops at Manchester; Dunkirk; October – Lannoy; Courtrai

1794:

April – Vremont; Vaux; Cateau; BEAUMONT; WILLEMS; Tournay; Roubaix; Lannoy; Breda; Nijmegen; River Waal

1795:

Retreat to Bremen; Westphalia; November – to England; South Shields and Sunderland

1796:

South Shields; travelling south; September – Birmingham

1797:

Birmingham; May – Woolwich; July – Weymouth; Salisbury

1798:

Salisbury; June – Canterbury; July – Swinley; August – Croydon; Staines; December – Guildford and Godalming

1799:

Guildford and Goldalming; June – Swinley; August – Romford; September – Ramsgate; to Helder; Bergen; Egmont-Op-Zee; Beverwyk; December – to England

1800:

Canterbury; Windsor on royal duty; March – Hounslow; June – Hampton Court; Egham; September – Windsor; Hounslow

1801:

Hounslow; June – Banbury; October – Croydon; Carshalton

1802:

Croydon and Newbury; May – Richmond, large number of troops discharged; June – Henley; August – Stratford and Suffolk; October – Ipswich and Norwich

1803:

Ipswich and Norwich

1804:

Ipswich and Norwich; augmented from 8 to 10 troops

1805:

Ordered to become Hussars; Ipswich and Norwich

1806:

Ipswich and Norwich; September – completed hussar uniforms and equipment

1807:

Ipswich and Norwich; ordered to grow mongol moustaches; October – Rushmere Heath; 25 December – officially Hussars

1808:

Ipswich and Norwich; July – Guildford; June – Hounslow Heath; October – 8 troops to Portsmouth; to Spain; Corunna; Astorga; Sahagun; Benevente

1809:

Corunna; to England; Despatch transport lost off Lizard with 3 officers and 106 men; Guildford; Weymouth

1810:

Weymouth; May – Liverpool; to Ireland; Dublin; Athy and Carlow

1811:

Dundalk

1812:

Dundalk; January – Dublin; to England; Liverpool; November – Liverpool, Warrington and Preston

1813:

Travelling south; London; Hyde Park, Hampton Court and Hounslow Heath on King’s Duty; August – 8 troops to Spain; Bilboa; Bidassoa; Hasparren

1814:

ORTHEZ; Brigand duty; Toulouse; June – to Boulogne; to England; Romford; September – Brighton

1815:

Brighton; February – London (Corn Law riots); March – 6 troops to Dover; to Belgium; Ostend; Genappe; WATERLOO; Cambrai; Paris; Army of Occupation

1818:

October – Calais; to England.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col John William Egerton

Born Durham 1753; Major in 20th Light Dragoons 23 March 1781; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 20 November 1782; Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Light Dragoons 18 November 1790 (from half pay 21st Light Dragoons); brevet Colonel 12 October 1793; Major-General 26 February 1795; Colonel of 14th Light Dragoons 1 June 1797; subsequently Lieutenant-General 29 April 1802; 7th Earl of Bridgewater 1803; General 1 January 1812; MP 1772 to 1780 and 1782 to 1803; died October 1823.

Lt Col William Osborne

Born 1752; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 7 March 1787; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; exchanged to 16th Light Dragoons 6 April 1797; retired 17 April 1797; died 1814.

Maj Richard Watson

Major in 7th Light Dragoons 1 March 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 11 January 1798; cashiered August 1798 after court-martial.

Lt Col Michael Barne

Major in 7th Light Dragoons 1 March 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel 19 July 1797; retired April 1805.

Lt Col Henry William Lord Paget, G.C.B.

Born London 1768, son of 1st Earl of Uxbridge; raised 80th Foot 12 September 1793; served in Flanders 1794; Major in 80th Foot 20 May 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 16th Light Dragoons 16 June 1795; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Light Dragoons 6 April 1797; commanded 7th Light Dragoons at Helder 1799; Colonel of 7th Light Dragoons 16 May 1801; subsequently Major-General 29 April 1802; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; commanded cavalry in Peninsula September 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; 2nd Earl of Uxbridge 1812; commanded cavalry and lost right leg in Waterloo campaign 1815; General 12 August 1819; Marquess of Anglesey 4 July 1815; Field Marshal November 1846; died London 29 April 1854.

Lt Col John Gaspard le Marchant

Born Amiens 1766; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Major in 16th Light Dragoons 9 September 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 6 April 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in Hompesch Hussars 8 April 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 29th Light Dragoons June 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Light Dragoons 10 June 1797; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Dragoon Guards 19 July 1799; founded Royal Military College 1801; on half-pay 15th Light Dragoons February 1803; brevet Colonel 30 October 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel in 6th Dragoon Guards 25 July 1811; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1811; commanded cavalry brigade in Peninsula August 1811 to July 1812; killed in action at Salamanca.

