Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Cavalry Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: Royal Regiment of Horse Guards

By Steve Brown

Royal Regiment of Horse Guards

Secondary Title: Blue

Regimental History:

1650: Raised at Newcastle upon Tyne as Haselrig's Regiment of Cuirassiers
1661: de Vere's or Earl of Oxford's Regiment, also the 1st King's Royal Regiment of Horse
1688: FitzJames's or Duke of Berwick's Regiment
1688: Hamilton's or Earl of Arran's Regiment
1688: de Vere's or Earl of Oxford's Regiment
1703: FitzRoy's or Duke of Northumberland's Regiment
1712: Savage's or Earl Rivers' Regiment
1712: Mordaunt's or Earl of Peterborough's Regiment
1714: Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, also known by Colonel's name until 1750
1715: Campbell's or Duke of Argyll's Regiment
1717: Powlett's or Marquis of Winchester's Regiment
1735: Campbell's or Duke of Argyll's Regiment
1740: Seymour's or Earl of Hertford's Regiment
1742: Campbell's or Duke of Argyll's Regiment
1742: Seymour's or Earl of Hertford's or Duke of Somerset's Regiment
1750: Royal Horse Guards (Blue)
1819: Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (The Blues)
1877: Royal Horse Guards
1901: Royal Horse Guards (The Blues)
1918: 3rd (Royal Horse Guards) Battalion, Guards Machine Gun Regiment
1921: Royal Regiment of Horse Guards (The Blues)
1969: Amalgamated with 1st Dragoons to form The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)
1993: Part of The Household Cavalry Regiment
Current: The Blues and Royals, part of The Household Cavalry Regiment

Regimental Colonels 1793-1815:

1770: 25 August - Henry Seymour Conway
1795: 15 July - Charles, Duke of Richmond, K.G.
1806: 30 December - Hugh Percy, Duke of Northumberland, K.G.
1813: 1 January - Arthur, Duke of Wellington, K.G.

Significant Militia Volunteer Intakes:
None

Service History:

1793: London; June – 4 troops to Blackwell; to Ostend; Flanders (remaining 4 troops at Northampton)
1794: Ghent; Cambray; Cateau; Tournay; Retreat to Bremen
1795: Hanover; November – to London; regiment reunited at Northampton
1796: London
1797: Weymouth
1798: Hertford; July - Swinley; December - Northampton
1799: Northampton; July - Windsor
1800: Nottingham and Derby
1801: Nottingham and Derby; July - Northampton
1802: Northampton; August - Dorchester
1803: Dorchester; June - Salisbury; July - Croydon; November - Canterbury
1804: Canterbury
1805: January - Windsor
1806: Windsor
1807: Windsor
1808: Windsor
1809: Windsor
1810: Windsor
1811: Windsor
1812: Windsor; May - Warrington; June - Knutsford; July - Warrington; October - Romford, 4 troops to Portsmouth; Lisbon; Belem; Luz (remaining 4 troops at Windsor)
1813: April – remounts from England; May – joined Peninsula army; Vittoria; Logrono
1814: Logrono; Pyrenees; March – received remounts; April – Bordeaux; July – to Dover; Windsor
1815: Windsor; May – 4 troops to Dover; Ostend; Bruges; Ninove; retreat from Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris (remaining 4 troops at Windsor)
1816: January – to England.

Field Officers

Wynter BLATHWAYTE
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in RHG 23 November 1772; Colonel of 81st Foot 31 December 1794
Service 1793-1815: Commanded RHG November 1772 to December 1794
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 17 November 1780; Major-General 28 September 1787; Lieutenant-General 26 January 1797
Died: April 1801.

Miles STAVELEY
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 17 April 1790; Lieutenant-Colonel 31 December 1794; Colonel of 28th Light Dragoons 18 December 1799; to half-pay 25 June 1802; Colonel of 4th Dragoon Guards 12 March 1803
Service 1793-1815: Commanded RHG December 1794 to September 1799
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 23 June 1798; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805
Died: 1814.

Gustavus BELFORD
Born: Kent 1748
Regimental Service: Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; Major in RHG 31 December 1794
Retired: September 1798
Died: 1816.

Andrew CORBET
Born: Shropshire 1766
Regimental Service: Captain in RHG 17 January 1787; brevet Major 6 May 1795; Major 27 September 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel 18 December 1799
Later Service: Inspecting Field Officer of Yeomanry in 1804
Retired: March 1800.

