Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 19th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

1st Yorkshire, North Riding

Regimental History

1689:

26 February – raised at Exeter from independent companies of pikemen by Sir Francis Luttrell

Colonels

1768:

25 May

David Graeme

1797:

24 January

Samuel Hulse

1810:

25 June

Sir Hew Dalrymple, Kt.

1811:

27 April

Sir Hilgrove Turner, Kt.

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

Scotland; to Flanders; December - England

1794:

July – to Flanders; Tiel; Geldermalsen

1795:

Retreat to Bremen; to England; August – Quiberon Exhibition

1796:

April – to Cape of Good Hope; to India; Madras; December – Ceylon

1797:

Ceylon – Colombo

1798:

Colombo

1799:

Ceylon; detachment of 5 companies to India – Madras; Curcoor; Erode; Seringapatam; Trichinopoly

1800:

Ceylon - Colombo; Trincomalee; Galle

1801:

Ceylon

1802:

Colombo

1803:

Colombo; February – 1st Kandian War; June – massacre at Kandy (300 sick and wounded killed – 1 survivor)

1804:

Kandy Expedition; Travancore War

1805:

Kandy Expedition; Colombo

1806:

Colombo

1807:

Colombo

1808:

Colombo

1809:

Colombo; Travancore War

1810:

Ceylon; 4 companies to Rodriguez and capture of Mauritius

1811:

Ceylon

1812:

Ceylon

1813:

Ceylon

1814:

Ceylon; Trincomalee

1815:

Ceylon; 2nd Kandian War

1819:

Left Ceylon, arrived England early 1820 – having been away 24 years!

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt. Col. James Coates

Born 1740; Major in 66th Foot 3 October 1766; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 11 September 1775; served in American War; Lieutenant-Colonel in 19th Foot 26 October 1775; brevet Colonel 16 May 1781; subsequently Major-General 28 April 1790; served in Flanders 1793 to 1794; Colonel of 2nd Foot 20 December 1794; Lieutenant-General 29 January 1797; General 29 April 1802; died 1822.

Lt. Col. George Dalrymple

Served in American War; Major in 42nd Foot 16 March 1791; Lieutenant-Colonel in 19th Foot 31 December 1794 (on transfer from 42nd Foot); retired February 1804.

Lt. Col. Wroth Palmer Acland

Born Devon 1770; Major in 19th Foot 19 March 1795 (on transfer from 3rd Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1795; exchanged to Coldstream Foot Guards 10 May 1800.

Major John Wauchope

Major in 19th Foot 1 September 1795; retired July 1801.

Major M. Scott

Major in 19th Foot 9 September 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 25th Foot 7 November 1795.

Major James French

Major in 19th Foot 9 September 1795 (on transfer from 102nd Foot); gone by 1798.

Lt. Col. Dunbar James Hunter

Born Edinburgh 1773; Major in 19th Foot 4 November 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 February 1804; superseded May 1804; retired June 1804.

Lt. Col. Edwin Hewgill

Brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; Deputy Barrack-Master-General to HM Forces December 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel in 18th Foot 10 May 1800 (on exchange from Coldstream Foot Guards); commanded 19th Foot 1800 to 1803; Major-General 1 October 1803; died 1809.

Lt. Col. William Vincent

Major in 19th Foot 17 July 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 19 May 1804; commanded 19th Foot 1804 to 1806; retired September 1806.

Major Herbert Beaver

Major in 19th Foot 9 September 1803; died September 1809.

Major Sir William Aylett

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; Major in 19th Foot 9 August 1804 (on transfer from 15th Light Dragoons); on half-pay 18 April 1805; retired April 1805 ‘on half-pay of 6th Garrison Battalion’.

Major Robert Honner

Major in 19th Foot 23 April 1805; court-martialled in Colombo February 1806 for ‘conduct unbecoming’ after striking Captain Lawrence; cashiered.

Lt. Col. Hon. Patrick Stewart

Lieutenant-Colonel in 19th Foot 25 September 1806 (on transfer from 96th Foot); commanded 19th Foot 1806 to 1815; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814.

Lt. Col. Henry Samuel Eyre

Born London 1770; brevet Major January 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 19th Foot 8 September 1808 (on transfer from 82nd Foot); transferred to 1st Foot Guards 24 September 1812.

Major Francis Forrester

Brevet Major October 1803; Major in 19th Foot 11 August 1804 (on transfer from 15th Light Dragoons); exchanged to 15th Light Dragoons 19 August 1804.

Major Rogerson Mathews

Major in 19th Foot 29 March 1808 (on transfer from Champagne’s Regiment); retired July 1810.

Major Alexander Lawrence

Major in 19th Foot 21 September 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel in 2nd Garrison Battalion 28 May 1812; Governor of Upnor Castle in 1820.

Major James McNab

Major in 19th Foot 21 July 1810; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814.

Lt. Col. William Henry Rainsford

Born London 1776; served in Walcheren 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel in 19th Foot 24 September 1812 (on transfer from 1st Foot Guards); brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; transferred to 89th Foot 1 November 1817.

Major Donald McDonald

Major in 19th Foot 11 June 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 October 1818.

Sources:

Adams, Margaret. British Regiments in India. Sheffield, Yorkshire: The Indiaman Magazine, 2005.

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester , Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Westlake, Ray. English & Welsh Infantry Regiments - An Illustrated Record of Service 1662-1994. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.

London Gazette Website. May 2009.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2009

 

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