Lt Col John Walhouse

Major in 7th Light Dragoons 18 October 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 April 1801; exchanged to 25th Light Dragoons 1 December 1804; retired shortly thereafter.

Maj William Calcraft

Major in 7th Light Dragoons 19 July 1799; retired May 1803.

Maj Charles D Taylor

Major in 7th Light Dragoons 16 May 1801; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 20th Light Dragoons 24 February 1803; killed in action at Vimeiro 21 August 1808.

Lt Col Richard Hussey Vivian, K.C.B.

Born Truro 1775; served in Flanders 1794; served at Helder 1799; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 9 March 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel in 25th Light Dragoons 28 September 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Light Dragoons at 1 December 1804; commanded 7th Hussars in Peninsula November 1808 January 1809; ADC to Prince Regent 30 March 1811; brevet Colonel 20 February 1812; commanded cavalry Brigade in Peninsula November and December 1813; and January to April 1814, wounded at Croix d’Orade; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1814; commanded cavalry Brigade at Waterloo; Lieutenant-General 22 July 1830; commander-in-chief in Ireland 1831 to 1835; Colonel of 1st Dragoons 20 January 1837; MP 1821 to 1831; created Baron Vivian in 1841; died Baden-Baden 20 August 1842.

Lt Col Edward Kerrison, K.C.B. K.C.H.

Born Suffolk 1776; served at Helder 1799; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 12 May 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 April 1804; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; wounded in Corunna retreat; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; commanded 7th Hussars in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814; commanded Hussar Brigade November and December 1813; commanded 7th Hussars in Waterloo; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; Baronet 1821; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837; General 1851; MP 1824 to 1852; died March 1853 London.

Maj James Stuart

Major in 7th Light Dragoons 28 September 1804; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 2 October 1806; exchanged to Major in 5th West India Regiment 1 January 1807; Major in 69th Foot 7 April 1807; retired 9 August 1810.

Maj the Hon. Berkeley Thomas Paget

Born Anglesey 1780, sixth son of the 1st Earl of Uxbridge; younger brother of Henry; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 4 April 1805; retired April 1809; MP 1807 to 1826; died October 1842.

Maj William Tuyll

Served in Flanders 1793; served at Helder 1799; Major in 5th West India Regiment 20 November 1806 (on transfer from 7th Light Dragoons); Major in 7th Light Dragoons 1 January 1807; served in Peninsula on staff November 1808 to January 1809 as ADC to Lord Uxbridge; served at Walcheren 1809; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 25th Light Dragoons 13 February 1812; subsequently Major-General 10 January 1837; Colonel of 7th Light Dragoons 10 March 1846; Lieutenant-General 9 November 1846.

Maj Hon. George Henry Compton Cavendish

Born 1784, son of Lord George Cavendish; Major in 1st West India Regiment 9 June 1808 (on transfer from 7th Light Dragoons); Major in 7th Light Dragoons 23 June 1808; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; lost in Despatch transport wreck 21 January 1809.

Maj Charles Denshire

Served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 23 February 1809; retired April 1813.

Maj George Cholmley

Served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 27 April 1809; retired May 1812.

Maj Edward Hodge

Served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 7 May 1812; killed in action at Genappe 17 June 1815.

Maj William Thornhill

Born Derbyshire 1768; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 8 April 1813; again in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814, wounded at Orthez and captured colour; ADC to Lord Uxbridge and wounded at Waterloo; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; Lieutenant-Colonel 12 August 1819; retired 1826; died in Dorset 9 December 1851.

Maj Hon. Henry Cecil Lowther

Born Rutland 1790, son of Earl of Lonsdale; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809: again in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814; Major in 7th Light Dragoons 14 April 1814; to Major in 10th Light Dragoons 12 November 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel in 12th Foot 20 April 1817; to half pay; died Rutland December 1867.

Maj William Verner, K.C.H.

Born Armagh 1782; served in Peninsula November 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814; wounded at Waterloo; brevet Major 18 June 1815; Major 20 July 1815; Lieutenant-Colonel in 12th Foot 24 December 1818; retired on half-pay same-day; died January 1871.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Cannon, Richard. Historical Record of the Seventh or the Queen’s Own Regiment of Hussars. London: John W. Parker, 1842.

Mollo, John. The Prince’s Dolls; Scandals, Skirmishes and Splendours of the First British Hussars 1793-1815. London: Leo Cooper, 1997.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. April 2013. National Library of Australia.

19th Century British Newspapers Collection. April 2013. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2013

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