Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 27th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Enniskillen

Regimental History

1689:

26 June – Raised in Enniskillen, Ireland

1800:

16 May – 2nd Battalion formed at Dover

1802:

November - 2nd Battalion disbanded on Malta

1804:

1 August – 2nd Battalion re-formed at Glasgow

1805:

25 September – 3rd Battalion formed at Edinburgh

1816:

February – 3rd Battalion disbanded at Canterbury

1817:

April – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Dublin

 
Colonels

1773:

19 February

Eyre, Lord Clarina

1804:

23 May

Francis, Marquis of Hastings, K.G., G.C.B., G.C.H. (until 1826)

Colonel-Commandant

1800:

9 May

Eyre Power Trench

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

Ireland – Dublin; Galway; Cork; to England – Southampton; to Flanders - August – Ostend; Menin; Portsmouth; November – Guernsey

1794:

Portsmouth; Southampton; received drafts from 103rd Foot; June – Netley; June – Ostend; Malines; Nieupoort; October – Nijmegen; Tiel

1795:

January – Waal; in rearguard during retreat to Bremen; April – Portsmouth; Dorchester Castle; July – to Quiberon; Southampton; November – Portsmouth; to West Indies

1796:

March – Barbados; ST LUCIA; May – Morne Fortuné; Grenada

1797:

Grenada

1798:

Grenada; April – to England (not drafted out); July – Portsmouth; Winchester; August – Guernsey

1799:

January – Lyndhurst; July – Barham Downs; August – to Helder; Groët-Keeten; Schoorl-Oudskarpel; Egmont-Aan-Zee; Kastrikum; December – Dover Castle

1800:

Dover; June – Swinley; August – Portsmouth; September – Gibraltar; October – Cadiz; November - Malta; high sickness rate

1801:

Malta; May – Egypt; siege of Alexandria; October – Malta

1802:

Malta; November – received 2nd Battalion men

1803:

Malta

1804:

Malta

1805:

Malta; October – to Naples

1806:

January – Naples; February – Sicily; Messina; St Euphemia; July – MAIDA; August - Sicily

1807:

Sicily

1808:

Sicily; Scylla

1809:

Sicily

1810:

Sicily

1811:

Sicily

1812:

Sicily; December – to Spain

1813:

Spain - Alicante; Alcoy; Alsafora; April – Biar; Castalla; May – Tarragonna; Villa Franca

1814:

February – blockade of Barcelona; May – Bordeaux; to Canada – Montreal; Plattsburgh; November – Montreal; December – Halifax;

1815:

January – Bermuda; March – Jamaica; Mississippi; April – Jamaica; May – Gosport; received drafts from 2/27th; to Belgium – Ostend; WATERLOO – 69% casualties; Paris; Army of Occupation

1817:

March – Calais; to England.

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1800:

16 May – formed in Dover from Irish Militia volunteers; June – Swinley; August – Portsmouth; Ferrol; September – Gibraltar; October – Cadiz; November - Malta; Lisbon

1801:

March – Egypt; Aboukir; Lake Mareotis; Alexandria; siege of Alexandria; Cairo; October - Malta

1802:

November - Disbanded on Malta (men into 1/27th)

1804:

1 August – re-formed at Glasgow; to England

1805:

Ramsgate; October – 6 companies to Hanover

1806:

May – Sicily; drafts into 1/27th; December - Malta – received 300 new recruits

1807:

Malta

1808:

Malta

1809:

Malta; May - Sicily – Melazzo; June – Procida; Sicily; Palermo

1810:

Sicily

1811:

Sicily

1812:

Sicily; December – to Spain

1813:

Spain - Alicante; Alcoy; Alsafora; April – Biar; Castalla; May – Tarragonna; Ordal

1814:

February – blockade of Barcelona; May – Bordeaux; to Ireland – Cork

1815:

Cork; to Belgium – Ghent; to Ireland

1817:

April – disbanded at Dublin.

Stations and Combats – 3rd Battalion

1805:

25 September – formed at Edinburgh; October – Dunbar

1806:

January – Edinburgh; June – Stirling; August – Glasgow; October – Ayr; sent 400 men to 1st & 2nd Battalions; December - Belfast

1807:

Belfast; February – Armagh; July - Enniskillen

1808:

Enniskillen; May – Curragh; Cork; September – to Peninsula; October – Tagus; November - Lisbon

1809:

Lisbon; Leyria; Lisbon garrison; July – high sickness rate; December – to field army

1810:

Bussaco

1811:

March – Redinha; Olivença; Alde de Ponte; May – 1st siege of Badajoz

1812:

Almeida; March – 2nd siege of BADAJOZ; Castrajon; SALAMANCA; Madrid; retreat from Burgos

1813:

Burgos; VITTORIA; Roncesvalles; PYRENEES; 2nd siege of San Sebastian; Heights of Salain; NIVELLE; Nive

1814:

ORTHEZ; TOULOUSE; May – Bordeaux; to Canada; August – Quebec; Plattsburgh; Chambly

1815:

Lower Canada; to England; August – Portsmouth; to Belgium – Ostend; Paris; to England

1816:

February – disbanded at Canterbury.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Henry Erskine Knight

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 19 February 1783; Major in 21st Foot 31 December 1784; Major in 45th Foot ?; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 4 May 1789; retired November 1793.

