Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics

British Regiments and the Men Who Led Them 1793-1815: 38th Regiment of Foot

By Steve Brown


Secondary Title: 1st Staffordshire

Regimental History:
1705: Raised in Staffordshire as Luke Lillington's Regiment of Foot
1751: Numbered as 38th Regiment of Foot
1782: Secondary title: 1st Staffordshire
1881: 1st Battalion, the South Staffordshire Regiment
1959: The Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's) on amalgamation with The North Staffordshire Regiment
2007: 3rd Battalion (Staffords), The Mercian Regiment

Service History and Demographics, 1st Battalion 38th Regiment of Foot
1793: Ireland - Dublin; Belfast; flank companies to the West Indies
1794: Belfast; Bristol; March - to Low Countries; April - Ostend; Courtrai; Ypres; garrison of Ostend; Walheim; line of the River Waal; flank companies at capture of Martinique and Guadeloupe; Berville
1795: Buren; retreat to Bremen; to England; May - Norfolk; September - Chelmsford; Southampton; November - aboard ships for Barbados
1796: Hilsea; March - to West Indies; April - Barbados; Grenada; Morne QuaQua; Vigie
1797: February - capture of Trinidad; The Saintes
1798: The Saintes
1799: The Saintes
1800: The Saintes; June - to England; August - Chichester; October - Lichfield
1801: Recruiting in Lichfield; April - Liverpool; to Ireland; Newry
1802: Newry
1803: Newry; Dublin riots; Birr
1804: Birr
1805: Birr; Fermoy; Cork; August - to Cape of Good Hope
1806: Cape of Good Hope; Saldanha Bay; Cape Town; to South America; Maldonado
1807: Rio de la Plata; February - MONTEVIDEO; July - Buenos Aires; to Ireland; Fermoy
1808: Fermoy; Cork; July - to Portugal; Mondego Bay; ROLICA; VIMEIRO; into Spain with Moore
1809: Retreat to Corunna; CORUNNA; to England; March - Canterbury; July - Deal; to Walcheren; December - Shorncliffe
1810: January - Shorncliffe; April - Hythe; May - Shorncliffe; August - to Ireland; Fermoy
1811: Fermoy
1812: Fermoy; Cork; May - to Portugal; Lisbon; July - joined field Army; SALAMANCA; Madrid; seige of Burgos; retreat to Portugal
1813: Lamego; many fever detahs; May - advance into Spain; VITTORIA; SAN SEBASTIAN; NIVE
1814: Seige of Bayonne; Bordeaux; August - to Ireland; Cork
1815: Cork; June - to Flanders; advance into France; Paris; Army of Occupation.

Service History and Demographics, 2nd Battalion 38th Regiment of Foot (1804-1814)
1804: 25 November - formed at Lichfield from Staffordshire Limited Service men
1805: Lichfield
1806: Lichfield
1807: Lichfield; June - Portsmouth; Guernsey; November - to Ireland; Waterford
1808: Waterford; May - Portsmouth; Stafford; July - Lichfield
1809: Lichfield; February - Walsingham; March - Guernsey
1810: Guernsey; March - to Portugal; Lisbon; June - joined Field Army; BUSACO; lines of Torres Vedras
1811: Line of River Coa; seige of Almeida; Fuentes d'Onoro;
1812: Ciudad Rodrigo; BADAJOZ; Salamanca; Madrid; seige of Burgos; retreat to Portugal; December - fit men into 1st Battalion and home
1813: February - Portsmouth; March - Winchester
1814: Winchester; July - Isle of Wight; August - Fort Cumberland; 24 October - disbanded at Hastings. | 78% English/Welsh, 1% Scots, 20% Irish, 1% Foreign.

Significant Militia/Volunteer Intakes:
(militia units unless noted otherwise)
1803: Irish Fencible volunteers
1804: Additional Force Act men from Staffordshire
1806: Sent limited service men to 3rd Garrison Battalion
1807: Cheshire, West Norfolk, Staffordshire, Warwickshire
1808: Staffordshire, County Meath
1809: West Middlesex, West Norfolk, Staffordshire, Warwickshire
1812: Warwickshire
1813: Warwickshire

Colonels

AGC = Army Gold Cross (clasps in brackets)
LAGM = Large Army Gold Medal (clasps in brackets)
SAGM = Small Army Gold Medal (clasps in brackets)
MGSM = Military General Service Medal (Silver Medal) (clasps in brackets)

Sir Robert PIGOT, Bt.
Born: Staffordshire 1720
Relations: Brother of George, 1st Baron Pigot and Admiral Hugh Pigot
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in 70th Foot 4 February 1760; Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 1 October 1764; Colonel of 55th Foot 9 July 1775; Colonel of 38th Foot 11 December 1775
Early Service: Served in North America 1775-1781; commanded British left wing at Bunker Hill
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 11 December 1775; Major-General 29 August 1777; Lieutenant-General 20 November 1782; General 26 January 1797
Awards & Honours: MP 1768-1772; Warden of the Mint 1771-1796; 2nd Baron Pigot 1777
Died: Stafford 1 August 1796.

