Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 30th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Cambridgeshire

Regimental History

1689:

Raised in Lincolnshire by Sir George Saunderson (disbanded 1698)

1702:

Re-raised as marines (disbanded again 1710)

1715:

Re-raised

1803:

2nd Battalion formed at Chelmsford

1817:

2nd Battalion disbanded

Colonels

1782:

8 February

Thomas Clarke

1799:

7 January

Robert Manners

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

1793:

Service as marines on Channel Fleet; August - Toulon; Fort Mulgrave; Aresnes; October – ordered to Gibraltar in preparation for West Indies, order cancelled

1794:

January - Corsica; Mortello; San Fiorenzo; Bastia; Calvi

1795:

March – service as marines at Genoa; July – service as marines at Hyeres; rest of battalion aboard convoy attacked near Bordeaux, HQ company taken POW

1796:

Colchester; to Ireland – Bandon

1797:

Bandon; marine company at Cape St Vincent

1798:

Bandon; Cork; to Mediterranean - Minorca

1799:

Minorca; to Sicily – Palermo; Messina; December - Malta; Fort Riscali; capture of Valetta

1800:

Malta; October – Gibraltar; November – Malta; December – to Egypt; Marmorice Bay

1801:

February – to Egypt; Aboukir Bay; Lake Mareotis; Mandora; Alexandria; Rahmanieh; Cairo; October - Malta

1802:

March – England; 6 companies in Sunderland, 4 companies in Tyneside

1803:

Sunderland and Tyneside; May – Ipswich; Chelmsford

1804:

January – Liverpool; to Ireland – Dublin; Tullamore

1805:

Tullamore; Meath; July – Curragh; Limerick; November – Cork; December – to Hanover

1806:

Weser; to England – Ramsgate; Canterbury; April – Portsmouth; received 7 officers & 400 men from 2/30th; May – to India

1807:

January - Madras; May – 70 men as marines to Batavia Roads; October – 2 companies as marines at Surabaya

1808:

2 companies to Macau, rest at Madras; December – grenadier company at Grissee (Yogyakarta)

1809:

Madras; Nagapatam; April – Trichinopoly

1810:

Trichinopoly

1811:

Trichinopoly

1812:

Cannanore

1813:

Cannanore

1814:

Cannanore

1815:

Cannanore; Gooty; September – Vellore; Madras

1830:

Home - after 24 years away!

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1803:

June - formed at Chelmsford

1804:

January – Liverpool; to Dublin; Moate; Clara; Kilbeggan

1805:

Kilbeggan; July – Curragh; Dublin; Strabane; draft of 7 officers & 400 men to 1/30th

1806:

Strabane; December – 246 men to 9th Garrison Battalion

1807:

Strabane; Londonderry

1808:

Londonderry; Longford; Athlone; May – Curragh; Athlone

1809:

Athlone; Dublin; Kinsale’ Cork; March – to Portugal; April – Lisbon; June – Gibraltar

1810:

Gibraltar; April – 5 companies to Tarifa; May – battalion reunited at Cadiz; October – Lisbon; Sobral; Mont Agraca; Torres Vedras

1811:

Fuentes d’Onoro; Fuentes Guinaldo

1812:

BADAJOZ; SALAMANCA; retreat from Burgos; Villamurial (light company taken POW); November – draft of 90 men from depot; December – reduced to 4 companies and into 4th Provisional Battalion; Lamego

1813:

February – 12 officers and 75 men invalided home; May – ordered home to recruit; Lisbon; June – England; September – reunited with 6 depot companies (from Hull) on Jersey

1814:

January – drafts to 1/30th in India; to Flanders; Loenhout; Bergen-Op-Zoom; Antwerp; October – draft of 215 recruits

1815:

Soignies; Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Paris; Army of Occupation; December – Calais; Dover; Margate; to Ireland - Cork

1817:

24 April – disbanded in Ireland.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col Christopher Maxwell

Major in 30th Foot 7 June 1776; served in American War; Lieutenant-Colonel 7 November 1782; commanded 30th Foot 1782 to 1794; brevet Colonel 12 October 1793; exchanged to 95th Foot 19 February 1794.

Major Thomas Campbell

Major in 30th Foot 24 July 1783; to independent company 22 October 1793.

Lt Col Sir Charles Green, Bt.

Born Gibraltar 1749; served in American War; Major in 31st Foot 25 February 1788; Lieutenant-Colonel in 85th Foot 30 October 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel in 30th Foot 19 February 1794; commanded 30th Foot 1794 to 1796; Governor of Grenada 1796 to 1801; brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; subsequently Major-General 25 September 1803; commander Leeward Islands 1804 to 1805; captured Surinam 1804; Commander-in-Chief Malta 1807 to 1808; Lieutenant-General 25 October 1809; died Cheltenham 1831.

Major Robert Brereton

Major in 30th Foot 22 October 1793; commanded 30th Foot at Toulon and on Corsica; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 63rd Foot 27 May 1795; subsequently brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; Major-General 25 October 1809; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; died 1816.

Lt Col William Wilkinson

Served in American War; served as marine and as Town Major Toulon 1793; served on Corsica 1794; brevet Major 1 March 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1795; served in Ireland 1798; served on Malta 1799; served in Egypt 1801; brevet Colonel 25 September 1803; commanded 1/30th 1804 to 1810; subsequently Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; General 10 January 1837.

