Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 37th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown


Secondary Title: North Hampshire

Regimental History:

1702: Raised in Dublin as Meredith's Regiment of Foot
1710: Windress' Regiment of Foot
1715: Earl of Westmoreland's Regiment of Foot
1717: Viscount Hinchinbroke's Regiment of Foot
1722: Murray's Regiment of Foot
1735: Ponsonby's Regiment of Foot
1745: Munro's Regiment of Foot
1746: Dejean's Regiment of Foot
1751: Numbered as 37th Regiment of Foot
1782: Secondary title - North Hampshire
1813: 25 May - 2nd Battalion formed from militia volunteers at Battle
1817: 25 March - 2nd Battalion disbanded at Cork
1881: 1st Battalion, The Hampshire Regiment

Current: 1st Battalion, The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment (Queen’s and Royal Hampshires)

Regimental Colonels 1793-1815:

1783: 1 November - John Dalling
1798: 18 January - Sir Hew Dalrymple, Kt.
1810: 25 June - Sir Charles Ross, Bt.
1814: 17 February - Sir Charles Green, Bt.

Jacket: Red
Facings: Yellow
Lace: Silver
Loops: Pairs, square

Significant Militia Volunteer Intakes:

1810: Worcestershire, County Cork South, County Kilkenny, County Longford, County Meath, County Tipperary
1811: North Hampshire, Oxfordshire, County Limerick, County Meath, County Sligo
1812: 3rd Lancashire, East Middlesex, Northumberland, Oxfordshire, Radnorshire, County Mayo, County Cork South, County Kerry, County Longford
1813: South Hampshire, Lanarkshire, 3rd Lancashire, East Middlesex, Cork City, County Galway, County Kildare, County Kilkenny, County Wicklow
1814: Westmoreland, Cork City, County Cork South, County Kildare, County Mayo North

Service Histories:

1st Battalion, 37th Regiment of Foot

1793: March – Dover; to Holland; Famars; Valenciennes; Lincelles; Dunkirk; Vervice
1794: Flanders - Wevelghem; Cateau; Premont; Landrecies; Tournay; Antwerp; Nijmegen
1795: Geldermalsen; retreat to Bremen; Bremenlee; to England; May – Harwich; Durham; Newcastle-Upon-Tyne; Southampton; November - to West Indies (1,547 strong); caught in storms; sheltered at Isle of Wight
1796: Isle of Wight; May - to Gibraltar
1797: Gibraltar
1798: Gibraltar
1799: Gibraltar
1800: Gibraltar; May - to West Indies; June - St Vincent
1801: St Vincent
1802: St Vincent
1803: St Vincent; July - Trinidad
1804: Trinidad
1805: Trinidad
1806: Trinidad
1807: Trinidad
1808: Trinidad
1809: Trinidad; to England; October - Burton on Trent; November - Derby
1810: Derby; April - Loughborough; May - Horsham; July - Blatchington; October - Lewes; December - to Ireland
1811: Ireland - Cork; December - to England; Portsmouth; Chichester
1812: Hastings; March - Hilsea; Portsmouth; to Gibraltar
1813: Gibraltar
1814: Gibraltar; February - to Spain, then France; Bordeaux; June - Pauillac, to England; August - to Upper Canada; Burlington
1815: Canada - Burlington.

2nd Battalion, 37th Regiment of Foot

1813: 25 May - formed (4 companies) at Battle from militia volunteers; June - augmented to 6 companies; October - Hastings; November - Battle; December - augmented to 8 companies; Ramsgate; to Holland
1814: Netherlands - Merxcem; Bergen-Op-Zoom; Antwerp garrison
1815: Antwerp; in garrison during Waterloo campaign; December - to Ireland; Cork
1816: Fermoy; Buttevant; Mallow
1817: Ballincolig; 25 March - disbanded at Cork.

Field Officers, 37th Regiment of Foot

Charles Lockhart ROSS, Bt.
Born: Scotland 1763
Relations: Son of Vice-Admiral John Lockhart Ross, 5th Baronet of Balnagowan
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 13 June 1787; Lieutenant-Colonel 16 March 1791; Lieitenant-Colonel in 116th Foot 1 September 1795; to half-pay 1 March 1798; Colonel of 37th Foot 25 June 1810
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 37th Foot 1791 to 1795
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 18 June 1798; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805
Awards & Honours: MP 1786-1807
Died: February 1814.

