Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 36th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown

Secondary Titles:

Herefordshire

 
     

Regimental History

 

1702:

Raised in Ulster by Lord Charlemont

 

1706:

Alnutt’s Regiment of Foot

 

1709:

Campbell’s Regiment of Foot

 

1710:

Desney’s Regiment of Foot

 

1715:

Egerton’s Regiment of Foot

 

1719:

Hotham’s Regiment of Foot

 

1720:

Pocock’s Regiment of Foot

 

1721:

Lenoe’s Regiment of Foot

 

1732:

Moyle’s Regiment of Foot

 

1737:

Bland’s Regiment of Foot

 

1741:

Fleming’s Regiment of Foot

 

1751:

Numbered as 36th Regiment of Foot

 

1782:

Secondary title: Herefordshire

 

1804:

24 November – 2nd Battalion formed at Sunderland

 

1814:

24 October – 2nd Battalion disbanded at Portsmouth

 

1881:

2nd Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment

 

Current:

2nd Battalion, The Mercian Regiment (Worcesters and Foresters)

 
     

Colonels

 

1778:

26 November

Hon. Henry St John (until 1818)

 
       

Significant Militia Volunteer Intakes:

 

1799:

1st Lancashire, Monmouth and Beconshire, Montgomeryshire, 1st Shropshire, 2nd Shropshire, Westminster, 1st Worcestershire

 

1805:

Cornwall, 3rd Lincolnshire, 1st Somersetshire, County Carlow, County Sligo

 

1806:

County Kilkenny, King's County, County Westmeath

 

1807:

Northumberland, 3rd West Yorkshire

 

1808:

Carmarthenshire, West Kent, North Lincolnshire

 

1809:

Cardiganshire, Glamorganshire, Herefordshire, Shropshire

 

1812:

County Louth

 
   

Stations and Combats – 1st Battalion

 

1793:

India - Bangalore; June - to Pondicherry; siege of Pondicherry; Madras

1794:

Trichinopoly

1795:

Negapatam

1796:

Warriore

1797:

Warriore

1798:

Pondicherry; Wallahjabad; fit men into 74th and 76th Foot; October - cadre home to England

1799:

3 month stopover on St Helena; July - England; Greenhithe; Cirencester; Winchester; received 769 militia volunteers

1800:

January - Portsmouth; to Ireland; Cork; Fermoy; Clonmel; Cork; June - to Isle de Houat; Quiberon; July - Minorca

1801:

Minorca

1802:

Minorca; August - to Ireland; Cork; Galway

1803:

Galway; July - Dublin riots

1804:

Dublin

1805:

Dublin; August - Curragh of Kildare; September - Bandon; October - Cork; to Hanover

1806:

Hanover; March - to England; Hastings; April - Battle; October - Portsmouth; to South America

1807:

At sea; July - Monte Video; assault on Buenos Ayres; taken POW; to Ireland; December - Cork

1808:

Cork; February - Fermoy; July - Cork; to Portugal; Figuera; ROLICA; VIMEIRO; Lisbon; November - into Spain; retreat to Corunna

1809:

CORUNNA; to England; February - Playdon; April - Battle; July - Portsmouth; to Walcheren; Flushing; November - Woolwich

1810:

Battle Barracks

1811:

Battle; February - to Portugal; March - Lisbon; Almeida; Fuentes d'Onoro; Barba del Puerco; Espeja; Ronda; Pinziu; Mongualda

1812:

Mongualda; Ciudad Rodrigo; Badajoz; Salamanca Forts; SALAMANCA; Burgos; Falgosa de Medelina

1813:

Falgosa de Medelina; Vittoria; Pampeluna; Sorauren; Urdax; NIVELLE; NIVE; Bidart; Bayonne

1814:

Bayonne; ORTHEZ; Tarbes; TOULOUSE; Bordeaux; June - to Ireland; July - Cork; Kilkenny

1815:

Kilkenny; June - Cork; to Flanders; advance on Paris; Paris; December - Calais; to England; Portsmouth.