Major George Gilman

Major in 27th Foot 10 June 1785; served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; served in West Indies 1795 to 1796; died in West Indies 1796.

Lt Col John Thomas Buller

Major in New South Wales Corps 7 May 1; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 26 November 1793 (on transfer from NSW Corps); served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; killed in action at Buurmalsen January 1795.

Major William Ramsay

Brevet Major 10 May 1790; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1794; Major in 27th Foot early 1795 (on transfer from 14th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel 80th Foot 16 June 1795.

Lt Col James Drummond

Major in 81st Foot 9 September 1795 (on transfer from 72nd Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 9 February 1795; died in West Indies late 1796.

Lt Col John Barker

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1794; Major in 27th Foot 27 June 1795 (on transfer from 10th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1795; retired December 1795.

Major Robert Henry Malcolm

Major in 27th Foot 1 September 1795; served in West Indies 1795 to 1796; wounded on St Lucia; died in West Indies 1796.

Major Charles Parke

Major in 27th Foot 25 May 1796; retired December 1799.

Major George Rutherford

Major in 27th Foot 20 October 1796 (on transfer from 45th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel in Major-General Whyte’s Regiment 30 December 1797.

Lt Col William Horne

Lieutenant-Colonel in 48th Foot 24 October 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 17 November 1796; to Lieutenant-Colonel 48th Foot 18 January 1797.

Lt Col Frederick Maitland

Born Sussex 1763, son of General Alexander Maitland; served at Gibraltar 1779 to 1782; served in West Indies 1783 to 1784, and 1787 to 1793; Major in 9th Foot May 1795 (on transfer from 60th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel in 9th Foot 26 September 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 17 November 1796; served at Helder 1799; brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel in 29th Foot 4 August 1804; subsequently Major-General 30 October 1805; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811; commanded forces on the east coast of Spain July to October 1812; General 25 May 1825; died January 1848.

Lt Col Samuel Graham

Born Scotland 1756; served in North America, taken POW at Yorktown; served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; Major in 19th Foot October 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 19th Foot 20 May 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in Colonel Myer’s Regiment 23 May 1795; served in West Indies 1796 to 1797; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 18 January 1797; commanded 27th Foot 1797 to 1801; lost left eye at Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; subsequently Major-General 25 October 1809; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; Lieutenant-Governor of Stirling Castle; died Scotland 1831.

Lt Col Henry Cuyler

Born 1769; Major in 27th Foot 3 November 1797 (on transfer from 30th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 16 May 1800; commanded 2/27th Foot 1800 to 1802; on half-pay 1802; subsequently Lieutenant-Colonel 4th Garrison Battalion 14 November 1804.

Lt Col Lemuel Warren

Born Dublin 1771; served in Flanders 1793 to 1795; served in West Indies 1796; served at Helder 1799; Major in 27th Foot 31 December 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 August 1804; commanded 1/27th Foot 1806 to 1813; commanded 1/27th Foot in Peninsula November 1812 to June 1813; commanded a brigade on east coast of Spain July 1813 to April 1814; brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; died London October 1833.

Major Thomas Chatterton

Major in 27th Foot 24 May 1800; retired May 1801.

Lt Col Lyde Browne

Born London 1759; brevet Major 9 September 1794; Major in Nicholl’s Regiment 21 January 1797; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 January 1798; Major in 90th Foot 14 July 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 30 May 1800 (on transfer from 90th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel in 21st Foot 25 June 1802; murdered in Dublin riots 23 July 1803.

Lt Col Nathaniel Williams Massey

Born Ireland 1773, son of General Eyre Massey, Baron Clarina; Lieutenant-Colonel 33rd Light Dragoons 15 November 1794; on half-pay 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel in 35th Foot 1799; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel 27th Foot 30 May 1800; brevet Colonel 1 January 1801; subsequently Major-General 25 April 1808; died Barbados 1810.

Lt Col Haviland Smith

Major in Corsican Corps; on half-pay 1799; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Major in 27th Foot 16 May 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel 12 September 1805; commanded 2/27th Foot 1805 to 1813; commanded 1/27th Foot at Maida; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; commanded a brigade on the east coast of Spain 1813 to 1814; died 1817.

Major John Stewart

Major in 25th Foot 9 September 1798; Major in 27th Foot 30 May 1800; Major in 52nd Foot 19 March 1803.

Lt Col John MacLean, K.C.B.

