Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 33rd Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

1st Yorkshire, West Riding

Regimental History

1702:

12 February – raised in Gloucestershire by Earl of Huntingdon

Colonels

1766:

21 March

Charles, Marquis Cornwallis, K.C.G.

1806:

30 Jan

Arthur, Marquess of Wellington, K.B.

1813:

1 January

Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, K.B.

Stations and Combats

1793:

Ireland; November - flank companies to West Indies

1794:

Cork; June – to Flanders; Ostend; Roosendaal; Boxtel, Tuyl; Geldermalsen; flank companies on Martinique and Guadeloupe; October – flank companies wiped out on Guadeloupe

1795:

Waal; retreat to Bremen; April – to England; Warley; November – Portsmouth; to West Indies; did not sail; Lymington

1796:

Lymington; February – to East Indies; April - Cape of Good Hope; to India

1797:

February – India; Calcutta; August – to Manila; Penang; to India; November - Madras

1798:

Calcutta; July – Arcot; September – Madras; Fort St George

1799:

Fort St George; February - 4th Mysore War; Vellore; Mallavelly; May - SERINGAPATAM

1800:

Seringapatam

1801:

Seringapatam – December - Vellore

1802:

Vellore

1803:

Seringapatam

1804:

Seringapatam; February – 5 companies to Vellore; June – Seringapatam; Allighur; Deig; Delhi; Leswaree

1805:

April – Vellore; May – Gootz; June – Bellary; August – Hyderabad; ordered to march to Mahratta Frontier

1806:

On march; October – Camp of the Grand Army (having marched 900 miles)

1807:

Burhampur; marched back to Hyderabad

1808:

May – Hyderabad

1809:

Hyderabad

1810:

Hyderabad; April – Jurchilla; May – Wurrubeaudah; June – Bangalore; November – Seringapatam; flank companies to Mauritius; November – Port Louis

1811:

Seringapatam; May – Vellore; June – Fort St George; August – to England

1812:

To England; July – Gravesend; Hull (16 years away!)

1813:

Hull; February – Windsor on King’s Duty; Harwich; July – to Swedish Pomerania; Stralsund; Rostock; to England; Great Yarmouth; to Holland; December - Willemstad

1814:

Merxcem; Bergen-Op-Zoom; Antwerp

1815:

Menin; Quatre Bras; WATERLOO; Army of Occupation; December – Calais; to England; Hull.

Careers of Senior Officers (shown as highest rank attained in regiment in the period)

Lt Col John Yorke

Major in 33rd Foot 8 August 1776; served in the American War of Independence; Lieutenant-Colonel 24 April 1781; brevet Colonel 12 March 1783; resigned September 1793; Deputy Lieutenant-Governor of the Tower of London 1794 to 1820.

Lt Col the Honourable Arthur Wesley (Wellesley)

born Ireland 1769; Major in 33rd Foot on 30 April 1793 (on transfer from 18th Light Dragoons); Lieutenant-Colonel 30 September 1793; commanded 33rd Foot 1793 to 1801; served in Flanders 1794 to 1795; brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; served in India 1797 to 1804; Brigadier General in India 17 July 1801; subsequently Major-General 29 April 1802; commanded forces in Mahratta war; commanded brigade in Hanover expedition 1805; Colonel of 33rd Foot 30 June 1806; commanded brigade in Copenhagen expedition 1806; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; commanded British forces in Portugal 1808; commanded allied forces in Portugal and later Spain 1809 to 1814; Viscount Wellington 26 August 1809; local general in Spain 31 July 1811; Earl of Wellington 18 February 1812; Marquess of Wellington 18 August 1812; Colonel of Royal Horse Guards 1 January 1813; Field-Marshal 3 July 1813; Duke of Wellington 3 May 1814; commanded British allied forces in Waterloo campaign; commander-in-chief of British Army 1827; Prime Minister 1828; died Kent 14 September 1852.

Maj William Gore

Major in 33rd Foot 21 July 1790; resigned April 1793.