   

Stations and Combats – 2nd Battalion

1804:

24 November - raised at Sunderland from Durham limited service men

1805:

Sunderland; June - Durham; July - Colchester; August - Chelmsford; November - Nottingham

1806:

Nottingham; August - Scarborough; September - Beverley; October - Bedale; December - Richmond

1807:

Richmond; December - Worcester

1808:

Worcester; May - Gosport; June - Jersey; July - Isle of Wight; August - Worcester

1809:

Worcester

1810:

Worcester; May - Kidderminster; August - Cirencester; October - Horsham

1811:

Horsham; February - reduced to 6 companies

1812:

Horsham; April - Blatchington; December - Lewes

1813:

Lewes; April - Blatchington

1814:

Lewes; August - Plymouth; September - Dartmoor; 24 October - disbanded at Portsmouth.

 

Careers of Senior Officers

 

Allan CAMPBELL

Relations: Son of Patrick Campbell, 3rd Laird of Barcaldine

Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel 26 January 1778

Early Service: Served and captured at the Battle of Prestonpans 1745

Staff & General Officer Service: Major-General 28 September 1787

Died: 13 November 1794.

 

Hon. John KNOX

Regimental Service: Major 13 November 1789; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 November 1790; Lieutenant-Colonel 14 August 1795

Service 1793-1815: Commanded attack column at Seringapatam 1792; Commander-in-Chief on San Domingo 8 August 1798; agreed peace terms at Helder 1799; appointed Governor of Jamaica 1800 but lost at sea en route

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 18 June 1798

Died: lost at sea on way to Jamaica November 1800.

 

Andrew WIGHT

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 1 March 1794; Major 1 September 1795; exchanged to 45th Foot 9 February 1797

Retired: November 1797.

 

John AUSTIN

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 1 March 1794; Major 1 September 1795

Retired: April 1796.

 

Daniel PATERSON

Born: December 1738

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 1 March 1794, brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798

Early Service: AQMG at Horse Guards 1771-1791

Service 1793-1815: Rank stationary after 1798; Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec 31 December 1812

Died: Windsor 14 April 1825.

 

Robert BURNE

Born: 1757

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 1 March 1794; Major 15 April 1796; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1798; Lieutenant-Colonel 13 November 1799; commanded 36th Foot 1798 to 1809

Service 1793-1815: Served in India 1783-1798; served on Minorca 1800; served at Hanover 1805; served at Bueonos Aires 1807; Governor of Carlisle 18 September 1808; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served on staff at Walcheren 1809; commanded a brigade in 6th Division in Peninsula March 1811 to March 1812; sent home due to health, held staff positions 1812 to 1815

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 April 1808; Major-General 4 June 1811; Lieutenant-General 19 July 1821

Died: Hertfordshire 16 June 1825.

 

Hay McDOWALL

Born: 1759

Regimental Service: Major in 42nd Foot 24 March 1784; Lieutenant-Colonel in 57th Foot 6 April 1791; Lieutenant-Colonel in 36th Foot 14 August 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 78th Foot 22 May 1797

Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1793; commanded on Ceylon 1798-1804; Commander-in-Chief at Madras 1807; at centre of White Mutiny scandal 1809 and ordered home

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General ; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805

Died: lost at sea en route from India March 1809.

 

George HART

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 6 May 1796; Major 30 December 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; commanded 2/35th Foot 1804 to 1806; Lieutenant-Colonel 1 August 1804

Retired: September 1806.

 

James WYNCH

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 6 May 1795; to Major in 4th Foot 6 August 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 4th Foot 15 November 1799

Service 1793-1815: Wounded at Beverwyk 1799; commanded 1/4th Foot at Copenhagen; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; wounded at Corunna; commanded 1/4th Foot at Walcheren; commanded brigade in Light Division in Peninsula from November 1810 to January 1811

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 24 October 1809

Died: of typhoid fever at Lisbon 6 January 1811.

 

William CHAMBERS

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 1 January 1798; Major 13 November 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 28th Foot 30 May 1800

Retired: August 1802.

 

Henry ALLEN

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 1 March 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 11 September 1798

Died: 1798?

 

Alexander MacKENZIE of Fairburn

Born: Scotland 1771

Regimental Service: Major in 78th Foot 25 July 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel 10 February 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 36th Foot 22 May 1797; commanded 36th Foot 1797-1798; commanded a division in Italy 1806

Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1793; served at Cape of Good Hope 1796; on staff at Sicily 1810-1811; commanded the Northern District in Ireland in 1812

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 26 January 1797; Brigadier-General in Mediterranean 25 August 1800; Major-General 25 September 1803; Lieutenant-General 25 July 1810; General 19 July 1821

Died: Bath October 1854.