Major Thomas Vincent Reynolds

Major in 30th Foot 1 September 1795 (on transfer from Scotch Brigade); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 24 January 1799; retired June 1801; a “lunatic” by 1810 (according to London Gazette).

Major Henry Clinton

Born 1771; Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel 1st Foot Guards 30 November 1792; Major in 30th Foot September 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 66th Foot 30 September 1795; brevet Colonel 25 September 1803; Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; commanded division at Waterloo; died December 1829.

Lt Col William Lockhart

Major in 30th Foot 30 September 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1801; commanded 30th Foot in Egypt 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel 9 July 1803; commanded 2/30th Foot 1804; brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; commanded 1/30th Foot in India 1810 to 1812; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1813; died March 1817.

Major Hon. John Meade

Born 1775; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served at Ferrol 1800; Major in 30th Foot 4 June 1801 (on transfer from 9th Foot); to Lieutenant-Colonel in 16th Garrison Battalion 1 December 1804; subsequently Major-General 12 August 1819; Lieutenant-General 10 January 1837; died 1849.

Major Robert Pigot

Major in 130th Foot 19 March 1796; on half-pay 1 March 1798; Major in 30th Foot 9 July 1803; died April 1804.

Lt Col Philip Vaumorel

Served in North America 1780 to 1791; served at Toulon 1793; served in Ireland 1798; served on Malta 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 30th Foot 9 July 1803; served in Hanover 1805; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 October 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 27 February 1810; commanded 1/30th Foot in India 1812 to 1820; brevet Colonel 12 August 1819; died whilst on sick leave 1820.

Major William Wright

Major in 30th Foot 20 August 1804; commanded Macau detachment in 1809; died at Penang 16 August 1809.

Lt Col William Minet

Born Hertfordshire 1763; Major in 4th Foot 29 November 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; Major in 5th Foot November 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel in 5th Foot December 1798; served at Helder 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in York Rangers October 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel in 30th Foot 18 September 1804; brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; commanded 2/30th Foot 1804 to 1809; commanded 2/30th Foot in Peninsula April to May 1809, and again June 1810 to June 1811; subsequently Major-General 4 June 1811; died 1828.

Lt Col Alexander Hamilton, C.B.

Served at Toulon 1793; served on Corsica 1794; served on Malta 1799; served in Egypt 1801; Major in 30th Foot 21 April 1804; served in Peninsula April to May 1809, ad again June 1810 to August 1811; Lieutenant-Colonel 25 July 1811; commanded 2/30th Foot in Peninsula May 1812 to June 1813; commanded 2/30th Foot in Flanders 1814; commanded 2/30th Foot at Quatre Bras and Waterloo 1815, badly wounded at Quatre Bras; retired as Colonel 1829; died at Woolwich June 1838.

Major George Grey

Major in 30th Foot 1 December 1804; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1811; served in Peninsula April to May 1809, and again June 1810 to April 1812; wounded at Badajoz April 1812 and died of wounds the next day.

Lt Col Christopher Maxwell (Junior)

Born 1779, son of Lieutenant-Colonel Christopher Maxwell of 30th Foot; Major in 30th Foot 16 August 1809; served with 6th Native Cavalry in India 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813; on half-pay 25 June 1817; died Kirkcudbright 1853.

Major John Currey

Served in Peninsula with 9th Foot August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; Major in 30th Foot 27 December 1810; died 8 October 1813.

Major Morris William Bailey, C.B.

Major in Meuron’s Regiment 17 January 1809; Major in 30th Foot 25 July 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; wounded at Waterloo; Major in 80th Foot 25 December 1817; Lieutenant-Colonel in 64th Foot 1821; died Bath November 1845.

Major Thomas Leach

Major in 30th Foot 4 June 1813; retired before 1820.

Major Thomas Roberts

Shipwrecked en route to Hanover 1806; POW in Bordeaux 1806 to 1814; Major in 30th Foot 4 June 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel in Roll’s Regiment December 1814; retired before 1820.

Major Charles Albert Vigoreux, C.B.

Served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; served at Helder 1799; served in Peninsula with 38th Foot April 1810 to June 1813; Major in 30th Foot 4 June 1813 (on transfer from 38th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 June 1813; commanded composite light battalions at Vittoria and Waterloo; to Lieutenant-Colonel in 45th Foot 20 December 1826; retired 12 July 1839; died December 1841.

Major Peter Ryves Hawker

Shipwrecked en route to Hanover 1806; POW in Bordeaux 1806 to 1814; Major in 30th Foot 23 June 1814; Lieutenant-Colonel in Roll’s Regiment December 1814; retired March 1817.

Major Samuel Bircham

The XXX Sharpe. Sergeant-Major in 30th Foot at Toulon; Ensign November 1793; Major 20 July 1815; on half-pay June 1820; Major in Royal Veteran Battalion 1823; Lieutenant-Colonel of Ceylon Rifles 1827.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1793 to 1815. London: various years.

Divall, Carole. Redcoats Against Napoleon. Barnsley: Pen & Sword, 2009.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

Dalton, Charles. The Waterloo Roll Call. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1904.

Westlake, Ray. English & Welsh Infantry Regiments - An Illustrated Record of Service 1662-1994. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 2002.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2011.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

London Gazette Website. September 2011.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. September 2011.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: October 2011

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