William Paul de CERJAT
Born: Lincolnshire 1764
Regimental Service: Captain in RHG 28 May 1788; brevet Major 3 May 1796; Major 18 December 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel 11 January 1800
Service 1793-1815: Commanded RHG January 1800 to May 1803
Retired: May 1803.

John DORRIEN
Born: Hertfordshire 1759
Regimental Service: Captain in RHG 14 May 1790; brevet Major 26 January 1797; Major 25 October 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 March 1800
Service 1793-1815: Served in Hanover 1795
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 19 January 1806; Major-General 4 June 1811; Lieutenant-General 12 August 1819
Died: Hertfordshire 1825.

Henry WARE
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 24 October 1799
Retired: April 1802.

Charles Armand DASHWOOD
Born: London 1768
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 11 April 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel May 1803
Service 1793-1815: Commanded RHG May 1803 to November 1804
Later Service: Inspecting Field Officer of Yeomanry in 1807
Retired: December 1804
Died: Derbyshire 12 February 1812.

Warden SERGISON
Born: Sussex 1763
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 7 April 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel 29 November 1804
Service 1793-1815: Commanded RHG November 1804 to March 1806
Retired: March 1806
Died: 1812.

William MILLER
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 21 April 1803
Retired: November 1805.

Sir John ELLEY
Born: Leeds 1764
Regimental Service: Joined RHG as a private in 1789, made Quartermaster; Cornet 1791; Major 29 November 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel 6 March 1806; Colonel of 17th Lancers 23 November 1819
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; commanded RHG March 1806 to May 1813; served in Peninsula as Assistant Adjutant-General of Cavalry, November 1808 to January 1809; and again June 1809 to April 1814; wounded at Salamanca; Deputy Adjutant-General and wounded at Waterloo
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 7 March 1813; Major-General 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837
Later Service: Governor of Galway 1826-1839
Awards & Honours: K.C.B., K.C.H., K.M.T., K.S.G. 1815; MP 1835-1837
Died: Amesbury 23 January 1839.

Sir Robert Chambre HILL, Kt.
Born: Shropshire 1778
Relations: Younger brother of Rowland Hill
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 14 November 1805; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel 13 May 1813
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; commanded RHG squadrons in Peninsula November 1812 to February 1813; commanded Household Cavalry brigade February to June 1813; commanded RHG June 1813 to April 1814; commanded RHG and wounded at Waterloo; commanded RHG until July 1823
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 1 January 1819
Awards & Honours: C.B. 1815
Died: Shropshire 5 March 1860.

Thomas ATHORPE
Born: Yorkshire 1774
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 6 March 1806; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813
Service 1793-1815: Commanded RHG squadrons at Windsor 1811 to 1815
Retired: June 1820.

Clement Delves HILL
Born: Shropshire 1781
Relations: Younger brother of Rowland Hill
Regimental Service: Captain in RHG 4 April 1811; brevet Major 26 December 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 December 1813
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula as ADC to General Hill August 1808 to January 1809; and again May 1809 to November 1810; wounded at Douro; ADC again in Peninsula May 1811 to April 1814; ADC to Lord Hill and wounded at Waterloo
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 June 1827; Major-General 10 January 1837
Later Service: Commander in Chief Madras 1837-1845
Died: Madras 20 January 1845.

Robert Christopher PACKE
Born: Leicester 1783
Regimental Service: Major in RHG 13 May 1813
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula November 1812 to April 1814; commanded RHG in Peninsula February to June 1813
Died: Killed in action at Waterloo.

John THOYTS
Born: Berkshire 1771
Regimental Service: Captain in RHG 22 August 1805; Major 18 June 1815; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula November 1812 to April 1814; taken prisoner at Waterloo, released a few days later; commanded RHG on advance to Paris
Awards & Honours: Graduated BNC Oxford 1789
Retired: 1820
Died: 1849.

Sources:

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1818. London: various years.

Bloodline: The Origins and Development of the Regular Formations of the British Army. Gordon, Iain. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Military, 2010.

Dalton, Charles. The Waterloo Roll Call. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1904.

Fletcher, Ian. Wellington’s Regiments. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1994.

Hall, John A. A History of the Peninsular War: Volume VIII – The Biographical Dictionary of British Officers Killed and Wounded 1808-1814. London: Greenhill Books, 1998.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Packe, Edmund. An Historical Record of the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, or Oxford Blues. London: William Clowes, 1834.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Reid, Stuart.Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

London Gazette Website. October 2009.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. May 2009.

Presenting the Household Cavalry website.

Wikipedia. May 2009. Various pages.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2010; updated January 2014

 

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