 

Edward Edwin COLMAN

Regimental Service: Brevet Major in 45th Foot 12 January 1795; Major in 36th Foot 9 February 1797; to Major in 84th Foot 30 December 1798; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800

Retired: February 1807.

 

Lewis DAVIES

Born: Aberystwyth 1777

Regimental Service: Major 14 June 1800; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 25 April 1808; Lieutenant-Colonel 2 January 1812; commanded 1/36th Foot 1812-1816

Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1794; served at Helder 1799; served in the West Indies 1796; served at Hanover 1805; served at Cape of Good Hope 1806; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula May 1812 to July 1813, wounded at Salamanca; to half-pay 1814

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814; Major-General 27 May 1825

Died: Aberystwyth 1828.

 

Duncan DARROCH

Born: Scotland 1776

Relations: Son of Duncan Darroch, 2nd Laird of Gourock

Regimental Service: Major in 104th Foot 18 September 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; to half-pay Glengarry Fencibles; Major in 36th Foot 1 August 1804

Service 1793-1815: Served in Irish Rebellion 1798; served in Hanover 1805; served at Buenos Aires 1807; AAG in Peninsula August 1808 to September 1809

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 July 1810; Major-General 4 June 1813

Died: Scotland 16 February 1847.

 

William HUTCHINSON

Regimental Service: Major unattached 25 September 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1800; Major in 36th Foot 2 August 1804

Retired: December 1808.

 

Alexander MacKENZIE

Regimental Service: Major in 36th Foot 3 August 1804; to Lieutenant-Colonel in York Light Infantry Volunteers 20 December 1810; to half-pay

Service 1793-1815: Wounded at Flushing 1809

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 12 August 1819

Retired: 1825.

 

Hon. Basil COCHRANE

Relations: Borther of Thomas, Lord Cochrane RN

Regimental Service: Major in 96th Foot 10 March 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel in 36th Foot 9 October 1806; commanded 2/36th Foot 1806 to 1811; commanded 1/36th Foot 1811 to 1816

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula March to November 1811

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814

Died: 14 May 1816.

 

William CROSS

Regimental Service: Major in 36th Foot 8 December 1808; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 22 November 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel 23 May 1816; to half-pay 29 April 1824

Service 1793-1815: Served in Hanover 1805; served at Buenos Aires 1807; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula January 1811 to April 1814, wounded at Toulouse

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 22 July 1830; Major-General 23 November 1841

Died: 25 November 1843.

 

George Ralph Payne JARVIS

Born: Lincolnshire 1774

Regimental Service: Major in 36th Foot 24 1810; to half-pay 25 March 1811; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12 August 1819

Service 1793-1815: DAAG in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809

Died: 1851.

 

Molyneux SMITH

Regimental Service: Major in 36th Foot 2 January 1812

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula March 1811 to August 1812

Died: of wounds at Cuellar 21 August 1812.

 

Martin LEGGATT

Regimental Service: Major in 36th Foot 30 January 1812 (on transfer from 50th Foot); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 21 June 1817

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula with 50th Foot September 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula as ADC to General Lumley October 1810 to September 1811; and again with 36th Foot July 1813 to April 1814.

 

John FOX

Regimental Service: Brevet Major 4 June 1811; Major in 36th Foot 1 October 1812; to half-pay 1814.

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula March 1811 to December 1812, wounded at Salamanca.

 

John Richard WARD

Regimental Service: Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1812; Major in 36th Foot 26 November 1812 (otf 27th Foot); to half-pay 1814.

Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula with 3/27th Foot November 1808 to July 1811; again January to December 1812, wounded at Badajoz; and again with 36th Foot February to September 1813

Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 22 July 1830.

Awards & Honours: C.B.

 

Sources:

 

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

 

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1818. London: various years.

 

Cannon, Richard. An Historical Record of the Thirty-Sixth, or, The Herefordshire Regiment of Foot; Containing an Account of the Formation of the Regiment in 1702, and of its Subsequent Services to 1852. London: Parker, Furnivall and Parker, 1853.

 

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

 

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

 

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

 

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

 

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

 

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

 

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. August 2013. National Library of Australia.

 

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. August 2013.

 

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2013

 

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