David Douglas WEMYSS
Born: Scotland 1760
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 16 March 1791; Lieutenant-Colonel in 18th Foot 12 April 1793
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1778 to 1782, also 1786 to 1789; served in Flanders 1793; Governor of Calvi 1795; on staff in Gibraltar 1797 to 1799; commander of forces in Ceylon 1803 to 1806
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 3 May 1796; Brigadier-General in Mediterranean 1798; Major-General 29 April 1802; Lieutenant-General 25 April 1808; General 12 August 1819
Died: 1839.

Hon. Charles HOPE
Born: Scotland 1760
Relations: Younger half-brother of Sir John Hope, Earl of Hopetoun
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 12 April 1793; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 3 June 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 7th Dragoon Guards 5 December 1799 (on transfer from 28th Light Dragoons)
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 1 January 1800; Major-General 30 October 1805; Lieutenant-General 1 January 1812; General 27 May 1825
Died: 1 July 1828.

Alexander BUCHANAN
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel 1 September 1795 (on transfer from 9th Foot); commanded 37th Foot 1795 to 1802
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 26 January 1797
Died: St Vincent 1802.

Ferdinand Amelia Fairfax BECKWITH
Born: 1764
Relations: Son of Major-General John Beckwith, brother of John Beckwith, William Henry Beckwith and Thomas Sydney Beckwith
Regimental Service: Major 22 November 1794; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 15 May 1795
Early Service: Served with light battalion in American War of Independence
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 29 April 1802; Brigadier-General in West Indies 28 September 1804
Died: London 1805.

Joseph BAIRD
Born: Scotland 1759
Relations: Brother of General Sir David Baird
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 1 September 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 62nd Foot 25 November 1799; to half-pay 1802; Lieutetant-Colonel in 83rd Foot 17 March 1803
Early Service: Served in Canada 1789-1792
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1793-1795; served in Gibraltary 1796-1799; served at Cape of Good Hope 1806-1808; second-in-command at Cape of Good Hope 1815-1816
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 October 1809; Major-General 1 January 1812
Died: Cape Town, 4 March 1816.

John HOPE
Born: Scotland 1765
Regimental Service: Major in 28th Light Dragoons 25 March 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 20 February 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 28th Light Dragoons 20 February 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 37th Foot 19 April 1799; Lieutenant-Colonel in 60th Foot 30 June 1804
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1779 to 1781; and again 1793 to 1795; commanded 37th Foot 1802 to 1804; Assistant Adjutant-General on staff 1804 to 1807; commanded 7th Division in Peninsula May to October 1812
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 1 January 1805; Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 12 August 1819
Died: August 1836.

William SPREAD
Born: 1757
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 5 December 1799; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel 13 June 1805
Retired: February 1812
Died: 1836.

Sir Fitzroy Jefferies Grafton McLEAN, Bt.
Born: Scotland 1770
Regimental Service: Major in 110th Foot 8 September 1794; exchanged to 79th Foot 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 82nd Foot 18 November 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 60th Foot 5 February 1801; Lieutenant-Colonel in 37th Foot 30 June 1804; Colonel of 84th Foot 28 July 1823
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1787-1801; commanded 37th Foot 1804-1805; served in West Indies 1803-1815
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 25 September 1803; Brigadier-General in West Indies 12 January 1805; Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814; General 10 January 1837
Awards & Honours: 1st Baronet of Morvern 1818; 24th Clan Chief of Clan Maclean 1818-1847
Died: 5 July 1847.

William STEWART
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 13 June 1805; Lieutenant-Colonel in 8th West India Regiment 5 September 1807; Lieutenant-Colonel in 40th Foot 26 June 1815; to half-pay 5 February 1816
Staff & General Officer Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814.

Simon HART
Born: 1780
Relations: Son of Colonel Simon Hart
Regimental Service: Major 25 October 1805; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel 10 June 1813
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 2/37th Foot in Flanders 1813-1815
Died: Antwerp November 1815.

Reginald JAMES
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 5 November 1807 (on transfer from 46th Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 20 February 1812.

Andrew TILT
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 20 February 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel 7 December 1815; to half-pay 25 March 1817
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1801-1809; served in Canada 1814-1817

George Germaine COCHRANE
Born: Edinburgh 1776
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 10 June 1813; Lieutenant-Colonel
Service 1793-1815: Served in Gibraltar 1796-1800; served in West Indies 1800-1805; served in France 1814; served in Canada 1814-1817
Retired: 1838
Died: Fort William 1854.

Gabriel BURER
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 1 July 1813 (on transfer from 71st Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 3 July 1817.

Edward BARWICK
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 12 January 1815.

Temple FELTON
Regimental Service: Major in 37th Foot 7 December 1815.

Sources:

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1818. London: various years.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. October 2013. National Library of Australia.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2013

 

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