James ROOKE
Born: Gloucestershire 1742
Relations: Son of Major James Rooke
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in 75th Foot; Lieutenant-Colonel in 14th Foot 13 October 1779; Colonel of 38th Foot 2 August 1796 (vice Pigot)
Early Service: Commandant at Goree 1779
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 17 November 1780; Major-General 28 September 1787; Lieutenant-General 26 January 1797; General 1802
Awards & Honours: MP 1785-1805
Died: Whilst out hunting 4 October 1805.

Hon. George James LUDLOW

Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 82
Born: 1758
Relations: Second son of 1st Earl Ludlow
Regimental Service: Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Foot Guards 24 November 1790; 3rd Major 6 May 1799 (vice Asgill); Colonel-Commandant of 52nd Foot 8 May 1801; Colonel of 38th Foot October 10 October 1805 (vice Rooks); Colonel of Scots Fusilier Guards 30 May 1836
Early Service: Served in American War 1781-1782; taken POW
Service 1793-1815: Lost left arm at Roubaix 1794; served in Flanders 1793-1794, lost left arm at Roubaix; commanded 2nd Guards Brigade in Ireland and Egypt 1800-1802; commanded division in Hanover 1805; Adjutant-General at Copenhagen 1807
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 18 June 1798; Lieutenant-General 30 November 1805; General 4 June 1814
Awards & Honours: G.C.B.; 3rd Earl Ludlow in 1811
Died: Bedford 16 April 1842.

Lieutenant-Colonels

Hon. Henry Edward FOX
Born: 1755
Relations: Son of Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland of Foxley
Regimental Service: Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 12 October 1778; Lieutenant in a new corps 6 December 1793; Colonel of 10th Foot 23 June 1795
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 38th Foot 1778-1793; Commander-in-Chief Medtiterranean 1801
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 12 March 1783; Major-General 20 December 1793
Died: 18 July 1811.

Thomas PITCAIRNE
Regimental Service: Major in 17th Foot 14 February 1787; Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 6 December 1793 (vice Fox); Lieutenant-Colonel in 92nd Foot 28 October 1795
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 38th Foot 1793-1795
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 26 January 1797
Retired: To half-pay 1 March 1798

Charles APTHORPE
Regimental Service: Brevet Major in 23rd Foot 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 1 September 1795
Retired: April 1800.

Miles NIGHTINGALL
Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 260
Born: London 1768
Relations: Possible illegitimate son of Earl Cornwallis (not verified)
Regimental Service: Major in 121st Foot 1795; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 9 September 1795; Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 28 October 1795 (vice Pitcairne); exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 51st Foot 23 July 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel in 69th Foot 8 May 1806
Early Service: Served in India 1788-1795
Service 1793-1815: Deputy Adjutant-General on San Domingo 1797; served in Ireland 1798; Assistant Quartermaster-General 1801; Quartermaster-General in India 1 July 1802; commanded a brigade in Portugal 1808; served in Peninsula January 1810 to July 1811, wounded at Fuentes d'Onoro; on staff at Bengal November 1812; Commander-in-Chief in Java October 1813 to November 1815; Commander-in-Chief at Bombay 1819-1819
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 25 December 1805; Brigadier-General in Mediterranean February 1808; Major-General 25 July 1810; Lieutenant-General 4 June 1814
Awards & Honours: KCB; MP 1820-1829
Died: Gloucester 17 September 1829.

Spencer Thomas VASSALL
Born: Cambridge, Massachusetts 1764
Regimental Service: Major in 59th Foot 1 September 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 3 April 1800 (vice Apthorpe)
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies; commanded 38th Foot 1800-1804; commanded 1/38th Foot 1804-1807
Died: Died of wounds at Montevideo 5 February 1807.

Robert PRINGLE
Regimental Service: Major in 51st Foot 15 March 1793; Lieutenant-Colonel in 51st Foot 1 September 1795; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 23 July 1802 (vice Nightingall); retired the next day
Retired: 24 July 1802.

Lord William Charles Augustus CAVENDISH-BENTINCK
Born: 1780
Relations: Third son of 3rd Duke of Portland
Regimental Service: Major in 3rd West India Regiment 9 July 1802; Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 24 July 1802 (vice Pringle); exchanged to Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Foot Guards 17 September 1802
Awards & Honours: MP 1807-1812; PC 1812
Retired: 1811
Died: London 28 April 1826.

Francis John COLMAN
Regimental Service: Captain & Lieutenant-Colonel in 1st Foot Guards 28 October 1799; exchanged to Lieutenant-Colonel in 38th Foot 17 September 1802 (vice Bentinck)
Service 1793-1815: Commanded 2/38th Foot 1804-1805; served in Peninsula
Died: Portugal 12 December 1811.

Hon. Charles John GREVILLE
Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 616
Born: Warwick 1780
Relations: Second son of 2nd Earl of Warwick
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 13 April 1803 (on transfer from 81st Foot); Lieutenant-Colonel 21 March 1805 (vice Colman); Colonel of 98th Foot 1832; Colonel of 38th Foot 1836
Service 1793-1815: Served in India; served in Egypt 1801; commanded 2/38th Foot 1805- ; served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula June 1812 to April 1814; commanded a brigade in 1st Division July 1812 to October 1813; commanded brigade in Army of Occupation 1815
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1813; Major-General 12 August 1819
Awards & Honours: KCB; AGC (Rol Vim Cor Sal Vit SS Nive); MP 1816-1836
Died: 2 December 1837.