Lt Col John Coape Sherbrooke

Born Nottinghamshire 1764; Major in 33rd Foot 30 September 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 24 May 1794; served in Flanders 1794 1795; brevet Colonel 1 January 1798; to half-pay of 5th Foot 29 October 1802; subsequently Major-General 1 January 1805; commanded brigade and division in Peninsula 1808 to 1809; Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia 1811 to 1816; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1811; Colonel of 33rd Foot 1 January 1813; Governor-General of British North America 1816 to 1818; died Nottinghamshire February 1830.

Maj John Shee

Major in 33rd Foot 1 December 1794; served in India 1797 to 1802; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; retired March 1802.

Maj Frederick Cornwallis

Major in 33rd Foot 24 May 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 March 1794; retired September 1796.

Lt Col Walter Elliott

Major in 33rd Foot 8 September 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 29 April 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel 20 February 1806; retired August 1807.

Lt Col Arthur Gore

Major in 40th Foot 19 July 1802 (on transfer from Caithness Highlanders); Lieutenant-Colonel in 5th Foot 23 July 1802; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 23 July 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel in 33rd Foot 29 October 1802; brevet Colonel 4 June 1811; commanded 33rd Foot 1802 to 1813; Brigadier-General in Flanders 1814; killed in action at Bergen-Op-Zoom 8 March 1814.

Maj George Crawford

Major in 33rd Foot 20 March 1802; to half-pay of 27th Foot September 1803.

Lt Col John Campbell

Major in 27th Foot 24 November 1802; to half-pay; Major in 33rd Foot 27 September 1803; Lieutenant-Colonel 6 August 1807; commanded detachment of 33rd Foot to Isle de France 1810; killed in action on Isle de France 2 December 1810.

Maj Dennis Quinn

Major in 33rd Foot 6 March 1806; retired 19 May 1808.

Lt Col Francis Ralph West

Major in 33rd Foot 6 August 1807; Lieutenant-Colonel 3 December 1810; retired September 1813.

Maj William Lambton

Born 1753; served in North America 1785 to 1795; served in India 1797 to 1812; Major in 33rd Foot 1 March 1808; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; to half-pay 25 December 1818; died January 1823.

Maj James Todd

Major in 33rd Foot 3 December 1810; retired February 1813.

Lt Col William Keith Elphinstone, C.B.

Born 1782; Major in 8th West India Regiment 2 May 1811; Major in 6th Dragoon Guards 30 January 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel in 33rd Foot 30 September 1813; commanded 33rd Foot 1813 to 1815 and at Waterloo; brevet Colonel 27 May 1825; subsequently Major-General 10 January 1837; commanded disastrous Kabul expedition in Afghanistan 1842; died of exhaustion 23 April 1842.

Maj John Lockington Harty

Major in 33rd Foot 4 February 1813; retired July 1814.

Maj Edward Parkinson

Served in India and at Isle de France and Bourbon; Major in 33rd Foot 17 March 1814; served in Holland 1814; wounded at Quatre Bras; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 June 1815; Major on half pay of 11 Foot 1 September 1817; brevet Colonel 10 January 1837; subsequently Major General 9 November 1846; Lieutenant-General 1851; died January 1858.

Maj John Guthrie

Major in 33rd Foot 7 July 1814; retired June 1815.

Maj George Colclough

Major in 33rd Foot 8 June 1815.

Sources:

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1815. London: various years.

Brereton, J.M and Savory, A.C.S. The History of the Duke of Wellington’s Regiment (West Riding), 1702-1992. Halifax: The Regiment, 1993.

Chichester, Henry Manners, and Burges-Short, Henry. The Records and Badges of Every Regiment and Corps in the British Army. London: William Clowes & Sons, 1895.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Patrizan Press, 2011.

Park, S.J. and Nafziger, G.F. The British Military – Its System and Organization 1803-1815. Cambridge, Ontario: Rafm Co. Inc. 1983.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. June 2012. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2012

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