Served in Irish Rebellion 1798; wounded at Helder 1799; Major in 27th Foot 2 August 1800 (on transfer from 92nd Foot); served in Egypt 1801; served in Hanover 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel 9 June 1808; commanded 3/27th Foot in Peninsula November 1808 to November 1811, wounded at Badajoz; again in Peninsula May 1812 to April 1814, wounded at Toulouse; brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; subsequently Major-General 27 May 1825; Colonel of 60th Foot 7 January 1835; Lieutenant-General 26 June 1838; died January 1848.

Major Archibald McMurdo

Major in 27th Foot 8 May 1801; retired February 1803.

Lt Col Hon. Galbraith Lowry Cole, G.C.B.

Born Dublin 1772; Major in 70th Foot 31 October 1793; served in West Indies 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in Ward’s Regiment 26 November 1794; brevet Colonel 1 January 1801; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 3rd Foot Guards 24 May 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel in 27th Foot 4 August 1804; commanded 1/27th Foot in Mediterranean 1805 to 1806; 2IC to Sir John Stuart at Maida; subsequently Major-General 25 April 1808; commanded 4th Division in Peninsula October 1809 to December 1811, wounded at Albuera; again Peninsula July 1812, wounded at Salamanca; and again October 1812 to April 1814; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1813; commanded 6th Division in Waterloo campaign, missed Waterloo as was getting married; General 22 July 1830; Governor of Cape of Good Hope 1828 to 1838; died October 1842.

Major Moncrieffe Willoughby

Major in 27th Foot 18 August 1804; retired June 1805.

Major William Brydges Neynoe

Born Dublin 1767; Major in 27th Foot 9 September 1804 (on transfer from 34th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; on half-pay 1816; died Cornwall 1835.

Major Richard Askew

Major in 27th Foot 27 June 1805; nothing further known.

Major William Howe Knight (Erskine), C.B.

Born Kent 1782, son of Lt Col Henry Erskine; Major in 27th Foot 12 September 1805; served in Peninsula with 3/27th November 1808 to June 1809; again in Peninsula April 1810 to June 1812; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1812; wounded at Badajoz; retired on half-pay 1813; died 1843.

Major John Shaw

Major in 27th Foot 12 September 1805; exchanged to 40th Foot 29 October 1805.

Lt Col George James Reeves, C.B.

Served in West Indies 1793 to 1795; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 27th Foot 10 October 1805 (on transfer from 18th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1812; commanded 2/27th on east coast of Spain December 1812 to September 1813, wounded at Ordal; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; subsequently Major-General 28 June 1838; died March 1845.

Major Hon. George Carleton

Born Surrey 1781, son of Lord Dorchester; Major in 27th Foot 29 October 1805; Inspecting Field Officer in Canada 28 January 1808; subsequently Lieutenant-Colonel 44th Foot 22 August 1811.

Major John Birmingham

Major in 27th Foot 30 April 1807; served in Peninsula with 3/27th November 1808 to May 1811; wounded in sortie from Badajoz 10 May 1811 and died the next day.

Major Charles Thompson

Served at Maida 1806; Major in 27th Foot 25 February 1808; served on east coast of Spain with 1/27th Foot November 1812 to April 1814; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814.

Major Peter Nicholson

Major in 27th Foot 16 June 1808 (on transfer from 47th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; on half-pay 1820.

Major Mark Butcher

Major in 27th Foot 11 July 1811; to half-pay 92nd Foot 20 April 1815; retired before 1820.

Major Thomas Johnstone

Major in 42nd Foot 3 March 18 Major in 27th Foot 21 January 1813; served in Peninsula with 3/27th August to November 1813; killed in action at Nivelle 21 January 1813.

Major Wheeler Sparrow

Served on east coast of Spain November 1812 to April 1814; Major in 27th Foot 4 June 1813; retired before 1820.

Major Charles Mill

Born Scotland 1780; served in West Indies 1796; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 27th Foot 23 December 1813; served in North America 1814; on half-pay 1817; Major in 55th Foot 11 January 1821; killed in action India 1834.

Captain John Hare, C.B.

Served at Helder 1799; served in Egypt 1801; served in Mediterranean 1805 to 1812; served on east coast of Spain 1812 to 1814; commanded 2/27th Foot September 1813 to May 1814; commanded 1/27th Foot at Waterloo, ended the battle as the only unwounded officer in the battalion; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; Lieutenant-Colonel 31 March 1825; died aboard ship travelling home from Cape of Good Hope 1847.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1796 to 1815. London: various years.

Trimble, W. Copeland. The Historical record of the 27th Inniskilling Regiment, from the Period of its Institution as a Volunteer Corps, until the Present Time.  London: William Clowes & Sons, 1876.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

Westlake, Ray. English & Welsh Infantry Regiments - An Illustrated Record of Service 1662-1994. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Dalton, Charles. The Waterloo Roll Call. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1904.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Miltary – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. July 2010.

The Napoleon Series. Peninsula Roll Call.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2010

 

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