John NUGENT
Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 711
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 1 August 1804; Lieutenant-Colonel 8 February 1807 (vice Vassall)
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1793-1795; served in West Indies 1796-1797; served in South America; commanded 2/38th Foot 1807-1814; served in Peninsula April 1810 to January 1813
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814
Awards & Honours: CB; SAGM (Bus Bad Sal)
Retired: To half-pay October 1814
Died: 1836.

Majors

Eyre Power TRENCH
Born: Ireland 1749
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 8 September 1781; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 18 November 1790; Lieutenant-Colonel in a new corps 1 November 1793; Colonel of 102nd Foot 1 September 1795; Colonel-Commandant 27th Foot 9 May 1800; Colonel of 5th Garrison Battalion 25 November 1806
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 21 August 1795; Major-General 18 June 1798; Lieutenant-General 30 October 1805
Died: Cork 1808.

Mungo NOBLE
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 1 November 1793 (vice Trench); Lieutenant-Colonel in 84th Foot 2 December 1794; Lieutenant-Colonel in 67th Foot 18 March 1795
Early Service: Served in North America 1777
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1793-1795
Died: On passage to Jamaica 1801.

David OSWALD
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 2 December 1794 (on transfer from 19th Foot, vice Noble)
Died: West Indies September 1797.

John GORDON
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 1 September 1795; brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1801
Retired: April 1803.

John Lindall BORLAND
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 18 October 1797 (vice Oswald); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 30 October 1799
Retired: April 1807.

Thomas BURROES
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 2 August 1804
Retired: June 1807.

Edward MILES
Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 1108
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 21 March 1805 (vice Greville); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 1 January 1812; Lieutenant-Colonel in 89th Foot 12 August 1819
Service 1793-1815: Served in Flanders 1794-1795; served in West Indies 1795-1801; served in Ireland 1803; served Peninsula with 1/38th Foot August 1808 to January 1809; served at Walcheren 1809; again in Peninsula June 1812 to November 1813, wounded at Salamanca and San Sebastian; again in Peninsula April 1814; served in Army of Occupation 1815
Awards & Honours: CB; SAGM (Sal SS); MGSM (Rol Vim Cor Vit)
Died: 1848.

William Francis Bentinck LOFTUS
Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 1244
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 9 April 1807 (on transfer from 15th Light Dragoons, vice Borland); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1813
Service 1793-1815: Served in Peninsula with 2/38th Foot April 1810 to January 1813
Awards & Honours: MGSM (Bus FDO Bad Sal)
Retired: To half-pay October 1814
Died: 13 September 1852.

Hon. John Thomas Fitzmaurice DEANE
Born: Ireland 1777
Regimental Service: Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 2 October 1806; Major in 38th Foot 8 February 1807 (vice Nugent)
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1796-1800; served in South America 1807; served at Walcheren 1809; Served in Peninsula August 1808 to January 1809; again in Peninsula June-July 1812; again in Peninsula August 1813 to April 1814
Brevets & Staff Service: Brevet Colonel 4 June 1814
Awards & Honours: CB; AGC (Rol Vim Cor SS Nive); 2nd Baron Muskerry 1818
Died: Ireland 1824.

William ORANGE
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 11 June 1807 (vice Burroes)
Service 1793-1815: Served with 2/38th Foot 1807-1809
Retired: October 1809.

Arthur Chichester William CROOKSHANK
Royal Military Calendar Entry: No. 1476
Born: Dublin 1777
Regimental Service: Major in 38th Foot 19 October 1809 (vice Orange); brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 4 June 1814; to half-pay October 1814; Major in 33rd Foot 11 September 1817
Service 1793-1815: Served in West Indies 1799-1800; served in Ireland 1803; served in South America 1807; served in Portugual August 1808 to March 1809; Lieutenant-Colonel 15th Portuguese Line May 1810; Lieutenant-Colonel 12th Cacadores June 1811 to April 1813
Later Service: Settled on Grenada
Awards & Honours: SAGM (Sal)
Died: Grenada 24 August 1830.

Sources:

WO379/6 - Monthly disposition of the Army, arranged chronologically or by regiment. National Archives.

War Office. Army Lists 1791 to 1818. London: various years.

Vale, Colonel W. L. History of the South Staffordshire Regiment. Aldershot: Gale & Polden Ltd, 1969.

McKenna, Michael G. The British Army – And Its Regiments and Battalions. West Chester, Ohio: The Nafziger Collection. 2004.

Philippart, John. The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book. London: A.J. Valpy, 1820.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 1. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2008.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 2. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2009.

Reid, Stuart. Wellington’s Officers, Volume 3. Leigh-On-Sea: Partizan Press, 2011.

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers. October 2013. National Library of Australia.

The Napoleon Series – Peninsula Roll Call. April 2009.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2014

 

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